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01Bohemian Emergent *20100208|Donald Macleod explores the early career of Johann Stamitz.|The various members of the Stamitz family are not exactly household names today.|But during the eighteenth century, Stamitz was one of the most famous and celebrated names in music, with a dynasty of composers working all over Europe.|This week, Donald Macleod tells the rags-to-riches-and-back-to-rags-again tale of the most successful Stamitz - Johann - and his two sons, Carl and Anton.|It's a story which begins with fame and fortune.|Johann quickly achieved a reputation across Europe and was snapped up by the Mannheim Court, which was home to the best orchestra in Europe at the time, the envy of the world.|According to Dr Charles Burney,..|there are more solo players and good composers in this, than perhaps in any other orchestra in Europe; it is an army of generals, equally fit to plan a battle as to fight it." Together, "this extraordinary band" and their director set about revolutionizing the sound of the orchestra and its repertoire.|As the series unfolds, the glittering success of Johann ends in a tragically early death, and we meet his two sons, Carl and Anton, neither of whom could match their father's achievements.|Anton must have thought he had it made when he got a job with the King's Music at the French court.|The timing was unfortunate though - this was the 1780s and working for the French king was about to become rather less prestigious than it had been for the previous several centuries.|Anton managed to escape the Revolution intact, but the lives of both brothers ended unhappily, childless, alone, in poverty - a sad end to a fascinating journey through one family's rise and fall, against the backdrop of glorious eighteenth century music.|1: Bohemian Emergent.|In the first episode, Donald traces the early career of the most successful of the Stamitzes - Johann - who single-handedly revolutionized the sound of the orchestra in the eighteenth century, thanks to his work at the Mannheim Court.|Johann Stamitz|Symphony in G major (1st movement)|Concerto Köln|TELDEC 3984-28366-2 T11|Litaniae Lauretanae|Alsfelder Vokalensemble, Barockorchester Bremen, Wolfgang Helbich (conductor)|CPO 999 471-2 T17-24|Viola Concerto in G|Jan Peruska (viola), Prague Chamber Philharmonic Orchestra, Jiri Belohlavek (conductor)|PANTON 81 1422-2 131 T4-6|Symphony in A major A3|New Zealand Chamber Orchestra, Donald Armstrong (conductor)|NAXOS 8.553194 T12-14."
02Symphonist Triumphant20100209|Donald Macleod on Johann Stamitz's work at the Electoral Palace in Mannheim.|2.|Symphonist Triumphant.|Donald Macleod continues the story of the most successful of the Stamitzes.|The builders were still at work on the Electoral Palace in Mannheim when the new director of music, Johann Stamitz, arrived in 1741.|The building was on a huge scale, with entertainment to match, and it was here that Stamitz teamed up with the best orchestra in the world at the time.|Together, they revolutionized orchestral sound and repertoire.|Johann Stamitz|Symphony in G major|Concerto Köln|TELDEC 3984-28366-2 T11-15.
0320100210Donald Macleod describes the death of Johann Stamitz, and the mixed fortunes of his sons.|It's only the middle of the week, and already, Donald Macleod is imparting the news of a composer's tragic early death.|Johann Stamitz was 39 when he died - a fact which is usually reserved for Friday's programme.|In this case, the story will continue with the mixed fortunes of Stamitz's sons, Carl and Anton.|Today, Johann's last works, including a rare chance to hear his Missa Solemnis in full.|Johann Stamitz|Orchestral Trio in C minor (last movement, Prestissimo)|New Zealand Chamber Orchestra, Donald Armstrong (conductor)|NAXOS 8.553213 T16|Clarinet Concerto in B flat|Sabine Meyer (clarinet)|Academy of St Martin in the Fields, Iona Brown (director)|EMI 0777 7 54842 2 9 T7-9|Missa Solemnis|Monika Frimmer (soprano), Sylvia Schulter (alto), Harry van Berne (tenor), Tom Sol (bass)|Alsfelder Vokalensemble, Barockorchester Bremen, Wolfgang Helbich (conductor)|CPO 999 471-2 T1-15.
0420100211|Donald Macleod compares the success of Carl and Anton Stamitz to that of their father.|When their father, the hugely famous Johann Stamitz, died at the age of 39, Carl and Anton were only eleven and six.|Johann's colleagues immediately stepped in to support his family and ensured that the boys received a properly musical education.|They set out on their careers as violinists, but would they be able to emulate their father's fame and fortune?|Carl Stamitz|Duo for violin and viola in A major|Vilmos Szabadi (violin), Peter Barsony (viola)|HUNGARATON HCD 32453 T4-6|Symphony in G major, op.13/16 no.4|London Mozart Players, Matthias Bamert (conductor)|CHANDOS CHAN 9358 T7-9|Anton Stamitz|Viola Concerto in B flat major (1st movement)|Jan Peruska (viola)|Prague Chamber Philharmonic Orchestra, Jiri Belohlavek (conductor)|PANTON 81 1422-2 131 T7|Trio in G major|Wilbert Hazelzet (flute), Marion Moonen (flute)|Bernadette Verhagen (viola), Barbara Kernig (cello)|BERLIN 0017982BC T1-3.
05 LAST20100212|Donald Macleod describes the unfortunate end of Johann Stamitz's sons, Carl and Anton.|For one reason or another, Johann Stamitz's two sons never really achieved their father's fame or fortune.|Anton must have thought he'd got it made when he started work as a member of the King's Music at the French Court.|Bad timing though.|This was the 1780s, and royal patronage was about to become a whole lot less desirable than it had been for several centuries.|Anton survived the Revolution, but as Donald Macleod discovers, both of the Stamitz sons died in terrible circumstances - the end of a rags-to-riches-and-rags-again story of one eighteenth century family.|Carl Stamitz|Viola Concerto in D major (1st movement)|Jan Peruska (viola)|Prague Chamber Philharmonic Orchestra, Jiri Belohlavek (conductor)|PANTON 81 1422-2 131 T1|Symphony in C op.13/16 no.5|London Mozart Players, Matthias Bamert (conductor)|CHANDOS CHAN 9358 T4-6|Anton Stamitz|Sinfonia Concertante for two flutes and orchestra in G major|Jiri Valek (flute), Radomir Pivoda (flute)|Prague Chamber Orchestra, Frantisek Vajnar (conductor)|SUPRAPHON SU 3948-2 T7-9|Viola Concerto in B flat major (2nd movement)|PANTON 81 1422-2 131 T8.