Reinhold Gliere (1875-1956)

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0120090323

Donald Macleod is joined by Russian music expert Gerard Mcburney to explore Gliere's life and work, from his beginnings in Kiev to his later prominent position in Moscow as both composer and teacher.

The focus is on the early part of Gliere's life in Kiev, including a look at his elusive ancestry, his formative musical years and his studies at the Moscow Conservatory. We hear part of one of his earliest works, his String Quartet No 1, Op 2, which is in complete contrast to his Russian Sailors Dance from the ballet The Red Poppy, which was not only the first truly Soviet work composed for the stage, but one which brought Gliere national popularity.

Donald also discusses the Concerto for harp and orchestra, composed during the dark build-up to the Second World War, yet offering a sunny and positive outlook.

Russian Sailors' Dance (The Red Poppy Op 70)

  • Richard Hickox (conductor)
  • Stanley Black (conductor)
  • chandos chan9094, trs 1-3

    symphony no 1 in e flat, op 8 (finale - allegro)

  • city of london sinfonia
  • decca 444107-2, tr 3

    string quartet no 1 in a, op 2 (allegro)

  • edwin van den berg (piano)
  • hans roelofsen (double bass)
  • hungaroton hcd32401, tr 1

    intermezzo, op 9 no 1

  • naxos 8.550898, tr 4.

    Donald Macleod traces gliere's formative years, beginning with his early life in kiev

  • ottavo otr c69865, tr 9

    concerto for harp and orchestra, op 74

  • pulzus string quartet
  • rachel masters (harp)
  • royal philharmonic orchestra
  • slovak philharmonic orchestra
  • stephen gunzenhauser (conductor)

  • 0220090324

    Donald Macleod is joined by Russian music expert Gerard Mcburney to explore Gliere's life and work, from his beginnings in Kiev to his later prominent position in Moscow as both composer and teacher.

    They chart Gliere's early teaching career, including his work at the newly formed Gnesin school and his influence as Prokofiev's first successful music tutor. During the early part of the 20th century, Gliere composed much vocal music, and within the programme there are contrasting works for voice, including Human Tears for mezzo-soprano and piano, and the composer's most unusual concerto - for coloratura soprano and orchestra. These are followed by the Sextet, Op 11, demonstrating Gliere's longstanding passion for string instruments.

    Etude - The Last of Eight Duets Op 39

  • Richard Bonynge (conductor)
  • anthony goldstone (piano)
  • berlin philharmonic string octet
  • decca 430006-2, trs 1-2

    sextet, op 11

  • ekaterina sementchuk (mezzo-soprano)
  • freddy van goethem (viola)
  • harmonia mundi hmn911881, trs 15-16

    concerto for coloratura soprano, op 82

  • henry raudales (violin)
  • joan sutherland (soprano)
  • larissa gergieva (piano)
  • london symphony orchestra
  • mdg 3081196-2, trs 1-4.

    Donald Macleod is joined by Gerard Mcburney to chart gliere's early teaching career

  • olympia ocd711, trs 26-28

    human tears, op 6 no 2 (three romances); oh, if the melancholy, op 28 no 3 (eleven romances)

  • pavane adw7308, tr 12

    three mazurkas, op 29

  • 0320090325

    Donald Macleod is joined by Russian music expert Gerard Mcburney to explore Gliere's life and work, from his beginnings in Kiev to his later prominent position in Moscow as both composer and teacher.

    They focus on Gliere's short-lived career as a conductor, studying in Berlin. From a recording made in 1949, we hear Gliere conducting part of his Second Symphony, which was hailed by critics as 'vivid and fresh' and a significant step forward in the composer's symphonic evolution. There are also two unusual works for wind: Song, Op 35 No 3 - for oboe and piano, and the Concerto for Horn and Orchestra inspired by Tchaikovsky's Violin Concerto.

    Song (Pieces, Op 35 No 3)

  • Kurt Masur (conductor)
  • all-union radio orchestra
  • bolshoi theatre orchestra
  • conifer 75605 513032, tr 12

    phoenix; allegro; romance; ensemble dance; red ship (the red poppy, act 2)

  • consonance 81-3002, tr 2

    stars in a spring night, op 18 no 3

  • elena prokina (soprano)
  • hermann baumann (horn)
  • ivan paisov (oboe)
  • leipzig gewandhaus orchestra
  • natalia shcherbakova (piano)
  • naxos 8.570596, tr 3

    symphony no 2 in c minor (allegro giocoso)

  • olympia ocd202, trs 5-6

    concerto in b flat for horn and orchestra, op 91

  • philips 416380-2, trs 1-3.

    Donald Macleod focuses on gliere's short-lived career as a conductor

  • reinhold gliere (conductor)
  • semion skigin (piano)
  • yuri fayer (conductor)

  • 0420090326

    Donald Macleod is joined by Russian music expert Gerard Mcburney to explore Gliere's life and work, from his beginnings in Kiev to his later prominent position in Moscow as both composer and teacher.

    They survey Gliere's developing role within the Soviet regime, including his being sent to the Republic of Azerbaijan to help in the 'Soviet development' of its musical culture. The outcome of this visit was his opera Shakh-Senem, a lavish four-act epic full of Azerbaijani tunes. His compositional interest in orientalism is also heard in Song of the East, Op 28 No 2, for soprano and piano.

    The programme concludes with part of Gliere's Symphony No 3 (Ilya Muromets) - a mammoth work in an extravagant late-Romantic style, including quadruple woodwind. It was not only hailed by the Soviet state for the preservation of traditional folk music, but championed in the West by the conductor Leopold Stokowski, bringing the composer international status.

    Song of the East, Op 28 No 2

  • bbc philharmonic
  • cello classics cc1004, trs 15-18

    overture (shakh-senem)

  • chandos chan10166, tr 1

    poco meno; maestoso solenne (symphony no 3, op 42 - ilya muroments)

  • chandos chan9041, tr 6.

    Donald Macleod and Gerard Mcburney examine gliere's position within soviet russia

  • chandos chan9518, tr 3

    solemn overture for the twentieth anniversary of the october revolution, op 72 (ed. robert grechesky)

  • clark rundell (conductor)
  • conifer 75605 513032, tr 5

    commodo; leggiero; con moto; vivace - nos 1-4 (10 duets for two cellos, op 53)

  • edward downes (conductor)
  • elena prokina (soprano)
  • helena binney, sarah butcher (cellos)
  • royal northern college of music wind orchestra
  • semion skigin (piano)
  • vassily sinaisky (conductor)

  • 05 LAST20090327

    Donald Macleod is joined by Russian music expert Gerard Mcburney to explore Gliere's life and work, from his beginnings in Kiev to his later prominent position in Moscow as both composer and teacher.

    The programme charts the end of Gliere's life, from his patriotic music composed during the Second World War - including Holiday at Ferghana - to his influence as both a composer and teacher.

    There are also two contrasting concertos, including one for cello, which when first premiered was quite a scandalous affair. It was later performed again, and became the first work to be dedicated to the great cellist Rostropovich. These are followed by Gliere's unfinished Violin Concerto, which was completed by one of his students.

    Valse, Op 35 No 2

  • asv cd dca 1129, tr 1.

    Donald Macleod and Gerard Mcburney survey gliere's influence and legacy

  • bbc philharmonic
  • chandos chan9379, trs 12-13

    night comes, op 50 no 1

  • chandos chan9518, tr 7

    cello concerto, op 87 (allegro vivace)

  • christian delafontaine (flute)
  • edward downes (conductor)
  • ekaterina sementchuk (mezzo-soprano)
  • flemish philharmonic
  • gallo cd-894, tr 6

    overture (holiday at ferghana, op 75)

  • harmonia mundi hmn911881, tr 17

    violin concerto in g minor, op 100 (completed and orchestrated by lyatoshinsky)

  • larissa gergieva (piano)
  • marc soustrot (conductor)
  • marina mourtazine-chapochnikova (piano)
  • philharmonia orchestra
  • quirine viersen (cello)
  • talent dom292996, tr 3

    anticipation/beginning of the storm; hymn to the great city (bronze horseman suite, op 89a)

  • vassily sinaisky (conductor)
  • yondani butt (conductor)
  • yuko nishino (violin)