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19980202

With Peggy Reynolds. Orpheus was the most famous musician who ever lived. His playing tamed wild beasts and made the trees and rocks move to follow the sound of his music. But these magical powers brought a trail of destruction with them.

19980203

With Peggy Reynolds. The passion of Orpheus for Eurydice is one of the great love stories of classical myth. It has fascinated composers for the last five hundred years. When she died from a snake bite, Orpheus was devastated.

19980204

After the death of Eurydice, Orpheus was so miserable that he visited the realm of the dead to get her back. Even the ferryman Charon, the dog Cerberus, and the three judges of the dead were charmed by the sound of his music.

19980205

The gods of the underworld were so impressed by Orpheus's music that they allowed Eurydice to be restored to the land of the living. But there was one condition - he should not look back until they were both safely returned. He did, and so he lost her for ever. several years. Richard Baker talks about some of the major musical events in the Berlin Philharmonic's 35-year history.

19980206

After losing Eurydice for the second time, Orpheus wondered aimlessly. He offended Dionysus, who set his followers on him, and they tore him limb from limb. The Muses found Orpheus's lyre and took it to heaven to form a constellation.

19980209

With Donald Macleod. The epic Hollywood film starring Charlton Heston as the mercenary warrior El Cid provided a spectacular image of the splintered warring kingdoms that were 11th-century Spain. El Cid's reputation as hero, father and husband has inspired great literature and music in the years since his death.

19980211

With Donald Macleod. As court painter to King Philip IV of Spain, Velazquez observed and recorded court life at first hand, but his interests encompassed the whole range of Spanish society, from royalty to beggars. Behind these images, the golden age of Spain was beginning to wane.

19980212

From the time that he stowed away on a ship to South America, the music of virtuoso pianist Isaac Albeniz has always reflected his love for his native country. He met the great musical figures of his day - Liszt, Debussy and Dukas - and was fascinated by popular culture.

19980213

With Donald Macleod. Since his brutal death at the hand of Franco's fascist thugs, poet Federico Garcia Lorca has become a heroic figure in Spain. As well as mixing with the greatest creative talents of his era - such as the artist Salvador Dali - he spent time with the Gypsies, absorbing their songs and culture. His work has come to represent all things essentially Spanish and has been a source of inspiration for composers around the world.

19980216

Richard Baker explores the career of flautist Marcel Moyse. An orphan from the Jura region of France, Moyse became the century's most influential flute teacher. His belief in the instrument's expressive potential informed all his work as player and teacher, but variable health, his uncompromising attitude and an irascible nature often hindered his career. Even so, many contemporary flautists acknowledge their debt to him.

19980217

With Richard Baker. Maria Curcio was one of the few teenage pianists to become a pupil of Artur Schnabel, forging a link in a chain of teachers stretching back through Liszt to Beethoven. She paid a high price for her devotion to protecting Jewish friends in Amsterdam during the Second World War - her health broke down and her playing career was curtailed. But she continues to pass on her musical wisdom to performers of the current generation.

19980218

With Richard Baker. Antonio Salieri's reputation as a musician and teacher has been overshadowed by the spurious rumour that he murdered Mozart. Yet as a central figure in the musical life of Vienna at the beginning of the 19th century, Salieri's music was influential. Beethoven, Schubert and Liszt were just a few of his many composition pupils, some of whom he taught free of charge.

19980219

With Richard Baker. In a career that lasted three-quarters of a century until her death in 1979, the French composer, conductor, organist and teacher Nadia Boulanger passed on her musical insights to several generations of students. Many, including Aaron Copland, were American, and she made her New York debut with the Organ Symphony which Copland wrote for her. Her wide interests ranged from the most recent music to the rediscovery of masterpieces from the past - and she was the first woman to conduct a symphony orchestra in London.

19980220

With Richard Baker. For seventy years, Ilya Musin has symbolised one of the world's great schools of conducting. He entered the St Petersburg Conservatoire on the same day as Dmitri Shostakovich, who became a lifelong friend. He was passed over for many of the major conducting posts, yet his class in St Petersburg has been a magnet for aspiring conductors from Russia and, more recently, from further afield, including Britain. It has only been a couple of years since he was allowed to travel outside the Soviet Union and made his debut in this country aged 92.

4819980807

Richard Baker profiles Fanny Mendelssohn, sister of Felix, who at 13 played the first book of Bach's `48' from memory. Including excerpts from her songs and piano music, plus: Weber: Overture `Der Freischutz'. Berlin PO/Nikolaus Harnoncourt. Beethoven: Piano Trio in B flat, Op 97 (Archduke) (Finale). Beaux Arts Trio. Felix Mendelssohn: Piano Concerto in G minor (3rd mvt). Stephen Hough, CBSO/Lawrence Foster.

A Midsummer Night19980521

Peggy Reynolds unravels the plot line of `A Midsummer Night's Dream' and plays some music associated with the play.

Mendelssohn: Incidental music `A Midsummer Night's Dream'.

Rotterdam Philharmonic/Jeffrey Tate.

Purcell: The Fairy Queen.

Soloists, English Baroque Soloists/John Eliot Gardiner.

Britten: A Midsummer Night's Dream.

Soloists, City of London Sinfonia/Richard Hickox.

Lampe: Pyramus and Thisbe.

Soloists, Opera Restored/Peter Holman.

A Vucchella19990507

Peggy Reynolds explores the life and times of novelist, poet and playwright Gabriele D'Annunzio.

Music includes Tosti's song `A Vucchella'.

Roberto Alagna (tenor), Davie and Frederico Alagna (guitars).

Wagner: Tristan and Isolde (exc).

Jane Eaglen (soprano), Royal Opera Orchestra/Mark Elder.

Poulenc: Quatre petites prieres.

The Sixteen/Harry Christophers.

Respighi: Quattro Liriche.

Faridah Subrata (soprano), Czechoslovak RSO/Adriano.

(Adriano is the conductor's complete name).

Aesthetes19990503

Peggy Reynolds explores the life and times of Oscar Wilde, with music from: Mozart: The Magic Flute. London Classical Players/Roger Norrington. Sullivan: Patience. Pro Arte Orchestra/Malcolm Sargent. Vaughan Williams: A Sea Symphony. BBC Symphony Chorus and Orchestra/Andrew Davis. Benjamin: An Ideal Husband. National Philharmonic/Bernard Hermann.

Aesthetes19990504

Peggy Reyolds recalls writer and art collector William Beckford (1760-1844), who scandalised England when he had an affair with the young son of a viscount, wrote a gothic novel in French, built Fonthill Abbey and its gigantic tower, and claimed to have written a march for Mozart. Music includes: Rimsky-Korsakov: Scheherazade (exc). Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra/Riccardo Chailly. Massenet: Werther (exc). LPO/Michel Plasson. Seixas: Sonata in G minor. Robert Woolley (harpsichord). Haydn: Sonata in E flat, H XVI 52. Alfred Brendel (piano).

Aesthetes19990505

Peggy Reynolds explores the life and times of feminist icon Virgina Woolf, who, in a lifetime that saw enormous changes, herself changed from Victorian daughter to modern woman. Including Elgar: Pomp and Circumstance March No 4. LSO/Elgar. Wagner: Lohengrin (exc). Vienna PO/Georg Solti. Ireland: Spring Sorrow. Benjamin Luxon (baritone), Alan Rowlands (piano). Stravinsky: Pulcinella (exc). London Sinfonietta/Esa-Pekka Salonen.

Aesthetes19990506

Peggy Reynolds explores the life and times of the third Earl of Burlington, who designed and built Chiswick House. Handel dedicated an opera to him, and today's Royal Academy of Art is housed in his London home on Piccadilly. Music includes excerpts from: Handel: Acis and Galatea. King's Consort/Robert King. Stravinsky: Apollon Musagete. CBSO/Simon Rattle. Purcell: Dido and Aeneas. Anne Sofie von Otter (mezzo), English Concert/Trevor Pinnock. Bononcini: Griselda. LPO/Richard Bonynge.

Aida19990310

Giuseppe Verdi was famously persuaded out of virtual retirement by his younger collaborator, Arrigo Boito. After the hugely successful premiere of `Aida' in 1871, Verdi withdrew to his country estate, and it was to be 15 years before the unveiling of his final pair of operatic masterpieces. String Quartet (3rd mvt). Juilliard Quartet. Otello (Love duet). Placido Domingo, tenor (Otello), Renata Scotto, soprano (Desdemona), National PO/James Levine. Stabat mater (Four Sacred Pieces). Hungarian State Opera Chorus and Orchestra/Pier Giorgio Morandi. Falstaff (opening scene). Soloists, Hungarian State Opera Orchestra/Will Humburg.

Alessandro19990111

Richard Baker remembers Handel's contentious arrival on the English musical scene, and also the fierce rivalry between two of his favourite singers that Handel did a lot to exacerbate.

Music includes excerpts from Handel's operas `Alessandro', `Admeto', `Riccardo Primo', `Almira', `Siroe' and `Tolomeo' performed by Catherine Bott and Emma Kirkby (sopranos) and the Brandenburg Consort/Roy Goodman.

Ali Baba19990113

Richard Baker looks at the complex relationship between Cherubini and Berlioz.

Cherubini: Overture `Ali Baba'.

NBC SO/Arturo Toscanini.

Berlioz: Villanelle; Absence (Nuits d'ete).

Susan Graham (soprano), Orchestra of the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden/John Nelson.

Cherubini: Coronation Mass for Louis XVIII (Agnus Dei; Marche religieuse).

Philharmonia Chorus and Orchestra/Riccardo Muti.

Berlioz: Adieu, fiere cite (Les troyens).

Susan Graham (soprano), Orchestra of the Royal Opera House/John Nelson.

Amadeus19990112

With Richard Baker. `Amadeus', Peter Shaffer's dramatic account of the rivalry between Mozart and Antonio Salieri, became one of the most popular plays and films of all time. Yet relations between the two composers were complex: Mozart even arranged preferential seating for Salieri at the premiere of `The Magic Flute' in 1791, not long before he died. Salieri: Prima la musica (Sinfonia). Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra/Nikolaus Harnoncourt. Mozart: Variations on Salieri's `Mio caro Adone', K180. Ingrid Haebler (piano). Salieri: Armonia per un tempio della notte. Il Gruppo di Roma.

Amahl And The Night Visitors19981224

Richard Baker tells the story of the Three Wise Men in words and music, including Cornelius, arr Atkins: The Three Kings. Chorus of St Martin in the Fields/Neville Marriner. Respighi: Adoration of the Magi (Botticelli Pictures). City of London Sinfonia/Richard Hickox. Strauss: Die heiligen drei Konige, Op 56 No 6. Elisabeth Schwarzkopf (soprano), Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra/George Szell. Menotti: Suite `Amahl and the Night Visitors' (excerpts). New Zealand SO/Andrew Schenck.

Antony And Cleopatra19980814

Peggy Reynolds introduces music inspired by the many legends of Cleopatra. Including Handel: Julius Caesar (excerpts). Soloists, English National Opera Chorus and Orchestra/Charles Mackerras. Ludvig Norman: Overture `Antony and Cleopatra'. Helsingborg SO/Hans-Peter Frank. Graun: Cesare e Cleopatra (excerpt). Soloists, Concerto Koln/Rene Jacobs. Berlioz: La mort de Cleopatre (excerpt). Jessye Norman (soprano), Paris Orchestra/Daniel Barenboim.

Architects19990412

Peggy Reynolds investigates the life and career of Christopher Wren. Including excerpts from Handel: Utrecht Te Deum. Choir of St Paul's Cathedral, Parley of Instruments/John Scott. Haydn: Symphony No 92 in G (Oxford). Austro-Hungarian Haydn Orchestra/Adam Fischer. Purcell: Hail, Bright Cecilia, Z328. Monteverdi Choir, English Baroque Soloists/John Eliot Gardiner. Clarke: Suite in D. Hakan Hardenberger (trumpet), Simon Preston (organ).

Architects19990413

Peggy Reynolds remembers theatre designer Frank Matcham. Including excerpts from Leon Jessel: Parade of the Tin Soldiers. Paul Lincke: Glow-Worm Idyll. New London Orchestra/Ronald Corp. Elgar: Chanson de matin; Chanson de nuit. Leland Chen (violin), John Lenehan (piano). Leigh/Arthurs: A Little of What You Fancy Does You Good. Marie Lloyd (singer).

Architects19990414

Peggy Reynolds remembers Palladio, who began his career as a stonemason called Andrea della Gondola but ended up as the most imitated architect in history. Willaert: A la fontaine du pres Margot. Romanesque. Verdi: Aida (March from Act 2). Chorus and Orchestra of Rome Opera/Georg Solti. Cipriano de Rore: Io canterei d'amor. Labyrinto/Paolo Pandolfo. Bach: Goldberg Variations. Andras Schiff (piano).

Architects19990415

Peggy Reynolds remembers Charles Garnier, who designed the Palais Garnier in France. Including excerpts from Delibes: Sylvia (Prelude; Entree). Razumovsky Sinfonia/Andrew Mogrelia. Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier. Vienna PO/Georg Solti. Auber: Pas classique. English Concert Orchestra/Richard Bonynge. Lalo: Namouna - Suite No 2. RPO/Yondani Butt.

Brief Candles19980304

Donald Macleod explores the life and work of Lili Boulanger, younger sister of the celebrated teacher Nadia.

Lili was a composer of genius, who was plagued by misfortune and unremitting illness, dying in 1918, aged 24.

She was the daughter of a 77-year-old composer and a 34-year-old Russian princess, and the constant stream of musicians and artists through their household brought her into contact with the leading composers of the day, including Faure and Debussy.

Her biggest success came in 1913, when she became the first woman to win the coveted Prix de Rome.

Brief Candles19980305

With Donald Macleod.

George Gershwin left school at 15 to become the youngest pianist on Tin Pan Alley.

At the same time he was working on his own compositions.

With one foot in Carnegie Hall and another on Broadway, Gershwin was caught in a dilemma between his success as a songwriter and his ambition to be a serious composer.

But the struggle soon became about his health, not his career.

Doctors had put his mood down to emotional problems, but the cause, in fact, was a brain tumour.

He fell into a coma in 1937 and died shortly afterwards, aged just 38.

Candide19980508

Donald Macleod presents a week celebrating the contrasting careers of five 20th-century conductors. Andre Previn has worn many hats in his time: child prodigy, pianist, film composer, jazz musician, principal conductor of the LSO and now a welcome guest conductor all over the world. This programme focuses on his relationship with the LSO and includes excerpts from Bernstein's `Candide', Lerner and Loewe's `My Fair Lady', William Walton's `Symphony No 1' and Samuel Barber's `Violin Concerto' performed by Gil Shaham.

Carmen19980325

With Donald Macleod. Maria Callas possessed one of the finest singing voices the world has ever known. Of Greek parentage, and with a fiery temper, she conquered the opera houses of the world, yet she was notoriously dismissed from the New York Met. With excerpts from `Carmen', `Medea', `Madam Butterfly', `Tosca', `La boheme' and `Tristan und Isolde'.

Carmen19980427

`Carmen'. In 1845, the French writer Prosper Merimee published a novella called `Carmen'. It was part travel writing, part pastiche and part fiction, and it marked the first appearance of one of the most famous femmes fatales ever. The exotic story and its key themes of seduction and death attracted George Bizet to turn it into an opera; and in this century, his music was given new lyrics by Oscar Hammerstein II and turned into the musical `Carmen Jones'.

Cathedrals19990405

Richard Baker investigates the significance of Canterbury Cathedral and the legend of Thomas a Becket to playwrights, poets and musicians.

Stanford: Becket - Incidental Music to Tennyson's Play, LPO/Adrian Boult.

Dyson: The Canterbury Pilgrims.

Robert Tear (tenor), London Symphony Chorus and Orchestra/Richard Hickox.

Tallis: O sacrum convivium.

Theatre of Voices/Paul Hillier.

Vaughan Williams: Te Deum in G.

Canterbury Cathedral Choir, Michael Harris (organ)/David Flood.

Cathedrals19990406

Richard Baker investigates the significance of Westminster Abbey to playwrights, poets and musicians and looks at the royal ceremonies the abbey has witnessed.

Tavener: Song for Athene.

Westminster Abbey Choir/Martin Neary.

John Blow: Ode on the Death of Purcell.

Soloists, Ricardo Kanji and Marion Verbruggen (recorders), Anner Bylsma (cello)/Gustav Leonhardt (harpsichord).

Handel: Zadok the Priest.

Westminster Abbey Choir, ECO/Martin Neary.

Parry: I Was Glad.

Westminster Choir/Martin Neary

Cathedrals19990407

Richard Baker investigates the musical importance of Christ Church Cathedral, Oxford.

Taverner: Dum transisset sabbatum.

Bach: Awake, Thou Wintry Earth (Cantata No 129).

Christ Church Cathedral Choir/Stephen Darlington.

William Crotch: Symphony in F.

Milton Keynes CO/Hilary Davan Wetton.

Walton: The Twelve.

Cathedrals19990408

Richard Baker investigates the significance of Gloucester Cathedral to musicians and composers and looks at the development of the Three Choirs Festival.

Handel: Concerto grosso in C, HWV318 (Alexander's Feast).

Collegium Musicum 90/Simon Standage.

Wesley: Cast Me Not Away.

Gloucester Cathedral Choir/John Sanders.

Elgar: The Dream of Gerontius.

Janet Baker (mezzo), City of Birmingham Symphony Chorus and Orchestra/Simon Rattle.

Vaughan Williams: Fantasia on a Theme by Thomas Tallis.

Philharmonia/Leonard Slatkin

Cathedrals19990409

Richard Baker investigates the significance of York Minster to musicians and composers.

Byrd: Christ Rising Again (The Easter Anthem).

Hilliard Ensemble/Paul Hillier.

Purcell: The Yorkshire Feast Song, Z333.

King's Consort/Robert King.

Haydn: The Creation.

Anthony Rolfe-Johnson (tenor), Academy of St Martin in the Fields Chorus and Orchestra/Christopher Hogwood.

Mendelssohn: Elijah.

Soloists, London Symphony Chorus and Orchestra/Richard Hickox

Child Prodigies19980803

Richard Baker explores the life and music of Mozart. As a tiny child, Wolfgang lived and breathed music, and soon after his sixth birthday his father began taking him and his sister on mammoth performing tours all over Europe. Including Mozart: La finta semplice (excerpt). Helen Donath (soprano), Salzburg Mozarteum Orchestra/Leopold Hager. Allegri: Miserere. Tallis Scholars/Peter Phillips. Mozart: Sonata in B flat, K358 (excerpt). Christoph Eschenbach and Justus Franz (pianos). Mozart: Piano Concerto No 9 in E flat, K271 (3rd mvt). Richard Goode, Orpheus CO.

Child Prodigies19980804

Richard Baker explores the early life of Camille Saint-Saens. With excerpts from Mozart: Piano Sonata in C, K545. Maria Joao Pires. Wagner: Lohengrin (Prelude to Act 3). Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra/Riccardo Chailly. Beethoven: Piano Concerto No 3 in C minor. Murray Perahia, Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra/Bernard Haitink. Saint-Saens: Symphony No 1 in E flat. Vienna Symphony Orchestra/Georges Pretre.

Child Prodigies19980805

Richard Baker profiles the young Franz Schubert. Schubert: Gretchen am Spinnrade. Felicity Lott (soprano), Graham Johnson (piano). Salieri: Concerto in C (Finale). Andreas Staier (fortepiano), Concerto Koln. Mozart: Symphony No 40 in G minor (1st mvt). Salzburg Mozarteum Orchestra/Sandor Vegh. Schubert: Symphony No 1 in D (4th mvt). Dresden Staatskapelle/Colin Davis.

Child Prodigies19980806

Richard Baker describes the youthful Benjamin Britten. Music includes, Britten: Simple Symphony (excerpt). ECO/Benjamin Britten. Bridge: The Sea (excerpt). Ulster Orchestra/Vernon Handley. Britten: Four French Songs. Jill Gomez (soprano), CBSO/Simon Rattle. Britten: Rhapsody. Endellion Quartet.

Classical Heroines19980811

Peggy Reynolds introduces music inspired by Helen of Troy. Gluck: Paride ed Elena (excerpt). Soloists, La Stagione/Michael Schneider. Offenbach: La belle Helene (excerpt). Soloists, Toulouse Capitole Orchestra/Michel Plasson. Strauss: Die agyptische Helena (excerpt). Soloists, Detroit SO/Antal Dorati. Boito: Mefistofele (excerpt). Soloists, LSO/Julius Rudel.

Classical Heroines19980812

Peggy Reynolds introduces music inspired by Sappho, the Greek lyric poetess of the 6th century BC. Including Brahms: Sapphische Ode, Op 94 No 4. Jessye Norman (soprano), Daniel Barenboim (piano). Giovanni Pacini: Saffo (excerpts). Wexford Festival Choir, Irish NSO/Maurizio Benini. Massenet: Sapho (excerpts). Soloists, Garde Republicaine SO/Roger Boutry. Gounod: Sapho (excerpts). Soloists, St-Etienne Lyric Choir and New Orchestra/Patrick Fournillier.

Classical Heroines19980813

Peggy Reynolds introduces music inspired by the legend of Ariadne. Monteverdi: Lamento d'Arianna. Evelyn Tubb (soprano), Mary Nichols (contralto), Joseph Cornwell and Andrew King (tenors), Richard Wistreich (bass). Strauss: Ariadne auf Naxos (excerpt). Soloists, LPO/Georg Solti. Arne: Bacchus and Ariadne (excerpt). Soloists, ASMF/Neville Marriner. Goehr: Arianna (excerpt). Soloists, Arianna Ensemble/William Lacey.

Clerics19990201

With Richard Baker. The son of an innkeeper and butcher, Thomas Wolsey rose from his humble origins to become, for more than 15 years, the chief powerbroker in Henry VIII's England - prime minister, foreign secretary and home secretary rolled into one portly figure. But after the King lost faith in him, his downfall was rapid. Including Hugh Aston: Hornepype. Sophie Yates (virginals). Taverner: The Western Wynde. The Sixteen/Harry Christophers. John Bull: In Nomine No 1. Sophie Yates (virginals). Trad Scottish: O Lusty May. Hilliard Ensemble.

Clerics19990204

Richard Baker tells the story of Cardinal Richelieu, who wielded immense power in 17th-century France as chief minister to Louis XIII and managed to survive in turbulent times, when France was riven by religious and civil wars. Music includes: Meyerbeer: Les Huguenots. Ambrosian Opera Chorus, New Philharmonia Orchestra/Richard Bonynge. Bouzignac: Te Deum. Les Arts Florissants/William Christie. Titelouze: Magnificat. Joseph Payne (organ). Peri: Aria di Dafne. Jill Feldman (soprano), Nigel North (lute).

Conductors' Corner19980504

Donald Macleod presents a week celebrating the contrasting careers of five 20th-century conductors. The son of a rich Lancashire industrialist, Thomas Beecham spent much of his fortune in a determined effort to put British musical life on a more respectable footing. His wit was legendary, and his apparent nonchalance on the podium was backed up by meticulous preparation. Including excerpts from Beecham's recordings with the Royal Philharmonic of music by Mozart, Haydn and Delius.

Conductors' Corner19980505

Donald Macleod presents a week celebrating the contrasting careers of five 20th-century conductors. John Barbirolli was born in London as Giovanni Battista Barbirolli to an Italian father and a French mother. He trained as a cellist, but quickly became one of the leading British conductors of his generation, excelling not only in the home-grown music of his day - Delius, Vaughan Williams and Elgar - but also in their continental contemporaries - Mahler and Sibelius. His quarter-century with the Halle Orchestra in Manchester was a great musical partnership. With music by Mahler, Vaughan Williams and Elgar.

Corno Di Bassetto19980312

The great playwright George Bernard Shaw had a second career as `Corno di bassetto', one of the most outspoken music critics of his day. His reviews were brilliant and included biting comments on contemporary art and society. He disliked the music of Brahms but was enthusiastic about Mozart and, especially, Wagner. But he took a poor performance as a personal insult and made many enemies.

Dances Of Death19980601

Richard Baker tells the story of Tchaikovsky's battles with death, in his life and in his music. Including excerpts from: Symphony No 4 in F minor. Oslo Philharmonic/Mariss Jansons. The Queen of Spades. Vladimir Atlantov and Ernesto Gavazzi (tenors), Dmitri Hvorostovsky (baritone), Tanglewood Festival Chorus, Boston SO/Seiji Ozawa. Violin Concerto in D. Joshua Bell, Cleveland Orchestra/Vladimir Ashkenazy. The Voyevoda. Frankfurt RSO/Eliahu Inbal.

Dances Of Death19980602

Richard Baker explores the life and music of Gustav Mahler, perhaps the composer most preoccupied with death. He came from a family of 14 children of whom only seven survived infancy, and later lost his brother. His own first child died not long after he set Ruckert's poems about the death of children. Including excerpts from the First Symphony. Boston SO/Seiji Ozawa. Symphony No 4. Chicago SO/Georg Solti. Kindertotenlieder. Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau (baritone), Berlin PO/Rudolf Kempe.

Dances Of Death19980603

Richard Baker remembers composer George Butterworth, killed in action during the First World War barely a month after his thirty-first birthday. Including Butterworth: The Banks of Green Willow (exc); A Shropshire Lad (exc). Royal Liverpool Philharmonic/Grant Llewellyn. Holst: Mars (The Planets). LPO/Hilary Davan Wetton. Vaughan Williams: Symphony No 3 (Pastoral) (3rd mvt). LSO/Andre Previn

Dances Of Death19980604

Richard Baker explores the music of Chausson and Alkan, whose deaths were caused by tragic accidents. Chausson died in a cycling accident, and Alkan was crushed under a heavy bookcase. Including Alkan: Grande etude, Op 76 No 3. Laurent Martin (piano). Alkan: Funeral March for a Dead Parrot. Ensemble/Raymond Lewenthal. Chausson: Poeme de l'amour et de la mer. Monte Carlo Philharmonic/Armin Jordan. Alkan: Grand Sonata (excerpt). Ronald Smith (piano).

Dances Of Death19980605

Richard Baker tells the story of two composers who were in fierce competition with each other - Gaetano Donizetti and Vincenzo Bellini. Including excerpts from Donizetti: Anna Bolena; Lucia di Lammermoor; Roberto d'Evereux. Bellini: Norma; Hexameron; I puritani.

Death In Venice19980318

Composers down the ages have regularly succumbed to the spell of the great city floating on the waters of the Adriatic. Peggy Reynolds finds a morbid link between the stories of Liszt, Wagner, Mahler and Britten.

Die Meistersinger19980327

With Donald Macleod. Conductor, pianist, composer and teacher Leonard Bernstein became known as in some quarters as the Renaissance man of music, yet this household name had a private life every bit as intense as his passionate commitment to music. Ravel: Piano Concerto. Columbia SO/Bernstein (piano). Bernstein: Chichester Psalms. Vienna Youth Choir, Israel PO/Bernstein. Wagner: Overture `Die Meistersinger'. New York PO/Bernstein. Bernstein: America; Overture `Candide'. Los Angeles PO/Bernstein.

Die Zauberflote19980302

Donald Macleod spends this week looking at the all-too-brief lives of some famous composers. Mozart died at five minutes to one on the morning of Monday 5 December 1791, just two months short of his thirty-sixth birthday. The last year of his life was marked by huge successes and severe poverty, and by great joy and deep depression, yet he produced some of his greatest work, including piano concertos, symphonies, the opera `Die Zauberflote' and, quite prophetically, the Requiem that he left unfinished at his death.

Ein Feste Burg19990202

Richard Baker explores the life and work of Martin Luther, who, himself a talented musician, enlisted music as a tool of the Reformation, establishing a form of congregational singing which led to the great chorales of JS Bach. Music includes: Bach: Cantata No 80 `Ein feste Burg'. Collegium Vocale, Ghent/Philippe Herreweghe. Plainchant: Veni creator spiritus. Monks of Santo Domingo de Silos. Bach: St Matthew Passion (excerpt). Netherlands Bach Society/Ton Koopman.

Exiles19990215

With Donald Macleod. This week's programmes explore the unhappy lives of five figures banished from their homelands for their thoughts, writings or actions, beginning with the great Roman poet Ovid. Berlioz: Chanson d'Hylas (Les troyens). Ryland Davies (tenor), Orchestra of the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden/Colin Davis. Enescu: Romanian Rhapsody No 2. Romanian National Radio Orchestra/Horio Andreescu. Cavalli: Medea's Incantation (Giasone). Gloria Banditelli (mezzo), Michael Schopper (bass), Concerto Vocale/Rene Jacobs.

Exiles19990216

With Donald Macleod. Mary, Queen of Scots. From the moment on the morning of 8 February 1587, when the executioner's axe fell on Mary in Fotheringay Castle, her life and loves have been the stuff of legend - and of opera. Including Byrd: The Noble Famous Queen; In Angel's Weeds. Scottish Early Music Consort/Warwick Edwards. Donizetti: Maria Stuarda (excerpts). Janet Baker (mezzo), ENO Orchestra/Charles Mackerras. Verdi: Patria oppressa (Macbeth). Welsh National Opera Chorus and Orchestra/Richard Armstrong. Musgrave: Oh, James! So, he goes! (Mary, Queen of Scots). Ashley Putnam (soprano), Virginia Opera Orchestra/Peter Mark.

Exiles19990217

Donald Macleod explores the life of Karl Marx, who did most of his thinking was done in exile - in London, in the round reading room of the British Museum. Music includes: Verdi: Va pensiero (Nabucco). Chorus and Orchestra of the German Opera, Berlin/Giuseppe Sinopoli. Ysaye: Exile. Belgian National Orchestra/Mendi Rodan. Schulhoff: The Communist Manifesto (excerpt). Soloists, Kuhn Children's Choir, Prague Radio Chorus and SO/Frantisek Vajnar. Beethoven: O welche Lust (Fidelio). Chicago Symphony Chorus and Orchestra/Georg Solti.

Exiles19990219

Donald Macleod explores exile in the life of Alexander Solzhenitsyn, who spent eight years in labour camps in the eastern part of the USSR for some mildly disrespectful remarks about Stalin made in a letter to a friend. Music includes Prokofiev: Piano Sonata No 5. Barbara Nissman. Shostakovich: String Quartet No 10 (3rd mvt). Shostakovich Quartet. Britten: Lines Written during a Sleepless Night (The Poet's Echo). Galina Vishnevskaya (soprano), Mstislav Rostropovich (piano). Janacek: Final scene (The House of the Dead). Soloists, Vienna PO/Charles Mackerras.

Family Affairs19990301

Peggy Reynolds remembers the early-music dynasty founded by Arnold Dolmetsch.

Norcombe: Divisions on a Ground.

Rudolph Dolmetsch (viola da gamba), Arnold Dolmetsch (lute).

Handel: I rage, I melt, I burn! (Acis and Galatea).

Owen Brannigan (bass), Carl Dolmetsch (recorder), Philomusica of London/Charles Farncombe.

Allegri: Suite for six recorders.

Dolmetsch Consort.

Bach: Concerto in F, BWV1057.

Ignor Kipnis (harpsichord), Jeanne and Marguerite Dolmetsch (recorders), London Strings/Neville Marriner.

Family Affairs19990302

Peggy Reynolds talks about the Shostakovich family - composer Dmitri, conductor Maxim and pianist Dmitri Jr.

Bach: Prelude and Fugue in C (Bk 1).

Sviatoslav Richter (piano).

Shostakovich: Fantastic Dance (Suite, Op 6).

Alexander Zelyakov and Folke Grasbeck (pianos).

Shostakovich: Symphony No 5 (2nd mvt).

LSO/Maxim Shostakovich.

Shostakovich: Piano Concerto No 2.

Dmitri Shostakovich Jr, I Music de Montreal/Maxim Shostakovich.

Family Affairs19990304

Peggy Reynolds explores the Alain dynasty - organist Marie-Claire, her two musical brothers - Olivier and Jehan - and her father Albert.

Albert Alain: Scherzo.

Marie-Claire Alain (organ).

Olivier Alain: Souvenances.

Francois Gyps (flute), Georges Guillard (harpsichord).

Jehan Alain: Le jardin suspendu.

Eric Lebrun (organ).

Bach: Fugue in G minor, BWV578.

Family Affairs19990305

Peggy Reynolds talks about the Lloyd Webber musical dynasty - composer father William and celebrated sons Andrew and Julian.

William Lloyd Webber: Aurora.

City of London Sinfonia/Richard Hickox.

Dukas: The Sorcerer's Apprentice.

New York PO/Leonard Bernstein.

Andrew Lloyd Webber: Requiem (Offertorium).

Soloists, ECO/Lorin Maazel.

Dvorak: Cello Concerto in B minor (3rd mvt).

Julian Lloyd Webber, Czech PO/Vaclav Neumann.

Fantasia19980506

Donald Macleod presents a week celebrating the contrasting careers of five 20th-century conductors.

Leopold Stokowski made the Philadelphia Orchestra world famous and also had a flirtation with Hollywood, appearing in `Fantasia'.

`The Big Broadcast of 1937' and `One Hundred Men and a Girl'.

Including Bach, orch Stokowski: Toccata and Fugue in D minor, BWV565.

Czech Philharmonic.

Musorgsky, orch Stokowski: A Night on the Bare Mountain.

Philadelphia Orchestra.

Feuds Corner19990114

Richard Baker investigates the rivalry felt by Brahms and Wagner as they sought to escape the imposing shadow of Beethoven.

Brahms: Herr, lehre doch mich (German Requiem).

Otto Wiener (baritone), Choir of St Hedwig's Cathedral, Berlin, Berlin PO/Fritz Lehmann.

Wagner: O Ihr, der eide Huter (Gotterdammerung).

Anne Evans (soprano), Philharmonia/Francesco d'Avalos.

Bruckner: Symphony No 3 in D minor (original version, 1st mvt).

London Classical Players/Roger Norrington

Feuds Corner19990115

Richard Baker recalls the rivalry between divas Maria Callas and Renata Tebaldi, with arias by Bellini, Boito, Verdi, Cilea, Gluck, Giordano, Puccini, Catalani and Mozart.

Fingal19980303

With Donald Macleod.

Felix Mendelssohn packed more into his 38 years than some people do into a lifetime twice as long.

He came from a rich banking family that provided him with every opportunity, particularly when it came to travelling.

Mendelssohn made no fewer than ten trips to Britain, including the visit to the Hebrides which inspired his overture `Fingal's Cave'.

He also developed a close relationship with Queen Victoria and Prince Albert.

Felix was very close to his sister Fanny, and when she died suddenly he suffered a great shock from which he never really recovered.

He died a few months later.

Five Poets19990525

Peggy Reynolds explores life and times of Geoffrey Chaucer, scholar, diplomat, civil servant, courtier, lawyer - and the father of English poetry.

Music includes excerpts from: Dyson: Canterbury Pilgrims LSO/Richard Hickox.

Alan Bush, arr Stevenson: Wat Tyler.

Vaughan Williams: Merciless Beauty.

Philip Langridge (tenor), Andrew Watkinson and James Clark (violins), David Waterman (cello).

Five Poets19990526

Peggy Reynolds explores the life and times of John Keats, in many ways the quintessential Romantic poet.

Music includes excerpts from: Bridge: The Devon Maid.

Jamie MacDougall (tenor), Roger Vignoles (piano).

Holst: Choral Symphony.

Felicity Palmer (soprano), London Philharmonic Choir and Orchestra/Adrian Boult.

Mendelssohn: Hebrides Overture (Fingal's Cave).

Philharmonia/Walter Weller.

Stanford: La belle dame sans merci.

Janet Baker (mezzo), Geald Moore (mezzo).

Five Poets19990527

Peggy Reynolds explores the life and times of Rudyard Kipling and plays music inspired by his writing.

Elgar: Crown of India.

LPO/Daniel Barenboim.

Grainger: Danny Deever.

Joyful Company of Singers, City of London Sinfonia/Richard Hickox.

Elgar: Fringes of the Fleet.

Rutland Sinfonia/Barry Collett.

Five Poets19990528

Peggy Reynolds explores the life and times of W H Auden and plays music inspired by his writing, including excerpts from: Berkeley: Night covers up the rigid land.

Philip Langridge (tenor), Stuart Bedford (piano).

Britten: Night Mail.

Nigel Hawthorne (narrator), Nash Ensemble/Lionel Friend.

Dankworth: O tell me the truth about love.

Cleo Laine, John Dankworth and Ensemble.

Britten: Ballad of Heroes.

London Symphony Choir and Orchestra, conductor Richard Hickox

Gone To That Blessed Place Where Only His Harmony Can Be Exceeded19980306

With Donald Macleod. When Henry Purcell died in 1695 at the age of 36, he was hailed as the English Orpheus. His epitaph in Westminster Abbey declares him `gone to that blessed place where only his harmony can be exceeded'. In Purcell's brief life he had written music for every occasion, from church tavern to stage and music room. This thoroughly professional composer and performer died in mysterious circumstances - could it have been death by chocolate? Peter Holman provides some expert evidence.

Great Dancers19980225

With Peggy Reynolds. Margot Fonteyn had one of the longest careers a ballerina has ever had - over forty years. With near-perfect body proportions, an instinctive sense of line and a remarkable stage presence, she had all the qualities of a classic ballerina. She and leading British choreographer Frederick Ashton enjoyed many successful collaborations, but her most famous partnership was with the young Russian dancer Rudolf Nureyev, who rejuvenated and expanded her technique, although she was already in her forties.

Great Dancers19980226

With Peggy Reynolds. Rudolf Nureyev was born on the Trans-Siberian Express as it rattled along close to the Mongolian border. He grew up in the severe regime of Stalin's Russia and moved swiftly through the ranks to become a leading soloist at the Kirov Ballet. Nureyev's sensational defection to the West in 1961 brought him into contact with dancers such as Margot Fonteyn and the choreographers Frederick Ashton, Kenneth MacMillan and Martha Graham. He became probably the greatest dancer of his generation. Nureyev led a turbulent, exotic and ultimately tragic life, dying from an Aids-related illness in 1993.

Great Partnerships19980512

With Richard Baker. The Amadeus Quartet gave their first concert together at the Dartington Summer School in Devon in 1947. Three of them - Norbert Brainin, Peter Schidlof and Sigmund Nissel - were Jewish refugees from Austria who met at an internment camp during the Second World War. They were all violinists, so Peter Schidlof gallantly agreed to switch to the viola so they could form a quartet with cellist Martin Lovett. The Amadeus Quartet made their London debut in 1948 and went on to perform together for nearly 40 years. Today's programme features music by Haydn, Mozart, Britten and Schubert.

Great Partnerships19980515

Richard Baker investigates the musical partnership of Benjamin Britten and Peter Pears, which lasted nearly 40 years. The duo founded the Britten-Pears School for Advanced Musical Studies and an event which is now world-renowned - the Aldeburgh Festival. Including excerpts from Britten: Serenade for tenor, horn and strings. Peter Pears (tenor), Barry Tuckwell (horn), ECO/Britten. Young Apollo. Peter Donohoe (piano), CBSO/Simon Rattle. Peter Grimes. Peter Pears (tenor), Geraint Evans (baritone), David Kelly (bass), Chorus and Orchestra of the Royal Opera House/Britten.

Great Singers19980608

Peggy Reynolds remembers Dame Nellie Melba, the celebrated soprano, who died in 1931. Including Verdi: Caro Nome (Rigoletto). Melba (soprano), Orchestra/Walter B Rogers. Balfe: I dreamt I dwellt in marble halls (The Bohemian Girl). Joan Sutherland (soprano), LSO/Richard Bonynge. Gounod: Je veux vivre dans la reve qui m'enivre (Romeo et Juliette). Mirella Freni (soprano), Paris Opera Orchestra/Alain Lombard. Puccini: Vissi d'arte (Tosca). Melba (soprano), New SO/Landon Ronald.

Great Singers19980609

Peggy Reynolds profiles the castrato Farinelli, the most adored singer of the early 18th century. The sound of his voice even revived the reclusive and bedridden Philip V of Spain. Porpora: Solfeggio No 3 (Andante). Aris Christofellis (soprano), Instrumental Ensemble. Handel: Quel gelsomino, che imperla il prato (Riccardo Primo). Claire Brua (soprano), Les Talens Lyriques/Christophe Rousset. Mozart: Al mio ben mi veggio avanti (Ascanio in Alba). Aris Christofellis (soprano), Ensemble Seicentonovecento/Flavio Colusso.

Great Singers19980610

Peggy Reynolds profiles Enrico Caruso, the most famous singer of his day whose name is still synonymous with seductive singing nearly eighty years after his death. Son of a poor, hard-drinking father, he made his first money serenading wealthy customers in the cafes of his native Naples, but he went on to become one of the greatest stars of Italian opera and a legend in his own lifetime. Music featuring Caruso includes, Mascagni: O Lola (Cavalleria Rusticana). Ponchielli: Cielo e mar (La Gioconda). Donizetti: Una furtiva lagrima. (L'elisir d'amore). Leoncavallo: Vesti la giubba (Pagliacci).

Great Singers19980611

Peggy Reynolds profiles Mary Garden, who hailed from Aberdeen. Before WWII she was the toast of Paris and, after the war, the toast of America. She was Debussy's favourite singer and the first Melisande. She was once given a pearl necklace worth two million dollars, yet she ended her days penniless in a psychiatric hospital. Including: Debussy: Pelleas et Melisande. Mary Garden (sop), Debussy (piano). Debussy: Ariettes oubliees. Dawn Upshaw (sop), James Levine (piano). Gounod: Faust (exc). Cheryl Studer (sop), Toulouse Capitole Orchestra/Plasson.

Great Singers19980612

With Peggy Reynolds. Fritz Wunderlich had one of the most glorious tenor voices of the century. He was at the top of his profession and glittering opportunities were stretching out before him when, in 1966, he fell down a flight of stairs, fractured his skull and died without regaining consciousness. A great singer was cut down in his prime. Including Lara: Granada. Fritz Wunderlich (tenor), Graunke Symphony Orchestra/Hans Carste. Carl Millocker: The Beggar Student (excerpts). Fritz Wunderlich (tenor), Berlin Symphony Orchestra/Werner Schmidt-Boelcke.

Great Victorians19980310

Prince Albert was an esteemed patron of the arts and sciences, but also a composer and friend to many musicians, including Mendelssohn. His crowning achievement was the Great Exhibition of 1851, the scene of many magnificent concerts, but his greatest memorial is the hall that bears his name.

Great Victorians19980311

After the revolutions of 1848, Charles Halle abandoned his career in Paris and moved to London. He found the capital full of emigre musicians, and moved north to Manchester where he founded the Halle Orchestra. Halle was a marvellous pianist as well as conductor, and was friend to most of the great composers of his day, including Chopin, Liszt and Wagner.

Great Victorians19980313

With August Manns in charge of its orchestra, the Crystal Palace was alive with music. He was a forerunner of today's impresarios, organising concerts on an enormous scale and mixing mainstream classics with familiar, even new, works. He forged the musical taste of an era.

Hamlet19980520

Peggy Reynolds unravels the plot line of `Hamlet' and plays music associated with the play. Including excerpts from Ambroise Thomas: Hamlet. Soloists, LPO/Antonio de Almeida. Liszt: Hamlet. LPO/Bernard Haitink. Berlioz: Tristia. Cleveland Chorus and Orchestra/Pierre Boulez. Walton: Film music `Hamlet'. Philharmonia/William Walton.

Immortal Beloved19980406

With Peggy Reynolds. Ludwig van Beethoven never married yet often declared his desire for a loving wife. After his death, among his papers was found the famous letter to the `Immortal Beloved'. And much of Beethoven's music was inspired by - and dedicated to - the women in his life. Including excerpts from: Piano Sonata in C sharp minor, Op 27 No 2 (Moonlight). Wilhelm Kempff. An die ferne Geliebte. Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau (baritone), Jorg Demus (piano).

In New York19980707

Donald Macleod tells the story of choreographer George Balanchine's first decade in New York, including excerpts from Tchaikovsky: Serenade for Strings. Orpheus CO. Johann Strauss (son): Die Fledermaus. Concertgebouw Orchestra/Nikolaus Harnoncourt. Gluck: Orfeo ed Euridice. Marilyn Horne (soprano), Orchestra of the Royal Opera House/Georg Solti. Stravinsky: The Fairy's Kiss. Cleveland Orchestra/ Oliver Knussen

In New York19980708

This week's series on music and New York focuses on Carnegie Hall, which celebrated its centenary in 1991. Today's tour features musicians and music-making that made the 1940s so special for the hall, and includes Heifetz playing Bach, Barbirolli conducting Schubert, and Toscanini conducting Beethoven, as well as appearances by Woody Herman and legendary pianist Solomon.

In New York19980709

The series on New York and its music focuses on the Metropolitan Opera House and Rudolf Bing's 22-year reign as general manager. Donald Macleod traces his revolutionary reign at the Met, which saw the first black singer star on the stage there, and included the public dismissal of the world's greatest opera star. Music includes Puccini sung by Renata Tebaldi, Jussi Bjorling and Birgit Nilsson, Brahms sung by Marian Anderson, and Verdi sung by Leonard Warren.

In New York19980710

Donald Macleod's final postcard from the Big Apple tells the story of the New York Philharmonic's move from Carnegie Hall to a specially built new home in the city's Lincoln Centre. Philharmonic Hall opened in 1962 with a glitzy gala concert - and it has seen moments of great celebration and national tragedy. Today's music includes excerpts from: Mahler: Das Lied von der Erde. Ernst Haefliger (tenor), New York PO/Bruno Walter. Beethoven: Symphony No 5 in C minor. Bernstein: West Side Story. Mahler: Symphony No 7. New York PO/Leonard Bernstein

Indian Summers19990308

With Donald Macleod. Heinrich Schutz died in 1672 at the age of 87. He spent much of his long life in the service of the Emperor of Saxony in Dresden, and some of his greatest music was written in his last years. Schutz is the first of five composers this week to have been revitalised in later life. Herr, nun lassest du deinen Diener, SWV352. Richard Wistreich (bass), Purcell Quartet. Der Schwanengesang. Soloists, Hanover Boys' Choir, Hilliard Ensemble, London Baroque/Heinz Hennig. German Magnificat. Heinrich Schutz Choir/Roger Norrington

Indian Summers19990309

Donald Macleod remembers Jean-Philippe Rameau, who was 50 before achieving his first operatic success. Music includes Rameau: Coulez, ondes (Nais). Linda Russell, soprano (Nais), Ian Caley, tenor (Neptune), English Bach Festival Chorus and Baroque Orchestra/Nicholas McGegan. Rameau: Anacreon (Scene 3). Thierry Felix, bass (Anacreon), Annick Massis, soprano (Cupid), Les Musiciens du Louvre/Marc Minkowski. Gilles: Requiem (Agnus Dei). Peter Kooy (bass), Choir and Orchestra of La Chapelle Royale/Philippe Herreweghe. Debussy: Hommage a Rameau (Images). Aldo Ciccolini (piano).

Indian Summers19990311

With Donald Macleod. Richard Strauss was 75 when the Second World War broke out in September 1939. Controversy has raged about his subsequent role and activities, but Strauss continued to compose right up to his death ten years later. Capriccio (Introduction). Vienna PO/Andre Previn. Musette de Choisy (Divertimento after Couperin). Orpheus Chamber Orchestra. Horn Concerto No 2 (3rd mvt). Dennis Brain, Philharmonia/Wolfgang Sawallisch. Duet-Concertino. Robert Plane (clarinet), Stephen Reay (bassoon), Northern Sinfonia/Richard Hickox.

Indian Summers19990312

Donald Macleod remembers the amazing compositional Indian summer enjoyed by Ralph Vaughan Williams, climaxing in the premiere of a major new symphony in the last year of his life. The Pilgrim's Progress (excerpts). John Shirley-Quirk (baritone), LPO/Adrian Boult. Violin Sonata (1st mvt). Frederick Ginke, Michael Mulliner (piano). Symphony No 8 (2nd mvt). BBC SO/Andrew Davis. Variations for brass band. Williams Fairey Band/Bryan Hurdley. Symphony No 9 (4th mvt). BBC Symphony Orchestra/Andrew Davis.

Instrumental Revolutionaries19980713

With Richard Baker. This week, profiles of five performers who revolutionised attitudes to their chosen instrument among performers and audiences of their own and subsequent generations. Pablo Casals was born in Catalonia in 1876. By the age of 14, he was giving recitals, with pride of place given to the music of Bach, whose cello suites he rescued from almost complete neglect. Casals went on to become an all-round musician and a tireless campaigner for humanitarian causes. Including cello works by Bach, Beethoven and Dvorak, plus two pieces by Casals himself.

Instrumental Revolutionaries19980714

With Richard Baker. This week, profiles of five performers who revolutionised attitudes to their chosen instrument among their own and subsequent generations of performers and audiences. When Andres Segovia gave his first recital - in Granada in 1909 - he was virtually self-taught. Outside Spain, the guitar was not taken seriously, while inside the country it was used exclusively in the folk tradition. Segovia's example inspired composers and performers and ensured the guitar's respectability. Including guitar pieces by Fernando Sor, Joaquin Turina, Manuel Ponce and Joaquin Rodrigo.

Instrumental Revolutionaries19980715

Richard Baker profiles Leon Goossens, an oboist from a musical dynasty that exerted a profound influence on British musical life for almost a century. Including music by Handel and Gerald Finzi and a complete performance of Mozart's Oboe Concerto in C, K314.

Instrumental Revolutionaries19980716

Richard Baker profiles the great horn player Dennis Brain, who died in a car crash at the age of 36. With music by Mozart, Strauss, Dukas, Lennox Berkeley and Britten.

Instrumental Revolutionaries19980717

With Richard Baker. This week, profiles of five performers who revolutionised attitudes to their chosen instrument. Crossover was hardly fashionable a century ago, but one of the musicians who made the crossing of musical boundaries respectable was the Chicago-born clarinettist Benny Goodman. Classically trained, he became an outstanding jazz specialist and then a brilliantly effective bandleader. Yet Goodman never lost his love for the classics and pioneered a number of concertos written specially for him. Including clarinet pieces by Mozart, Bartok, Berlin and Gould, plus Copland's Clarinet Concerto.

Islands19990322

Richard Baker explores the influence of Java and Bali on western music. Debussy: Et la lune descend sur la temple qui fut (Images). Gordon Fergus-Thompson (piano). Ravel: Laideronette (Mother Goose). Montreal SO/Charles Dutoit. Poulenc: Concerto for two pianos (1st mvt). Jean-Bernard Pommier and Anne Queffelec, City of London Sinfonia/Richard Hickox. Britten: The Prince of the Pagodas (Act 2, scene 2). Orchestra of the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden/Britten.

Islands19990323

Richard Baker investigates the importance of Manhattan in Western musical culture. Bernstein: America (West Side Story). Chorus and orchestra/Bernstein. Beethoven: Symphony No 5 in C minor (1st mvt). New York PO/Arturo Toscanini. Dvorak: Symphony No 9 in E minor (From the New World). Philharmonia/Carlo Maria Giulini. Duke Ellington: Cotton Club Strip. Duke Ellington and His Orchestra.

Islands19990324

Richard Baker investigates music by Icelandic composers. Jon Leifs: Fine I. Iceland SO/Petri Sakari. Arni Bjornsson: Romance. Sigrun Edvaldsdottir (violin), Iceland SO/Petri Sakari. Pall Isolfsson: Festival March. Iceland SO/Petri Sakari

Islands19990325

Richard Baker investigates the importance of Japan in 19th-century English musical culture. Gilbert and Sullivan: Quadrille (The Mikado). London Salon Ensemble. Gounod: Quel trouble inconnu (Faust). Luciano Pavarotti (tenor), Vienna Volksoper Orchestra/Leone Magiera. Stravinsky: Three Japanese Lyrics. Phyllis Bryn-Julson (soprano), Ensemble InterContemporain/Pierre Boulez. Schubert: String Quartet in C, D46 (4th mvt). Tokyo Quartet.

Islands19990326

Richard Baker investigates music by Cuban composers. Antonio Maria Romeu: The Barber of Seville. Rotterdam Conservatory Charanga Orchestra. Iganzio Cervantes: Dances. Georges Rabol (piano). Ernesto Lecuona: Rapsodia cubana. Thomas Tirimo (piano), Polish NRSO/Michael Bartos. Perez Prez Prado: Guaglione. Perez Prez Prado and His Orchestra.

Italian Writers19981027

Peggy Reynolds remembers Petrarch, who, like Dante, lived most of his life in exile. Petrarch's life was, like Dante's, transformed by a chance meeting with Laura de Noves, who would inspire much of his poetry. Haydn: Solo e pensoso. Arleen Auger (soprano), Handel and Haydn Society Orchestra/Christopher Hogwood. Schubert: Sonnet, D629 (Allein, nachdenklich). Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau (baritone), Gerald Moore (piano). Jakob Hassler: Real natura. Consort of Musicke/Anthony Rooley. Liszt: I' vidi in terra (Petrarch Sonnets). Jose Carreras (tenor), Vincenzo Scalera (piano).

Italian Writers19981029

Peggy Reynolds explores the work of Michelangelo and plays some 20th-century music by him. Wolf: Fuhlt meine Seele. Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau (baritone), Gerald Moore (piano). Pfitzner: Das dunkle Reich (excerpt). Sigurd Bruns (organ), Berlin RSO/Rolf Reuter. Britten: Sonnets of Michelangelo (excerpts). Philip Langridge (tenor), Steuart Bedford (piano). Strauss: Madrigal, Op 15 No 1. Kiri Te Kanawa (soprano), Georg Solti (piano). Shostakovich: Suite on Poems of Michelangelo. Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau (baritone), Berlin RSO/Vladimir Ashkenazy.

Italian Writers19981030

Peggy Reynolds explores the work of Dante and music he has inspired. Including excerpts from Tchaikovsky: Francesca da Rimini. LSO/Leopold Stokowski. Riccardo Zandonai: Francesca da Rimini. Bulgarian Radio Orchestra/Maurizio Arena. Puccini: Gianni Schicchi. Florence Maggio Musicale Orchestra/Bruno Bartoletti.

Joseph19980422

With Richard Baker. The Mozarts may have been neither as ubiquitous or as prodigious as the Bachs, but their musical talents were not confined to the genius of Wolfgang Amadeus. Music includes, Leopold Mozart: Trumpet Concerto in D. Wynton Marsalis, ECO/Raymond Leppard. W A Mozart: Violin Sonata in D, K7. Blandine Verlet, Gerard Poulet (violin). W A Mozart: Laudamus te (Mass in C minor, K427). Barbara Bonney (soprano), Berlin PO/Claudio Abbado. Franz Xaver Mozart: Variations on a Theme from Mehul's Opera `Joseph'. Leslie Howard (piano).

King Arthur19980330

With Richard Baker. `King Arthur'. As well as being connected with the National Lottery, Arthur, Guinevere and Camelot stand as symbols of a golden age, where peace and prosperity were presided over by a court of chivalrous knights. But nothing lasts for ever. With excerpts from Bax: Tintagel. Ulster Orchestra/Bryden Thomson. Britten: King Arthur. BBC Philharmonic/Richard Hickox. Chausson: King Arthur. New Philharmonic/Armin Jordan. Elgar: King Arthur. Bournemouth Sinfonietta/George Hurst.

La Tosca19980428

The suicide of Floria Tosca has to be one of the most spectacular and melodramatic in all opera. Not everyone liked Victorien Sardou's play `La Tosca' when it was first performed in 1887, but Puccini - who saw it in 1889 - knew immediately it was the subject he had been looking for. He turned Tosca from the simple girl of Sadou's original into an actress, singer and thoroughly professional woman of the theatre.

La Traviata19980430

Verdi's `La traviata' - Violetta - is based on the heroine of Alexandre Dumas's novel and play `La dame aux camelias', herself a reflection of the real-life courtesan Marie Duplessis, with whom Dumas had an affair.

Lady, Be Good,19980513

With Richard Baker. George and Ira Gershwin were the eldest of four children born in New York city. George was a bit of a tearaway while Ira was the bookworm, and they both initially made their living independently (-) George as a song plugger in Tin Pan Alley and Ira as a lyricist. One of George and Ira's first collaborations was a nonsense song they performed at parties. They produced a string of successful musicals, such as `Lady, Be Good,' `Oh Kay,' `Funny Face' and `Girl Crazy.' They later collaborated on a serious full-length opera, `Porgy and Bess.'.

Lead Kindly Light19990205

Richard Baker traces Cardinal Newman's extraordinary spiritual journey from uncommitted youth through evangelical enthusiasm to high office within the Roman Catholic Church. He was devoted to music and played the violin. Including music from: Viotti: Violin Concerto No 13 in A. Adelina Oprean, European Community CO/Jorg Faerber. Haydn: Symphony No 1 in D. Hanover Band/Roy Goodman. Beethoven: String Quartet in C, Op 59 No 3 (Rasumovsky). Quartetto Italiano. Hymn `Lead kindly light'. Choir of Ely Cathedral. Elgar: The Dream of Gerontius. CBSO and CBSO Chorus/Simon Rattle.

London Again19990416

Peggy Reynolds on John Nash, favourite architect of the Prince Regent, who designed Regent's Park, Regent Street and Marble Arch in London.

Coates: Suite `London Again'.

LSO/Charles Mackerras.

Pergolesi: Stabat mater.

Emma Kirkby (soprano), James Bowman (countertenor), Academy of Ancient Music/Christopher Hogwood.

Handel: Israel in Egypt.

The Sixteen/Harry Christophers.

Lehar: Gold and Silver Waltz.

New London Orchestra/ Ronald Corp.

Macbeth19980522

Peggy Reynolds unravels the plot of `Macbeth' and introduces music associated with the play. Including Verdi: Macbeth (excerpts). Soloists, La Scala Chorus and Orchestra/Claudio Abbado. Horovitz: Glamis Thou Art. Sarah Walker (soprano), Graham Johnson (piano). Smetana: Macbeth and the Witches. Radoslav Kvapil (piano). Massenet: Scenes dramatiques. Monte Carlo National Opera Orchestra/John Eliot Gardiner.

Marlbroug19990129

Donald Macleod investigates the reign of Queen Anne, the last of the Tudor and Stuart line of monarchs. Handel: Birthday Ode for Queen Anne. Soloists, Choir of Christ Church Cathedral, Oxford, Academy of Ancient Music/Simon Preston. Sor: Variations on `Marlbroug'. Raymond Burley (guitar). Babell: Concerto in G, Op 3 No 4. Thierry Perrenoud (recorder), Amsterdam Baroque Soloists.

Marriage Of Figaro19980507

Donald Macleod presents a week celebrating the contrasting careers of five 20th-century conductors. The death last year of Georg Solti was universally mourned. His energy and dynamism transferred itself to players and audiences alike. Solti's life story is almost an opera in itself, from his early days as a pianist in Budapest, to his postwar leadership of the opera houses in Munich and at Covent Garden. Music includes excerpts from Solti's recordings of Mozart's `Marriage of Figaro', Strauss's `Der Rosenkavalier', Bizet's `Carmen', Wagner's `Gotterdammerung' and Verdi's `Falstaff'.

Medea19980810

Peggy Reynolds introduces music inspired by the legend of Medea, who helped Jason acquire the Golden Fleece but later murdered her own children to avenge his unfaithfulness. Cherubini: Medea (excerpt). Soloists, Budapest SO/Lamberto Gardelli. Barber: Suite `Medea' (excerpts). New Zealand SO/Andrew Schenck. Erik Gustaf Geijer: Medea. Catharina Olsson (mezzo), Thomas Schuback (piano). Antonio Caldara: Medea in Corinto (excerpt). Gerard Lesne (countertenor), Il Seminario Musicale.

Musical Correspondents19980525

With Donald Macleod.

Leopold Mozart was determined that his son Wolfgang Amadeus would reach his full artistic and earning potential.

The correspondence between father and son reveals the tensions that dominated their relationship as Mozart came of age and began to break away from his dominating parent.

Including Concerto in F for Three Pianos, K242.

Schiff, Barenboim, Solti, ECO.

Symphony No 31 in D, K297 (Paris).

VPO/Muti.

Il Seraglio.

English Baroque Soloists/Gardiner.

String Quintet in G minor, K516.

Amadeus Quartet, Cecil Aronowitz (viola).

Musical Correspondents19980526

Why the French writer Romain Rolland - an enthusiastic advocate of and commentator on the music of Richard Strauss - also had his doubts about the composer.

Including excerpts from Also Sprach Zarathustra.

Chicago SO/Georg Solti.

Sinfonia Domestica.

Philadelphia Orchestra/Wolfgang Sawallisch.

Elektra.

Birgit Nilsson (soprano), Vienna PO/Georg Solti.

Salome.

Karen Huffstodt (soprano), Lyon Opera/Kent Nagano.

Musical Correspondents19980527

Monteverdi was the first great composer whose correspondence survives.

It began when he became director of music at the court of Mantua, where he wrote to court functionaries on business, and continued to the end of his life.

Orfeo (excerpts).

English Baroque Soloists/John Eliot Gardiner.

Vespers (excerpts).

New London Consort/Philip Pickett.

Madrigals (Book 8, excerpts).

Glyndebourne Festival Chorus/Raymond Leppard.

Musical Correspondents19980528

Donald Macleod looks at the collaboration between Verdi and Arrigo Boito.

Including Aida (excerpt).

Chorus and Orchestra of La Scala, Milan/Lorin Maazel.

Simon Boccanegra (excerpt).

Kiri Te Kanawa (soprano), Orchestra of La Scala/Georg Solti.

Otello (excerpt).

Luciano Pavarotti (tenor), Chicago SO/Georg Solti.

Falstaff (excerpt).

Sharon Sweet (soprano), Marilyn Horne (mezzo), Bavarian RSO/Colin Davis.

Musical Correspondents19980529

The early careers of Stravinsky and Ernest Ansermet went more or less hand in hand.

Ansermet was one of the first to recognise Stravinsky's maverick musical genius, and conducted more performances of his music than anyone else.

The two men corresponded for over fifty years, and their friendship survived a quarrel in the later 1930s over cuts that Ansermet proposed to make in Stravinsky's music.

The programme includes excerpts from works premiered by Ansermet, including Mass.

Westminster Cathedral Choir/James O'Donnell.

Suite: The Firebird.

LSO/Claudio Abbado.

Musical Dynasties19980420

Richard Baker begins a week of programmes exploring musical families with the Bach dynasty.

Including excerpts from Johann Ludwig Bach: Prelude and Fugue in D minor.

Wilhelm Krumbach (organ).

J M Bach: Ach bleib bei uns Herr Jesu Christ.

Soloists, Musica Antiqua Koln/Reinhard Goebel.

J S Bach: Concerto in C for two harpsichords, BWV1061a.

Christophe Rousset and Christopher Hogwood.

C P E Bach: Flute Concerto in G, Wq169.

James Galway, Wurttemberg CO/Jorg Faerber.

Musical Dynasties19980421

Richard Baker explores the musical Wesley family.

Given their family connections, it is not surprising that the Wesleys wrote much church music, but Samuel Wesley - a passionate admirer of Bach - composed orchestral and chamber music too.

Including excerpts from Charles Wesley: Prelude and Fugue in A minor.

Simon Lindley (organ).

Samuel Wesley: Blessed Be the God and Father.

Choir of St Paul's Cathedral, Andrew Lucas (organ)/John Scott.

Musical Dynasties19980423

Richard Baker explores the Benda family of 18th-century Bohemia.

Frantisek Benda numbered Frederick the Great among his customers, while his brother Jiri perfected the melodrama and influenced Beethoven and Weber.

Including excerpts from Frantisek Benda: Symphony in C.

Slovak CO/Bohdan Warchal.

Frantisek Benda: Flute Sonata in E minor.

Barthold Kuijken, Wieland Kuijken (cello), Bob van Asperen (harpsichord).

Jiri Benda: Song selection.

Emma Kirkby (soprano), Timothy Roberts (fortepiano).

Jiri Benda: Sinfonia No 5 in G.

Prague CO/Christian Benda.

Musical Romances19980407

Like Beethoven, Brahms never married.

The greatest love of his life was Clara Schumann, the wife of another composer.

After Robert Schumann's death in 1854, their relationship inevitably took a new turn - but music remained at its heart.

Clara Schumann: Piano Trio in G minor.

Dartington Trio.

Brahms: Variations on a Theme by R Schumann in E flat.

Andras Schiff, Georg Solti (piano duet).

Musical Romances19980409

When Hector Berlioz first set eyes on the Irish actress Harriet Smithson, she was busy playing Ophelia.

In love with Shakespeare, Berlioz pursued Harriet until she capitulated.

Their marriage was miserable but the music it inspired was touched with genius.

Berlioz: Symphonie fantastique (excerpts).

Berlin PO/Daniel Barenboim.

Berlioz: Love Scene (Romeo et Juliette).

Vienna PO/Colin Davis.

Musical Romances19980410

The marriage of Edward Elgar and Caroline Alice Roberts seemed inauspicious to many people.

She was the daughter of a military man, he was a jobbing musician, a Catholic and nine years her junior.

But Alice became Elgar's bedrock.

He set her poems, and when she died, his inspiration ceased.

Elgar: Sea Pictures.

Janet Baker (mezzo), Halle Orchestra/John Barbirolli.

Elgar: Piano Quintet in A minor.

Nash Ensemble.

On Hearing The First Cuckoo In Spring19980514

Richard Baker looks at the partnership of Frederick Delius and Eric Fenby, with Thomas Beecham's recording of `On Hearing the First Cuckoo in Spring' and excerpts from the `Songs of Farewell' and the Cello Sonata. Julian Lloyd Webber plays the final work, accompanied by Eric Fenby at the piano which Delius bequeathed to his amanuensis.

Operatic Heroines19980501

Turandot, a haughty Chinese princess who declares that she will only marry the man who can solve her three riddles, inspired many composers, including Weber, who wrote incidental music for a play by Schiller, and Busoni and Puccini, who based operas on her.

Ossian19980403

With Richard Baker. `Ossian'. The legend of the Scottish bard Ossian is one of the greatest literary frauds that the world has ever known. Despite this, a craze for Ossian and all things Scottish engulfed the whole of Europe in the early 1800s and lasted for over a century. With excerpts from Bantock: Two Heroic Ballads. RPO/Vernon Handley. Massenet: Werther. Orchestra of the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden/Colin Davis. Brahms: Part Songs, Op 17. Monteverdi Choir/John Eliot Gardiner. Gade: Echoes of Ossian. Danish National Radio Orchestra/Dmitri Kitaenko.

Palestrina19990218

Donald Macleod explores the theme of exile in the life of Thomas Mann, the great German novelist. He was out of Germany in 1933, when Nazi persecution began in earnest, and Germany was never again to be his home. Music includes Alexander von Fielitz: I watch the lake. Jeffrey Benton (bar), Robert Sutherland (piano). Leoncavallo: On with the motley. Dennis O'Neill (ten), LPO/David Parry. Pfitzner: Prelude to Act 3 of `Palestrina'. German Opera Orchestra/Christian Thielemann. Krenek: Viola Sonata (1st mvt). Michael Mann, Yaltah Menuhin (piano). Eisler: Hollywood Elegies. Robyn Archer (singer), Dominic Muldowney (piano).

Patronage19980413

With Donald Macleod. While Haydn was happy to spend decades working for the same family, Mozart was a more volatile character who resented the restrictions of patronage. Nowhere was his distaste more spectacularly revealed than in his awkward relationship with the Archbishop of Salzburg. Including excerpts from Mozart: Serenade in D, K203. ASMF/Neville Marriner. Mozart: Missa brevis in F, K192. Leipzig Radio Choir and Orchestra/Herbert Kegel. Mozart: Il re pastore. Vienna Concentus Musicus/Nikolaus Harnoncourt. Michael Haydn: Divertimento in D. Consortium Classicum.

Patronage19980415

With Donald Macleod. The Princesse de Polignac - heiress to the Singer sewing machine fortune - was one of the most striking figures in Parisian society between the wars. A great patron of the arts, she commissioned music from many of the finest composers of her time. Including excerpts from Ravel: Pavane. Boston SO/Seiji Ozawa. Smyth: The Wreckers. Scottish NO/Alexander Gibson. Falla: El tretablo de Maese Pedro. Matrix Ensemble/Robert Ziegler. Poulenc: Concerto for two pianos. Sylviane Deferne and Pascal Roge, Philharmonia/Charles Dutoit.

Patronage19980416

With Donald Macleod. For over 40 years, Haydn worked for the Esterhaza family, composing and organising operas, puppet shows and every kind of instrumental music. It was a remarkably productive partnership, giving Haydn the freedom to experiment and develop his talents to become one of the greatest composers in Europe. Including excerpts from Haydn: Philemon and Baucis. Vienna Haydn Sinfonietta/Manfred Huss. Haydn: Symphony No 60 in C (Il distratto). Philharmonia Hungarica/Antal Dorati. Boccherini: String Quintet in E, G275. I Musici.

Patronage19980417

With Donald Macleod. The relationship between Wagner and his eccentric patron King Ludwig II of Bavaria was one of the most extraordinary in the history of music. The king worshiped Wagner like a god and accepted his advice on cultural matters - much to the horror of his government ministers. Including excerpts from Beethoven: Symphony No 9 in D minor (Choral). Soloists, Schutz Choir, London Classical Players/Roger Norrington. Wagner: Albumblatt. Cyprien Katsaris (piano). Wagner: Lohengrin. Soloists, Berlin PO/Herbert von Karajan. Wagner: Tristan und Isolde. Soloists, Dresden Staatskapelle/Carlos Kleiber.

Phoenix From The Ashes19980320

La Fenice - meaning phoenix - is the name of Venice's principal opera house. Twice destroyed by fire, it has seen premieres by composers from Rossini and Verdi to Stravinsky and Britten. Peggy Reynolds tells the dramatic story of opera in Venice.

Planets19990222

Richard Baker explores music associated with Jupiter.

Holst: Jupiter (The Planets).

RPO/Andre Previn.

Rameau: Nais (Jupiter's Aria).

Ian Caddy (baritone), English Bach Festival Orchestra/Nicholas McGegan.

Strauss, arr Krauss: Liebe der Danae.

Toronto SO/Andrew Davis.

Lully: Phaeton (excerpts).

Les Musiciens du Louvre/Marc Minkowski.

Planets19990223

With Richard Baker.

In his depiction of Mercury, Holst captured the quicksilver wit and rapid motion of the messenger of the ancient gods - Mercury to the Romans, Hermes to the Greeks.

With music including Szymanowski: Calypso (Metopes).

Dennis Lee (piano).

Stravinsky: Persephone (excerpts).

Ithaca College Concert Choir, Columbia Symphony Orchestra/Robert Craft.

Eccles: Symphony for Mercury (The Judgement of Paris).

Parley of Instruments/Roy Goodman.

Holst: Mercury (The Planets).

RPO/Andre Previn

Planets19990224

With Richard Baker.

For Holst, Venus - the most beautiful and brightest of the planets - was the bringer of peace.

To the ancients, Venus was the bringer of love: love of all kinds, sacred and profane, fierce and cruel, as well as gently amorous.

Jean-Henri Anglebert: Sarabande (Birth of Venus).

Olivier Baumont (harpsichord).

Respighi: The Birth of Venus (Three Botticelli Pictures).

LSO/Charles Mackerras.

Mozart: Venus's Aria (Ascanio in Alba).

Lorna Windsor (soprano), Concerto Budapest/Jacques Grimbert.

Holst: Venus (The Planets).

RPO/Andre Previn

Planets19990226

Richard Baker investigates musical treatments of Pluto, the god and the planet.

Rameau: Nais (Prelude; Pluto's Aria).

John Tomlinson (bass), English Bach Festival Orchestra/Nicholas McGegan.

Respighi: Aretusa.

Janet Baker (mezzo), City of London Sinfonia/Richard Hickox.

Rameau: Hippolyte et Aricie (excerpt).

Les Arts Florissants/William Christie.

Offenbach: Orpheus in the Underworld (excerpt).

D'Oyly Carte Opera Company/John Owen Edwards.

Rite Of Spring19980224

With Peggy Reynolds. Vaslav Nijinsky was born in the Russian city of Kiev. After graduating from the Imperial Theatre School in St Petersburg, he became a leading dancer and joined Diaghilev's touring company, the Ballets Russes. His international reputation rested both on his muscular physique and phenomenal leaps and on his revolutionary attitude to choreography - the premiere of Stravinsky's `Rite of Spring' provoked riots. But Nijinsky's dazzling and controversial career lasted just 12 years; over the following three decades his mental health deteriorated until his death in 1950.

Shakespeare19980518

Peggy Reynolds unravels the plot line of a Shakespearean drama and introduces music associated with the play. Including excerpts from Prokofiev: Romeo and Juliet Suite No 2. Oslo PO/Mariss Jansons. Berlioz: Romeo and Juliet. Orchestre de Paris/Daniel Barenboim. Gounod: Romeo and Juliet. Soloists, Toulouse Capitole Orchestra/Michel Plasson.

Sleeping Beauty19981228

Peggy Reynolds tells the tale of `Sleeping Beauty', with excerpts from the recording of Tchaikovsky's work by the Kirov Orchestra/Valery Gergiev.

Still Falls The Rain19990303

Peggy Reynolds talks about the Sitwells - Edith, Osbert and Sacheverell. Walton: Facade (excerpts). Edith Sitwell (reciter), English Opera Group Ensemble/Anthony Collins. Lambert: The Noisy Streets Are Empty (The Rio Grande). BBC Singers, BBC Concert Orchestra/Barry Wordsworth. Lord Berners: Red Roses and Red Noses. Felicity Lott (soprano), Peter Lawson (piano). Britten: Canticle No 3 `Still Falls the Rain'. Peter Pears (tenor), Barry Tuckwell (horn), the Composer (piano).

Suddenly There Appeared The Most Extraordinary Person I Had Ever Seen: Extremely Thin, With Large Sea-green Eyes Flashing With Sudden Brilliance.19980408

`Suddenly there appeared the most extraordinary person I had ever seen: extremely thin, with large sea-green eyes flashing with sudden brilliance.' He was the composer Franz Liszt, she was the Countess Marie d'Agoult. Their relationship produced to three children and some of Liszt's finest music. Liszt: Au lac de Wallenstadt (Annees de pelerinage). Leslie Howard (piano). Three songs. Kiri Te Kanawa (soprano), Roger Vignoles (piano).

Tempest19980414

With Donald Macleod. The relationship between Tchaikovsky and his patron Nadezhda von Meck was maintained by correspondence, and all personal contact was deliberately avoided. It began suddenly - after Meck heard Tchaikovsky's `Tempest' - and ended just as unexpectedly, when she became bankrupt and had to cut off his allowance. Including excerpts from Tchaikovsky: The Tempest. Russian NO/Mikhail Pletnev. Eugene Onegin. Soloists, Royal Opera House Orchestra/Georg Solti. Tchaikovsky: Symphony No 4 in F minor. Vienna PO/Claudio Abbado. Debussy: Clair de lune. Dawn Upshaw (soprano), James Levine (piano).

The Barber Of Seville19980429

Excerpts from Rossini and Paisiello's versions of `The Barber of Seville' and Mozart's `The Marriage of Figaro' focusing on the character of Rosina, created by French playwright Beaumarchais in his trilogy of plays `The Barber of Seville', `The Marriage of Figaro' and `The Guilty Mother'.

The Christmas Story19981221

Richard Baker tells the story of the Annunciation in words and music, including Baring-Gould: Angel Gabriel. Choir of New College, Oxford/Edward Higginbottom. Handel: Messiah (excerpt). Anne Sofie von Otter (contralto), English Concert Choir and Orchestra/Trevor Pinnock. Biber: Mystery Sonata No 2 in A (Mary's Visit to Elizabeth). Musica Antiqua Koln/Reinhard Goebel. Monteverdi: Exultent caeli. Monteverdi Choir, Philip Jones Brass Ensemble/John Eliot Gardiner.

The Christmas Story19981222

Richard Baker tells the story of Jesus' birth in words and music, including Handel: For unto us a child is born (Messiah). Soloists, English Concert/Trevor Pinnock. Poulenc: O magnum mysterium (Christmas Motets). Choir of Trinity College, Cambridge/Richard Marlow. Charpentier: Noels sur les instruments. Instrumental ensemble/Paul Colleaux.

The Christmas Story19981223

Richard Baker tells the story of the Shepherds in words and music, including: Foster: While Shepherds Watched Their Flocks. Taverner Choir and Consort/Andrew Parrott. Poulenc: Quem vidistis pastores (Christmas Motets). Choir of Trinity College, Cambridge/Richard Marlow. Messiaen: Les bergers (La nativite du Seigneur). Gillian Weir (organ). Bach: Christmas Oratorio (excerpt). Anthony Rolfe Johnson (tenor), Monteverdi Choir, English Baroque Soloists/John Eliot Gardiner.

The Christmas Story19981225

Richard Baker presents words and music for Christmas Day, including Britten: A Ceremony of Carols (excerpts). Finzi Singers, Susan Drake (harp)/Paul Spicer. Corelli: Concerto grosso in G minor, Op 6 No 8 (Christmas Concerto). English Concert/Trevor Pinnock. Poulenc: Hodie Christus natus est (Christmas Motets). Choir of Trinity College, Cambridge/Richard Marlow. Bach: Magnificat in E flat, BWV243a. Soloists, Choir of Christ Church Cathedral, Oxford, Academy of Ancient Music/Simon Preston.

The Cult Of The Personality19980323

With Donald Macleod. Genoa-born Niccolo Paganini changed the world of the violin and violinists with his spectacular technical skills. Endowed with a personality charismatic enough for audiences to whisper that he was in league with the Devil himself, Paganini toured endlessly and created a vogue for superstar concerts that has scarcely abated since. Paganini: Caprice No 1. Salvatore Accardo (violin). Caprice No 24. David Garrett (violin). Rachmaninov: Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini. Agustin Anievas (piano). Berlioz: Harold in Italy. Gerard Causse (viola). Paganini: Violin Concerto No 2 in B minor. Salvatore Accardo.

The Cult Of The Personality19980324

With Donald Macleod. One charismatic figure made a unique contribution to 20th-century music, yet he was not a great composer, a performer, a critic or a scholar. As head of the famed Ballets Russes, impresario Sergei Diaghilev was a seminal figure, influencing composers such as Stravinsky and Falla and dancers such as Nijinsky and Massine. Rimsky-Korsakov: Scheherazade. Vienna PO. Tchaikovsky: Symphony No 2 in C minor (Little Russian). Russian NO. Musorgsky: Boris Godunov (excerpt). Soloists, Vienna PO/Karajan. Stravinsky: Petrushka. Suisse Romande Orchestra/Neeme Jarvi.

The Cult Of The Personality19980326

With Donald Macleod. Polish pianist Ignace Jan Paderewski was one of the most sensational pianists of his age, provoking responses every bit as extreme as rock concerts do today. His performances of Chopin and Liszt - and of his own music - made him an international celebrity, and eventually he became Poland's prime minister. Beethoven: Piano Sonata in C sharp minor, Op 27 No 2 (Moonlight). Liszt: Hungarian Rhapsody No 2 in C sharp minor. Paderewski (piano). Paderewski: Piano Concerto. Piers Lane, BBC Scottish SO/Jerzy Maksymiuk.

The Decameron19981028

Peggy Reynolds profiles Giovanni Boccaccio, author of `The Decameron', whose works influenced Chaucer, Shakespeare, Dryden and Keats. Including Gherardello da Firenze: I' vo' bene. Esther Lamandier. Suppe: Boccaccio (excerpts). Elisabeth Schwarzkopf (soprano), Philharmonia/Otto Ackermann. Bononcini: Per la gloria d'Adorarvi (Griselda). Luciano Pavarotti (tenor), Bologna Municipal Theatre Orchestra/Richard Bonynge. Vivaldi: Agitata da due venti (Griselda). Kate Eckersley (soprano), Fiori Musicali.

The Divine Comedy19981026

Peggy Reynolds remembers Dante, who first fell in love with the girl he would call Beatrice in `The Divine Comedy' when he was eight years old. Over several centuries, his works have inspired writers, artists and musicians alike. Including Bantock: Dante and Beatrice (excerpts). RPO/Vernon Handley. Liszt: Dante Sonata. Alfred Brendel (piano). Luzzasco Luzzaschi: Quivi sospiri. Boston Camerata. Verdi: Laudi alla Vergine Maria (Four Sacred Pieces). Janet Baker (mezzo), Philharmonia/Carlo Maria Giulini.

The House Of Atreus19980401

`The House of Atreus'.

A terrifying saga from ancient Greece begins when an unknowing Atreus kills his own son in a battle over his father's throne, beginning a spiral of blood lust and revenge.

Including excerpts from Strauss: Elektra.

Eva Marton (soprano), Bavarian RSO/Wolfgang Sawallisch.

Gluck: Iphigenie en Aulide; Iphigenie en Tauride.

Lyon Opera Orchestra/John Eliot Gardiner.

Taneyev: The Oresteia.

Belorussian State Chorus and Orchestra/Tatyana Kolomizheva.

The Incontestable Character Of A Madman19980309

A dandy, a virtuoso of dance music and a flamboyant showman, Louis Jullien left Paris to escape a bankruptcy suit. Once in London, he promoted the first series of Promenade concerts - mixing popular showpieces with great classics - which he conducted with a jewelled baton held in white-gloved hands. Berlioz described him as having `the incontestable character of a madman' - prophetic words, since Jullien ended his days in an asylum.

The Ingenious Hidalgo don Quixote De La Mancha19980210

With Donald Macleod. Possibly the most famous work of literature to emerge from Spain is `The Ingenious Hidalgo Don Quixote de la Mancha' by Miguel de Cervantes. The episodes of the Knight of the Doleful Countenance - tilting at windmills, attacking a procession of monks and his love for the unattainable Dulcinea - have acquired almost mythic status and inspired music from Purcell to Ravel.

The Kalevala19980331

`The Kalevala'. The Kalevala is a collection of ancient Finnish folk songs and poems. It had an immense political as well as cultural significance for the Finns, helping them create a sense of national identity, and was often used by Sibelius as a source of inspiration. Today's music features excerpts from works by Sibelius, including Luonnotar. Philharmonia/Vladimir Ashkenazy. Karelia Suite. Pittsburgh Orchestra/Lorin Maazel. Pohjola's Daughter. Scottish National Orchesta/Alexander Gibson. Kyllikki. Glenn Gould (piano).

The Merry Wives Of Windsor19980519

Peggy Reynolds unravels the plot line of `The Merry Wives of Windsor' and introduces music associated with the play. Including excerpts from Nicolai: The Merry Wives of Windsor. Bavarian State Radio Orchestra/Robert Heger. Verdi: Falstaff. Soloists, Los Angeles Philharmonic, conductor Carlo Maria Giulini. Salieri: Falstaff. Soloists, Guido Cantelli Orchestra of Milan/Alberto Veronesi. Vaughan Williams: Sir John in Love. Soloists, RPO/Meredith Davies.

The Nibelung19980402

`The Nibelung'. Wagner's great music drama `The Ring' is derived from the medieval epic the `Nibelungenlied' and its greatest hero is Siegfried, who comes into conflict with the forces of good and evil and ends up the loser. Including excerpts from Wagner: Gotterdammerung. Soloists, Vienna PO/Georg Solti. Faure/Messager: Souvenirs de Bayreuth. Kathryn Stott and Martin Roscoe (piano duet). Wagner: Die Walkure (arrangements). Cyprien Katsaris (piano).

The Pilgrim19990203

Richard Baker tells the story of John Bunyan, author of `The Pilgrim's Progress'. The son of an itinerant tinker, he grappled for years with a morbid fear of damnation, but `The Pilgrim's Progress' appealed to all social classes and made him something of a hero. Music includes Vaughan Williams's `The Pilgrim's Progress'. London Philharmonic Choir and Orchestra/Adrian Boult.

The Planets19990225

With Richard Baker. When Holst wrote `The Planets', Pluto had yet to be discovered. For him therefore, Neptune represented the outer limit of imaginable experience. For the ancients, the god Neptune reigned over the mysteries of the ocean. With music including Holst: Neptune (The Planets). RPO/Andre Previn. Bax: Nereid. Eric Parkin (piano). Szymanowski: The Isle of Sirens (Metopes). Martin Roscoe (piano). Rameau: Dances from `Nais'. Philharmonia Baroque Orchestra/Nicholas McGegan.

The Prima Ballerina With Fire In Her Feet19980227

With Peggy Reynolds. French dancer Sylvie Guillem has been called `the prima ballerina with fire in her feet'. Originally trained as a gymnast and famous for her suppleness and leg extensions, she has gained a reputation for being daring and outspoken. Rudolf Nureyev was the first to spot her potential; he made her a star of the Paris Opera-Ballet and introduced her to British audiences. Guillem is now one of the most sought-after dancers in the world, as famous for her controversial new work as for her trademark role in `La bayadere'.

The Princess19990524

Peggy Reynolds introduces music inspired by or setting the words of Alfred Tennyson, Queen Victoria's favourite poet, who was made Poet Laureate in 1850. Including excerpts from: Holst: Songs from `The Princess'. Holst Singers/Setphen Layton. Britten: Serenade for tenor, horn and strings. Martyn Hill, Frank Lloyd, City of London Sinfonia/Richard Hickox. Strauss: Enoch Arden. Claude Rains (speaker), Glenn Gould (piano). Parry: Lotus Eaters. Della Jones (soprano), London Philharmonic Choir and Orchestra/Matthias Bamert.

The Red Priest19980319

A tirelessly prolific composer, a virtuoso of the violin, a teacher at one of the famed Venetian orphanages, a profound influence across Europe who died in poverty. Peggy Reynolds tells the story of Antonio Vivaldi.

The Sleeping Beauty19980223

With Peggy Reynolds.

Anna Pavlova was the illegitimate daughter of a Russian washerwoman.

As a special treat on her ninth birthday, she went to a performance of Tchaikovsky's ballet `The Sleeping Beauty' at St Petersburg, which inspired her to become one of the world's most famous ballet dancers.

After her debut with Diaghilev's Ballet Russes in Paris, she went on to form her own touring company and was a self-confessed workaholic.

The punishing workload took its toll, for she died at the age of 50, having danced herself into an early grave.

The Tudors And The Stuarts19990125

Donald Macleod reviews the tumultous events leading up to the execution of Charles I, 350 years ago this month. Sheppard: Hostis herodes impie. The Sixteen/Harry Christophers. Byrd: Crowned with Flowers and Lilies. Anna Crookes (soprano), Concordia. Tye: Sit Fast. Fretwork Viol Consort. Pacini: Maria, regina d'Inghilterra (final scene). Nelly Miricioiu (soprano), Geoffrey Mitchell Choir, Philharmonia/David Parry.

The Tudors And The Stuarts19990126

Donald Macleod remembers Elizabeth I and the period of political, economic and artistic stability ushered in by her accession in 1558. Byrd: O Lord, make thy servant Elizabeth our queen. King's Singers. Britten, arr Bream: Courtly Dances (Gloriana). Julian Bream Consort. Byrd: The Queen's Almain. Sophie Yates (harpsichord). Donizetti: Confrontation Scene (Maria Stuarda). Rosalind Plowright, soprano (Elizabeth), Janet Baker, mezzo (Mary), ENO Chorus and Orchestra/Charles Mackerras. Farnaby: Up Tailes All. Ton Koopman (harpsichord).

The Tudors And The Stuarts19990127

Donald Macleod remembers Charles I, who met a violent end 350 years ago this Saturday. Gibbons: I am the resurrection. Clerks of Oxenford/David Wulstan. Webster: Echo in G minor; Echo in D. Parley of Instruments Violin Band/Peter Holman. Tomkins: Pavan and Galliard (Earl Strafford). Bernhard Klapprott (harpsichord). William Lawes: Sett No 7. London Baroque.

Trial By Jury19980511

With Richard Baker. William Gilbert was in his early thirties and Arthur Sullivan in his late twenties when they first met. Their first collaboration was not a great success and both men went their separate ways, but thanks to Richard D'Oyly Carte, the manager of a London theatre, Gilbert and Sullivan were reunited and produced the one-act operetta `Trial by Jury'. Today's programme includes excerpts from HMS Pinafore, The Pirates of Penzance, The Mikado, Patience, Iolanthe, The Yeomen of the Guard and The Gondoliers.

Valentinian19990128

Donald Macleod investigates the Restoration, when pomp and pageantry returned to fashion after the dark theatres of the Puritan interregnum. Locke: Music for His Majesty's Sagbutts and Cornetts. Michael Laird Cornett and Sagbutt Ensemble. Humfrey: O give thanks unto the Lord. Soloists, Choir of Clare College, Cambridge, Romanesca/Nicholas McGegan. Grabu: Incidental music `Valentinian'. Parley of Instruments Renaissance Violin Band/Peter Holman. Locke/Banister: Incidental music `The Tempest'. Judith Nelson and Emma Kirkby (sopranos), Academy of Ancient Music/Christopher.

Venice19980316

The most serene republic of Venice has a tradition of glorious music. At the start of a week-long survey, Peggy Reynolds takes a gondola ride through five hundred years of Venetian musical history and encounters composers such as Monteverdi, Vivaldi, Offenbach and Faure.

Venice19980317

The first great flowering of music in Venice took place in the 16th century. Peggy Reynolds tells the story of Andrea Gabrieli and his nephew Giovanni, and their influence on composers such as Schutz from all over Western Europe.

Village Swallows19980424

Richard Baker the Strauss musical dynasty of Vienna. Including Johann Strauss (father): Sperl-Galop; Lorelei Waltz. Johann Strauss (son): Perpetuum mobile. Josef Strauss: Waltz `Village Swallows'. Eduard Strauss: Bahn frei. Johann Strauss III: Coronation Waltz. Vienna Philharmonic/Willi Boskovsky.

Ziegfeld Follies19980706

This week, the programme visits New York and features music associated with the city. Today, the 1920s. Donald Macleod looks at the extraordinary life of the Broadway impresario Florenz Ziegfeld, father of the famous revues, the `Ziegfeld Follies'. Music includes excerpts from `Showboat'and `The Student Prince' and the singing voices of Julie Andrews and Michelle Pfeiffer, as well as Thomas Hampson and Beverly Sills.

01Exquisites19981207

With Peggy Reynolds. 1: Moliere. At the court of Louis XIV, the `exquisites' ruled: heels were high, and manners were elaborate. But when a group of travelling actors performed a slapstick farce ridiculing such behaviour, the 20-year-old king laughed. Moliere and his troupe were established in the Royal Theatre, and though his satire could be biting, Moliere never lost the king's favour. Music by Strauss, Lully and Charpentier.

01Five Instrument Makers19990621

Donald Macleod explores the life and times of piano-maker John Broadwood.

Including Beethoven: Bagatelle, Op 119 No 9.

Handel: Prelude and Minuet.

Malcolm Binns (harpsichord).

J C Bach: Rondo (Piano Quartet in G).

Haydn: My mother bids me bind my hair.

Beethoven: Rondo (Piano Concerto No 1).

Chopin: Study in C sharp minor, Op 25 No 7.

Harry Woods: Side by Side.

Beethoven: Bagatelle, Op 33 No 1.

01Five Music Critics19990329

Donald Macleod remembers Eduard Hanslick, the world's first professional music critic.

Strauss, arr Hasenorl: Till Eulenspiegel einmal anders.

Lahti Chamber Ensemble.

Brahms: Symphony No 1 in C minor.

Berlin PO/Nikolaus Harnoncourt.

Wagner: Gotterdammerung.

Vienna PO/Georg Solti.

Bruckner: Symphony No 8 in C minor.

Frankfurt RSO/Eliahu Inbal.

Tchaikovsky: Symphony No 6 in B minor (Pathetique).

Chicago SO/Claudio Abbado.

01Five Publishers19990607

Richard Baker explores the life and times of Estienne Roger (c1665-1722), a Huguenot refugee who set up a publishing business in Amsterdam.

The quality and accuracy of his editions won wide respect, particularly among Italian composers.

Music includes: Albinoni: Violin Concerto in B flat, Op 9 No 1.

Felix Ayo, I Musici.

Vivaldi: Concerto grosso in D, Op 3 No 1 (L'estro armonico).

Corelli: Concerti grossi from Op 6.

Fabio Biondi, Europa Galante.

01Mother Goose19990118

Peggy Reynolds investigates musical treatments of fairy tales, beginning today with `Mother Goose'. Leschetizky: Melusine, Op 19 No 1. Ravel: Tom Thumb (Suite `Mother Goose'). Auric: Moments d'Effroi (Beauty and the Beast). Massenet: Voir Griselidis (Griselidis). Reinecke: La belle Griseldis, Op 94. Humperdinck: Hansel and Gretel (Finale from Act 3). Bortkiewicz: The Ugly Duckling; Golden Treasure (Tales of Andersen, Op 30). Ravel: Laideronnette; Le jardin feerique (Suite `Mother Goose').

01Musical Parisians19981130

With Richard Baker.

1: Louis XIV.

Louis was a musician and a dancer, and music played a large part in his life.

It accompanied much of his daily routine at court, and in the hands of his master of music, Jean-Baptiste Lully, it became an instrument of power, underlining the magnificence of the Sun King.

Lully: Symphonie (Te deum).

Le Concert Spirituel/Herve Niquet.

Lully: Ballet de Xerxes (excerpts).

Aradia Baroque Ensemble/Kevin Mallon.

Couperin: Les dominos (excerpts).

Charivari Agreable.

Lully: L'amour malade.

01The One Of Us Who Is First To Follow After Our Beethoven19990315

Schubert was 25 when he became aware that he had syphilis, the disease that would eventually kill him six years later. He was a torchbearer at Beethoven's funeral, and when drinking afterwards he proposed a toast to `the one of us who is first to follow after our Beethoven'. Schubert died the following year. Octet in F, D803 (3rd mvt). Nash Ensemble. String Quartet in D minor, D810 (Death and the Maiden) (3rd mvt). Takacs Quartet. Winterreise (excerpts). Olaf Bar (baritone), Geoffrey Parsons (piano). Symphony No 8 in B minor (Unfinished) (2nd mvt). Vienna PO/Riccardo Muti.

02Cinderella19990119

This story has everything: the downtrodden heroine with a cruel stepmother, jealous stepsisters, pumpkins that turn into carriages, glass slippers and even a Prince Charming. With excerpts from Sondheim: Into the Woods. Jacqueline Dankworth and Imelda Staunton (singers), orchestra/Robert Stanger. Rossini: La cenerentola. Soloists, Ambrosian Opera Chorus, ASMF/Neville Marriner. Prokofiev: Cinderella. Russian NO/Mikhail Pletnev. Massenet: Cendrillon. Frederica von Stade (soprano), Nicolai Gedda (tenor), Philharmonia/Julius Rudel.

02Five Instrument Makers19990622

With Donald Macleod.

2: Antonio Stradivari.

Paganini: Caprice No 1.

Midori (violin).

Veracini: Sonata accademica, Op 2 No 12.

Manfred Kraemer (violin), Skip Sempe (harpsichord), Michel Murgier (cello).

Schubert: String Quintet, D956 (Scherzo).

Vera Beths, Lisa Rautenberg, Steven Dann, Kenneth Slowik, Anner Bylsma (Stradivarius instruments).

Bach: Cello Suite No 3 in C, BWV1009.

Mstislav Rostropovich.

Berlioz: Harold in.

02Five Music Critics19990330

Donald Macleod explores Debussy's music criticism.

Like Berlioz, Debussy the composer turned to writing about music as a way of supplementing his income.

Musorgsky: The Nursery.

Marjana Lipovsek (mezzo), Graham Johnson (piano).

Massenet: Griseldis.

Michele Command (soprano), Lyon National Choir and Opera Chorus, Franz Liszt SO/Patrick Fournillier.

Wagner: Tristan and Isolde.

Amsterdam Concertgebouw Orchestra/Bernard Haitink.

Beethoven: Symphony No 6 in F (Pastoral).

London Classical Players/Roger Norrington.

Rameau: Hippolyte and Aricie.

Soloists, Les Arts Florissants/William Christie.

02Five Publishers19990608

Richard Baker explores the life and times of French publisher Auguste Durand, who set up his firm in Paris in 1869 and publsihed all the major French composers.

Durand himself played the organ and composed.

Wagner: The Flying Dutchman (excerpt).

Bayreuth Festival Orchestra.

Saint-Saens, transcr Liszt: Danse macabre.

Arnaldo Cohen (piano).

Debussy: Pelleas et Meilsande (exc).

Richard Stilwell (baritone), Frederica von Stade (mezzo), Berlin Philharmonic/Herbert von Karajan.

Ravel: Daphnis and Chloe (exc).

Vienna PO, Vienna State Opera Chorus/James Levine.

Messiaen: Turangalila Symphony.

CBSO/Simon Rattle

02Giselle19981230

With Peggy Reynolds. 2: The tragic tale of the ballet `Giselle', with music by Adolphe Adam, was conceived by the French writer Theophile Gautier. It is performed in this programme by the LSO/Michael Tilson Thomas.

02Medical Matters19990316

Schumann had problems with mental instability for much of his life. From his mother he inherited an obsessional fear of disease, and he read widely about mental illness as a young man. After Schumann attempted suicide by jumping into the Rhine, he was confined at his own request to the private asylum where he spent the last two-and-a-half years of his life. Schumann: Papillons (excerpt). Murray Perahia (piano). Mendelssohn: Octet in E flat, Op 20 (3rd mvt). Vienna Octet. Schumann: Dichterliebe (exc). Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau (baritone), Alfred Brendel (piano). Symphony No 2 in C (4th mvt). CO of Europe/Harnoncourt.

02The Beggar19981208

With Peggy Reynolds. 2: John Gay was a successful poet and author of one of the most popular plays of the 18th century - `The Beggar's Opera'. Gay was not good with money and was himself almost a beggar when he wrote this work, but it made his fortune and has never gone out of the repertoire. Gay: The Beggar's Opera (excerpts). Broadside Band/Jeremy Barlow. Handel: Jephtha (excerpts). English Baroque Soloists/John Eliot Gardiner. Handel: Esther (excerpts). Academy of Ancient Music/Christopher Hogwood. Handel: Twas When the Seas Were Roaring. Patrizia Kwella (soprano), Academy of Ancient Music/Christopher Hogwood.

02The Revolution19981201

With Richard Baker. 2: `The Revolution'. The Marseillaise is the music which, above all, symbolises the French Revolution. But Mozart shared the Masonic ideals which helped to inspire the revolution, Beethoven shared its republican spirit, and a host of more minor figures like Gossec composed for it. Gossec: Marche lugubre. Berlioz: Symphonie funebre et triomphale (3rd mvt). Wallace Collection/John Wallace. Rouget: La Marseillaise. Soloists, Toulouse Capitole Chorus and Orchestra/Michel Plasson. Beethoven: Symphony No 3 in E flat (Eroica) (4th mvt). Amsterdam Concertgebouw Orchestra/Wolfgang Sawallisch.

02The Unchaperoned Daughter19981230

Peggy Reynolds narrates `The Unchaperoned Daughter', with excerpts from Ferdinand Herold's ballet `La fille mal gardee'. Royal Liverpool PO/Barry Wordsworth.

03Even When Cutting His Fingernails19981209

With Peggy Reynolds. 3: Schiller. Goethe said that Schiller was magnificent `even when cutting his fingernails'. Schiller was one of the greatest playwrights of 18th-century Germany. He based many of his works on the great figures of history, like Joan of Arc, Mary Stuart and William Tell. His versions were so exciting that almost all of his plays were turned into operas. Rossini: Overture `William Tell'. La Scala Orchestra/Riccardo Muti. Verdi: Overture `I masnadieri'. Chicago SO/Georg Solti. Beethoven: Symphony No 9 in D minor (Choral). Philharmonia/Otto Klemperer. Smetana: Wallenstein's Camp. Berlin RSO/Kubelik.

03Fairy Tales19990120

Peggy Reynolds remembers the legend of Bluebeard, with excerpts from: Offenbach: Barbe-bleue.

Scottish CO/Claudio Abbado.

Dukas: Ariane et Barbe-Bleue.

Katherine Ciesinski (soprano), Gabriel Bacquier (baritone), Radio France Chorus and New Philharmonic/Armin Jordan.

Bartok: Duke Bluebeard's Castle.

Anne Sofie von Otter (mezzo), John Tomlinson (bass), Berlin PO/Bernard Haitink

03Five Publishers19990609

Richard Baker explores the long history of music publishers Breitkopf and Hartel, who can trace their roots to early-18th-century Leipzig.

C P E Bach: Sonata in D minor, Wq51 No 4.

Gustav Leonhardt (harpsichord).

Beethoven: Mass in C, Op 86 (exc).

Soloists, RIAS Chamber Choir, Ernst Senff Chamber Choir, Berlin RSO/Riccardo Chailly.

Schubert: Symphony No 9 in C (Great) (exc).

Orchestra of the 18th Century/Frans Bruggen.

Wagner: Prelude, Act 3: Lohengrin.

Vienna PO/Georg Solti.

03Home Sweet Home19990623

With Donald Macleod. 3: Theobald Boehm, the key figure in development of the flute. Music includes: Mozart: Flute Concerto in D, K314 (2nd mvt). Frans Vester, Amsterdam Mozart Ensemble/Frans Bruggen. Nicholson: Variations on `Home Sweet Home'. Stephen Preston, Lucy Carolan (fortepiano). Boehm: Grand Polonaise. Rachel Brown, Simon Nicholls (piano). Gounod: Petite Symphonie (Andante cantabile). St Paul CO/Christopher Hogwood. Mozart: Flute Concerto, K314 (Finale). Jean-Pierre Rampal, Israel PO/Zubin Mehta. Schubert, arr Boehm: Am Meer. Rachel Brown, Simon Nicholls (piano).

03Medical Matters19990317

Chopin suffered from respiratory problems for most of his life. While he was supposed to be recuperating in Majorca, tuberculosis was diagnosed, but now there some debate as to whether he had TB and as to what caused his premature death at the age of 39. Chopin: Piano Concerto No 2 in F minor (3rd mvt). Maria Joao Pires, RPO/Andre Previn. Chopin, orch Stokowski: Piano Sonata No 2 in B flat minor, Op 35. BBC PO/Mathias Bamert. Moscheles: Terpsichore. Chopin: Cello Sonata in G minor (excerpts). Mstislav Rostropovich.

03Offenbach19981202

With Richard Baker. 3: `Offenbach'. A tale about two Parisian beggars who pretend to be blind was the first of Offenbach's 90 or so operas to be a real success. To follow were triumphs like `Orpheus in the Underworld', `La belle Helene' and `La vie Parisienne', which have all come to symbolise the Parisian good - life in its heyday. Haydn: String Quartet in D, Op 33 No 6 (4th mvt). The Lindsays. Offenbach: Overture `Les deux aveugles'. Philharmonia/Neville Marriner. Wagner: Tannhauser (excerpt). Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra/Riccardo Chailly. Offenbach: Intermezzo (The Tales of Hoffmann). Boston Promenade Orch/Arthur Fiedler.

03Phoney Profession19990331

With Donald Macleod. 3: Keller once described music criticism as a `phoney profession', yet for years after he fled Vienna in 1938, he was an influential and provocative writer on all things musical. With contributions from the BBC sound archive from Keller himself and excerpts from Haydn: String Quartet in D minor, Op 76 No 2 (Fifths). Italian Quartet. Mendelssohn: Violin Concerto in E minor. Anne-Sophie Mutter, Berlin PO/Herbert von Karajan. Mozart: Clarinet Quintet in A, K581. ASMF Chamber Ensemble, Antony Pay (clarinet). Britten: String Quartet No 3. Britten Quartet.

03The Nutcracker19981231

Peggy Reynolds tells the story of `The Nutcracker', with music by Tchaikovsky performed by the LSO/Charles Mackerras.

04Adolphe Sax19990624

Donald Macleod explores the life and times of the prodigious Belgian inventor of the saxophone. Music includes Gossec: Symphonie pour musique militaire. Meyerbeer: Les Huguenots (Act 5, excerpt). Berlioz: Chant sacree (Irish Melodies). Weber: Overture `Oberon'. Berlioz: Grande symphonie funebre et triomphale (exc). Bizet: Minuet (L'Arlesienne). Wiedoft: Sax-o-phun. Ibert: Concertino da camera.

04Fairy Tales19990121

Peggy Reynolds investigates the legend of Ondine, a water spirit with sea-green eyes and a pure white skin as luminous as the waves who can never be caught.

Music includes Ravel: Ondine (Gaspard de la nuit).

Gina Bachauer (piano).

Reinecke: Flute Sonata, Op 167 (Undine) (2nd mvt).

James Galway, Philip Moll (piano).

Dvorak: O Silver Moon (Rusalka).

Gabriela Benackova (soprano), Prague PO/Vaclav Neumann.

E T A Hoffmann: Undine.

Soloists, Berlin RSO/Roland Bader.

04Five Publishers19990610

Richard Baker explores the life and times of Russian music publisher Mitrofan Belaiev, an amateur pianist and string player who invested the family fortune (from the timber trade) in championing young Russian composers, especially Glazunov and Scriabin.

Glazunov: Symphony No 1.

USSR Ministry of Culture SO/Gennadi Rozhdestvensky.

Musorgsky: A Night on the Bare Mountain.

Berlin PO/Claudio Abbado.

Rimsky-Korsakov: Symphony No 2 (Antar).

Bergen PO/Dmitri Kitaienko.

Scriabin: Piano Sonata No 4.

Gordon Fergus-Thompson.

04Journal Des Debats19990401

4: For Berlioz, music criticism was a necessary evil: a means of supporting himself financially in a city that had turned against his music. Yet his weekly column in the `Journal des Debats' became essentiAl Reading. Including excerpts from Berlioz: The Damnation of Faust. Philharmonia/Myung-Whun Chung. Beethoven: Piano Sonata in C sharp minor, Op 27 No 2 (Moonlight). Vladimir Ashkenazy. Gluck: Alceste. Jessye Norman (soprano), Bavarian Radio Choir and Orchestra/Serge Baudo. Weber: Der Freischutz. Gundula Janowitz (soprano), Dresden State Orch/Carlos Kleiber. Wagner: Lohengrin. Bayreuth Festival Orch/Peter Schneider.

04La Belle Epoque19981203

With Richard Baker. 4: `La belle epoque'. The 30 years or so before the First World War are sometimes referred to as `La belle epoque', when the pursuit of pleasure was one of the main occupations of Parisians. But it was also a time of tremendous activity in the arts. Stravinsky and Ravel created some of their most sumptuous scores, Yvette Guilbert ruled the Moulin Rouge, and in the Bois de Boulogne the band played on. Satie: Gnossiennes Nos 3 and 4. Pascal Roge (piano). Debussy: Prelude a l'apres-midi d'un faune. Los Angeles PO/Esa-Pekka Salonen. Ravel: Scarbo (Gaspard de la nuit). Cecile Licad (piano). Debussy: Jeux (exc).

04Le Roi S19981210

With Peggy Reynolds. 4: Victor Hugo. Hugo wrote his play `Le roi s'amuse' in a fever. When he finished, he insisted on reading it aloud to friends who had come to dinner. They were a bit drunk and could hardly keep their eyes open through the last two acts. But this and other plays by Hugo were to give the world some of its most famous operas. Verdi: Prelude `Ernani'. Hungarian State Opera Orchestra/Pier Giorgio Morandi. Schmidt: Notre Dame (Intermezzo). Gothenburg SO/Neeme Jarvi. Liszt: Paraphrase on Verdi's `Rigoletto'. Claudio Arrau (piano). Mendelssohn: Overture `Ruy Blas'. Bamberg SO/Claus Peter Flor.

04Medical Matters19990318

4: Beethoven died from cirrhosis of the liver, made worse by excessive drinking. This may have been prompted by his other sufferings: his frustrations in love, and the hearing difficulties and ultimate deafness which affected the last thirty of his 57 years. Septet in E flat, Op 20 (5th mvt). Vienna Octet. Symphony No 3 in E flat (Eroica) (3rd mvt). London Classical Players/Roger Norrington. Missa solemnis (excerpt). Monteverdi Choir, English Baroque Soloists/John Eliot Gardiner. String Quartet in A minor, Op 132 (3rd mvt). Alban Berg.

05Aladdin19990122

Peggy Reynolds introduces music inspired by the story of Scheherazade.

Ravel: Asie (Sheherazade).

Margaret Price (soprano), LSO/Claudio Abbado.

Schumann: Scheherazade (Album for the Young).

Angela Brownridge (piano).

Nielsen: Incidental music `Aladdin'.

Danish National Radio Chorus and Orchestra/Gennadi Rozhdestvensky.

Amirov: Arabian Nights.

Moscow RSO/Rauf Abdullayev.

Rimsky-Korsakov: Scheherazade (3rd mvt).

Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra/Riccardo Chailly.

05Five Instrument Makers19990625

5: Sebastian Erard.

Donald Macleod explores the life and times of the famous French piano maker.

Today's music is played on Erard instruments.

Haydn: Variations in F, H XVII D1.

Alain Roudier (piano).

Chopin: Ballade No 3 in A flat.

Cyril Huve (piano).

Alkan: Le tambour bat aux champs.

Ronald Smith (piano).

Dussek: Duo, Op 69.

Edward Wistenburg (harp), Jeanette De Boer (fortepiano).

Godefroid: Concert Study, Op 193.

Marielle Nordmann (harp), Francois-Rene Duchable (piano), Strasbourg PO/Theodor Guschlbauer.

Chopin: Waltz in A minor, Op 34 No 2.

Emanuel Ax (piano).

Marcial del Adalid: El ultimo adios.

Patrick Cohen (piano).

05Five Publishers19990611

Richard Baker tells the story of famous music publishers Boosey and Hawkes, formed in 1930 from two companies that were instrument-makers as well as publishers.

Music includes: Bishop: Home Sweet Home.

Joan Hammond (soprano), Ivor Newton (piano).

Rachmaninov: Piano Concerto No 2 (exc).

Vladimir Ashkenazy, Moscow PO/Kiril Kondrashin.

Britten: Our Hunting Fathers.

Ian Bostridge (tenor), Britten Sinfonia/Daniel Harding.

Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier (exc).

Agnes Baltsa, mezzo (Octavian), Janet Perry, soprano (Sophie), Vienna PO/Herbert von Karajan.

05Medical Matters19990319

Ravel was predominantly healthy until the outbreak of the First World War, during which he became appalled by the horrors of war, contracted dysentery and went down with frostbite. He spent some time in a sanatorium in the Alps due to suspected tuberculosis. Eventually, a degenerative disease made him less and less active, and he died after an unsuccessful attempt to relieve his brain condition by surgery. Le tombeau de Couperin (Toccata). Cecile Ousset (piano). La valse. Philharmonia/Libor Pesek. Piano Concerto in G (1st mvt). Pascal Roge, Montreal SO/Charles Dutoit. Daphnis and Chloe (excerpt). CBSO/Simon Rattle

05Musical Playwrights19981211

With Peggy Reynolds.

5: Bertold Brecht.

Weill: The Threepenny Opera (excerpt).

Lotte Lenya (soprano), orchestra/Samuel Matlowsky.

Mascagni: Cavalleria rusticana (excerpt).

Suzanne Mentzer (mezzo), Philharmonia/Giuseppe Sinopoli.

Weill: The Seven Deadly Sins.

Lotte Lenya (soprano), orchestra/Wilhelm Bruckner-Ruggeberg.

Eisler: The Song of the Moldau.

Unknown performers.

05Proust19981204

With Richard Baker. 5: `Proust'. A little phrase in a violin sonata by fictional composer Vinteuil runs like a leitmotif through Proust's great novel `Remembrance of Things Past'. No one knows the real origin of the phrase, though various suggestions have been put forward. But which is the most convincing? Faure: Violin Sonata No 1 in A, Op 13 (2nd mvt). Krystyna Osostowicz, Susan Tomes (piano). Saint-Saens: Violin Sonata No 1 in D minor, Op 75 (2nd mvt). Lydia Mordkovitch, Marina Gusak-Grin (piano). Debussy: La mer (1st mvt). New York PO/Leonard Bernstein. Beethoven: String Quartet in F, Op 135 (4th mvt). Alban Berg Quartet.

05Sirens Of The Ball19990402

5: Neville Cardus cut his journalistic teeth at the Manchester Guardian covering a wide range of subjects. But he became a figure respected and admired for his writings on music and cricket. Including excerpts from Rossini: The Barber of Seville. CO of Europe/Claudio Abbado. Brahms: Violin Sonata No 1 in G, Op 78. Yehudi Menuhin, Hephzibah Menuhin (piano). Mahler: Symphony No 4. Philharmonia/Otto Klemperer. Weber: Oberon. Joan Sutherland (soprano), LSO/Richard Bonynge. Lehar: Waltz `Sirens of the Ball' (The Merry Widow). Vienna PO/Willi Boskovsky. Schoenberg: Five Pieces. Berlin PO/James Levine.

0619980112

Richard Baker tells the stories behind a thousand years of great music. The most absolute of absolute monarchs, Louis XIV of France ruled for over half a century, and the tight controls he maintained on his court influenced artistic life as well. One of the results was the creation of a clearly defined and fiercely defended French style in music - notably in opera. The powerful position of the King was mirrored by Jean-Baptiste Lully's post as court composer, whose music for court, theatre and church flattered his royal patron. Among his contemporaries were viol player Marin Marais and harpsichordist Anglebert.

0719980113

Richard Baker tells the stories behind a thousand years of great music. German-born Catherine the Great, Empress of Russia, was tone deaf but was so determined to make hers the most magnificent court of her time that money was no obstacle to buying in musicians from all over Europe.

08The Triumphs Of Oriana19980114

Richard Baker tells the stories behind a thousand years of great music. Elizabeth I of England was a vain and charismatic queen who liked to be reassured that she could play the keyboard better than her cousin Mary, Queen of Scots, and had madrigals written in her honour, like `The Triumphs of Oriana'. Hers was a golden age of prosperity, international influence and artistic life, yet minstrels could be penalised as vagrants.

09Bravo!19980115

Richard Baker tells the stories behind a thousand years of great music.

Frederick the Great of Prussia had to practise the flute in secret during his spartan upbringing, but he made up for lost time afterwards by taking it on military campaigns together with a collapsible harpsichord.

His flute teacher Quantz was the only court official allowed to comment on the King's playing, but only with an occasional `bravo!'.

1019980116

Richard Baker tells the stories behind a thousand years of great music. In the tradition of monarchs throughout Europe, Gustav III of Sweden was convinced that other countries had better musicians than his own, and he continued the grand tradition of buying in. The greatest irony is that a man who felt second-best musically became the subject of one of Verdi's most famous operas.

1119980119

Richard Baker tells the stories behind a thousand years of great music. Robert Schumann first met Clara Wieck when she was a budding piano virtuoso, though it took many years and a legal action against Clara's father before they were married. Richard Baker traces this great musical love affair and examines Clara's role as pianist, mother and protector of the family during her husband's final decline into insanity.

1219980120

Richard Baker tells the stories behind a thousand years of great music. Richard Wagner, with a previous wife and numerous affairs to his credit, eventually married Franz Liszt's illegitimate daughter Cosima, stealing her away from the conductor Hans von Bulow. This astonishing woman lived until 1930, having ensured the continuation of Wagner's theatre at Bayreuth.

1319980121

Richard Baker tells the stories behind a thousand years of great music. The friendship of Frederic Chopin and the fiercely independent novelist and poet George Sand (a single mother with two children) had its ups and downs, but a disastrous holiday in Majorca brought all the tensions to the surface. The musical outcomes were the 24 Preludes.

1419980122

Gustav Mahler and Alma Schindler met and married in turn-of-the-century Vienna. He discouraged her from composing and they were together for only nine years. Over the score of his final symphony (No 10) Mahler scrawled impassioned messages to Alma, who survived him by more than half a century. Richard Baker charts their life together.

15Intimate Letters19980123

Richard Baker tells the stories behind a thousand years of great music. Leos Janacek was in his mid-sixties when he first encountered Kamilla Stosslova in a spa town in Moravia. Both were married, and she was forty years younger than him. Yet this unlikely liaison was the catalyst for a new outpouring of compositions, including the string quartet `Intimate Letters'.

1619980126

Beethoven is the only composer to have his name inscribed above the stage of Boston Symphony Hall. It might seem strange today, but at the turn of the century, Bostonian concert-goers could not think of any other musician whose popularity would remain unchanged. The hall was built specially to house the Boston Symphony Orchestra. Richard Baker discovers that, contrary to early expectations, a great variety of music has filled Symphony Hall in this century from Europe, America and beyond.

17Shoebox19980127

With Richard Baker. The Concertgebouw in Amsterdam has one of the best acoustics in the world. And like other concert halls built in the late 19th century, it is built in a `shoebox' shape, which is now universally accepted as having the best acoustics for symphonic music. The first-ever concert by the resident Concertgebouw Orchestra took place in the Renaissance-style hall and was conducted by Willem Kes. Willem Mengelberg became music director shortly afterwards and stayed there for fifty years. Richard Baker explores the special relationship that Mengelberg had with great composers like Mahler and Strauss.

1819980128

With Richard Baker. The Golden Hall of the Musikverein is surely one of the most glamorous and opulent concert halls ever built. It is known to millions as the venue for the annual New Year's Day concert which is broadcast live on TV every year. The ornate concert hall is turned into a ballroom and features music by the Strauss family. Home to the great Vienna Philharmonic since 1870, its perfect acoustics have attracted the biggest names in music. Richard Baker remembers some of the greatest artists to have made music in the Golden Hall.

1919980129

With Richard Baker. Herbert von Karajan conducted the inaugural concert of the Berlin Philharmonic in 1963. The architect, Hans Scharoun, sat proudly in the front row. Ever since, the Berlin Philharmonic have loved playing in this hall with its fine acoustics and modern facilities. However, disaster struck in 1988 when part of the hall collapsed. While repairs were made, the orchestra was forced to find a new home for several years. Richard Baker talks about some of the major musical events in the Berlin Philharmonic's 35-year history.

2019980130

With Richard Baker. Simon Rattle was appointed music director of the City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra in 1980. Even at that time, he knew that a specially built, world-class concert hall was an absolute priority. Finally, five years ago, Birmingham's dream was finally realised, and Rattle conducted the inaugural concert. The hall boasts the most hi-tech features of any. Its acoustics can be changed pneumatically,.

198A0119980105

Richard Baker begins a daily series telling the stories behind a thousand years of great music.

When Bach was appointed Kantor to the Thomaskirche in Leipzig, he was only the third choice for the job.

Over the next quarter of a century, he rowed frequently with the town council over staffing, wrote prodigious quantities of church and other music, became renowned across Europe as a composer and organist, and produced 13 children.

Music includes Bach's test piece for his application - the Cantata No 22 - and the Epiphany section of the Christmas Oratorio.

198A02Salvator Mundi19980106

Richard Baker explores the part Westminster Abbey played in musical life at the time of the Restoration.

Then as now it was a focus for national ceremony and a prestigious place to work as a musician, with a secure income, pension and housing.

Together with the Chapel Royal, it provided a basis for the re-energising of English music.

John Blow and his pupil Henry Purcell were a vital part of this process.

Including `Salvator mundi' by John Blow and `My heart is inditing' by Purcell.

198A0319980107

Richard Baker tells the story of French organist and composer Louis Vierne, who beat five hundred other applicants for the job of organist at Notre Dame in Paris in 1900.

Vierne's career was dogged by poor eyesight, and during a period of treatment in Switzerland, Marcel Dupre took over.

But Vierne died, as he would have wished, at the console of his beloved instrument during a recital.

Including Vierne's Solemn Mass and a recording of the composer himself playing the Notre Dame organ.

198A04Missa Papae Marcelli19980108

Richard Baker explores the music of the Sistine Chapel in the Vatican, built by Pope Sixtus to demonstrate his wealth.

Palestrina wrote his `Missa Papae Marcelli' to show that polyphonic choral music could be concise and comprehensible.

Including Palestrina's Mass, some secular music of the time, and the Vatican's most famous (and jealously guarded) musical gem - Allegri's Miserere.

198A0519980109

Richard Baker explores the music of the Russian Orthodox church, which celebrated its millennium ten years ago.

Despite having to change with the times, the church and its music have provided a focus for national identity.

With comments from Gerard McBurney, and music by Rachmaninov (from the Vespers), Grechaninov and Tchaikovsky.

198B01Five Biblical Characters19980615

With Donald Macleod.

1: Moses.

Leader, law-giver, warrior and prophet, Moses led his people to the promised land but was never to set foot in it himself.

Including, Tippett: Go Down, Moses (A Child of Our Time).

John Cheek (bass), CBSO and Chorus/Michael Tippett.

Handel: Plague Choruses (Israel in Egypt).

Leeds Festival Chorus, ECO/Charles Mackerras.

Schoenberg: Dance round the Golden Calf (Moses and Aaron).

Chicago Symphony Chorus and Orchestra/Georg Solti.

Vivaldi: In exitu Israel.

Taverner Consort and Players/Andrew Parrott

198B01Handel In England19980622

With Richard Baker.

1: `Handel in England'.

As a young man Handel travelled widely, but in 1711 he arrived in London and stayed for over fifty years.

His music had preceded him, though it had been credited to an anonymous Italian composer.

Including: Zadok the Priest.

Westminster Abbey Choir/Martin Neary.

If God is for us; Worthy is the lamb (Messiah).

Margaret Cable (mezzo), Taverner Choir and Players/Andrew Parrott.

Air and Variations in E (Harmonious Blacksmith).

Trevor Pinnock (harpsichord).

198B01The Lady Of The Lake19980629

With Peggy Reynolds.

1: Walter Scott.

With their dramatic plots, colourful characters and wild Highland settings, Scott's novels became popular throughout Europe and were easy meat for composers, from `The Lady of the Lake' to `The Heart of Midlothian'.

Including excerpts from Rossini: La donna del lago.

Soloists, Chamber Orchestra of Europe/Maurizio Pollini.

Bizet: La jolie fille de Perth.

Alfredo Kraus (tenor), New Philharmonic/Georges Pretre.

MacCunn: Jeanie Deans.

Soloists, BBC Scottish Symphony Orchestra/Martyn Brabbins.

198B02Thomas Hardy19980630

The poetry of Hardy has attracted the attention of many British composers, but his novels also throb with hidden music; in `Under the Greenwood Tree' it plays a central role.

Including excerpts from Vaughan Williams: Symphony No 9.

BBC Symphony Orchestra/Andrew Davis.

Richard Rodney Bennett: Film music `Far from the Madding Crowd'.

James Galway (flute), orchestra/Bennett.

Holst: Egdon Heath.

LSO/Andre Previn.

Plus traditional music of Hardy's time played by the Mellstock Band.

198B02Boccherini In Spain19980623

With Richard Baker.

2: `Boccherini in Spain'.

Luigi Boccherini is best known for a famous minuet, yet he was one of the most prolific composers in the history of music.

Most of his works were written in Spain, where he was composer-in-residence to the king's brother.

Boccherini: Cello Concerto No 3 in D (1st mvt).

Anner Bylsma, Tafelmusik/Jeanne Lamon.

Sammartini: Oboe Concerto in D.

Heinz Holliger, I Musici.

Boccherini: Symphony in D minor.

London Festival Orchestra/Ross Pople.

Boccherini: String Quintet in E (Menuetto).

Orpheus CO.

198B02Five Biblical Characters19980616

With Donald Macleod.

2: David.

Skilled on the harp and with a sling, David became a powerful king, yet found time to be the probable author of many of the psalms.

Including Nielsen: Saul and David (Prelude to Act 4).

Odense Symphony Orchestra/Edward Serov.

Weelkes: O Jonathan; When David Heard.

Winchester Cathedral Choir/David Hill.

Honegger: Song of the Handmaid (King David).

Martha Senn (contralto), Czech Philharmonic/Serge Baudo.

Bruckner: Psalm 150.

Ruth Welting (soprano), Chicago Symphony Chorus and Orchestra/Daniel Barenboim.

198B02Mozart In Prague19980624

With Richard Baker.

2: `Mozart in Prague'.

Mozart's `The Marriage of Figaro' was a reasonable success in Vienna, but in Prague it caused a sensation.

In fact, Prague gave Mozart some of his happiest moments.

Music includes: Overture `The Marriage of Figaro'.

English Baroque Soloists/John Eliot Gardiner.

Abendempfindung.

Arleen Auger (soprano), Dalton Baldwin (piano).

Symphony No 38 in D, K504.

ECO/Benjamin Britten.

198B03Five Biblical Characters19980617

With Donald Macleod.

3: Solomon.

The son of King David and Bathsheba, Solomon became a ruler famous for his wisdom and judgement - and also for the magnificent extravagance of his court.

Including excerpts from Handel: Zadok the Priest.

Choir of Westminster Abbey/Martin Neary.

Purcell: My Beloved Spake, Z28.

Monteverdi Choir, English Baroque Soloists/John Eliot Gardiner.

Monteverdi: Nigra sum (1610 Vespers).

Philip Langridge (tenor), Monteverdi Orchestra/John Eliot Gardiner.

Handel: Arrival of the Queen of Sheba (Solomon).

English Baroque Soloists/John Eliot Gardiner.

198B03Pride And Prejudice19980701

With Peggy Reynolds.

3: Jane Austen.

The author of `Pride and Prejudice' practised the piano every morning before breakfast.

Her house in Chawton contains a library of music typical of her day, much of it transcribed in her own hand.

Including excerpts from Koczwara: The Battle of Prague.

Windsor Box and Fir Company.

Piccinini: Overture `La buona figliuola'.

Martin Souter (fortepiano).

J C Bach: Trio in C, T317 No 2.

Windsor Box and Fur Company.

Haydn: Symphony No 94 in G (Surprise).

Austro-Hungarian Haydn Orchestra/Adam Fischer.

198B04Dvorak In The Usa19980625

With Richard Baker.

4: `Dvorak in the USA'.

It was always with reluctance that Dvorak - who liked to describe himself as `just a simple Czech musician' - left home for foreign parts.

But his visits to England were great successes, and, during his three years in the USA, he helped American music to find its authentic voice and created some of his finest compositions.

Music includes: Symphony No 9 in E minor (From the New World) (3rd mvt).

Scottish NO/Neeme Jarvi.

String Quintet in E flat, Op 97 (American).

Raphael Ensemble.

Cello Concerto in B minor (3rd mvt).

Yo-Yo Ma, New York PO/Kurt Masur

198B04Five Biblical Characters19980618

With Donald Macleod.

4: John the Baptist.

He lived on locusts and honey, preferring the privations of the desert to the luxury of the town.

But this fiery preacher attracted large crowds - and met a famously violent death.

Handel: Comfort ye; Every valley (Messiah).

Charles Daniels (tenor), Gabrieli Consort and Players/Paul McCreesh.

Gibbons: This is the record of John.

Michael Chance (countertenor), Choir of King's College, Cambridge/Philip Ledger.

Stradella: San Giovanni Battista.

Gerard Lesne (tenor), Les Musiciens du Louvre/Mark Minkowski.

Strauss: Dance of the Seven Veils (Salome).

Scottish NO/Neeme Jarvi.

198B04Wilhelm Meister19980702

With Peggy Reynolds.

4: Johann Wolfgang von Goethe.

The greatest of German dramatists was not a prolific novelist.

But two of his novels took Europe by storm and provided inspiration for countless composers.

Including excerpts from Massenet: Werther.

Soloists, LPO/Michel Plasson.

Pugnani: Werther.

Luca Occelli (narrator), Academia Montis Regalis/Luigi Mangiocavallo.

Ambroise Thomas: Mignon.

Lawrence Dale (tenor), Opera Comique Orchestra/Jean-Claude Hartmann.

Plus settings of Mignon's songs from `Wilhelm Meister' by Schubert and Wolf.

198B05Five Biblical Characters19980619

With Donald Macleod.

5: The Virgin Mary.

Venerated worldwide, the life of the mother of Jesus has also been a perpetual source of inspiration to composers of all styles and periods.

Including Handel: Glory be to God in the highest (Messiah).

Gabrieli Consort and Players/Paul McCreesh.

Bach: Schlafe, mein Liebster (Christmas Oratorio).

Andreas Scholl (countertenor), Academy of Ancient Music/Rene Jacobs.

Berlioz: Shepherds' Farewell (L'enfance du Christ).

London Symphony Chorus and Orchestra/Colin Davis.

Haydn: The Seven Last Words (excerpt).

Arnold Schoenberg Choir, Vienna Concentus Musicus/Nikolaus Harnoncourt.

198B05Five Novelists19980703

With Peggy Reynolds.

5: James Joyce.

The great Irish novelist studied singing and loved opera, and music permeates all his work.

Including excerpts from Verdi: Esultate! (Otello).

John O'Sullivan (tenor).

Flotow: Ach so fromm (M'appari tutt'amor).

Roberto Alagna (tenor), LPO/Richard Armstrong.

Meyerbeer: O beau pays de la Touraine (Les Huguenots).

Joan Sutherland (soprano), New Philharmonia/Richard Bonynge.

Mozart: La ci darem la mano (Don Giovanni).

London Concert Artists.

Berio: Chamber Music.

Cathy Berberian (soprano).

198B05Stravinsky In France19980626

With Richard Baker.

5: `Stravinsky in France'.

It was Stravinsky's collaboration with Serge Diaghilev which first brought him to Paris.

His great ballet score soon followed, and Paris became the centre of Stravinsky's musical life for the next 30 years.

Including, Stravinsky: Infernal Dance (The Firebird).

CBSO/Simon Rattle.

Debussy: Ariettes oubliees, No 1.

Dawn Upshaw (soprano), James Levine (piano).

Stravinsky: Danse sacrale (The Rite of Spring).

Pergolesi: Presto (Sinfonia).

St Paul's CO/Christopher Hogwood.

198C01Eccentrics19980921

With Donald Macleod.

1: Moses.

Leader, law-giver, warrior and prophet, Moses led his people to the promised land but was never to set foot in it himself.

Including, Tippett: Go Down, Moses (A Child of Our Time).

John Cheek (bass), CBSO and Chorus/Michael Tippett.

Handel: Plague Choruses (Israel in Egypt).

Leeds Festival Chorus, ECO/Charles Mackerras.

Schoenberg: Dance round the Golden Calf (Moses and Aaron).

Chicago Symphony Chorus and Orchestra/Georg Solti.

Vivaldi: In exitu Israel.

Taverner Consort and Players/Andrew Parrott

198C01Giovanna D19980907

Richard Baker tells the stories of five women who either inspired men to make music or were musicians themselves.

1: Olympe Pelissier was a Parisian courtesan who lived with Rossini, eventually becoming his second wife, nursing him back to health and inspiring a revival of his creative muse.

Music by Rossini includes: Cantata `Giovanna d'Arco'.

Cecilia Bartoli (soprano), Charles Spencer (piano).

Soirees musicales (arr Liszt).

Leslie Howard (piano).

Stabat mater.

I Solisti Veneti/Claudio Scimone.

Peches de vieillesse (excerpts).

John Aler (tenor), Steven Kimbrough (baritone), Dalton Baldwin (piano).

198C01Historical Figures19980720

Profiles of five world historical figures from different epochs, with some of the music they have inspired.

1: Joan of Arc.

Saint or sinner, witch or prophet, inspired military commander or just plain lucky, the Maid of Orleans remains a controversial figure to this day.

Including excerpts from: Verdi: Giovanna d'arco.

LSO/James Levine.

Tchaikovsky: The Maid of Orleans.

Inessa Galante (soprano), Orchestra of the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden/Neeme Jarvi.

Rossini: Giovanna d'arco.

Teresa Berganza (soprano), ECO/Marcello Viotti.

Honegger: Joan of Arc at the Stake.

Soloists, Czech Chorus, Prague SO/Serge Baudo.

198C01Librettists19980831

With Donald Macleod.

The stories of the men who wrote the words behind the music of some of the best-loved operas and oratorios.

1: Charles Jennens.

Charles Jennens was immortalized through his work on Handel's Messiah, but their brilliant collaboration ended in a dismal flop.

Including, Handel: Messiah (excerpts).

Choir of Christ Church Cathedral, Oxford, Academy of Ancient Music, conductor Christopher Hogwood.

Handel: Saul (excerpts).

Soloists, Vienna State Opera Chorus, Concentus Musicus, Vienna/Nikolaus Harnoncourt.

Handel: Israel in Egypt (excerpts).

Monteverdi Choir, English Baroque Soloists/John Eliot Gardiner.

198C01Musical Diaries19980727

Donald Macleod looks at some of the great diarists of the musical world.

1: Vincent and Mary Novello.

The Novellos set out in 1829 on a Mozart pilgrimage, visiting people and places associated with the great composer.

They kept a rather chaotic journal that was not rediscovered until after the Second World War.

Music includes excerpts from Mozart: String Quartet in D minor, K421.

Emerson Quartet.

Mozart: Symphony No 36 in C (Linz).

Prague CO/Charles Mackerras.

Haydn: The Seven Last Words.

Amadeus Quartet.

Mozart: Requiem.

Academy of Ancient Music/Christopher Hogwood.

198C01Oxford19980928

With Richard Baker.

1: Haydn, his biographers tells us, was very susceptible to love.

And several of the works he wrote during his visits to London in the 1790s were dedicated to women he met in the city.

At that time, the musical life of London was one of the most lively in the world, with music in theatres, coffee houses and in the new concert halls that were opening up everywhere.

For these, Haydn wrote his great London symphonies.

Including Haydn's `Oxford' symphony, Handel's `Zadok the Priest' and a string quartet and piano sonata by Haydn himself.

198C02Ah Perfido!19980901

The stories of the men who wrote the words behind the music of some of the best-loved operas and oratorios.

2: Pietro Metastasio.

Including Vivaldi: Il catone in utica (excerpt).

Marilyn Schmiege (soprano), I Solisti Veneti/Claudio Scimone.

Handel: Siroe (excerpt).

Soloists, Brewer CO/Rudolph Palmer.

Mozart: La clemenza di tito (excerpt).

English Baroque Soloists/John Eliot Gardiner.

Beethoven: Scena `Ah perfido!' (excerpt).

Cheryl Studer (soprano), Berlin PO/Claudio Abbado.

198C02Allessandro Nell19980929

With Richard Baker.

2: Known as the English Bach because he spent over half his life in London, J C Bach was more famous during his lifetime than his father.

For some 20 years, he dominated musical life in the city, writing music for the popular pleasure gardens and hobnobbing with the royal family.

He was one of the creators of the classical style and a major influence on Mozart.

Including J C Bach: Sonata in C minor, Op 5 No 6 (3rd mvt).

Trevor Pinnock (harpsichord).

Overture `Allessandro nell'Indie'; Symphony in B flat, Op 3 No 4.

Hanover Band/Anthony Halstead.

Mozart: Violin Sonata in A, K12.

198C02Eccentrics19980922

2: Music was only one of the interests of 20th-century British composer Lord Berners.

Another was entertaining fashionable guests in his Oxfordshire home, where his doves where painted all the colours of the rainbow.

Berners was a fine composer whose works are only now coming back into fashion.

Berners: Fantaisie espagnole.

Royal Liverpool PO/Barry Wordsworth.

Chopin: Fantaisie-Impromptu in C sharp minor, Op 65.

Vladimir Ashkenazy (piano).

Walton: Then Sing Aloud to God (Belshazzar's Feast).

London Symphony Chorus and Orchestra/Andre Previn.

Berners: A Wedding Bouquet (excerpt).

RTE Chamber Choir, RTE Sinfonietta/Alwyn.

198C02Historical Figures19980721

Profiles of five world historical figures from different epochs, with some of the music they have inspired.

2: Henry VIII.

All the world knows that Henry had six wives.

But how many recall his rich patronage of the arts, especially music? Henry was even one of that rare breed, a royal composer.

Music includes: Henry VIII: Pastime with Good Company.

Pro Cantione Antiqua.

Cornysh: Magnificat.

The Cardinall's Musick/Andrew Carwood.

Saint-Saens: Divertissement (Henri VIII).

Razumovsky Sinfonia/Andrew Mogrelia.

Sullivan: Water Music (Suite: Henry the Eighth).

RTE Concert Orchestra/Andrew Perry.

198C02Musical Diaries19980728

Donald Macleod looks at some of the great diarists of the musical world.

2: Samuel Pepys.

Pepys kept his diary during the early years of the Restoration of Charles II.

He wrote it in shorthand to keep it secret from prying eyes.

What he left is not so much a record of events - such as the Plague and the Great Fire of London - as a recreation of them.

Including Locke: Suite in G minor.

Parley of Instruments.

Tomkins: Barafostus's Dream.

Sophie Yates (virginals).

Humfrey: O Give Thanks unto the Lord.

Choir of Clare College, Cambridge/Nicholas McGegan.

198C02Siren Voices19980908

Richard Baker tells the stories of five women who either inspired men to make music or were musicians themselves.

2: Augusta Holmes showed great tenacity in pursuing her own career as a composer even while inspiring other composers - Cesar Franck in particular.

Including excerpts from: Augusta Holmes: La nuit et l'amour (Ludus pro Patria).

Rheinland-Pfalz State PO/Samuel Friedmann.

Debussy: Arabesque No 1.

Kathryn Stott (piano).

Saint-Saens: Allegro appassionato in B minor.

Julian Lloyd Webber (cello), ECO/Yan Pascal Tortelier.

Franck: Piano Quintet in F minor (2nd mvt).

Borodin Quartet, Sviatoslav Richter (piano).

198C034819980909

Richard Baker tells the stories of five women who either inspired men to make music or were musicians themselves.

3: Harriet Cohen was one of the finest British pianists of her generation, renowned for her performances of Bach and Mozart.

But she also played the music of many of her contemporaries and became the mistress and champion of the Master of the King's Music, Sir Arnold Bax.

Music includes Bach: Prelude and Fugue in C minor (`48', Bk 1).

Mozart: Piano Sonata in C, K330.

Bax: Morning Song.

Orchestra/Malcolm Sargent.

Elgar: Piano Quintet in A minor.

Stratton Quartet.

198C03Historical Figures19980722

Profiles of five world historical figures from different epochs, with some of the music they have inspired.

3: Oliver Cromwell.

Music includes, Richard Dering: Gaudent in Coelis.

Peter Barley (organ), Choir of King's College, Cambridge/Stephen Cleobury.

John Wilson: Take O take those lips away.

Newberry Consort.

John Playford: The English Dancing Master (excerpts).

Dufay Collective.

Thomas Tomkins: A Sad Pavan for These Distracted Times.

John Toll (harpsichord).

Bellini, transc Liszt: Introduction and Polonaise (I Puritani).

Leslie Howard (piano).

198C03Librettists19980902

With Donald Macleod.

The stories of the librettists of some popular operas and oratorios.

3: Lorenzo da Ponte.

Music includes Mozart: Finch' han del vino (Don Giovanni).

Thomas Hampson (baritone), Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra/Nikolaus Harnoncourt.

Mozart: Ecco la marcia (Le nozze di Figaro).

Soloists, Chorus and Orchestra of the Metropolitan Opera/James Levine.

Mozart: Soave sia il vento (Cosi fan tutte).

Soloists, LPO/Bernard Haitink.

Plus excerpts form works by Salieri, Martin y Soler and Jan Ladislav Dussek.

198C03Musical Diaries19980729

Donald Macleod looks at some of the great diarists of the musical world.

3: Cosima Wagner, wife of composer Richard Wagner, who wrote her enormous diary for her children.

Wagner: Siegfried Idyll.

London Classical Players/Roger Norrington.

Beethoven: Piano Concerto No 5 in E flat (Emperor) (excerpt).

Vladimir Ashkenazy, Chicago SO/ Georg Solti.

Bach: Prelude and Fugue in C sharp minor, BWV849.

(Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 1 No 4).

Kenneth Gilbert (harpsichord).

Wagner: The Ring (excerpts).

Berlin PO/Lorin Maazel.

198C03Tannhauser19980923

With Peggy Reynolds.

3: Hugo Wolf produced some of the most intense and expressive songs ever written.

But this was achieved at the cost of mental stability.

Periods of intense creativity were followed by times of desolation and despair and exacerbated by the effects of syphilis acquired in the Viennese brothels.

Wagner: Overture `Tannhauser'.

Vienna PO/Herbert von Karajan.

Wolf: In der Fruhe (Morike Lieder).

Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau (baritone), Gerald Moore (piano).

Wolf: Italian Serenade.

Hagen Quartet.

Wolf: Alles endet, was enstehet (Gedichte von Michelangelo).

Andreas Schmidt (baritone), Cord Garben (piano).

198C03Visitors To Britain19980930

With Richard Baker.

3: Dvorak was deeply attached to his home in the Czech countryside and missed it whenever he had to travel.

Nevertheless, he came to Britain nine times in all and scored some of his major triumphs here.

Including excerpts from the Stabat Mater, the Symphony No 7, The Spectre's Bride and the Cello Concerto.

198C04Eccentrics19980924

4: Scriabin was one of music's great egomaniacs.

Brought up by his aunt, he became convinced of his own godlike stature and hoped to write a colossal piece which would combine all the arts into a single affirmation of the powers of sex and divine love.

Unfortunately, he got a carbuncle and died before these plans came to fruition; but he left behind is some of the most voluptuous music of the 20th century.

Scriabin: Vers la flamme.

Roger Woodward (piano).

Arensky: Piano Trio No 1 in D minor, Op 32.

Arensky Trio.

Scriabin: Poem of Ecstasy.

Cleveland Orchestra/Lorin Maazel.

Scriabin: Piano Sonata No 9 (Black Mass).

Stephen Hough.

198C04Historical Figures19980723

Profiles of five world historical figures from different epochs, with some of the music they have inspired.

4: Napoleon Bonaparte.

Music includes, Gossec: Hymn to the Statue of Liberty.

Toulouse Capitole Chorus and Orchestra/Michel Plasson.

Haydn: The Creation (finale).

Vienna Singverein, Berlin PO/Herbert von Karajan.

Beethoven: Symphony No 3 in E flat (finale) (Eroica).

London Classical Players/Roger Norrington.

Tchaikovsky: 1812 Overture.

Vienna State Opera Chorus, Vienna PO/Lorin Maazel.

198C04Librettists19980903

The stories of the librettists of some best-loved operas and oratorios.

4: Eugene Scribe.

Including excerpts from Meyerbeer: Les huguenots.

Joan Sutherland (soprano), New Philharmonia/Richard Bonynge.

Meyerbeer: Robert le diable.

Beverly Sills (soprano), Keith Erwen (tenor), RPO/Charles Mackerras.

Auber: La muette de portici.

Soloists, Jean Laforge Choral Ensemble, Monte Carlo PO/ Thomas Fulton.

Verdi: Sicilian Vespers.

Chorus and Orchestra of La Scala, Milan/Riccardo Muti.

198C04Siren Voices19980910

Richard Baker tells the stories of five women who either inspired men to make music or were musicians themselves.

4: Barbara Strozzi was a successful woman musician in the male-dominated world of 17th-century Venice.

Adopted into a cultivated household, she became not only a fine singer but the composer of many remarkably adventurous songs both sacred and secular.

Music includes: La faniuletta semplice; La, sol, fa, mi, re, do.

Catherine Bott (soprano), ensemble.

I baci; Liberta.

Musica Secreta.

O Maria quam pulchra es.

Maria-Christina Kiehr (soprano), Concerto Soave.

Le tre grazie.

Consort of Musicke/Anthony Rooley.

198C04The Promenade Ticket19980730

4: `The Promenade Ticket'.

Donald Macleod looks at the diaries of some of the greatest and most significant figures in the musical world.

A J Sidgwick was given a Prom ticket by his uncle George in the years before the First World War.

Including excerpts from, Beethoven: Symphony No 7 in A.

Orchestre Revolutionnaire et Romantique/John Eliot Gardiner.

Liszt: Piano Concerto No 1 in E flat.

Martha Argerich, LSO/Claudio Abbado.

Mozart: Symphony No 40 in G minor.

Academy of Ancient Music/Christopher Hogwood.

Strauss: Till Eulenspiegel.

Philadelphia Orchestra/Wolfgang Sawallisch.

198C04Visitors To Britain19981001

With Richard Baker.

4: Chopin was one visiting composer who hated this country.

Already terminally ill when he arrived, he was dragged around the country giving recitals, looked after by two well-meaning but insistent ladies.

Chopin: Nocturne in E flat, Op 55 No 2.

Richard Goode (piano).

Piano Concerto No 2 in F minor (3rd mvt).

Maria Joao Pires, RPO/Andre Previn.

Ballade No 2 in F, Op 38.

Artur Rubinstein (piano).

Etudes: No 3 in E; No 4 in C sharp minor.

Frederic Chiu (piano).

198C05Eccentrics19980925

With Peggy Reynolds.

5: One of music's great originals, Grainger seems to have been made eccentric by a mother who never allowed him to grow up.

Including, Liszt: Hungarian Rhapsody No 2 in C sharp minor.

Tzimon Barto (piano).

Grainger: Brigg Fair.

Polyphony/Stephen Layton.

Delius: Brigg Fair.

Halle Orchestra/Vernon Handley.

Grainger: Lincolnshire Posy.

Royal Northern College of Music Wind Ensemble/Clark Rundell.

198C05Historical Figures19980724

Profiles of five world historical figures from different epochs.

5: John F Kennedy.

Howells: Take him, earth, for cherishing.

Choir of King's College, Cambridge/Stephen Cleobury.

Stravinsky: Ebony Concerto.

Benny Goodman (clarinet), Columbia Jazz Combo/Igor Stravinsky.

Couperin, arr Casals: Suite.

Pablo Casals (cello), Mieczyslaw Horszowski (piano).

Beethoven: Piano Trio No 5 in D, Op 70 No 1.

Isaac Stern (violin), Leonard Rose (cello), Eugene Istomin (piano).

198C05Librettists19980904

With Donald Macleod.

The stories of the men who wrote the words for some of the best-loved operas and oratorios.

5: Hugo von Hofmannsthal.

Hofmannsthal was an immensely cultured Viennese whose poetry and prose writings would ensure his reputation quite apart from his celebrated if sometimes difficult partnership with Richard Strauss.

With excerpts from Strauss operas: Le bourgeois gentilhomme; Salome; Elektra; Der Rosenkavalier; Ariadne auf Naxos; Die Josephslegende; Die Frau ohne Schatten; and Arabella.

198C05Musical Diaries19980731

With Donald Macleod.

5: George Templeton Strong, a New York lawyer with a keen interest in music.

The journal he began in 1835 gives a vivid insight into the musical life of 19th-century New York, when it was changing from a small town into a sophisticated metropolis.

Weber: Oberon.

Philharmonia/Wolfgang Sawallisch.

Handel: Messiah (excerpts).

English Concert/Trevor Pinnock.

Paganini: Caprice in A minor.

Itzhak Perlman.

Mozart: Don Giovanni (excerpt).

Scottish CO/Charles Mackerras.

198C05Siren Voices19980911

Richard Baker tells the stories of five women who either inspired men to make music or were musicians themselves.

5: Violet Gordon Woodhouse was a rich and brilliantly talented musician who became the first person ever to be recorded playing the harpsichord.

Attrib Purcell: Gavotte in G.

Haydn: Sonata in D, H XVI 37 (3rd mvt).

Scarlatti: Sonata in D, Kk29.

Bach: Italian Concerto (3rd mvt).

And music by Saint-Saens, Delius and Ethel Smyth.

198C05Visitors To Britain19981002

With Richard Baker.

5: The great Hungarian composer Bela Bartok came to Britain no less than twenty times, starting with an appearance with the Halle in 1904.

He was admired as a pianist, but his compositions took longer to become established.

Bartok had his supporters at the BBC, and Henry Wood introduced him to the Proms in 1925.

Music includes Bartok: Music for Strings, Percussion and Celesta (4th mvt).

Bach: Sonata in E, BWV1016 (3rd and 4th mvts).

Bartok: Suite, Op 14; Cantata profama (1st mvt).

198D01Alexander19981102

Donald Macleod presents musical portraits of five absolute rulers famed more for their evil deeds than for their good work.

1: Alexander the Great.

Alexander briefly ruled over half the known world - until his Macedonian troops mutinied.

Including excerpts from Handel's `Alexander's Feast', `Alessandro' and `Poro', Mozart's `Il re pastore' and Hasse's `Cleofide'.

198D01Briefer Candles19981109

Richard Baker spends this week looking at the all-too-brief lives of some famous musicians.

1: Jacqueline du Pre.

There have been many brief lives in the world of music, but few as touching as that of cellist Jacqueline du Pre.

Her immense talent was prematurely destroyed by multiple sclerosis, but her art survives in unforgettable recordings.

Including Elgar: Cello Concerto in E minor (excerpt).

LSO/John Barbirolli.

Saint-Saens: The Swan (Carnival of the Animals).

Osian Ellis (harp).

Brahms: Cello Sonata No 2 in F, Op 99 (1st mvt).

Daniel Barenboim (piano).

Schumann: Cello Concerto in A minor.

ECO/Daniel Barenboim.

198D01Castles And Palaces19981214

With Donald Macleod.

1: Windsor Castle.

From its origins after the Norman Conquest to the disastrous fire of 1992, Windsor Castle has been a symbol of the English monarchy, with architectural glories ranging from Edwin Lutyens's dolls' house for Queen Mary to the Perpendicular splendours of St George's Chapel.

Haydn: Nelson Mass (excerpt).

William Lawes: Royal Consort No 1 in D minor (excerpt).

Purcell: Welcome, Vicegerent of the Mighty King, Z340.

Handel: Concerto grosso in G minor, Op 6 No 6 (3rd mvt).

Elgar: Froissart Overture.

198D01Five Fictional Heroes19981012

With Donald Macleod.

1: Ulysses.

Ulysses was not the most handsome or noble of the Greek princes who went to war against Troy, but he was certainly the most crafty.

As a result of the Trojan Horse and other incidents, he as gone down in history as a trickster and a liar.

But at the time, the Greeks were grateful to him: the war was now over, and they could go back home.

Including Charpentier: Circe (excerpts).

Debussy: Sirenes (Nocturnes).

Szymanowski: Calypso.

Monteverdi: Il ritorno d'Ulisse in patria.

198D01Five Saints19981123

With Donald Macleod.

1: Cecilia.

Yesterday was the feast day of St Cecilia, the most famous saint to be associated with music.

Adopted in the late 15th century as patron by various guilds of musicians, she has been the inspiration for many composers through the ages.

Including Handel: Ode for St Cecilia's Day (excerpt).

Felicity Lott (sop), English Concert/Trevor Pinnock.

Gounod: St Cecilia Mass (Agnus dei).

Soloists, Czech Chorus and Philharmonic/Igor Markevitch.

Britten: Hymn to St Cecilia.

The Sixteen/Harry Christophers.

Finzi: For St Cecilia.

Philip Langridge (tenor), LSO/Hickox.

198D01Roman Carnival19981005

With Peggy Reynolds.

Legend has it that the Eternal City was founded by Romulus and Remus - and its colourful history has given rise to a wealth of music both sacred and secular.

1: `Roman Carnival'.

Puccini: Tosca (excerpts).

Soloists, Italian RSO/Zubin Mehta.

Handel: Voglia tempo (Il trionfo del tempo e del disinganno).

Soloists, Les Musiciens du Louvre/Marc Minkowski.

Verdi: Di quella pira (Il trovatore).

Luciano Pavarotti (tenor), Vienna Opera Orchestra/Nicola Rescigno.

Berlioz: Overture `Benvenuto Cellini'.

Bastille Opera Orchestra/Myung-Whun Chung.

198D01Ruslan And Ludmilla19981019

With Richard Baker.

1: Nicolai Rimsky-Korsakov came from a distinguished naval family, so it seemed natural that he would follow them to sea.

During his years at naval college he met Balakirev and, later, Musorgsky, Cui and Borodin, with whom he became part of the Russian Five or Mighty Handful.

But for a while he played both roles until, when he was nearly 30, he hung up his uniform for good.

Including Rimsky-Korsakov: Scheherazade (excerpt).

Bastille Opera Orchestra.

Glinka: Overture `Ruslan and Ludmilla'.

Kirov Orchestra/Valery Gergiev.

Balakirev: Mazurka No 2.

Joseph Banowetz (piano).

Rimsky-Korsakov: Sadko.

Russian SO.

198D01Women Writers19981116

With Peggy Reynolds.

1: George Eliot.

Born Mary Anne Evans and later calling herself Marion and Mrs Lewis, George Eliot died as Mrs John Cross.

One of her first stories features Caterina, an Italian singer, and many of her famous books include portraits of musicians.

Including Liszt: Ave Maria.

Stephen Hough (piano).

Wagner: Elizabeth's Greeting (Tannhauser).

Waltraud Meier (mezzo), Bavarian RSO/Lorin Maazel.

Schubert: Piano Sonata in B flat, D960 (4th mvt).

Mitsuko Uchida.

Handel: O, Had I Jubal's Lyre (Joshua).

Janet Baker (mezzo), ECO/Raymond Leppard.

198D02Briefer Candles19981110

Richard Baker looks at the all-too-brief lives of some famous musicians.

2: Ginette Neveu.

When Sibelius heard the young French violinist Ginette Neveu play his violin concerto, he was overwhelmed.

After winning the Wieniawski competition at the age of 15, Neveu had a sensational international career which was tragically cut short when she was killed in an air crash at the age of 30.

With music including Debussy: Violin Sonata.

Ravel: Tzigane.

Jean Neveu (piano).

Sibelius: Violin Concerto in D minor (excerpt).

Philharmonia/Walter Susskind.

Brahms: Violin Concerto in D.

Philharmonia/Issay Dobrowen.

198D02Castles And Palaces19981215

With Donald Macleod.

2: Versailles.

Versailles set the standard for royal residences in the 17th and 18th centuries and reflected the glory and power of the French king Louis XIV.

His daily activities were run with military precision and were often accompanied by music.

Including excerpts from Lully: Alceste.

La Grande Ecurie et la Chambre du Roy/Jean-Claude Malgoire.

Lalande: Music for the King's Supper.

La Simphonie du Marais/Hugo Reyne.

Couperin: Royal Concert No 4 in E minor.

Ensemble/Sigiswald Kuijken.

Lalande: Regina Coeli.

Ex Cathedra/Jeffrey Skidmore.

Rousseau: Le devin du village.

Louis de Froment CO.

198D02Checkmate19981020

Richard Baker remembers Philidor, as proficient a chess player as he was a composer.

Following his family into work at the royal court of Versailles, the young Philidor learnt to play chess while waiting to sing mass every morning.

He juggled these two skills throughout his life.

Including Lully: Plaude laetare Gallia.

Le Concert Spirituel/Herve Niquet.

Philidor: Zemire et Melide (excerpt).

Christiane Eda-Pierre (soprano), ASMF/Neville Marriner.

Bliss: Suite `Checkmate'.

Ulster Orchestra/Veron Handley.

Gluck: Orfeo ed Euridice (excerpt).

James Bowman (countertenor), La Grande Ecurie et la Chambre du Roy/Jean-Claude Malgiore.

198D02Don Giovanni19981013

With Donald Macleod.

2: Don Juan.

The figure of the well born, randy young man who tramples over the conventions of society in pursuit of his own pleasures is an ancient one, but it was a 16th-century Spanish monk who embodied these attributes - in his philandering character Don Juan.

His intriguing version of the libidinous character in a setting where family honour and female virginity were held almost as precious as religious beliefs appealed to composers for more than three hundred years.

Including excerpts from Mozart's `Don Giovanni', Gluck's `Don Juan' and Strauss's `Don Juan'.

198D02Henry V19981124

With Donald Macleod.

2: George.

St George is often seen in a romanticised light as a handsome hero on a horse, slaying dragons with his lance and rescuing damsels in distress.

Sadly, it now seems unlikely that George ever existed.

But that did not stop him becoming adopted by the English as their patron saint.

Music includes Walton: Agincourt Song (Suite `Henry V').

London Philharmonic Choir and Orchestra/Carl Davis.

Purcell: King Arthur (excerpt).

Julia Gooding (soprano), English Concert and Choir/Trevor Pinnock.

Elgar: The Banner of St George.

London Symphony Chorus, English Northern Sinfonia/Richard Hickox.

198D02Nero19981103

has passed into history as the emperor who fiddled while Rome burned.

But is the legend true? Music includes excerpts from Handel's `Agrippina', Monteverdi's `L'incoronazione di Poppea', Mascagni's `Nerone' and Anton Rubinstein's `Nero'.

198D02The Forum: Julius Caesar19981006

With Peggy Reynolds.

2: `The Forum: Julius Caesar'.

Handel: Giulio Cesare (excerpts).

Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau (baritone), Munich Bach Orchestra/Karl Richter.

Schumann: Overture `Julius Caesar'.

Vienna PO/Georg Solti.

Weill: Ballad of Caesar's Death (Der Silbersee).

Elaine Bonazzi (contralto), New York City Opera Orchestra/Julius Rudel.

Ireland, arr Bush: Julius Caesar (Scherzo; Cortege).

LSO/Richard Hickox

198D02Women Writers19981117

With Peggy Reynolds.

2: Fanny Burney.

Burney's father was a composer, and she mixed with theatrical people and went to fashionable concerts.

As Keeper of the Queen's Robes she saw performances by many an eminent musician, and she also enjoyed the music of the lively pleasure gardens.

All of these things found their way into the diary she kept for sixty years.

Charles Burney: Cornet Voluntary.

Gerald Gifford (organ).

Handel: Concerto grosso, Op 3 No 1 (1st mvt).

ASMF/Neville Marriner.

Stanley: Concerto in D, Op 2 No 1.

Parley of Instruments/Roy Goodman.

Haydn: Symphony No 101.

London Classical Players/Roy Goodman.

198D03Briefer Candles19981111

Richard Baker looks at the all-too-brief lives of some famous musicians.

3: Dinu Lipatti.

Romanian pianist Dinu Lipatti was one of the greatest musical talents of the century.

His international career was cut short when he fell victim to leukaemia, and after struggling through one final concert, he died at the age of 33.

Including Grieg: Piano Concerto in A minor (excerpt).

Philharmonia/Alceo Galliera.

Enescu: Violin Sonata No 2 in F minor, Op 6.

The Composer.

Chopin: Piano Sonata No 3 in B minor, Op 58.

Ravel: Alborada del gracioso.

198D03Double Lives19981021

Richard Baker remembers Italian-born Muzio Clementi, who was brought to Dorset by an Englishman on a grand tour of Europe.

Active in England as a pianist, composer, music publisher and piano maker, Clementi returned to Europe at the age of 50.

Including Clementi: Piano Sonata in C, Op 36 No 1.

Daniel Blumenthal.

Mozart: The Magic Flute (excerpt).

London Classical Players/Roger Norrington.

Beethoven: Choral Fantasia in C.

Yevgeni Kissin (piano), RIAS Chorus, Berlin PO/Claudio Abbado.

Clementi: Symphony No 3 in G (Great National).

Philharmonia/Francesco d'Avalos.

198D03Five Saints19981125

With Donald Macleod.

3: Sebastian.

Sebastian was a soldier who joined the Roman army so he could help fellow Christians during their persecution without arousing suspicion.

He was soon promoted to be one of the bodyguards of the emperor Diocletian, but when his beliefs became known he was sentenced to death.

Debussy: Le martyre de St Sebastien.

LA PO/Esa-Pekka Salonen.

Dufay: O beate Sebastiane.

Hilliard Ensemble/Paul Hillier.

Martini: O beate Sebastiane.

The Clerks' Group/Edward Wickham.

Villa-Lobos: Missa Sao Sebastiao.

Corydon Singers/Matthew Best.

198D03Palazzo Barberini: Pope Urban Viii19981007

With Peggy Reynolds.

3: `Palazzo Barberini: Pope Urban VIII'.

Allegri: Miserere mei deus.

Choir of Trinity College, Cambridge/Richard Marlow.

Landi: Il sant'Alessio (excerpts).

Soloists, Les Arts Florissants/William Christie.

Kapsberger: Three Pieces for lute.

Lutz Kirchhof.

Frescobaldi: Canzon post il comune; Bergamasca.

Ton Koopman (organ).

198D03Peer Gynt19981014

With Donald Macleod.

3: Peer Gynt.

A half-legendary character of Norwegian folklore, Peer Gynt was known for his propensity to exaggerate, lie and generally spin yarns like the devil.

He was a fantasist whose imagination refused to be bounded by the miserable circumstances of his real existence.

As a result, anything could happen when he was around.

Grieg: Incidental music `Peer Gynt'.

LSO/Per Dreier.

198D03Rob Roy19981118

With Peggy Reynolds.

3: The Brontes.

When Charlotte, Emily, Bramwell and Anne Bronte were children, they made up stories and wrote them down in miniature books.

The plan was that they all would become famous, writing fiction as romantic as that of their favourite novelist, Sir Walter Scott.

It did not quite work out like that for Bramwell, but it did for the sisters.

Music includes Berlioz: Overture `Rob Roy'.

Royal Scottish NO/Neeme Jarvi.

Herrmann: Wuthering Heights (Act 1).

Pro Arte Orchestra/Herrmann.

Korngold: The Death of Emily Bronte.

National PO/Charles Gerhardt.

Trad Scottish: Bonny Wee Thing.

Sydney McEwan (tenor).

198D03The Alhambra19981216

With Donald Macleod.

3: `The Alhambra'.

`In 1492 Columbus sailed the ocean blue' - but on the mainland, King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella at last succeeded in expelling the Moors from Spain.

Granada was the final stronghold to surrender, and the Spaniards were astonished at the beauty of the Moorish king's castle there - the Alhambra - which has exerted a powerful spell over visitors ever since.

Including excerpts from Rodrigo: Junto al generalife.

Albeniz: Albaicin (Iberia).

Lorca: Romance de Don Boyso.

Debussy: La puerta del vino (Preludes, Book 2).

Guerrero: Missa Sancta et immaculata.

Falla: Nights in the Gardens of Spain.

198D03Tsar And Carpenter19981104

Donald Macleod presents musical portraits of five absolute rulers famed more for their evil deeds than for their good work.

3: Peter the Great of Russia visited Britain 300 years ago and left a trail of destruction in his wake.

A ruthless moderniser, he built a new capital city from nothing and named it after himself.

Music includes excerpts from Albert Lortzing's operetta `Tsar and Carpenter', performed by Herrmann Prey (baritone) and the Dresden State Orchestra, conductor Robert Heger, plus traditional and church music from early-18th-century Russia.

198D04Briefer Candles19981112

Richard Baker looks at the all-too-brief lives of some famous musicians.

4: Guido Cantelli.

In 1951, the young conductor Guido Cantelli electrified a Royal Festival Hall audience with his performance of Mendelssohn's Italian Symphony.

He was Arturo Toscanini's chosen heir and had just become musical director of La Scala before he was tragically killed in an air crash at the age of 36.

Including excerpts from Mendelssohn: Symphony No 4 in A (Italian).

Rossini: The Thieving Magpie.

Tchaikovsky: Symphony No 6 in B minor (Pathetique).

Philharmonia.

Haydn: Symphony No 93 in D.

NBC Symphony Orchestra.

198D04Castles And Palaces19981217

With Donald Macleod.

4: Schonbrunn.

Haydn climbed the scaffolding while it was being built, Mozart played there as a boy, and it was the scene of at least two famous musical contests.

Napoleon stayed there, his son died there, and visiting dignitaries were entertained there during the post-Napoleonic Congress of Vienna.

Including excerpts from Haydn: Symphony No 48 in C (Maria Theresa).

Mozart: Der Schauspieldirektor.

Salieri: Prima la musica e poi le parole.

Clementi: Piano Sonata in B flat, Op 24 No 2.

Schubert: German Dances, D90.

Johann Strauss (son): Tales from the Vienna Woods.

198D04Double Lives19981022

Richard Baker remembers Charles Ives, who worked as an insurance salesman to fund his composing activities.

Ives: Country Band March.

Orchestra of New England/James Sinclair.

The Unanswered Question.

New York Philharmonic/Leonard Bernstein.

The Alcotts (Piano Sonata No 2, Concord).

Alexei Liubimov.

Symphony No 2 (5th mvt).

New York PO/Leonard Bernstein

198D04Five Fictional Heroes19981015

With Donald Macleod.

4: Stephen Maturin.

Maturin - Irishman, ship's doctor and amateur scientist - is the hero of a series of novels by Patrick O'Brian.

He has connections in high places, but his lack of uniform and his fluency in foreign languages mean that he is ofen on board ship on some unspecified government business - secret diplomatic missions or espionage.

He also has a great love of music.

Including excerpts from music by Locatelli, Boccherini, Haydn and Molter.

198D04Five Saints19981126

With Donald Macleod.

4: Francis.

Just over a year ago, the Italian city of Assisi was rocked by a series of earthquakes which seriously damaged the 13th-century basilica dedicated to its most famous inhabitant.

Eight hundred years earlier, a young man known for riotous living had a vision in which an image of Christ nailed to the cross spoke to him.

As a result, Giovanni Francesco Bernardone gave away all his possessions and took up the life of a hermit.

Michael Haydn: St Francis Mass (excerpt).

Liszt: St Francis of Assisi (Legendes).

Messiaen: St Francis of Assisi (excerpt).

198D04Piazza Navona: Arcangelo Corelli19981008

With Peggy Reynolds.

4: `Piazza Navona: Arcangelo Corelli'.

Excerpts from all six of Corelli's celebrated collections of sonatas da chiesa, sonatas da camera and concerti grossi, performed by Accademia Bizantina/Carlo Chiarappa (violin).

Rachmaninov: Variations on a Theme of Corelli.

Jean-Yves Thibaudet (piano).

Couperin: L'apotheose de Corelli.

Wieland Kuijken (bass viol), ensemble.

198D04Twinkle, Twinkle, Little Star19981119

With Peggy Reynolds.

4: Elizabeth Gaskell.

A minister's wife, Elizabeth Gaskell found time to write seven novels and masses of stories.

She loved music and always hired a piano when she went abroad.

She was a fine dancer too, and very nearly caused a scandal in Germany when she grasped the arm of the baron who was dancing with her.

Including Mozart: Variations on `Twinkle, Twinkle, Little Star', K265.

Daniel Barenboim (piano).

Haydn: Symphony No 98 in B flat (4th mvt).

Philharmonia/Leonard Slatkin.

Chopin: Barcarolle in F sharp, Op 60.

Roland Pontinen (piano).

Trad: God rest you merry, gentlemen.

Taverner Consort.

198D04Tyrants19981105

Donald Macleod presents musical portraits of five absolute rulers famed more for their evil deeds than for their good work.

4: Montezuma.

Emperor of Mexico at the time of the Spanish Conquistadors, Montezuma held his subjects in thrall, but ended as a tragic figure.

Music includes Graun: Montezuma (excerpts).

Soloists, Cantica Nova Chamber Choir, German Chamber Academy/Johannes Goritzki.

Vivaldi: Montezuma (excerpts).

Soloists, La Grande Ecurie et la Chamber du Roy/Jean-Claude Malgoire.

198D05Castles And Palaces19981218

With Donald Macleod.

5: The Winter Palace, St Petersburg.

Shostakovich: Symphony No 11.

St Petersburg PO.

Gliere: The Bronze Horseman.

Ural PO/Dmitri Liss.

Bortnyansky: Cembalo Concerto.

Olivier Baumont (harpsichord).

Tchaikovsky: The Queen of Spades.

Maria Gulegina, mezzo (Liza), Gegam Grigorian, tenor (Herman), Kirov Orchestra/Valery Gergiev.

Liadov: Polonaise.

Slovak PO/Stephen Gunzelhauser.

Prokofiev: Cantata for the 20th Anniversary of the October Revolution.

Philharmonia Chorus and Orchestra/Neeme Jarvi.

198D05Double Lives19981023

Richard Baker remembers Cyril Scott, composer and prolific writer of books on theosophy, the occult, astrology and the therapeutic importance of diet.

Including Scott: Lotus Land, Op 47 No 1.

Dennis Hennig (piano).

Grainger: Bell Piece.

James Gilchrist (tenor), Royal Northern College of Music Wind Orchestra/Timothy Reynish.

Debussy: Jeux de vagues (La mer).

Ulster Orchestra/Yan Pascal Tortelier.

Scott: Piano Concerto (Finale).

John Ogden, LPO/Bernard Herrmann.

198D05Droned Away19981016

With Donald Macleod.

5: Sherlock Holmes.

The great detective of 221B Baker Street often, according to his friend Dr Watson, `droned away' on his violin, endeavouring to soothe his ruffled spirits or pondering over a strange problem that he had set himself to unravel.

Including excerpts from Bach: Partita No 1 in D minor, BWV1002.

Yehudi Menuhin (violin).

Sarasate: Habanera, Op 21 No 2.

The Composer (violin).

Chopin: Nocturne in F minor, Op 55 No 1.

Artur Rubinstein (piano).

Russell: A Life on the Ocean Wave.

Clifford Jackson (baritone), William Bolcom (piano).

198D05Five Saints19981127

With Donald Macleod.

5: Nicholas.

The life of Nicholas of Bari was filled with miracles, from those surrounding his conception and birth to those he performed as a priest.

The cult of Nicholas gradually became one of the most important in the Catholic world; his special sympathy with sailors and with children became widely celebrated, and eventually he became synonymous with giving presents to children at Christmas time.

Britten: St Nicholas (excerpts).

Langlais: Legende de St Nicholas (Suite folklorique).

Haydn: Mass in G (Sancti Nicolai) (excerpt).

198D05Pied Piper19981113

Richard Baker looks at the all-too-brief lives of some famous musicians.

5: David Munrow.

A brilliant musician, scholar and communicator, David Munrow was a masterly wind player who made early music popular again.

He shared his enthusiasm with an audience of all ages in 650 editions of Radio 3's `Pied Piper' but took his own life at the age of 33.

Music includes Vivaldi: Recorder Concerto in A minor, RV445.

Early Music Consort of London.

Pepusch: Prelude.

Mainerio: Il primo lIbro di balli.

198D05The Appian Way: Ottorino Respighi19981009

With Peggy Reynolds.

5: `The Appian Way: Ottorino Respighi'.

Respighi: Triton fountain; Trevi fountain (Fountains of Rome).

New York Philharmonic/Giuseppe Sinopoli.

Serenata.

I Salonisti.

Laura soave; Danza rustica (Ancient Airs and Dances: Suite No 2).

Sinfonia 21/Richard Hickox.

Pines of the Janiculum; Pines on the Appian Way (Pines of Rome).

Pittsburgh SO/Lorin Maazel.

198D05Tyrants19981106

Donald Macleod presents musical portraits of five absolute rulers famed more for their evil deeds than for their good work.

5: Stalin.

Josef Stalin succeeded Lenin and led his nation through the Second World War.

Russia is still coming to terms with his legacy.

Music includes Shostakovich: Symphony No 10 (2nd mvt).

LPO/Andrew Davis.

Shostakovich: Lady Macbeth of Mtsensk (excerpt).

Galina Vishnevskaya (soprano), LPO/Mstislav Rostropovich.

Prokofiev: Romeo and Juliet (excerpt).

New York PO/Kurt Masur.

Mozart: Piano Concerto No 23 in A, K488.

Maria Yudina, Moscow RSO/Alexander Gauk.

198D05Women Writers19981120

With Peggy Reynolds.

5: Mary Shelley.

Shelley was the daughter of two of the most famous radicals of the late 18th century - William Godwin and Mary Wollstonecraft.

She inherited her mother's spirit and ran off with the poet Shelley when she was only 16.

Including Beethoven: The Creatures of Prometheus (excerpt).

Scottish CO/Charles Mackerras.

Donizetti: O luce di quest'anima (Linda di Chamounix).

Sumi Jo (soprano), ECO/Giuliano Carella.

Liszt: Vallee d'Obermann (Annees de pelerinage).

Claudio Arrau (piano).

Barber: Music for a Scene from Shelley.

Detroit SO/Neeme Jarvi.

199A01Five Painters19990104

1: Leonardo da Vinci.

Donald Macleod investigates the genius of Leonardo, with excerpts from: Max von Schillings: Mona Lisa.

Beate Bilandzija (soprano), Kiel Opera Chorus, Kiel Philharmonic/Klauspeter Seibel.

Monteverdi: Vespers of St John the Baptist.

Soloists, Netherlands Chamber Choir, Amsterdam Monteverdi Ensemble/Gustav Leonhardt.

199A01Zampa19990208

With Peggy Reynolds.

1: Lola Montez was born Eliza Gilbert James in Limerick in 1805, but posing as a Spaniard, she danced her way through history, consorting with royalty from Paris to St Petersburg.

Music includes Delibes: The Maids of Cadiz.

Hollywood Bowl SO/Carmen Dragon.

Liszt: Concert Fantasy on Spanish Airs.

Leslie Howard (piano).

Herold: Overture `Zampa'.

Polyphon Music Box.

199A02Five Painters19990105

Donald Macleod remembers William Hogarth, a Londoner who kept a sardonic eye on the frolics and foibles of the scene around him.

With excerpts from Gay: The Beggar's Opera.

Broadside Band/Jeremy Barlow.

Telemann: Suite in D (Gulliver).

Andrew Manze and Caroline Balding (violins).

Stravinsky: The Rake's Progress.

Soloists, Lyon Opera Chorus and Orchestra/Kent Nagano.

J C Bach: Sinfonia concertante in C.

Academy of Ancient Music/Simon Standage.

199A02Le Roi De Lahore19990209

Peggy Reynolds tells the story of Mata Hari, executed in Paris in 1917 on suspicion of being a German spy and immortalised when Greta Garbo portrayed her on the silver screen.

Massenet: Ballet music `Le roi de Lahore'.

National PO/Richard Bonynge.

Rimsky-Korsakov: Suite `Antar' (excerpts).

RPO/Barry Wordsworth.

Marenco: Ballet music `Excelsior'.

Bratislava PO/Ladislav Slovak.

Couperin: Les folies francaises.

Gyorgy Cziffra (piano).

199A03Five Femmes Fatales19990210

With Peggy Reynolds.

3: Isadora Duncan was born in 1878 and grew up in San Francisco.

As a child, she was always dancing and never stopped until her tragic death when her trademark scarf caught in the wheel of a moving car.

Wagner: Bacchanale (Tannhauser).

Vienna PO/Georg Solti.

Franck: Redemption (Introduction; Choeur terrestre).

Toulouse Capitole Choir and Orchestra/Michel Plasson.

Chopin: Study in A flat, Op 25 No 1.

Maurizio Pollini (piano).

199A03The Hebrides19990106

Donald Macleod remembers Joseph Turner, the most revolutionary of all British painters.

Berlioz: Royal Hunt; Storm (Les troyens).

Montreal SO/Charles Dutoit.

Mayr: Medea in Corinto.

Jane Eaglen (soprano), Philharmonia/David Parry.

Mendelssohn: Overture `The Hebrides' (Fingal's Cave).

Vienna PO/Christoph von Dohnanyi.

Saint-Saens: Le deluge (Prelude).

Paris Orchestra/Daniel Barenboim

199A04Carmen19990107

Donald Macleod remembers Edouard Manet, a popular artist in 19th-century Paris.

Duparc: L'invitation au voyage.

Gerard Souzay (baritone), Dalton Baldwin (piano).

Chabrier: Pieces pittoresques.

Robert and Gaby Casadesus (piano).

Beranger: Les deux notaires.

Yvette Guilbert (singer).

Thomas: Etre ou ne pas etre? (Hamlet).

Soloists, Ambrosian Opera Chorus, LPO/Antonio de Almeida.

Bizet: Suite `Carmen'.

Ulster Orchestra/Yan Pascal Tortelier.

199A04Five Femmes Fatales19990211

With Peggy Reynolds.

4: Alma Mahler is the name by which the black-haired beauty Alma Schindler, born in Vienna in 1879, is best remembered today - Gustav Mahler was her first husband.

But not her last: the long list of her husbands and lovers included the cream of Austrian artistic circles.

Pfitzner: String Quartet No 1, Op 13 (1st mvt).

Franz Schubert Quartet.

Charpentier: L'amour des parents (Louise).

Ileana Cotrubas (soprano), Placido Domingo (tenor), New Philharmonia/Georges Pretre.

Alma Mahler: Der Erkennende.

Isabel Lippitz (soprano), Barbara Heller (piano).

Gustav Mahler: Symphony No 4 (2nd mvt).

New York PO/Bruno Walter.

199A05Die Liebe Der Danae19990108

Donald Macleod remembers painter Gustav Klimt, who lived in Vienna all his life but fathered a new style of painting.

Including Chopin: Prelude in D flat, Op 28 No 15.

Joseph Pembauer (piano).

Schubert: Piano Sonata in A minor, D537 (3rd mvt).

Robert Levin (fortepiano).

Berg: Lulu (excerpt).

Constance Hauman (soprano), Danish NRSO/Ulf Schirmer.

Alma Mahler: Ekstase.

Isabel Lippitz (soprano), Barbara Heller (piano).

Strauss, arr Krauss: Suite `Die Liebe der Danae'.

Berlin PO/Zubin Mehta.

199A05Five Femmes Fatales19990212

With Peggy Reynolds.

5: Josephine Baker was born in a slum in downtown St Louis, but once she had crossed the Atlantic and taken the Champs-Elysees Theatre by storm in October 1925, she was set to become the most celebrated black cabaret artist Europe had ever seen.

Her skimpy costumes, long limbs, uninhibited dancing and appalling French accent meant Josephine Baker lives on, in legend and in record.

Poulenc: Rapsodie negre.

Francois le Roux (baritone), Pascal Roge (piano), Soloists of the French National Opera/Charles Dutoit.

Offenbach: La creole (excerpts).

Huguette Boulangeau (soprano), Radio France Orchestra/Marcel Cariven.

199B01Brush Up Your Shakespeare19990614

With Peggy Reynolds.

1: The Taming of the Shrew.

Music inspired by the Shakespeare comedy.

Brush up your Shakespeare (Kiss Me Kate).

Robert Nichols and David Garrison (singers), London Sinfonietta/John McGlinn.

Wolf-Ferrari: Un orso in musoliera (Sly).

Francesco Merli (tenor) with unnamed orchestra.

Henry Bishop: Should he upbraid.

Conchita Supervia (soprano), Ivor Newton (piano).

Goetz: Die Kraft versagt (The Taming of the Shrew).

Christel Goltz (soprano), Bavarian State Orchestra/Robert Heger.

Wagenaar: Overture: The Taming of the Shrew.

Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra/Riccardo Chailly.

199B01Faust19990510

In the year marking the 250th anniversary of the birth of the great German poet Goethe, Donald Macleod explores the legend of Faust, the subject of Goethe's masterpiece.

This first programme looks at the character of Faust himself.

Music includes: Schumann: Overture (Scenes from Goethe's `Faust').

Berlin PO/Claudio Abbado.

Schumann: Des Lebens Pulse (Scenes from Goethe's `Faust').

Bryn Terfel (baritone), Berlin PO/Abbado.

Alkan: Quasi Faust (from Grand Sonata `Les quatre ages').

Marc-Andre Hamelin (piano).

Liszt: A Faust Symphony (Part 1: Faust).

Berlin PO/Simon Rattle

199B01Five Biblical Characters19990517

1: Elijah.

Richard Baker tells the story of the prophet and his miracles.

Music includes excerpts from: Mendelssohn: Elijah.

Thomas Allen (baritone), soloists, Academy and Chorus of St Martin in the Fields/Neville Marriner.

Stravinsky: Symphony of Psalms.

Berlin Radio Symphony Chorus and Orchestra/Riccardo Chailly.

199B01Five Crusaders19990531

With Donald Macleod.

1: The First Crusade recaptured the Holy City of Jerusalem exactly 900 years ago and in so doing sent a shock wave across the Middle East.

An early Verdi opera adds a love interest to the story.

Music includes: Anon: La ultime estampie royale.

Early Music Consort of London/David Munrow.

Anon: Jerusalem accipitur.

Gothic Voices/Christopher Page.

Verdi: i Lombardi (excs).

June Anderson (soprano), Richard Leech (tenor), Samuel Ramey (bass), Metropolitan Opera Chorus and Orchestra/James Levine.

Hildegard of Bingen: O Jerusalem.

Catherine King (alto).

199B01Five Gardens 119990628

With Richard Baker.

1: The Garden of Eden.

Purcell: Sleep, Adam, and take they rest.

Susan gritton (soprano), King's Consort.

Haydn: Achieved is the glorious work.

Choir of New College, Oxford, Academy of Ancient Music Orchestra and Chorus/Christopher Hogwood.

Delius: Walk to the Paradise Garden (A Village Romeo and Juliet).

Bournemouth Sinfonietta/Richard Hickox.

Jeremiah Clarke: The Glory of the Arcadian Groves.

Alfred Deller (alto), Desmond Dupre (harp/viola da gamba), Robert Elliot (harpsichord).

199B01Lohengrin19990419

With Donald Macleod.

1: the Rhine.

Music includes Liszt: Au lac de Wallenstadt (Annees de pelerinage, Book 1).

Leslie Howard (piano).

Schumann: Genoveva (excerpt).

Soloists, CO of Europe/Nikolaus Harnoncourt.

Beethoven: Cantata on the Death of the Emperor Joseph II.

Berlin Radio Choir and SO/Karl Anton Rickenbacher.

Schumann: Im Rhein, im heiligen Strome (Dichterliebe).

Ian Bostridge (tenor), Julius Drake (piano).

Plus excerpts from Wagner's `Lohengrin' and `The Ring'.

199B01The 17th Century19990426

Richard Baker looks at the history of the post of Master of the King's Music.

1: `The 17th Century'.

With music by Purcell, Lanier, John Banister and Louis Grabu.

199B02Faust19990511

With Donald Macleod.

Faust makes a tragic victim of the woman who appears in the legends as Margerita, Margareta or Gretchen.

She is the subject of today's portrait.

Music includes: Wagner: A Faust Overture.

Philadelphia Orchestra/Wolfgang Sawallisch.

Schubert: Gretchen am Spinnrade.

Kathleen Ferrier (contralto), Phyllis Spurr (piano).

Schubert: Scene from Faust, D126b.

Janet Baker (mezzo), Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau (baritone), Gerald Moore (piano).

Liszt: Paraphrase on the Waltz from Gounod's `Faust'.

Jean-Yves Thibaudet (piano).

Liszt: A Faust Symphony (Part 2: Gretchen).

Berlin Philharmonic/Simon Rattle

199B02Faust19990513

Donald Macleod explores some of the more exotic treatments of the Faust legend.

Smetana: Doctor Faust.

Slovak RSO/Robert Stankovsky.

Spohr: Faust (Act 2: Blocksberg Scene).

Michael Vier (baritone), Eelco van Jordis (bass), Maria Kowollik (soprano), Bielefeld Opera Chorus, Bielefeld PO/Geoffrey Moull.

Ginastera: Overture to the Creole `Faust'.

Simon Bolivar SO/Maximiano Valdes.

Schnittke: Faust Cantata (Night Scene).

Inger Blom (mezzo), Malmo Symphony Chorus and Orchestra/James DePriest.

Henri Rabaud: Procession Nocturne.

Rheinland-Pfalz Philharmonic/Leif Segerstam.

199B02Five Biblical Characters19990518

Richard Baker introduces music linked with Daniel, the Jewish prophet and exile in Babylon, who foretold the Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar's descent into madness and who was thrown into the lions' den after the defeat of Babylon by the Medes and Persians.

Including excerpts from: Boyce: By the Waters of Bablyon.

Choir of New College, Oxford/Edward Higginbottom.

Britten: The Burning Fiery Furnace.

English Opera Group/Britten.

Walton: Belshazzar's Feast.

Thomas Hampson (baritone), CBSO and Chorus/Simon Rattle.

Vaughan Williams: A Vision of Aeroplanes.

Finzi Singers, Henry Bickett (organ)/Paul Spicer.

199B02Five Crusaders19990601

Donald Macleod explores music associated with with Norman crusader Tancredi.

Including: Anon: Luto carens et latere.

Gothic Voices/Christopher Page.

Campra: Tancrede (excs).

Catherine Dussaut (soprano), Jacques Bona (baritone), Avignon Vocal Ensemble, Provence Instrumental Ensemble/Clement Zaffini.

Rossini: Di tanti palpiti (Tancredi).

Cecilia Bartoli (mezzo), Vienna Volksoper Orchestra/Giuseppe Patane.

Donizetti: Il crociato (exc).

Zehara Gal (mezzo), Jeff Cohen (piano).

Monteverdi: Il combattimento di Tancredi e Clorinda.

Soloists, Les Arts Florissants/William Christie.

199B02Five Gardens19990629

With Richard Baker.

2: The Gardens of the Villa d'Este were the creation of a 16th-century cardinal who astounded visitors with an unrivalled collection of fountains.

Music includes Josquin Desprez: Missa Hercules Dux Ferrariae.

Hilliard Ensemble.

Palestrina: Dum complerentur.

Taverner Consort.

Handel: Hercules.

Monteverdi Choir, English Baroque Soloists/John Eliot Gardiner.

Liszt: Aux cypres de la Villa d'Este; Threnodie II.

Leslie Howard (piano).

199B02The 18th Century19990427

Richard Baker looks at the history of the post of Master of the King's Music.

2: `The 18th Century'.

With music by Blow, Handel, Greene, Boyce and Stanley.

199B02The Thames19990420

With Donald Macleod.

2: `The Thames'.

Verdi: Falstaff (excerpt).

Giuseppe Taddei (baritone), Vienna PO/Herbert von Karajan.

Hook, arr Barlow: The Lass of Richmond Hill.

John Potter (tenor), Broadside Band.

Purcell: Dido and Aeneas (Prelude; Sailors' Chorus).

Chorus and Orchestra of the Academy of Ancient Music/Christopher Hogwood.

Coates: Westminster (A London Suite).

LPO/Coates.

Dyson: Cantata `In Honour of the City' (excerpt).

Royal College of Music Chamber Choir, RPO/David Willcocks.

Walton: Wapping Old Stairs (A Song for the Lord Mayor's Table).

Jill Gomez (soprano), City of London Sinfonia/Richard Hickox

199B02Twelfth Night19990615

Peggy Reynolds introduces music inspired by `Twelfth Night'.

Clifton: If Music Be the Food of Love.

Anthony Rolfe Johnson (tenor), Graham Johnson (piano).

Haydn: She never told her love.

April Cantelo (soprano), Raymond Leppard (harpsichord).

Addison: O mistress mine.

Henze: Sir Andrew Aguecheek (Royal Winter Music II).

Dietmar Kres (guitar).

Sibelius: Come away, death.

Jorma Hynninen (baritone), Gothenburg SO/Jorma Panula.

Heise: When that I was and a little tiny boy.

Lauritz Melchior (tenor), Ignace Strasfogel (piano).

199B03Artaserse19990421

With Donald Macleod.

3: the Po.

J C Bach: Overture `Artaserse'.

Academy of Ancient Music/Christopher Hogwood.

Vivaldi: Concerto in C for two flutes, RV533.

Jean-Pierre Rampal and Shigenori Kudo, Salzburg Mozarteum Orchestra.

Paganini: Caprice No 24 in A minor.

Salvatore Accardo (violin).

Verdi: I vespri siciliani (excerpt).

Soloists, New Philharmonia/James Levine.

Mozart: Al desio di chi t'adora (The Marriage of Figaro).

Barbara Bonney (soprano), Drottningholm Court Theatre Orchestra/Arnold Ostman.

199B03Faust19990512

The character of Faust himself is the focus of the third of Donald Macleod's musical explorations of Goethe's great drama.

Booito: Son lo spirito che nega (Mefistofele).

Nicolai Ghiaurov (bass), National PO/Olivier de Fabritiis.

Frankel: Mephistopheles' Serenade and Dance.

Queensland SO/Werner Andreas Albert.

Gounod: Maitre Scarabee, ayant fait fortune (Faust).

Jose van Dam (baritone), Toulouse Capitole Orchestra/Michel Plasson.

Liszt: A Faust Symphony (Part 3: Faust).

Peter Seiffert (tenor), Ernst Senff Choir, Prague Philharmonic Chorus, Berlin Philharmonic/Simon Rattle

199B03Faust19990514

The final programme focuses on the tremendous challenge of setting the second, highly philosophical half of Goethe's dramatic masterpiece.

Schumann: The Death of Faust (Scenes from Goethe's `Faust').

Jan-Hendrik Rootering (bass), Bryn Terfel (baritone), Tolz Boys' Choir, Swedish Radio Choir, Berlin PO/Claudio Abbado.

Busoni: The Vision of Helen of Troy (Doktor Faust).

Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau (baritone), William Cochran (tenor), Bavarian Radio Chorus and SO/Ferdinand Leitner.

Liszt: Court Celebration from Eduard Lassen's `Faust'.

Leslie Howard (piano).

Mahler: Symphony No 8 (exc).

Soloists, choirs and Netherlands Radio PO/Edo de Waart.

199B03Five Biblical Characters19990519

Richard Baker introduces music associated with Esther, the Jewish orphan who became queen to Persian emperor Xerxes and risked her own life to save the Jews from a plot to massacre them and whose courage is commemorated in the Jewish feast of Purim.

Music includes: Handel: Esther (excerpts).

Linda Russell (soprano), Mark Padmore (tenor), Michael George (bass), the Sixteen Choir and orchestra/Harry Christophers.

Bloch: Baal-Shem.

Robert Zimansky (violin), Christoph Keller (piano).

199B03Five Crusades19990602

With Donald Macleod.

3: King Richard the Lionheart.

Music associated with Richard I includes a brilliant Handel opera dramatising his shotgun marriage in Cyprus.

Anon: Etas auri reditur.

Gothic Voices/Christopher Page.

Handel: Riccardo Primo (excs).

Sara Mingardo (mezzo), Sandrine Piau (soprano), Roberto Scaltriti (baritone), Les Talens Lyriques/Christophe Rousset.

Attrib Richard I: Ja nus hons pris.

Thibaut de Champagne: Au tens plain de felonnie.

Gaucelm Faidit: Lament on the Death of Richard Coeur de Lion.

Nigel Rogers (tenor), Early Music Consort of London/David Munrow.

199B03Five Gardens19990630

With Richard Baker.

3: Vauxhall pleasure gardens on the south bank of the Thames were a resort for Londoners for over two centuries.

Thousands flocked there to hear Handel rehearse his Royal Fireworks Music - causing what was probably London's first traffic jam.

Music includes: Boyce: Spring Gardens.

Evelyn Tubb (soprano), Frances Kelly (triple harp).

Boyce: Concerto Grosso in E minor.

London Baroque/Charles Medlam.

Handel: Music for the Royal Fireworks.

English Concert/Trevor Pinnock.

Bishop: Foresters Sound the Cheerful Horn.

Hilliard Ensemble.

199B03Henry V19990616

Peggy Reynolds introduces music inspired by Shakespeare's historical drama `Henry V'.

Anon: Agincourt Carol.

Gothic Voices/Christopher Page.

Vaughan Williams: Overture: Henry V.

London Brass Virtuosi/David Honeyball.

Walton: Passacaglia on the Death of Falstaff.

Florida Philharmonic/James Judd.

George Dyson: Cantata: Agincourt.

BBC Singers, BBC Concert Orchestra/Stephen Cleobury.

Patrick Doyle: Non nobis, Domine.

Stephen Hill Singers, CBSO/Simon Rattle

199B03The 19th Century19990428

Richard Baker looks at the history of the post of Master of the King's Music.

3: `The 19th Century'.

With music by Haydn, Shield, Cramer, Mackenzie, Sullivan, Parratt and Elgar.

199B04Five Biblical Characters19990520

Richard Baker introduces music connected with Lazarus, whom Jesus raised from the dead.

With excerpts from: Schubert: Lazarus.

Soloists, Bach Collegium Stuttgart/Helmuth Rilling.

J C F Bach: The Resurrection of Lazarus.

Soloists, Valence Vocal Ensemble, Jean-Francois Paillard CO/J-F Paillard.

Rachmaninov: The Raising of Lazarus.

Sergei Leverkus (baritone), Howard Shelley (piano).

Faure: Requiem.

La Chapelle Royale/Philippe Herreweghe.

199B04Five Crusaders19990603

With Donald Macleod..

4: Rinaldo and Armida (-) Christian knight and Saracen sorceress (-) are the protagonists of tasso's huge poem Gerusalemme Liberata.

There are over a hundred separate operas on the subject (-) most of them utterly forgotten.

Music includes: Vivaldi Overture: Armida al Campo d'Egitto.

I Solisti Veneti, conductor Claudio Scimone.

Gluck Le Perfide Renaud Me Fuit (Armide).

199B04Five Gardens19990701

With Richard Baker.

4: The graceful Moorish gardens of the Alhambra in Grenada - and the neighbouring gardens of the Generalife - have inspired several composers.

Tarrega: Recuerdos de la Alhambra.

Narciso Yepes (guitar).

Cassado: Lamento de Boabdil.

Vivane Spanghoe (cello), Andre de Groote (piano).

Falla: En el Generalife (Nights in the Gardens of Spain).

Alicia de Larrocha (piano), LPO/Rafael Fruhbeck de Burgos.

Debussy: La Puerta del Vino.

Claudio Arrau (piano).

199B04Five Great Rivers19990422

With Donald Macleod.

4: the Rhone.

Daetwyler: Alphorn Concerto (1st mvt).

Jozsef Molnar, Bratislava Philharmonic/Urs Schneider.

Barber: Le clocher chante; Depart (Melodies passageres).

Thomas Hampson (baritone), John Browning (piano).

Liszt: Les cloches de Geneve (Annees de pelerinage, Book 1).

Jorge Bolet (piano).

Milhaud: Suite provencale.

Toulouse Capitole Orchestra/Michel Plasson.

Bizet: L'arlesienne Suite No 2.

French National Orchestra/Seiji Ozawa.

199B04Othello19990617

Peggy Reynolds introduces music inspired by `Othello'.

Khachaturian: Vineyards; Venice (Nocturne) (Suite: Othello).

Slovak Radio SO/Adriano.

Castelnuovo-Tedesco: The Soldier Drinks.

Anne Victoria Banks (soprano), William Wellborn (piano).

Rossini: Nessun maggior dolore (Otello).

Frederica von Stade (soprano), Nucci Condo (mezzo), Alfonso Leoz (tenor), Philharmonia/Jesus Lopez-Cobos.

Grainger: Willow Song.

Sarah Walker (mezzo), Graham Johnson (piano).

Verdi: Ave Maria; Niun mi tema (Otello).

Ramon Vinay (tenor), Herva Nelli (soprano), NBC SO and Chorus/Arturo Toscanini.

199B04The Early 20th Century19990429

Richard Baker looks at the history of the post of Master of the King's Music.

4: `The Early 20th Century'.

With music by Elgar and Walford Davies.

199B05Five Biblical Characters19990521

Richard Baker introduces music connected with St Paul, who changed from being a persecutor of the Christians to the church's greatest early champion after an encounter with the risen Lord on the road to Damascus.

Music includes excerpts from: Mendelssohn: St Paul.

Soloists, Gulbenkian Choir and orchestra, Lisbon/Michel Corboz.

Schutz: Saul, Saul, was vervolgst du mich? Schutz Academy/Howard Arman.

Elgar: The Kingdom.

LPO/Adrian Boult.

Haydn: the Seven Last Words.

Borodin Quartet.

199B05Five Crusaders19990604

With Donald Macleod.

5: In 1213 Pope Innocent II initiated yet another attempt to recpature the Holy City of Jerusalem - and the Fifth and Sixth Crusades were no less bloodthirsty than their predecessors.

The port of Damietta in Egypt, scene of much bitter fighting, is also the setting for a spectacular Crusade opera by Meyerbeer.

Anon: La quinte estampie royal.

Early Music Consort of London/David Munrow.

Meyerbeer: The Crusader in Egypt (excs).

Diana Montague, soprano (Armando), Yvonne Kenny, soprano (Palmide), Bruce Ford, tenor (Adriano), Della Jones, mezzo (Felicia), Geoffrey Mitchell Choir, RPO/David Parry.

199B05Five Gardens19990702

With Richard Baker.

5: The elaborate gardens at Versailles were the setting of lavish entertainments, many with music by Louis XIV's favourite composer, Lully.

Boesset: Ennuite, desespoirs et douleurs.

Nigel Rogers (tenor), Anthony Bailes (lute).

Lully: Les airs de trompettes, timbales et hautbois.

Ensemble de Cuivres de Paris/Jean-Francois Paillard.

Charpentier: Les plaisirs de Versailles (excerpt).

Sophie Daneman (soprano), Katalin Karolyi (mezzo), Les Arts Florissants.

Delalande: Symphonies pour les soupirs du Roy (Suite No 5).

La Simphonie du Marais/Hugo Reyne.

199B05The Later 20th Century19990430

Richard Baker looks at the history of the post of Master of the King's Music.

5: `The Later 20th Century'.

With music by Bax, Walford Davies, Walton, Bliss and Williamson.

199B05The River19990423

With Donald Macleod.

5: the Mississippi.

Including excerpts from Rodgers: Mississippi River Blues.

Jimmie Roders (vocal).

Coleridge-Taylor: Hiawatha.

Soloists, Chorus and Orchestra of Welsh National Opera/Kenneth Alwyn.

Handy: St Louis Blues.

Louis Armstrong and His Orchestra.

Thomson: Suite `The River'.

Los Angeles CO/Neville Marriner.

Gottschalk: Le bananier.

Philip Martin (piano).

Kern: Ol' Man River (Showboat).

Soloists, London Sinfonietta/John McGlinn.

199B05The Tempest19990618

Peggy Reynolds introduces music inspired by Shakespeare's romantic fantasy `The Tempest'.

Locke: Curtain Tune (The Tempest).

Il Giardino Armonico/Giovanni Antonini.

Anon: Come unto these yellow sands; Full fathom five.

Leslie French (tenor).

Henze: Ariel (Royal Winter Music I).

Julian Bream (guitar).

Frederick Corder: Overture `Prospero'.

English Northern Philharmonia/David Lloyd-Jones.

JC Smith: No more dams I'll make for fish.

Anthony Rolfe Johnson (tenor), Graham Johnson (piano).

Dankworth: Our revels now are ended.

Cleo Laine (vocal).

Beethoven: Piano Sonata, Op 31 No 2 (Tempest) (2nd mvt).

Stephen Kovacevich.

199C01Double Portraits19990722

4: `Sickert and Beecham'.

Peggy Reynolds discusses Walter Sickert's portrait of conductor Sir Thomas Beecham.

The impressionistic picture was painted from a photograph, not from life.

Music includes Wagner: Prelude, Act 1: Die Meistersinger.

LPO/Thomas Beecham.

Mozart: Symphony No 36 in C (Linz) (2nd mvt).

RPO/Thomas Beecham.

Sibelius: Violin Concerto (3rd mvt).

Jascha Heifetz, LPO/Thomas Beecham.

Delius: Brigg Fair.

199C01Five Great Festivals19990809

1: Spring.

Peggy Reynolds introduces music associated with the season of spring, including excerpts from Respighi: Primavera (Botticelli Pictures).

Beethoven: Violin Sonata in F, Op 24 (Spring).

Gidon Kremer, Martha Argerich (piano).

Britten: Spring Symphony.

Soloists, Philharmonia/John Eliot Gardiner.

Rachmaninov: Spring.

Soloists, Choral Arts Society of Philadelphia/Charles Dutoit.

199C01Gainsborough And The Linleys19990719

1: `Gainsborough and the Linleys'.

Peggy Reynolds discusses Gainsborough's portrait of musician Thomas Linley's gifted daughters Elizabeth and Mary.

Painted in 1772, the picture now sits in the Dulwich Picture Gallery.

Music includes J C Bach: Oboe Concerto No 2 in F.

Anthony Robson, Hanover Band/Anthony Halstead.

William Herschel: Sonata in D, Op 4 No 4.

Invocation/Timothy Roberts (harpsichord).

Handel: Father of Heaven (Judas Maccabaeus).

Kathleen Ferrier (contralto), LPO/Adrian Boult.

Thomas Linley: In thousand thoughts of love and thee.

Invocation.

199C01Noah19990802

Richard Baker discusses five seafaring heroes, beginning today with the first sailor of them all: Noah.

Music includes Binge: Sailing By.

New London Orchestra/Ronald Corp.

Donizetti: Overture `Il diluvio universale'.

Belgian Radio and TV Orchestra/Silvano Frontali.

Horowitz: Captain Noah and His Floating Zoo (exc).

King's Singers and Ensemble.

Britten: Noye's Fludde (exs).

Soloists, ECO/Benjamin Britten.

Stravinsky: Catalogue of the Animals (The Flood).

London Sinfonietta/Oliver Knussen.

Ridout: History of the Flood.

King's Singers.

Montsalvatge: Noah's Ark.

Benita Meshulam (piano).

Malipiero: Quartet No 6.

199C01Richard Wallace19990726

1: `Richard Wallace'.

Donald Macleod explores the life and times of Richard Wallace, inheritor of a priceless treasury of art which bears his name - The Wallace Collection.

Music includes Gabrieli: Canzon duodecimi toni.

Handel: To Fleeting Pleasures (Samson).

Warlock: Yarmouth Fair.

Michael Haydn: Andromeda e Perseo (Sinfonia).

Hotteterre: Pourquoi doux rossignol; L'autre jour ma Cloris.

Gluck: Dance of the Furies (Orfeo ed Euridice).

Dussek: La Mort de Marie-Antoinette (ex).

199C02Cherubini And Ingres19990720

Peggy Reynolds talks about Luigi Cherubini and the portrait of him painted by Ingres.

Music includes Gounod: Melodies pour le cor a pistons No 3.

Barry Tuckwell (French horn), David Blumenthal (piano).

Mozart: Violin Sonata in E minor, K304.

Arthur Grumiaux, Walter Klien (piano).

Cherubini: Overture `Les deux journees' (The Water Carrier).

Academy of St Martin in the Fields /Neville Marriner.

Beethoven: Overture `Fidelio'.

Vienna Philharmonic/Wilhelm Furtwangler.

Cherubini: Overture `Lodoiska'.

City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra/Lawrence Foster.

199C02Five Great Collectors19990727

2: Samuel Courtauld.

Donald Macleod explores the life and times of Samuel Courtauld, who established the art collection in Somerset House and founded the Courtauld Institute.

Music includes Corteccia: Florentine Wedding Music.

Geneva Early Music Consort, Studio di Palermo, Schola Jacopo da Bologna/Gabriel Garrido.

Stravinsky: Jeu de cartes (3rd mvt).

German SO/Vladimir Ashkenazy.

Rands: Le tambourin (The Church at Auvers) Philhadelphia Orchestra/Riccardo Muti.

Humphries: Trumpet Concerto in D, Op 2 No 2.

Crispian Steele-Perkins, ECO/Anthony Halstead.

Dallapicolla: Il coro delle Malmaritate.

New London Chamber Choir/James Wood.

199C02Five Great Festivals19990810

2: Midsummer.

Peggy Reynolds introduces music associated with midsummer, including excerpts from: Mendelssohn: A Midsummer Night's Dream.

LSO/Andre Previn.

Tippett: The Midsummer Marriage.

Soloists, Chorus and Orchestra of the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden/Colin Davis.

Britten: A Midsummer Night's Dream.

Soloists, LSO/Benkamin Britten.

Wagner: Die Meistersinger von Nurnberg.

Soloists, Chorus and Orchestra of Deutsche Oper, Berlin/Eugen Jochum.

199C02Medea19990803

2: Jason.

Richard Baker introduces music associated with the legendary leader of the Argonauts, who set out to find the Golden Fleece.

Music includes excerpts from Cherubini: Medea.

Budapest SO/Lamberto Gardelli.

Cavalli: Delizie contente.

Cecilia Bartoli (mezzo), Gyorgy Fischer (piano).

Barber: Suite `Medea'.

New Zealand SO/Andrew Schenk.

Plus arias and ensembles from Cavalli's opera `Giasone', conducted by Rene Jacobs.

199C03Columbus19990804

3: Christopher Columbus.

Richard Baker talks about the life and times of Christopher Columbus.

Music includes excerpts from Wagner: Overture `Columbus'.

Bavarian RSO/Jeffrey Tate.

Offenbach: The Earth Is Round (Christophe Colomb).

John Duxbury (tenor), Christian du Plessis (baritone), London Mozart Players/Alun Francis.

Walton: Romanza; Fiesta; Gloria; (Columbus Suite).

Linda Finnie (mezzo), City of London Sinfonia/Richard Hickox.

Anon: Viva el gran Rey Don Fernando.

Catherine Bott (soprano), New London Consort/Philip Pickett.

Franchetti: Christophoro Colombo (exc).

Renato Bruson (baritone).

199C03Delacroix And Paganini19990721

3: `Delacroix and Paganini'.

Peggy Reynolds talks about Paganini and the Delacroix portrait of him in 1833.

Music includes Paganini: Caprice No 24.

Michael Rabin (violin).

Liszt: La Campanella (Paganini Study No 3).

Michael Ponti (piano).

Paganini: Le Streghe, Op 8.

Salvatore Accardo (violin), LPO/Charles Dutoit.

Berlioz: Harold in Italy (exc).

Nobuko Imai (viola), LSO/Colin Davis.

199C03Five Great Collectors19990728

3: Henry Clay Frick.

Donald Macleod profiles Henry Clay Frick, founder of the Frick Collection.

Music includes Wagner: Pilgrims' Chorus (Tannhauser).

Vienna State Opera Chorus, Vienna SO/Georg Solti.

Saint-Saens: Softly Awakes My Heart (Samson et Dalila).

Marian Anderson (contralto), orchestra conducted by Lawrence Collingwood.

Saint-Saens: Prelude (The Deluge), Gerard Jarry (violin), Orchestra of the Ile de France/Jacques Mercier.

Ives: The Anti-Abolitionist Riots.

Joanna MacGregor (piano).

Walton: Cantico del Sole.

Finzi Singers/Paul Spicer.

Plus pieces played on the house organ of the Frick Collection.

199C03Five Great Festivals19990811

3: Bastille Day.

Peggy Reynolds introduces music including excerpts from De Lisle arr Berlioz: La Marseillaise.

Placido Domingo (tenor), Paris Choir and Orchestra/Daniel Barenboim.

Giordano: Andrea Chenier.

Soloists, National PO/James Levine.

Kurt Weill: Bastille Music.

Ensemble Modern/H K Gruber.

Dittersdorf: La prise de Bastille.

Concerto Koln.

199C04Five Great Collectors19990729

4: William Hesketh Lever.

Donald Macleod talks about the founder of Lever Brothers, who collected art on a scale unmatched by anyone in Britain since his death in 1925.

Music includes Grainger: Country Gardens.

Eastman-Rochester Pops/Frederick Fennell.

Schmitt: The War Pact (Salammbo).

French Army Choir, Orchestra of the Ile de France/Jacques Mercier.

Field: Marche triomphale.

Miceal O'Rourke (piano).

Handel: Cara pianta (Apollo e Dafne).

Oswald: The Seasons (excs).

Broadside Band/Jeremy Barlow.

Saint-Saens: Phaeton.

Pittsburgh SO/Lorin Maazel.

Mozart: Masonic Funeral Music.

Vienna Volksoper Orchestra/Peter Maag.

199C04Hallowmas19990812

Peggy Reynolds introduces music associated with All Souls and All Saints, including excerpts from: Scriabin: Sonata No 9 (Black Mass).

Vladimir Ashkenazy (piano).

Malcolm Arnold: Overture `Tam O'Shanter'.

Scottish National Orchestra/Alexander Gibson.

Bruch: Adagio on Celtic Themes.

Ofra Harnoy (cello), LPO/Charles Mackerras.

Maxwell Davies: The Beltane Fire.

BBC PO/Peter Maxwell Davies.

199C04La Dama Le Demanda19990805

4: Sir Francis Drake.

Richard Baker talks about Sir Francis Drake and the legends attached to him.

Music includes excerpts from Johnson: Eliza Is the Fairest Queen.

James Bowman (countertenor), King's Consort/Robert King.

Tomkins: Sing unto God.

Red Byrd, Broadside Band/Jeremy Barlow.

Byrd: Sellinger's Round.

Christopher Hogwood (virginals).

Tallis: Spem in alium.

Choir of New College Oxford, Maitrise Nationale de Versailles/Edward Higginbottom.

Cabezon: Variations on `La dama le demanda'.

Hesperion XX/Jordi Savall.

Plus two contemporary ballads: `The Obtaining of the Great Galleazzo' and `The 88 of Sir Francis Drake'.

199C05Five Great Collectors19990730

5: William Burrell.

Donald Macleod talks about the Scottish shipowner and art collector.

Tallis: Lamentations of Jeremiah (exc).

Theatre of Voices/Paul Hillier.

Charpentier: Judith and Holofernes (exc).

Soloists, English Bach Festival Orchestra/Michel Corboz.

Anon: Spring on the Tianshan Mountains.

He Shu-Feng (pi'pa).

Verdi: Stride la vampa (Il trovatore).

Brigitte Fassbaender (soprano), Santa Cecilia Academy/Giulini.

Schumann: Papillons.

Cecile Licad (piano).

Dufay: Flos florum.

Pro Cantione Antiqua.

Delibes: Prelude and Waltz (Coppelia).

Paris Opera Orchestra/Jean-Baptiste Mari.

Stravinsky: Circus Polka.

Suisse Romande/Jarvi.

199C05Five Great Festivals19990813

5: New Year.

Peggy Reynolds introduces music associated with the New Year, including excerpts from Josef Strauss: Music of the Spheres.

Vienna PO/Willi Boskovsky.

Bach: New Year Chorale.

Peter Hurford (organ).

Tippett: New Year Suite.

Bournemouth SO/Richard Hickox

199C05Five Sailors19990806

5: Horatio Nelson.

Richard Baker talks about the British admiral who made his country ruler of the waves.

Music includes Braham: Death of Nelson.

Robert Tear (tenor), Andre Previn (piano).

Handel: See the Conqu'ring Hero Comes (Judas Maccabaeus).

Choir of New College, Oxford, King's Consort/Robert King.

Haydn: Mass in D minor (Nelson).

Felicity Lott (soprano), Crolyn Watkinson (mezzo), Maldwyn Davies (tenor), David Wilson-Johnson (baritone), English Concert and Choir/Trevor Pinnock

199C05Suggia And Augustus John19990723

5: `Suggia and Augustus John'.

Peggy Reynolds talks about Augustus John's well-known portrait of Portuguese cellist Guilhermina Suggia, which hangs in the Tate Gallery.

Music includes Leone Singaglia: Humoresque.

Guilhermina Suggia (cello).

Dvorak: Cello Concerto in B minor (3rd mvt).

Pablo Casals (cello), Czech PO/George Szell.

Beethoven: Piano Trio in B flat, Op 97 (Archduke).

Jacques Thibaud (violin), Pablo Casals (cello), Alfred Cortot (piano).

Haydn: Cello Concerto in D.

Guilhermina Suggia (cello), with orchestra conducted by John Barbirolli.