This Sceptred Isle - Web

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain.

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Episodes

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01Kingship19990104

The Romans in Britain face resistance from Caractacus, Boudicca and some marauding Celts.

Anna Massey narrates.

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Paul Eddington.

AdditionAl Readings by Roger May.

1: `Kingship'.

02Athelstan, The First Sovereign19990111

The first king of Wessex beats the Celts, the Danes, the Norwegians, Constantine, king of the Scots, and Olaf of Dublin to create a united kingdom.

03The Saintly Dunstan To The Canny Canute1999010620040209 (BBC7)
20050426 (BBC7)
20080414 (BBC7)

Dunstan And Canute

Aethelred the Unready is forced to pay enormous bribes to marauding Vikings.

AdditionAl Readings by Roger May.

3: Dunstan and Canute.

King Edgar, who had become King of Mercia aged 12, introduced an Order of Service which is the one we use today.

04Canute And Edmund Ironside19990113

Canute subdues the Yorkshire Danes and sacks Oxford and Winchester, but the tide turns against him when Edmund Ironside becomes king of Wessex.

05Godwine And Edward The Confessor19990120

The English must decide between respect for the royal line and the need to be protected.

06The Battle Of Stamford Bridge19990127

Harold II beats his half brother in battle but doesn't bother to wait for reinforcements before marching his depleted army to Hastings.

07The Battle Of Hastings19990203

William the Conqueror's mounted knights and well-trained archers take on Harold's travel-weary foot soldiers.

08The Conquest19990210

William the Conqueror is crowned King William I on Christmas Day 1066.

09Domesday19990217

William the Conqueror wants to know who owns what because he needs to raise money.

10Death Of The Conqueror1999011520040218 BT=0945 (BBC7)
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William I's eldest son Robert resents his father's long life and conspires with the French Court to overthrow him.

William's son Robert sides against him, drawing the Conqueror away from England.

William's son Robert sides against his father, drawing the Conqueror more and more away from England.

AdditionAl Readings by Roger May.

10: `Death of the Conqueror'.

11William Rufus And The First Crusade1999011820040219 (BBC7)
20040220 (BBC7)
20050506 (BBC7)
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William II is mysteriously shot by a stray arrow while hunting in the New Forest.

Anna Massey narrates the history of the British Isles.

Family feuds and crusades follow in the wake of the Conqueror's death.

Family feuds and crusades in the wake of the Conqueror.

AdditionAl Readings by Roger May.

11: `William Rufus and the First Crusade'.

Family feuds and crusades follow in the wake of the Conqueror.

12Henry I And The Scottish Kings1999011920040220 BT=0945 (BBC7)
20040221 BT=0315 (BBC7)
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The repercussions of the Conqueror are still being felt, as Henry marries Matilda.

AdditionAl Readings by Roger May.

12: Henry I and the Scottish Kings.

12Henry I And The Scottish Kings19990125

Scots claim territory as far south as Lancashire, as Scotland reaches the height of its powers.

13Justice, Power And The Death Of Henry19990201

England faces turbulent times as Henry I is taken ill on a visit to France.

14Anarchy1999012120040224 (BBC7)
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The Archbishop of York, King David I of the Scots, Henry I's bastard son, Robert of Gloucester, and his half sister Matilda head a huge rebellion.

Henry Plantagenet becomes King of England and Normandy.

With Paul Eddington.

Episode 27 of 216.

Henry's nephew, Stephen, takes the throne after the kings death, but war soon breaks out.

On Henry's death his nephew Stephen set out to claim the throne of England.

AdditionAl Readings by Roger May.

15Henry Plantagenet1999012220040225 (BBC7)
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Henry becomes King of England and Normandy.

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with Paul Eddington.

Episode 28 of 216.

becomes King of England and Normandy.

King Stephen has died and Henry Plantagenet becomes King.

With him comes some hope in a war and famine ridden England.

AdditionAl Readings by Roger May.

15: Henry Plantagenet.

15Henry Plantagenet19990128

Henry II strengthens central government's control over Scotland, Ireland and Wales.

16The Law, The Church And The Coming Tragedy1999012520040226 BT=0945 (BBC7)
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Henry II reorganises the legal system, to create juries and the Common Law.

The first comprehensive record of legal procedure was based on the system of juries and writs.

The first comprehensive record of legal procedure is produced, based on the system of juries and writs.

Narrated by Anna Massey.

One aspect of the society that needed reforming was the law.

The first comprehensive record of legal procedure was produced.

AdditionAl Readings by Roger May, Paul Jenkins, David Timson and John Turner.

16: `The Law, the Church and the Coming Tragedy'.

17Becket1999012620040227 BT=0945 (BBC7)
20040228 BT=0315 (BBC7)
20050516 (BBC7)
20080502 BT=1330 (BBC7)

The Archbishop of Canterbury escapes imprisonment for contempt of court and flees to Normandy.

The battle between Church and State and the story of Thomas Becket.

Anna Massey narrates the history of the British Isles.

Episode 30 of 216.

AdditionAl Readings by Roger May.

17: Becket.

18Murder In The Cathedral19990202

While in exile in Normandy, the Archbishop of Canterbury plans to excommunicate the King.

19Penance, Rebellion And Ireland19990209

Henry II dies heartbroken after being defeated in war by his son Richard.

20Coeur De Lion19990216

Richard the Lionheart ruthlessly taxes the nation to fund his crusade to rescue the Holy Land from the infidel.

22Bad King John And The Loss Of Normandy19990302

John imprisons and murders his nephew Arthur, Prince of Brittany.

23Magna Carta19990309

The Barons and the English Church establish a law that even the King must not break.

24The Barons' War19990316

At the age of nine, Henry III inherits the throne of a country at Civil War.

24The Baron's War1999020420040309 BT=0945 (BBC7)
20040310 BT=0315 (BBC7)
20050525 (BBC7)

AdditionAl Readings by Roger May.

24: `The Barons' War'.

Henry the Third is on the throne and the Barons wage war.

Narrated by Anna Massey.

Henry III is now king and the Barons wage war.

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with Paul Eddington.

25Henry Iii19990211

Richard the Marshal and Prince Llewellyn fight the King in the Welsh Marches and sack Shrewsbury.

26Simon De Montfort19990218

Edward I escapes from de Montfort.

27A Day In The Life Of 13th-century England19990225

The Statute of the Jewry bans Jews from owning land.

28Chancery, Treasury And A 13th-century Wedding Brawl19990304

The King threatens to execute barons who refuse to fight for him.

29The Welsh Wars And The Most-feared Weapon1999021120040316 BT=0945 (BBC7)
20040317 BT=0315 (BBC7)
20050601 (BBC7)

English mercenaries do battle in Wales.

The Welsh fight for independence.

Anna Massey narrates the history of the British Isles, with Paul Eddington.

AdditionAl Readings by Roger May.

29: `The Welsh Wars and the Most-Feared Weapon'.

During his Welsh campaign Edward I uses paid troops for the first time and the methods of warfare change.

30The Maid Of Norway And Robert The Bruce19990218

William Wallace leads the Scots to victory at Stirling Bridge.

31The King's Favourite And Bannockburn19990225

Robert the Bruce defeats Edward II at Falkirk.

32The Ghastly Execution19990304

Edward II is murdered by his wife and her lover.

33Isabella And Mortimer1999021720040322 BT=0945 (BBC7)
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20050607 (BBC7)

It's 1327 and Edward II has been killed.

The Queen's lover, Roger Mortimer, practically ran the country.

Told by Anna Massey.

His 14 year old son is crowned king and unofficially Isabella and Mortimer seize power.

33: `Isabella and Mortimer'.

33Isabella And Mortimer19990311

Edward III gives his seven-year-old sister to Robert the Bruce's five-year-old son.

34Edward Iii And The Start Of The Hundred Years' War1999021820040323 BT=0945 (BBC7)
20040324 BT=0315 (BBC7)
20050608 (BBC7)

Edward III is King.

His mother, Queen Isabella, is kept captive and her lover, Mortimer, has been executed.

AdditionAl Readings by Roger May.

34: `Edward III and the Start of the Hundred Years' War'.

34Edward Iii And The Start Of The Hundred Years' War19990318

Edward III makes a claim to the throne of France, and the English win a great sea battle.

35Crecy, Calais And The Garter19990325

Edward and his 16-year-old son invade France and reach the gates of Paris before being driven back to Crecy where they fight an horrific battle.

36The Black Death1999022220040325 BT=0945 (BBC7)
20040326 BT=0315 (BBC7)
20050610 (BBC7)

The Scots invade as England is devastated by floods, famine and plague.

Said to have begun in China, the Black Death is now raging through Europe and a third of its population may have perished.

37The Black Prince And The Death Of Edward Iii1999022320040326 BT=0945 (BBC7)
20040327 BT=0315 (BBC7)

Edward, the Black Prince, holds King John II of France to ransom in the Tower of London.

Edward's wife has died of the plague.

Of their fourteen children, the two most famous are Edward the Black Prince and John of Gaunt.

37: `The Black Prince and the Death of Edward III'.

38Richard Ii, Wat Tyler And The Peasants' Revolt19990302

The Chancellor and the Treasurer are beheaded by an angry mob of rebellious peasants.

39Lancaster And Bolingbroke1999022519990309
20040330 BT=0945 (BBC7)
20040331 BT=0315 (BBC7)
20050615 (BBC7)

It's the end of the fourteenth century and the House of Lancaster is the centre of power.

There is a new aristocracy developing.

Anna Massey narrates the history of the British Isles.

The House of Lancaster is seen as the centre of power.

AdditionAl Readings by Roger May.

39: `Lancaster and Bolingbroke.'.

39Lancaster And Bolingbroke19990309

Henry Bolingbroke of Lancaster marches on London and murders the King's favourite Robert de Vere.

40Henry Iv, Hotspur And The Stake19990316

The King makes it legal to burn convicted heretics at the stake.

41Henry V1999030519990301

AdditionAl Readings by John Hartley.

41: `Henry V'.

41Henry V19990323

The English are outnumbered at the battle of Agincourt.

42Henry Vi, Joan Of Arc And Another Road To War19990330

Henry VI becomes King of England at the age of nine months.

43The Wars Of The Roses1999030919990303
20040405 BT=0945 (BBC7)
20040406 BT=0315 (BBC7)
20050621 (BBC7)
20080609 BT=1330 (BBC7)

The King has a breakdown and the Lancastrians rise against the Government.

This programme traces the roots of the Wars of the Roses.

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with Paul Eddington.

43: `The Wars of the Roses'.

1455.

The battles that became known as the Wars of the Roses are beginning.

This edition traces the causes of the struggle.

Episode 56 of 216.

44Richard Iii, The Princes In The Tower And Bosworth19990316

Richard murders his nephews, aged 12 and nine.

45The First Tudor King1999030519990301
20040407 BT=0945 (BBC7)
20040408 BT=0315 (BBC7)
20050623 (BBC7)

Richard III's sister sends two pretenders to overcome Henry VII.

The English people are still recovering from plague, famine and war when the Tudors begin their reign.

Narrated by Anna Massey.

AdditionAl Readings by Roger May.

45: `The First Tudor King'.

46Henry Viii, Flodden And Wolsey19990312

James IV is killed in a bloody battle against the Scots.

47Erasmus, Anne Boleyn And The Death Of Wolsey19990319

Henry VIII insists the Pope should acknowledge his marriage as a Papal mistake.

48The End Of The Monasteries And Little Jack Horner1999032619990310
20040412 (BBC7)
20040413 (BBC7)
20050628 (BBC7)

Anne Boleyn is beheaded and Henry VIII marries Jayne Seymour.

Anne Boleyn is beheaded leaving Henry free to marry Jane Seymour and gain a new adviser in Thomas Cromwell.

Anne Boleyn is beheaded, Henry marries Jane Seymour and Thomas Cromwell gains a powerful position.

Narrated by Anna Massey.

49The Auld Alliance And The Death Of Henry Viii1999031120040413 (BBC7)
20040414 (BBC7)
20050629 (BBC7)

The Scots and the French unite against the England.

Henry pursues his war with France and Scotland and brings Wales under the rule of England.

50Rebellion, Executions And Common Prayer19990318

Lady Jane Grey and her husband are sent to the Tower of London.

51Bloody Mary And The Burning Of Cranmer1999032519990315
20040415 BT=0945 (BBC7)
20040416 BT=0315 (BBC7)

Two hundred Protestants, including Thomas Cranmer, are burnt at the stake.

Mary intends to restore England to the authority of the Pope.

52The Elizabethans1999031619990310
20040416 BT=0945 (BBC7)
20040417 BT=0315 (BBC7)
20050704 (BBC7)

Elizabeth I is declared Supreme Governor of the English Church as England becomes Protestant by law.

Elizabeth comes to power at the age of 25.

53The Spinster, The Hapsburg, And The Scottish Widow1999032319990317
20040419 BT=0945 (BBC7)
20040420 BT=0315 (BBC7)
20050705 (BBC7)
20080623 BT=1330 (BBC7)

AdditionAl Readings by John Hartley.

53: `The Spinster, the Hapsburg and the Scottish Widow'.

The advisers of Elizabeth attempt to persuade her to marry.

Anna Massey narrates the history of the British Isles.

Parliament calls upon the Queen to marry.

Episode 66 of 216.

54Trading, Slaving, Piracy And The Spanish Armada1999033020080624 BT=1330 (BBC7)

Drakes' fire ships destroy the Spanish Armada.

The English show a thirst for knowledge and trading.

New routes are explored by the likes of Frobisher and Raleigh.

Episode 67 of 216.

55Essex, Ireland And Sturdy Beggar19990406

A large army led by the Earl of Essex attempts to subdue a rebellion in Ireland.

56King Of The Scots Becomes King Of The English1999032619990322

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Paul Eddington and Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by Ross Livingstone.

56: `King of the Scots Becomes King of the English'.

56King Of The Scots Becomes King Of The English19990413

Guy Fawkes tries to blow up James I's Parliament.

57A Damp Squib1999042020040423 BT=0945 (BBC7)
20040424 BT=0315 (BBC7)
20050711 (BBC7)
19990317
19990323
19990408 (R4)

Catholics are banned from living anywhere near London or holding public office.

It is the time of James I, the gunpowder plot and religious strife.

Anna Massey narrates the history of the British Isles.

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Paul Eddington and Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by Ross Livingstone.

57: `A Damp Squib, a Bible and Widow Thirkittle's Cussing'.

58The Death Of Raleigh And The First King Of Great Britain1999033019990324
20040426 BT=0945 (BBC7)
20040427 BT=0315 (BBC7)
20050712 (BBC7)

James I imprisons Sir Walter Raleigh.

It is the year 1616 and Walter Raleigh has been in prison for 13 years, but has he been set up? Narrated by Anna Massey.

It is the year 1616 and Walter Raleigh has been in prison for 13 years, but has he been set up?

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Paul Eddington and Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by Ross Livingstone.

58: `The Death of Raleigh and the First King of Great Britain'.

59Charles I And The Right Of An Englishman1999032520050713 (BBC7)

At the age of 25, Charles I assumes the throne and soon finds himself at loggerheads with an increasingly restless Parliament.

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Paul Eddington and Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by Ross Livingstone.

59: `Charles I and the Right of an Englishman'.

59Charles I And The Right Of An Englishman19990406

The King dissolves Parliament.

60The Scottish Revolt And The Seeds Of Civil War1999032619990322
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Supported by Parliament and the Puritans, the Scots invade and take Northumberland and Durham.

Religious, financial and constitutional differences aren't the only reason for trouble between the King's forces and Parliament.

Religious, financial and constitutional and other differences cause conflict between the King's forces and Parliament.

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Paul Eddington and Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by Ross Livingstone.

Trouble north of the border means Charles I now needs the Parliament he had dissolved 11 years earlier.

Episode 73 of 216.

61The King's On The Run1999040219990329
20040429 BT=0945 (BBC7)
20040430 BT=0315 (BBC7)
20050715 (BBC7)

Civil War is inevitable as the Commons challenges Charles I's constitutional rights.

The Scottish rebellion compels Charles to re-assemble Parliament for three weeks, an unpopular decision.

The Scottish rebellion compels Charles to re-assemble Parliament for three weeks, which is an unpopular decision.

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by Ross Livingstone and Stephen Critchlow.

61: `The King's on the Run'.

62The Civil War Begins19990409

Charles I storms the Commons Chamber in an attempt to prosecute five MPs for treason, and England goes to war.

63The Rise And Rise Of Oliver Cromwell1999040619990331
20040503 BT=0945 (BBC7)
20040504 BT=0315 (BBC7)
20050719 (BBC7)
20080707 BT=1330 (BBC7)

Cromwell forms the New Model Army after defeating the Royalists in the bloodiest battle of the Civil War.

As the Civil War progresses the profile of the most successful military leaders rises, foremost among them the MP for Huntingdon, Oliver Cromwell.

Some Kings lost their heads but only Charles I lost the monarchy.

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Paul Eddington and Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by Ross Livingstone.

63: `The Rise and Rise of Oliver Cromwell'.

Anna Massey narrates the history of the British Isles.

Episode 76 of 216.

64The First Redcoats And The Battle Of Naseby19990401

The Scots hand Charles I over to the English.

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Paul Eddington and Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by Ross Livingstone.

64: `The First Redcoat and the Battle of Naseby'.

64The First Redcoats And The Battle Of Naseby1999041320040504 BT=0945 (BBC7)
20040505 BT=0315 (BBC7)
20050720 (BBC7)

At Naseby in Northamptonshire, the King's army clashes with Parliament's New Model Army, the outcome will decide the outcome of the war.

1645 and the Battle of Naseby began.

It was important because historians believe it was the start of modern British democracy.

65The Execution Of Charles I1999040219990329
20040505 (BBC7)
20040506 (BBC7)
20050721 (BBC7)

Cromwell becomes a dictator as Charles Stuart loses his head in the snow.

Money had to be found for the war and taxes were high.

Anna Massey narrates the events leading up to the execution of Charles.

Anna Massey narrates the events leading up to the execution of Charles I.

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Paul Eddington and Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by Ross Livingstone.

65: `The Execution of Charles I'.

66The Republic Of England1999040919990405
20040506 BT=0945 (BBC7)
20040507 BT=0315 (BBC7)
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20080710 BT=1330 (BBC7)

The monarchy, the House of Lords and the Anglican Church are abolished.

Upon the execution of Charles I, England becomes a republic.

Anna Massey narrates the history of the British Isles.

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by Stephen Critchlow.

66: `The Republic of England'.

Episode 79 of 216.

67The Lord Proctor1999040619990331
20040507 BT=0945 (BBC7)
20040508 BT=0315 (BBC7)

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by Stephen Critchlow.

67: `The Lord Proctor'.

Cromwell is asked if he would be King.

But he could not bring himself to take that role; his duty to God is his main obsession.

67The Lord Proctor1999041619990331
20040507 BT=0945 (BBC7)
20040508 BT=0315 (BBC7)

Parliament offers Cromwell the Crown.

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by Stephen Critchlow.

67: `The Lord Proctor'.

Cromwell is asked if he would be King.

But he could not bring himself to take that role; his duty to God is his main obsession.

68The Beginning Of The Restoration1999041319990407
20040510 BT=0945 (BBC7)
20040511 BT=0315 (BBC7)
20050726 (BBC7)

The army demands the dissolution of Parliament.

With the death of Cromwell England once more aims towards a monarchy.

Anna Massey narrates the history of the British Isles.

1658 and Cromwell is dead.

Without him the structure of England changes and is moving towards a monarch once more.

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by Stephen Critchlow.

68: `The Beginning of the Restoration'.

69The Beginning Of Private Enterprise Industry19990420

The people of London line the streets to welcome the triumphant Charles II.

70Charles Ii And The Return Of The Monarchy1999040919990405
20050728 (BBC7)

A King returns to England.

It was not only the restoration of the monarchy but also of Parliament.

Narrated by Anna Massey.

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by Stephen Critchlow.

70: `Charles II and the Return of the Monarchy'.

70Charles Ii And The Return Of The Monarchy19990427

Charles II returns to England as King of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, Defender of the Faith.

71The Cavalier Parliament19990504

Charles II tries to prevent Parliament from executing Roundheads.

72The First Political Parties1999041319990407
20050801 (BBC7)

Charles II accepts Tangiers and Bombay for marrying Catherine of Braganza.

This episode sees the emergence of the first political party: the Whigs.

Anna Massey narrates the history of the British Isles.

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by Stephen Critchlow and David Holt.

72: `The First Political Parties'.

73The Great Plague And The Great Fire1999042019990414
20050802 (BBC7)

More than 7,000 die in a week as Bubonic plague hits London.

This episode looks at the plague and fire, and the expansion of the Dutch colonies.

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by Stephen Critchlow and David Holt.

73: `The Great Plague and the Great Fire'.

74Unholy Trinity - Church, Law And Medicine19990427

Brutal Acts restrict the activity of dissenters.

75The First Sir Winston Churchill1999042219990416

Charles II promises to declare himself Catholic in return for cash from France.

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by Stephen Critchlow and David Holt.

75: `The First Sir Winston Churchill'.

76Paradise Lost To Pilgrim's Progress19990429

Protestants plot to kill the King.

77The Death Of Charles Ii1999042019990414
20050808 (BBC7)

Protestants vote against James, Duke of York, becoming King as he refuses to return to the English Church.

In the last five years of his reign, Charles II was to prove his worth.

Anna Massey narrates the history of the British Isles.

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by David Holt.

77: `The Death of Charles II'.

78James Ii And The Monmouth Rebellion1999042719990421
20050809 (BBC7)

James II uses the army to try to convert the country back to Catholicism.

England has a new monarch and the English are now drinking tea.

Anna Massey narrates the history of the British Isles.

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by David Holt.

78: `James II and the Monmouth Rebellion'.

79Judge Jeffreys19990504

Two hundred captors of the failed Monmouth rebellion are executed and 800 deported as slaves.

80The 1688 Revolution1999051119990423
20050811 (BBC7)

The country faces civil war as the King sends seven bishops to the Tower of London for seditious libel.

Anna Massey narrates the history of the British Isles.

This episode looks at the power of James, the last ever Catholic King.

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by David Holt.

80: `The 1688 Revolution'.

81William Of Orange1999051819990426
20050812 (BBC7)
20080731 BT=1330 (BBC7)

James II flees to France as Prince William of the Netherlands invades to claim the English throne on behalf of his wife Mary.

James attempts to reverse certain unpopular decisions but it proves too late.

Episode 94 of 216.

82The Return To War1999042719990421
20050815 (BBC7)
20080801 BT=1330 (BBC7)

William and Mary become joint sovereigns and declare war on France.

Following the death of James II, the Whigs and the Tories disagree on who the next ruler should be.

Narrated by Anna Massey.

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by David Holt and Denys Hawthorne.

82: `The Return to War'.

Episode 95 of 216.

83The Kingdom Of William And Mary1999050419990428
20050816 (BBC7)

William III humiliates the English army and navy by entrusting the most important commands to Dutchmen.

It is the time of witches and general unease within England, as William sits upon the throne.

Narrated by Anna Massey.

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by David Holt and Denys Hawthorne.

83: `The Kingdom of William and Mary'.

84The Origin Of The Jacobites And Killiecrankie1999051119990429

James II invades Ireland with French troops as his Scottish supporters are massacred.

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by David Holt and Denys Hawthorne.

84: `The Origin of the Jacobites and Killiecrankie'.

85The Battle Of The Boyne19990518

James II flees back to France as William III defeats his 100,000-strong Catholic army.

86War In Europe1999052519990503
20050819 (BBC7)
20080807 BT=1330 (BBC7)

William III loses terrible battles against the French in the Spanish Netherlands as Louis XIV tries to restore James II to the English throne.

William's campaign against the French leads the monarchy into another financial crisis.

Narrated by Anna Massey.

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by Denys Hawthorne.

86: `War in Europe'.

Episode 99 of 216.

87End Of The War And The Ebbing Of King Billy1999050419990428

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by Denys Hawthorne.

87: `End of the War and the Ebbing of King Billy'.

87End Of The War And The Ebbing Of King Billy19990601

Mary dies and William III signs a truce with France.

88Highwaymen, The Rise Of Marlborough And War With Spain19990608

England prepares for war as France invades the Spanish Netherlands.

89A New Queen19990615

France recognises James Edward Stuart as James III of England and VIII of Scotland - but Queen Anne comes to the throne.

90The Battle Of Blenheim1999052519990507
20050825 (BBC7)

The Duke of Marlborough commands the alliance of the Dutch Republic, the Holy Roman Empire, Britain, Portugal and the German States against France in the War of Spanish Succession.

England is once again at war with the French.

Narrated by Anna Massey.

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by Denys Hawthorne.

90: `The Battle of Blenheim'.

91Union With Scotland19990601

The English and Scottish Parliaments join together.

92England Loses An Admiral1999051119990505
20050829 (BBC7)

The British have captured Gibraltar, but in the newly formed United Kingdom many are leaving for the New World.

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by Denys Hawthorne and Brett Usher.

92: `England Loses an Admiral'.

92England Loses An Admiral19990608

Sir Cloudesley Shovell is among 1,500 English sailors drowned as the British fleet is wrecked off the Scillies.

93End Of The War And Marlborough Accused19990615

Louis XIV withdraws from Spain as France admits defeat.

94The King Of England Who Could Not Speak English1999062219990513
20050901 (BBC7)

The fleet is mobilised, 10 battalions are recalled from Flanders and the garrisons are put under arms as George, Elector of Hanover, lands in Greenwich.

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by Denys Hawthorne and Brett Usher.

94: `The King of England Who Could Not Speak English'.

Marlborough is accused of misappropriating funds that were meant for the war.

95The Hanoverians And The Jacobite Rising1999062919990514
20050902 (BBC7)

Parliament passes the Riot Act as 10,000 men rebel against George I's rule in Scotland.

Today we witness the rise of Robert Walpole, the first British Prime Minister.

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by Denys Hawthorne and Brett Usher.

95: `The Hanoverians and the Jacobite Rising'.

96Macgregors And The South Sea Bubble1999070619990517

The wars with France leave Britain with a 50million debt.

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by Brett Usher.

96: `Macgregors and the South Sea Bubble'.

97Walpole, The First Prime Minister19990713

Robert Walpole accuses the Tories of being Jacobites.

98New Hanoverians, Death, Gin And Defoe19990720

Cheap gin and a lack of medical knowledge means more people are dying than being born.

99Monarchy, Cabinet, Dirty Taxes At The Crossroads19990727

The Prime Minister stabilizes the economy, the monarchy and the Whig Party.

100George Ii And Turnip Townsend1999060819990521
20050909 (BBC7)

A new King takes the throne and Walpole attempts to keep stability.

Anna Massey narrates the history of the British Isles.

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by Brett Usher.

100: `George II and Turnip Townsend'.

100George Ii And Turnip Townsend19990803

George II accedes to the throne and sacks the Prime Minister.

101Queen Caroline And The Emergence Of Pitt19990810

Austria goes to war against Spain.

102A Bottled Ear, Grog And Rule Britannia19990817

The Whigs demand war with Spain.

103Patronage And The Fall Of Robert Walpole1999060119990526
20050914 (BBC7)

Walpole resigns, patronage comes under the microscope and the King fears his nephew across the sea.

Narrated by Anna Massey.

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by Brett Usher.

103: `Patronage and the Fall of Walpole'.

103Patronage And The Fall Of Robert Walpole19990824

England joins Austria in the War of Austrian Succession against Frederick the Great of Prussia and France.

104The Final Charge Of An English King1999060819990527

The Jacobites rise against the British throne.

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by Brett Usher.

104: `The Final Charge of an English King'.

105Bonnie Prince Charlie, Culloden And God Save The King19990615

Charles Edward Stuart flees a massacre at Culloden Moor dressed as a woman.

106Hogarth, The Price Of Gin & Pitt The Elder19990622

Jacobite peers are beheaded.

107A Treaty Of Serene And Potent Kings19990629

England loses war in Europe.

107A Treaty Of Serene And Potent Kings1999062919990601

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by Brett Usher.

107: `A Treaty of Serene and Potent Kings'.

108Clive Of India19990706

Clive defeats the French in India.

109Pitt And A New Calendar1999071319990603

The Seven Years War begins.

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by Brett Usher.

109: `Pitt and a New Calendar'.

110Black Hole Of Calcutta, Minorca And The Seven Years War19990720

Outrage as British prisoners suffocate.

111Pitt's Militia, Canada And Act Of Marriage19990727

Pitt plans to invade Canada.

1121757 - The First World War1999080319990608
20040712 BT=0945 (BBC7)
20040713 BT=0315 (BBC7)

Britain and France fight a savage war in America.

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by Brett Usher and Keith Drinkel.

112: `1757 - the First World War'.

Global conflict was raging in the middle of the 18th century - but the main enemies were Britain and France.

113India1999081019990609

The East India Company wins India for the British Empire.

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by Brett Usher and Keith Drinkel.

113: `India'.

114The Death Of George Ii And The Fall Of Pitt1999081719990610

The British win Canada.

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by Brett Usher and Keith Drinkel.

114: `The Death of George II and the Fall of Pitt'.

115The End Of The Seven Years War1999082419990611
20040715 BT=0945 (BBC7)
20040716 BT=0315 (BBC7)
20050930 (BBC7)

Parliament negotiates peace at the Treaty of Paris but declares war on Spain.

We've reached the demise of George II and George III's attempts at radical constitutional change.

Narrated by Anna Massey.

The saga reaches the demise of George II and George III's attempts at radical constitutional change...

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by Brett Usher and Keith Drinkel.

115: `The End of the Seven Years' War'.

116Grenville And The North Briton19990614

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by Keith Drinkel, Kim Wall and Jonathan Adams.

116: `Grenville and the North Briton'.

116Grenville And The North Briton19990831

The Prime Minister argues with the King.

117Stamp Act, Rockingham, Hargreaves And Jenny19990907

British Americans declare loyalty to the King and Empire but deny the authority of Parliament over the colonies.

118Taxing The Colonies And Smuggling At Home19990914

Life expectancy rises as sewers replace the habit of emptying chamber pots from upstairs windows.

119Captain Cook1999061720051010 (BBC7)

Cook was given secret orders when he sailed from England.

These were published in 1928.

Narrated by Anna Massey.

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by Keith Drinkel, Kim Wall and Jonathan Adams.

119: `Captain Cook'.

119Captain Cook19990921

James Cook sails to Tahiti, New Zealand, Australia and Hawaii.

120Window Taxes And Highway Robbery1999061820051011 (BBC7)

Taxes double as the National Debt rises to 129million.

The series about British history continues as we look at 1770.

Window taxes and a new police force are introduced.

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by Keith Drinkel, Kim Wall and Jonathan Adams.

120: `Window Taxes and Highway Robbery'.

121Watt, Arkwright And Industrial Revolution1999062520051012 (BBC7)
19990621

James Watt's steam engine provides a news source of power in factories and foundries.

Anna Massey narrates the history of the British Isles.

1769 was a remarkable year for England and patents.

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by Kim Wall and Jonathan Adams.

121: `Watt and Arkwright and the Industrial Revolution'.

122Lord North19990622

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by Kim Wall and Jonathan Adams.

122: `Lord North'.

122Lord North19990702

Frederick North becomes Prime Minister.

123Warren Hastings And Who Owns India?1999062320051014 (BBC7)

The first Governor-General of India is put on trial.

Warren Hastings followed in the footsteps of Clive of India and helped preserve British rule there.

Narrated by Anna Massey.

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by Kim Wall and Jonathan Adams.

123: `Warren Hastings and Who Owns India?'.

124American Independence19990624

George Washington takes on George III.

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by Kim Wall and Jonathan Adams.

124: `American Independence'.

125The End Of Lord North1999062520040806 BT=0945 (BBC7)
20040807 BT=0315 (BBC7)
20051024 (BBC7)

Frederick North resigns after losing the support of Parliament.

Following Britain's loss of the American colonies, Lord North resigns, but who would replace him? Narrated by Anna Massey.

Following Britain's loss of the American colonies, Lord North resigns, but who would replace him?

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by Kim Wall and Jonathan Adams.

125: `The End of Lord North'.

126The Irish And The American Revolution19990628

Trade restrictions cause distress in Ireland.

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by David Holt.

126: `The Irish and the American Revolution'.

127The First Madness Of King George Iii1999062920040810 BT=0945 (BBC7)
20040811 BT=0315 (BBC7)
20051026 (BBC7)

The King falls ill.

George had been on the throne for 23 years and began to suffer his first acknowledged bout of insanity...

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by David Holt.

127: `The First Madness of George III'.

Narrated by Anna Massey.

128Pitt The Younger And The Start Of The French Revolution19990630

William Pitt the Younger becomes Prime Minister.

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by David Holt.

128: `Pitt the Younger and the Start of the French Revolution'.

129Revolution And War With The French19990707

Napoleon declares war on England.

130Ireland And Napoleon1999070219990714

Nelson saves Britain from invasion at the Battle of Trafalgar.

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by David Holt.

130: `Ireland and Napoleon'.

131George Iv And Caroline Of Brunswick1999070520040901 BT=0945 (BBC7)
20040902 BT=0315 (BBC7)
20051117 (BBC7)

Forced into a marriage against his wishes, George IV plotted to divorce his wife, but she proved more than a match for him.

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by Denys Hawthorne.

131: `George IV and Caroline of Brunswick'.

131George Iv And Caroline Of Brunswick19990721

The Prince of Wales calls his wife, 'the vilest wretch this world was ever cursed with,' and absolves her of all marital duties.

132Suicide Of Castlereagh, Peel And Criminal Reform19990728

Deranged Foreign Secretary cuts his own throat.

133The End Of Liverpool And George Canning19990707

George IV asks Canning to be Prime Minister.

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by Denys Hawthorne.

133: `The End of Liverpool and George Canning'.

134Death Of Canning And Wellington In Downing Street19990714

Jews, Catholics, Dissenters and women are banned from universities and political office.

135Wellington, Ireland And Peelers1999072119990709
20051124 (BBC7)

Irish demand Home Rule, Catholic emancipation.

In Ireland, Daniel O'Connell forces action over Catholic Emancipation.

In London, the 'Metropolis' Police Force is founded.

136Death Of George Iv And The Start Of Reform19990728

William IV takes the throne at the age of 65.

137Earl Grey And The First Reform Act19990713

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by Denys Hawthorne.

137: `Earl Grey and the First Reform Act'.

137Earl Grey And The First Reform Act19990804

Earl Grey abolishes 'rotten' and 'pocket' boroughs.

138The Poor Laws And The Tolpuddle Martyrs19990714

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by Denys Hawthorne.

138: `The Poor Laws and the Tolpuddle Martyrs'.

Slavery is abolished.

139Melbourne And The Death Of William Iv1999071520051130 (BBC7)

The end of an era looms with the passing of a monarch who was something of 'a liability'.

The PM struggles with Trade Unionism.

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by Denys Hawthorne.

139: `Melbourne and the Death of William IV'.

139Melbourne And The Death Of William Iv19990721

Six trade unionists are sentenced to transportation for 'illegal oaths'.

140Queen Victoria And The Chartists1999071620051201 (BBC7)
20060622 (BBC7)

Working-class leaders publish a People's Charter.

With the monarchy's image in tatters, Victoria comes to the throne at the age of 18.

Melbourne assumes an important role.

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by Denys Hawthorne.

140: `Queen Victoria and the Chartists'.

141The Bedchamber Crisis And Afghanistan19990723

The British bombard Canton and seize Hong Kong in an attempt to secure the opium trade in China.

142Victoria And Dear Albert19990720

The Queen marries her cousin.

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by Denys Hawthorne.

142: `Victoria and Dear Albert'.

143Prime Minister Peel And The Corn Laws19990721

Sir Robert Peel resigns as the potato crop fails in Ireland.

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by Denys Hawthorne.

143: `Prime Minister Peel and the Corn Laws'.

145The Last Whig Government And The Working Classes19990723

The Whigs, Peelites and Radicals join together as the Liberals.

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by Denys Hawthorne.

145: `The Last Whig Government and the Working Classes'.

146The Great Exhibition And The Eve Of The Crimean War19990726

Revolution hits France and the Italian states.

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by Patrick Reinhardt.

146: `The Great Exhibition and the Eve of the Crimean War'.

147Charge Of The Light Brigade19990727

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by Patrick Reinhardt.

147: `Charge of the Light Brigade'.

147Charge Of The Light Brigade19990802

The British cavalry serving in the Crimean War distinguish themselves with two astonishing charges.

148Florence Nightingale, Church And State19990809

The Civil Service and the established Church are reformed.

149Palmerston19990816

becomes Prime Minister at the age of 71.

150The Indian Mutiny1999073020051220 (BBC7)

The British army takes terrible revenge as men, women and children are massacred.

The roots of the Indian rebellion go all the way back to the East India Company, which was a less than model employer.

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by Patrick Reinhardt.

150: `The Indian Mutiny'.

151Gladstone's First Budget1999080220051221 (BBC7)

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by Brett Usher.

151: `Gladstone's First Budget'.

William Gladstone emerges onto the political scene of Victorian England - and makes some enemies.

Narrated by Anna Massey.

151Gladstone's First Budget19990806

The Chancellor of the Exchequer plans to abolish Income Tax.

152The Arrow War1999081320051222 (BBC7)

The English and French join forces to legitimise the opium trade.

begins - a fight between British and Chinese forces over opium.

153Disraeli's Fancy Reform Bill19990820

The Chancellor of the Exchequer tries to enhance the franchise of the professional classes.

154American Civil War And The Death Of Prince Albert1999080520041011 BT=0945 (BBC7)
20041012 BT=0315 (BBC7)

The South withdraws from The United States.

1861 - Italy is unified but America is riven by Civil War.

At home, Victoria's mother dies and her beloved Albert is ill.

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by Patrick Reinhardt.

154: `American Civil War and the Death of Prince Albert.'.

155After Albert19990812

1.7m people emigrate.

156Rise Of Bismarck And Death Of Palmerston19990819

Germany crushes Austria.

157Disraeli And Electoral Reform19990810

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by Brett Usher and Sean Baker.

157: `Disraeli and Electoral Reform'.

157Disraeli And Electoral Reform19990826

The Conservatives double the electorate.

158Disraeli And Gladstone19990902

Gladstone takes over as Prime Minister.

159The Irish Church And Constitutional Crisis1999081220060106 (BBC7)

Gladstone calls the Anglican Church a ""hideous blot"".

Disraeli's time in office is swiftly cut short by the question of the 'Irish Church'.

Gladstone takes over.

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by Brett Usher and Sean Baker.

159: `The Irish Church and Constitutional Crisis'.

160The Death Of Dickens And A Question Of Monarchy19990813

Flogging is abolished.

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by Brett Usher and Sean Baker.

160: `The Death of Dickens and a Question of Monarchy'.

161How Britain Bought The Suez Canal1999081620041025 BT=0945 (BBC7)
20041026 BT=0315 (BBC7)
20060111 (BBC7)

A battle of Prime Ministers, and a bid to preserve Britain's expanding Empire.

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by Brett Usher and Sean Baker.

161:`How Britain Bought the Suez Canal'.

161How Britain Bought The Suez Canal19990820

Britain buys shares worth 4m in the Suez Canal.

162Gladstone And The War In Bosnia19990817

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by Brett Usher and Sean Baker.

162: `Gladstone and war in Bosnia'.

162Gladstone And The War In Bosnia1999082720060112 (BBC7)

Serbs revolt against the Turks.

The Balkans are the scene for a bloodthirsty clash between Russia and the Ottoman Empire.

Narrated by Anna Massey.

163Empress Of India19990818

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by Brett Usher.

163: `Empress of India'.

163Empress Of India19990903

Queen Victoria is proclaimed Empress of India to 'a vast concourse of native Princes and nobles from all parts of India'.

164Gladstone Returns19990910

Afghan troops massacre everyone at the British Embassy in Kabul.

165The Death Of Disraeli19990820

Gladstone replaces the Malt Tax with a tax on beer.

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by Brett Usher and Sean Baker.

165: `The Death of Disraeli'.

167The Death Of Gladstone1999082420041109 BT=0945 (BBC7)
20041110 BT=0315 (BBC7)
20060126 (BBC7)

The Liberals promise home Rule for Ireland, disestablishment of the Scottish and Welsh Churches, rural government, parliaments every three years and industrial accident compensation for workers.

No child could be employed under the age of 11.

Gladstone attempted to bring in the Home Rule for Ireland but to no avail.

Anna Massey narrates a history of Britain.

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by Sean Baker, Patrick Reinhardt and Christopher Lee.

167: `The Death of Gladstone'.

168Omdurman, Ladysmith And Mafeking19990831

Lord Kitchener recaptures the Sudan.

170The Death Of Victoria And The Dream Of Gerontius1999082720041112 (BBC7)
20041113 (BBC7)
20060131 (BBC7)

The last of the Hanoverians requests a white funeral.

Anna Massey narrates a history of Britain.

The Boer War is over, with a great cost to life.

Anna Massey narrates the history of Britain, with the words of Sir Winston Churchill read by Peter Jeffrey.

AdditionAl Readings by Sean Baker, Patrick Reinhardt and Christopher Lee.

170: `The Death of Victoria and the Dream of Gerontius'.

171A New King, A New Century19990903

Thousands die in concentration camps set up by Lord Kitchener in South Africa.

172South Africa, Balfour, And Education19990910

Councils take control of education.

173Naval Build Up, Free Trade, And The Empire19990917

Firth of Forth naval base to counter threat of German fleet.

174Ships, Cars, Conurbations, And Churchill Crosses The Floor19990924

Russians fire at British fishermen.

175Rebellion In Russia And Balfour Resigns19991001

Revolution rocks Russia.

176Corn Flakes, Traffic, And The Moroccan Question19991008

Suffragettes protest at the opening of Parliament.

177Women's Rights, Religious Discrimination, And Military Reform19991015

Lords reject Government legislation.

178Asquith, Pensions, And The Balkans19991022

Liberals cut naval budget.

179The Royal Navy And Trouble Brewing In The Lords19991029

Lords reject Lloyd George's budget.

180King George The Fifth19991105

Labour and the Irish National Parties support the Liberal Government against the Lords.

181Constitutional Confrontation And The Agadir Crisis19991112

The Germans and French have a head-on confrontation in Morocco.

182The Titanic And Home Rule19991119

The Ulster Volunteer Force is formed to oppose Home Rule.

183Ireland And Emily Davison19991126

The suffragettes become more and more violent.

184The Uvf And The Outbreak Of War19991203

Britain declares war on Germany.

185The Great War19991210

Lloyd George says Britain's greatest enemies are 'Germany, Austria and drink'.

186The Origins Of World War Two19991217

Workers strike as inflation rockets.

187Russia And Ireland19991224

The Black and Tans form to fight the IRA.

188Lloyd George Out, Baldwin In19991231

Conservatives win the general election.

190Churchill's First Budget And The General Strike

TUC call off general strike after eight days.

191Enter Hitler

Nazis rally in Berlin.

192The Wall Street Crash

Margaret Bondfield becomes the first woman Cabinet Minister.

193European Union And India

The French propose a United States of Europe.

194National Government And Naval Mutiny

Labour cut unemployment benefit.

195The King And The Dominions

Nazis become Germany's most powerful political party.

196The Chancellor Of Germany

The first concentration camp opens at Dachau, Poland.

197The Night Of The Long Knives And The Long March

More than 50,000 'imperfect' Germans sterilised.

198Macdonald Resigns And Hitler Rearms

Foreign Secretary agrees to allow Italy to annex Abyssinia.

199Edward Viii And Unemployment

Two hundred unemployed men march from Jarrow to London.

200A Coronation As War Looms

The Japanese bomb Shanghai and sign a treaty with Germany.

201Anschluss And The Munich Agreement

Chamberlain promises 'Peace in our time'.

202The Approach Of War

The Government plans to evacuate 2.3million children.

203Dunkirk, The Battle Of Britain, And Evacuation

The Blitz hits London.

204Morale, Propaganda, And The U.s.a.

Japan attacks Pearl Harbour.

205The Atlantic Charter, India, And Women

Montgomery drives Rommel back into Libya at the battle of Alamein.

206The Turning Of The Tide And The Beveridge Report

Sir William Beveridge presents his cradle-to-the-grave report on the future of social security.

207D-day, Education, And The Birth Of The U.n.

The school leaving age rises to 15.

208The End Of The War And A Labour Landslide

An atomic bomb obliterates Hiroshima.

209Shortages, The National Health Bill, And The U.n. Meets

The National Health Service Bill proposes nationalising hospitals and surgeries to make their facilities available to everyone.

210A Harsh Winter And Independence For India

Much bloodshed as partition is rushed through Parliament.

211B.r., The N.h.s., And The Berlin Airlift

British pilots fly in food as the Soviets block off Berlin.

212The Republic Of Ireland, The Farthing, And N.a.t.o.

Dockers strike forces devaluation of the pound.

213War In Korea And The European Debate

Communists march into South Korea.

214The Return Of Churchill

The Dome of Discovery forms the centrepiece of the Festival of Britain.

215The Death Of George The Sixth

Elizabeth becomes Elizabeth II.

216The New Elizabethan Age

Queen Elizabeth crowned at Westminster Abbey.

217Eden's Frustration

Eden badgers Churchill to resign.

218The Warsaw Pact And The Departure Of Churchill

The Warsaw Pact is set up to counter NATO.

220Harold Macmillan Becomes P.m. And A Dog Goes Into Space

Britain gives the Americans nuclear missile bases in the UK.

221"cnd, Cyprus, And The End Of National Service"

The Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament kicks off.

222Cuba, Cyprus, And The Russians Reach The Moon

The Cuban Missile Crisis brings the United States and the Soviet Union to the brink of war.

2251962 Tw3, The Death Of Marilyn Monroe, & The Cuban Missile Crisis
2261963 Beeching, Profumo, & Martin Luther King's Dream
2271964 Ian Smith, Harold Wilson, & Vietnam
228"1965 The Death Of Churchill, Rolling Thunder, & U.d.i."
2321969 The Troubles, Biafra, & In Place Of Strife
2341971 Decimalisation & Ulster In Flames
235"1972 Britain Joins Europe, Bloody Sunday, & Black September"
2361973 Rivers Of Blood, Europe, & The Yom Kippur War
241"1978 Camp David, Devolution, & A Polish Pope"
2461983 The Falklands Factor Election & Star Wars
2471984 The Miners Strike & The Brighton Bomb
2481985 Gorbachev & The Anglo-irish Agreement
2491986 Chernobyl & The Westland Affair
2501987 The Great Debate, Black Monday, & The Great Storm
2511988 Another Thatcher Victory & Cabinet Divisions
2521989 The Fall Of The Berlin Wall & Tiananmen Square
253"1990 The Poll Tax, The E.r.m., & Exit Margaret Thatcher"
2541991 John Major & War With Iraq
2551992 Oldies, Speculators, & Labour Fails Again
256"1993 The Death Of John Smith, Maastricht, & The Balkans"
2571995 Major Resigns & Labour Reforms
2581997 The Death Of Diana & The Election Of New Labour
2591999 Devolution, Kosovo, & The Lords