Smiley's People

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20120204

After almost 50 years, the origins of the 'Smiley' are contested but the iconic yellow design emerged and became popular in 1963 as a moral booster for the employees of an insurance company in Massachusetts after a company merger. The man behind this visual reminder to put on a 'happy face' was Harvey Ball, who designed the image for a $45 fee.

Alastair travels to Worcester, just outside of Boston, to meet Harvey's son Charlie and hear the story of his father's famous design. Are Worcester's residents proud of its role in the 'smiley' story?

Murray Spain, with brother and business partner Bernie, decided the image was a perfect balm for a traumatised American public in the wake of the Vietnam War. In Philadelphia they put the image on cards, badges and gift items and by 1971 had sold 50 million badges. Just why does he think the smiley face caught the public's imagination?

Frenchman Franklin Loufrani used the image to indicate good news in the paper 'France Soir' and made swift moves to trademark the image. His company now turns over $100 million a year and embroiled in a copyright dispute with Walmart over the image in the 1990s. His son Nicholas, CEO of 'The Smiley Company', tells a tale of copyright squabbles, big business and why the logo has such longevity.

An image of childlike innocence and happiness was ripe for subversion and Alastair examines how the smiley has been used in popular culture for satirical purposes, from Acid House and rave culture to Alan Moore and Dave Gibbon's revered graphic novel 'The Watchmen' and Banksy's graffiti.

In Smiley's People, Alastair meets the people behind that simple image of a shiny yellow face, two bright black eyes and a 'Mr Happy' mouth and asks what, during a new period of austerity, the smiley means to us.

Producer: Rebecca Maxted

A Wise Buddah production for BBC Radio 4.

Yellow circle. Black eyes. Happy mouth. Alastair Sooke explores the smiley face.

Genome: [r4 Bd=19900213]

Unknown: John Le Carre

Unknown: Rene Basilico.

Music By: Max Harris

Producer: John Fawcett Wilson

George Smiley: Bernard Hepton

Mendel: John Bennett

Oliver Lacon: John Quayle

Lauder Strickland: Alex Norton

Mostyn: Stephen Garlick

Det Chief Supt Smith: Geoffrey Whitehead

Mr Murgatroyd: David Graham

Sgt Pike: David Goudge

Ricky: Paul Downing

PC Hall: Paul Downing

Jenny: Elizabeth Mansfield

Woman: Elizabeth Mansfield

Genome: [r4 Bd=19900215]

Unknown: John Le Carre

Genome: [r4 Bd=19900220]

Unknown: John Le Carre

Unknown: Rene Basilico.

Unknown: Bernard Hepton

Unknown: George Smiley

Unknown: John Bennett

Unknown: Brenda Blethyn

Unknown: Stella Crawford Logan

Unknown: Oscar Quitak

Music By: Max Harris

Unknown: John Fawcett Wilson

Mr Lamb: Nick Stringer

Marco: Frank Coda

Telephone receptionist: Susan Sheridan

Elvira: Barbara Rogacka

Genome: [r4 Bd=19900222]
Genome: [r4 Bd=19900227]

Unknown: John Le Carre

Unknown: Rene Basiljco.

Unknown: George Smiley

Music By: Max Harris

Producer: John Fawcett Wilson

George Smiley: Bernard Hepton

Mendel: John Bennett

Toby Esterhase and featuring: Charles Kay

Connie Sachs: Rosemary Leach

Oliver Lacon: John Quayle

Hilary: Helena Breck

Art gallery receptionist: Zelah Clarke

Waiter: Charles Simpson

Genome: [r4 Bd=19900301]
Genome: [r4 Bd=19900306]

Unknown: John Le Carre

Unknown: Rene Basilico.

Music By: Max Harris

Producer: John Fawcett Wilson

George Smiley: Bernard Hepton

Mendel: John Bennett

Toby Esterhase: Charles Kay

Connie Sachs: Rosemary Leach

Claus Kretzschmar: Carl Duering

Hilary: Helena Breck

Wather: Michael Mellinger

Ferguson/Bouncer: Stuart Organ

Waitress: Sue Broomfield

Genome: [r4 Bd=19900308]
Genome: [r4 Bd=19900313]

Unknown: John Le Carre

Unknown: Rene Basilico.

Unknown: Bernard Hepton

Unknown: Charles Kay

Music: Max Harris

Unknown: John Fawcett Wilson.

George Smiley: Bernard Hepton

Toby Esterhase: Charles Kay

Connie Sachs: Rosemary Leach

Claus Kretzschmar: Carl Duering

Peter Guillam: Douglas Blackwell

Hilary: Helena Breck

Mme Ostrakhova: Hana-Maria Pravda

Frau Kretzschmar: Suzanne Roquette

Marie-Claire Guillam: Carolle Rousseau

Concierge: Pamela Stirling

Passport controller: Ben Onwukwe

German cab driver: Dale Rapley

Genome: [r4 Bd=19900320]

Unknown: John Le Carre

Unknown: Rene Basilico.

Unknown: Bernard Hepton

Unknown: Charles Kay.

Unknown: George Smiley

Music: Max Harris

Producer: John Fawcett Wilson

George Smiley: Bernard Hepton

Toby Esterhase: Charles Kay

Sir Saul Enderby: Charles Palmer

Sam Collins: Terrence Hardiman

Lady Ann Smiley: Sarah Lawson

Mitzi: Aletta Lawson

Minnie: Maria Warburg

Receptionist; May: June Marlow

Cabbie: Brian Miller

Genome: [r4 Bd=19900322]
Genome: [r4 Bd=19900327]

Unknown: John Ie Carre.

Adapted By: Rene Basilico.

Unknown: Bernard Hepton.

Unknown: George Smiley

Music: Max Harris

Producer: John Fawcett

Smiley: Bernard Hepton

Toby Esterhase: Charles Kay

Grigoriev: Christopher Rozycki

Peter Guillam: Douglas Blackwell

Alexandra/ Tatiana: Sophie Walkiewicz-Slav

Millie McCraig: Eva Stuart

Canada Bill: Garrick Hagon

Sartor: Michael Batz

Skordeno: Peter Birch

Mother Felicity: Hannah Norbert

Genome: [r4 Bd=19911029]

An adaptation of John le Carre 's novel in seven parts.

1: An old man is murdered on Hampstead Heath.... and a voice from the past disturbs George Smiley 's retirement.

Adapted by Rene Basilico

Producer John Fawcett Wilson Stereo

Contributors

Unknown: John Le Carre

Unknown: Hampstead Heath.

Unknown: George Smiley

Producer: John Fawcett Wilson

George Smiley: Bernard Hepton

Mendel: John Bennett

Oliver Lacon: John Quayle

Lauder Strickland: Alex Norton

Mostyn: Stephen Garlick

Det Chief Supt Smith: Geoffrey Whitehead

Mr Murgatroyd: David Graham

Sgt Pike: David Goudge

Ricky/PC Hall: Paul Downing

Jenny/Woman: Elizabeth Mansfield

Genome: [r4 Bd=19911029]

Unknown: John Le Carre

Unknown: Hampstead Heath.

Unknown: George Smiley

Adapted By: Rene Basilico

Producer: John Fawcett Wilson

George Smiley: Bernard Hepton

Mendel: John Bennett

Oliver Lacon: John Quayle

Lauder Strickland: Alex Norton

Mostyn: Stephen Garlick

Det Chief Supt Smith: Geoffrey Whitehead

Mr Murgatroyd: David Graham

Sgt Pike: David Goudge

Ricky/PC Hall: Paul Downing

Jenny/Woman: Elizabeth Mansfield

Genome: [r4 Bd=19911105]

An adaptation of John le Carre 's novel in seven parts.

2: Vladimir's murder is an embarrassment to the Circus... and George Smiley has been persuaded out of retirement to "lay him to rest", quietly, without fuss. But the old agent left a legacy, which Smiley cannot ignore.

George Smiley....BERNARD HEPTON

Adapted by Rene Basilico

Producer John Fawcett Wilson Stereo

Contributors

Unknown: John Le Carre

Unknown: George Smiley

Mendel: John Bennett

Stella: Brenda Blethyn

Villem: Crawford Logan

Mikhel: Oscar Quitak

MrLamb: Nick Stringer

Marco: Frank Coda

Telephone receptionist: Susan Sheridan

Elvira: Barbara Rogacka

Genome: [r4 Bd=19911105]

Unknown: John Le Carre

Unknown: George Smiley

Adapted By: Rene Basilico

Mendel: John Bennett

Stella: Brenda Blethyn

Villem: Crawford Logan

Mikhel: Oscar Quitak

MrLamb: Nick Stringer

Marco: Frank Coda

Telephone receptionist: Susan Sheridan

Elvira: Barbara Rogacka

Genome: [r4 Bd=19911112]

An adaptation of John Ie Carre 's novel in seven parts.

3: Vladimir was betrayed - but why? This is the question that now preoccupies

George Smiley.... and leads him to enlist the help of two old "circus" colleagues.

Adapted by Rene Basilico

Producer John Fawcett Wilson Stereo

Contributors

Unknown: John Ie Carre

Unknown: George Smiley.

Producer: John Fawcett Wilson

George Smiley: Bernard Hepton

Mendel: John Bennett

Toby Esterhase: Charles Kay

Connie Sachs: Rosemary Leach

Oliver Lacon: John Quayle

Hilary: Helena Breck

Art gallery receptionist: Zelah Clarke

Waiter: Charles Simpson

Genome: [r4 Bd=19911112]

Unknown: John Ie Carre

Unknown: George Smiley.

Adapted By: Rene Basilico

Producer: John Fawcett Wilson

George Smiley: Bernard Hepton

Mendel: John Bennett

Toby Esterhase: Charles Kay

Connie Sachs: Rosemary Leach

Oliver Lacon: John Quayle

Hilary: Helena Breck

Art gallery receptionist: Zelah Clarke

Waiter: Charles Simpson

Genome: [r4 Bd=19911119]

A seven-part adaptation of John le Carre 's novel. 4: Smiley's probings into the murder of Vladimir uncover a link between the past and the present. But the link is tenuous.... and he still seems to be chasing shadows that are always just out of reach.

Adapted by René Basilico

Producer John FawcettWilson Stereo

Contributors

Unknown: John Le Carre

Producer: John Fawcettwilson

George Smiley: Bernard Hepton

Mendel: John Bennett

TobyEsterhase: Charles Kay

ConnieSachs: Rosemary Leach

Claus Kretzschmar: Carl Duering

Hilary: Helena Breck

Wallher: Michael Mellinger

Ferguson/Bouncer: Stuart Organ

Waitress: Sue Broomfield

Genome: [r4 Bd=19911119]

Unknown: John Le Carre

Producer: John Fawcettwilson

George Smiley: Bernard Hepton

Mendel: John Bennett

TobyEsterhase: Charles Kay

ConnieSachs: Rosemary Leach

Claus Kretzschmar: Carl Duering

Hilary: Helena Breck

Wallher: Michael Mellinger

Ferguson/Bouncer: Stuart Organ

Waitress: Sue Broomfield

Genome: [r4 Bd=19911126]

A seven-part adaptation of John le Carre 's novel.

5: Another murder... and another "proof". Smiley's progress is relentless, as he finds himself on the unmistakable trail of an old adversary.

Adapted by Rene Basilico

Producer John Fawcett Wilson Stereo

0 CASSETTE: Smiley's People, from retailers

Contributors

Unknown: John Le Carre

Producer: John Fawcett Wilson

GeorgeSmiley: Bernard Hepton

Toby Esterhase: Charles Kay

ConnieSachs: Rosemary Leach

Claus Kretzschmar: Carl Duering

Peter Guillam: Douglas Blackwell

Hilary: Helena Breck

Mme Ostrakhova: Hana-Maria Pravda

Frau Kretzschmar: Suzanne Roquette

Marie-Claire Guillam: Carolle Rousseau

Concierge: Pamela Stirling

Passport Controller: Ben Onwukwe

German cab driver: Dale Rapley

Genome: [r4 Bd=19911126]

Unknown: John Le Carre

Adapted By: Rene Basilico

Producer: John Fawcett Wilson

GeorgeSmiley: Bernard Hepton

Toby Esterhase: Charles Kay

ConnieSachs: Rosemary Leach

Claus Kretzschmar: Carl Duering

Peter Guillam: Douglas Blackwell

Hilary: Helena Breck

Mme Ostrakhova: Hana-Maria Pravda

Frau Kretzschmar: Suzanne Roquette

Marie-Claire Guillam: Carolle Rousseau

Concierge: Pamela Stirling

Passport Controller: Ben Onwukwe

German cab driver: Dale Rapley

Genome: [r4 Bd=19911203]

A seven-part adaptation of John le Carré 's novel. 6: Step by step,

George Smiley is piecing together the jigsaw. But that one final piece - the key to the whole picture - still eludes him.

Adapted by René Basilico

Producer John Fawcett Wilson Stereo

Contributors

Unknown: John Le Carré

Unknown: George Smiley

Adapted By: René Basilico

Producer: John Fawcett Wilson

George Smiley: Bernard Hepton

Toby Esterhase: Charles Kay

Sir Saul Enderby: Geoffrey Palmer

Sam Collins: Terrence Hardiman

Lady Ann Smiley: Sarah Lawson

Mitzi: Aletta Lawson

Minnie: Maria Warburg

Receptionist: June Marlow

May: June Marlow

Cabbie: Brian Miller

Genome: [r4 Bd=19911203]

Unknown: John Le Carré

Unknown: George Smiley

Adapted By: René Basilico

Producer: John Fawcett Wilson

George Smiley: Bernard Hepton

Toby Esterhase: Charles Kay

Sir Saul Enderby: Geoffrey Palmer

Sam Collins: Terrence Hardiman

Lady Ann Smiley: Sarah Lawson

Mitzi: Aletta Lawson

Minnie: Maria Warburg

Receptionist: June Marlow

May: June Marlow

Cabbie: Brian Miller

Genome: [r4 Bd=19911210]

The last of a seven-part adaptation of the novel by John Ie Carre.

Surrounded by old colleagues, George Smiley plots the closing stages of a "journey" that has brought a great prize within his grasp.

Music Max Harris.

Adapted by Rene Basilico

Producer John Fawcett Wilson Stereo

Contributors

Novel By: John Ie Carre.

Unknown: George Smiley

Producer: John Fawcett Wilson

George Smiley: Bernard Hepton

Toby Esterhase: Charles Kay

Grigoriev: Christopher Rozycki

Peter Guillam: Douglas Blackwell

Alexandra/Tatiana: Sophie Walkie Wicz-Slav

Millie McCraig: Eva Stuart

Canada Bill: Garrick Hagon

Sartor: Michael Batz

Skordeno: Peter Birch

Mother Felicity: Hannah Norbert

Genome: [r4 Bd=19911210]

Novel By: John Ie Carre.

Unknown: George Smiley

Music: Max Harris.

Adapted By: Rene Basilico

Producer: John Fawcett Wilson

George Smiley: Bernard Hepton

Toby Esterhase: Charles Kay

Grigoriev: Christopher Rozycki

Peter Guillam: Douglas Blackwell

Alexandra/Tatiana: Sophie Walkie Wicz-Slav

Millie McCraig: Eva Stuart

Canada Bill: Garrick Hagon

Sartor: Michael Batz

Skordeno: Peter Birch

Mother Felicity: Hannah Norbert

012010041120100417

Simon Russell Beale stars as the intelligence officer George Smiley in a three-part dramatisation by Robert Forrest of John le Carre's classic novel, first published in 1979 and the third in the celebrated 'Karla Trilogy' following 'Tinker, Tailor, Solder, Spy' and 'The Honourable Schoolboy.'

Part 1: At the end of 'The Honourable Schoolboy', in the mid-1970s, as a ruthless new broom swept through the secret corridors of Whitehall, spymaster George Smiley quietly left the Circus and vanished into private life.

But a year or two later, when a veteran Russian emigre general is found dead on Hampstead Heath, Smiley is called out of retirement to exorcise some Cold War ghosts from his clandestine past.

What follows is Smiley the human being at his most vulnerable, and Smiley the case officer at his most brilliant; and it takes to a thrilling conclusion his career-long, serpentine battle with the enigmatic and ruthless Russian spymaster Karla.

Ann Smiley - Anna Chancellor

Oliver Lacon - Alex Jennings

Chief Superintendant - Stephen Critchlow

Lauder Strickland - David Bannerman

Mikhel - Nigel Anthony

Mostyn - David Seddon

Old woman - Joanna Monro

Postman - Michael Shelford

Girl - Keely Beresford

Stella - Alison Pettitt

William - Piers Wehner

Producer Patrick Rayner

This episode is available until 3.00pm on Sunday 2nd May as part of the Series Catch-up Trial.

Smiley investigates when a veteran Russian migr general is found dead on Hampstead Heath

022010041820100424

Simon Russell Beale stars as the intelligence officer George Smiley in a three-part dramatisation by Robert Forrest of John le Carre's classic novel, first published in 1979 and the third in the celebrated 'Karla Trilogy' following 'Tinker, Tailor, Solder, Spy' and 'The Honourable Schoolboy.'

Part 2: Smiley has glimpsed the possibility of bringing down his life-long Russian adversary Karla.

He turns to former colleagues in the Circus for vital information before taking off alone into hostile territory.

Ann Smiley - Anna Chancellor

Oliver Lacon - Alex Jennings

Ostrakova - Lindsay Duncan

Connie Sachs - Maggie Steed

Toby Esterhase - Sam Dale

Hilary - Alison Pettitt

Claus Kretzschmar - Bruce Alexander

Frau Kretzschmar - Joanna Monro

Girl - Keely Beresford

Walther - Nigel Hastings

Producer Patrick Rayner

This episode is available until 3.00pm on Sunday 2nd May as part of the Series Catch-up Trial.

Smiley turns to former colleagues in the Circus before taking off into hostile territory.

03 LAST2010042520100501

Simon Russell Beale stars as the intelligence officer George Smiley in a three-part dramatisation by Robert Forrest of John le Carre's classic novel, first published in 1979 and the third in the celebrated 'Karla Trilogy' following 'Tinker, Tailor, Solder, Spy' and 'The Honourable Schoolboy.'

Part 3: Smiley is ready to spring the trap on his life-long Russian adversary Karla.

With Toby Esterhase watching his back, he now moves the operation to Berne in Switzerland.

But can he be certain he's the hunter, not the hunted?

Ann - Anna Chancellor

Ostrakova - Lindsay Duncan

Peter Guillam - Richard Dillane

Saul Enderby - James Laurenson

Inspector Mendel - Kenneth Cranham

Toby Esterhase - Sam Dale

Grigoriev - Finlay Welsh

Night Registrar/Sister - Joanna Monro

Karla - Philip Fox

Tatiana - Alison Pettitt

Producer Patrick Rayner

This production continues BBC Radio 4's major undertaking of dramatising all of the eight novels that feature the spymaster George Smiley, played throughout by Simon Russell Beale.

'a radio triumph...

Simon Russell Beale's pitch-perfect master spy.' (Financial Times)

The Smiley Books:

The bespectacled, tubby, eternally middle-aged, deceptively ordinary, constantly cuckolded, morally perplexed and steel-trap-minded George Smiley - a man said to possess 'the cunning of Satan and the conscience of a virgin' - is one of the most brilliantly realised characters in British fiction, and one of the very few to have an iconic status comparable to Sherlock Holmes.

Gripping as they are as sophisticated thrillers - le Carre is first and foremost a master storyteller - the eight novels are also profound studies of the British governing class and its institutions over the long years of the Cold War.

What the critics have said of The Complete Smiley:

'A cracking adaptation' (Financial Times)

'promised to be delicious, and it was.' (Guardian)

'radio drama at its best.

Chillingly good.' (Daily Mail)

'Another utterly gorgeous adaptation.' (Time Out)

The eight and final novel in the Smiley sequence, 'The Secret Pilgrim', will be broadcast in June.

Simon Russell Beale's distinguished career has been concentrated almost entirely on the classical stage, where his parts include Hamlet, Iago and Macbeth.

He won the Best Actor Olivier for his performance as Vanya in Uncle Vanya in 2003.

He was awarded a CBE the same year.

Robert Forrest has written extensively for radio, where his work has won three sony Awards.

He has dramatised works by, among others, Leo Tolstoy, George Eliot, Robert Louis Stevenson, Conan Doyle, Ford Madox Ford and Vladimir Nabokov.

His stage play for children Jason and the Argonauts has toured internationally and on Broadway.

He lives in Strathaven, Lanarkshire.

This episode is available until 3.00pm on Sunday 2nd May as part of the Series Catch-up Trial.

Smiley moves the operation to Berne.

But can he be sure he's the hunter, not the hunted?