Random Edition

Six programmes in which Peter Snow presents newspaper stories from a date selected at random by computer.

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Episodes

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1961 First Man In Space 50th Anniversary Special20110411

This Peter Snow Random Edition Special, marking the 50th anniversary of Yuri Gagarin's first manned spaceflight, brings alive the Daily Telegraph for April 13th 1961.

The highlight is an interview with Yuri Gagarin's daughter, Yelena Gagarina, specially recorded for the programme in Moscow.

Gagarina talks about how her father hugely regretted that his experience in space was over so fast.

he wanted to experience space again but it proved impossible.

Random Edition visits the National Space Centre in Leicester, where Peter Snow enters a mock-up of Gagarin's Vostok 1 spacecraft and inspects a soviet-made space suit for a dog.

Among the contributors to the programme are astronomers Sir Bernard Lovell and Sir Patrick Moore.

In 1961 Lovell was establishing Jodrell Bank as one of the world's great centres for space research.

Now 97, he reflects on his confidence shown in this 1961 Daily Telegraph that Russia would be first to the moon.

Lovell also talks of his role in the use of Jodrell Bank as an early warning indicator of a soviet missile attack on Britain.

He talks of his belief that he was lucky to survive his visits to moscow in this period.

This Special Random Edition also brings alive the newspaper's reporting of wild celebrations in Russia at the news of Gagarin's flight.

in 1961, Olga Selivanova was living in the caucasus.

she recalls hearing the news on the sole tv set left on the shelves of her local department store.

The Daily Telegraph shows the British Government congratulating Russia on the space flight, but the authorities were reluctant to host Gagarin on his international PR tour later in 1961...until he accepted an invitation to visit a foundrymen's union in Manchester.

We hear from a Mancunian who cine-filmed Gagarin's arrival at Ringway Airport.

Producer: Andrew Green

An Andrew Green production for BBC Radio 4.

350th Anniversary Of The Restoration Special20100507

The English Revolution was as brutal, divisive and - in its way - as politically significant as its counterparts in France and Russia.

But somehow the nation more or less came together again in the spring of 1660 in support of one route out of the chaos that followed Oliver Cromwell's death in 1658 - monarchy.

And this Random Edition examines, with the help of the Parliamentary Intelligencer 'newsbook' for April 30th to May 7th 1660, just how Charles II came to be accepted back as king, eleven years after his father had been beheaded.

The Intelligencer describes in graphic detail the arrival before both Houses of Parliament of Sir John Grenville, a messenger from Charles, who is currently in the Dutch town of Breda.

Grenville carries the king's 'Declaration of Breda' containing the various guarantees that will prove to make his restoration possible.

Using other extracts from the Intelligencer, Peter Snow, examines some of Charles's guarantees - that all in the army will be paid arrears owing to them; that a general pardon will be offered to (almost) all those who worked against the monarchy in the preceding years; and that freedom of religion will be respected.

Just how far were these guarantees fulfilled?

Peter Snow is joined by Restoration historian Ronald Hutton for a tour of various sites in Westminster that help bring alive the Intelligencer's stories.

Also in the programme, Andrew Green travels to Breda to learn about Charles II's years of exile.

Trevor Barnes fills out the Intelligencer's story of how militant Republican resistance has been snuffed out.

And historian Jenny Uglow stands on the beach at Deal in Kent to imagine the great fleet preparing to cross the North Sea to bring Charles home from The Netherlands.

All this....and the newspaper's ads.

Programme contributors include historians Pene Corfield, Jenny Uglow, Jason Peacey, Ronald Hutton, Mark Goldie, John Morrill and David Farr.

Sites visited include undercroft of Houses of Parliament, Westminster Abbey, St Margaret's Westminster, and Banqueting House in Whitehall.

This is an Andrew Green production for BBC Radio 4.

Outbreak Of War Special20090902

Peter Snow presents a special edition of the history series in which the stories are provided by archive newspapers.

He revisits the pages of The Guardian for September 4, 1939 to re-create stories from the previous day, when Neville Chamberlain announced Britain's declaration of war on Germany.

Within hours a U-boat had sunk the passenger liner Athenia.

London taxi drivers rushed to join the Auxiliary Fire Service.

Novelist Jilly Cooper describes how pets fared in the crisis, and singer Gracie Fields was back home but heading for trouble.

Pearl Harbor20111207

US President Franklin D Roosevelt called the 7th December 1941 'a date which will live in infamy'.

The total unexpectedness of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbour is vividly captured in the newspaper which Peter Snow uses in this Random Edition Special to bring alive this key landmark in the history of the Second World War - the Honolulu Star-Bulletin.

The paper's 'Extra' editions describe bombs 'raining from the skies' and 'huge fires raging'.

Civilian casualties are named and there are reports of suspected Japanese saboteurs.

Other attacks in the Pacific are listed.

Yet as there was only time to change a few pages of the newspaper, the Star-Bulletin also paints a picture of a Hawaiian community peacefully anticipating Christmas and following sport and movie stars.

And it was clearly a society in which those of Japanese descent are deeply embedded.

As ever in Random Edition, Peter Snow uses news reports to recreate history.

From the Star-Bulletin's pages spring some of the major players - Roosevelt and Churchill, legendary US Secretary of State Cordell Hull, Japanese navy minister Shigetaro Shimada and Emperor Hirohito among them.

This Pearl Harbour special features colourful sound archive of the time, not least the BBC's reporting of the attack.

There are eye-witness memories of the day and some of the music that Pearl Harbour inspired.

Perhaps most fascinating is the story of the effect Pearl Harbour had on Japanese Americans on Hawaii and mainland USA.

Joining the programme is Daniel Martinez, grandson of a Pearl Harbor survivor and the foremost historian of the Japanese attack living in Hawaii.

Central to everything is the ultimate significance of the day of 'infamy' - that in bringing the USA into the war, Pearl Harbor decided the fate of both Japan and Germany

Producer: Andrew Green.

Peter Snow with a Random Edition Special to mark the 70th anniversary of Pearl Harbour.

Prince Albert20111214

, consort to Queen Victoria and the love of her life, died on December 14th 1861.

Nine children were left fatherless.

To mark the 150th anniversary of Albert's demise, Peter Snow uses reports and comment in a single copy of an archive newspaper - the London Daily News - to describe the circumstances of his death and the significance of his loss to the nation.

The Daily News carries detail of Albert's slow decline in his last days and the team of doctors who were powerless to revive him.

There are accounts of how news of his death spread, not least via the ringing of church bells in a world without radio and telephone.

We learn of Victoria's imminent departure for Osborne House on the Isle of Wight, unable to face her husband's funeral.

There are accounts of services at which churchgoers grieved at the nation's loss.

We read fulsome assessments of Albert's importance in the field of the arts...and of his crucial role in the success of the 1851 Great Exhibition.

All these features of the coverage will be brought alive, along with other reports in the paper less obviously a significant part of the story.

With the Daily News reporting the Prince of Wales's return to Windsor from Cambridge University, Peter Snow assesses how far Albert's admonitory visit to his wayward son a few days before in terrible weather contributed to his demise.

The Daily News also carries detail on preparations for possible hostilities with the Northern US states, during the Civil War: how far was Albert instrumental in his last days in averting conflict?

The programme includes the latest thinking on Albert's fatal illness, and assesses his behind-the-scenes political significance.

Locations include Madingley Hall in Cambridge, Osborne House, Windsor Castle and the Royal Albert Hall

Contributors include: Helen Rappaport, latest biographer of Prince Albert.

Historians Kathleen Burk, Roland Quinault, Adam Smith and Rohan McWilliam.

Michael Hunter of Osborne House.

Sue Pemberton of Madingley Hall, Cambridge.

Producer: Andrew Green

An Andrew Green production for BBC Radio 4.

A Random Edition Special marking the 150th anniversary of the death of Prince Albert.

Programme Catalogue - Details: 1 (series 1) (long Version)19950910

Editor: IONS

Producer: ANDREW GREEN PRODUCT

Next in series: 2 (SERIES 1) (SHORT VERSION)

Previous in series: 1 (SERIES 1) (SHORT VERSION)

Broadcast history

10 Sep 1995 20:30-21:00 (RADIO 4)

Recorded on 1995-09-07.

Programme Catalogue - Details: 1 (series 1) (short Version)19950909

Editor: IONS

Producer: ANDREW GREEN PRODUCT

Next in series: 1 (SERIES 1) (LONG VERSION)

Broadcast history

09 Sep 1995 16:02-16:30 (RADIO 4)

Recorded on 1995-09-07.

Programme Catalogue - Details: 2 (series 1) (long Version)19950917

Producer: A.

GREEN

Next in series: 3 (SERIES 1) (SHORT VERSION)

Previous in series: 2 (SERIES 1) (SHORT VERSION)

Broadcast history

17 Sep 1995 20:30-21:00 (RADIO 4)

Recorded on 1995-09-15.

Programme Catalogue - Details: 2 (series 1) (short Version)19950916

Producer: A.

GREEN

Next in series: 2 (SERIES 1) (LONG VERSION)

Previous in series: 1 (SERIES 1) (LONG VERSION)

Broadcast history

16 Sep 1995 16:02-16:30 (RADIO 4)

Recorded on 1995-09-15.

Programme Catalogue - Details: 3 (series 1) (long Version)19950924

Producer: A.

GREEN

Next in series: 4 (SERIES 1) (SHORT VERSION)

Previous in series: 3 (SERIES 1) (SHORT VERSION)

Broadcast history

24 Sep 1995 20:30-21:00 (RADIO 4)

Recorded on 1995-09-20.

Programme Catalogue - Details: 3 (series 1) (short Version)19950923

Producer: A.

GREEN

Next in series: 3 (SERIES 1) (LONG VERSION)

Previous in series: 2 (SERIES 1) (LONG VERSION)

Broadcast history

23 Sep 1995 16:02-16:30 (RADIO 4)

Recorded on 1995-09-20.

Programme Catalogue - Details: 4 (series 1) (short Version)19950930

Producer: A.

GREEN

Next in series: 4 (SERIES 1) (LONG VERSION)

Previous in series: 3 (SERIES 1) (LONG VERSION)

Broadcast history

30 Sep 1995 16:02-16:30 (RADIO 4)

Recorded on 1995-09-29.

Sinking Of The Titanic Special20120411

Reports of Titanic's collision with an iceberg could hardly be more white hot than this: an Evening News printed in London on the very day the pride of the White Star Line went down. And yet the paper declares 'All Passengers Safely Taken Off' and 'Crippled Vessel Steaming to Halifax'.

Just one angle for Peter Snow to explore in this Random Edition Special. As ever, the newspaper of choice guides his investigations. With the Evening News reminding readers of the splendours of the great ship, Peter visits the Titanic Artefacts Exhibition and Queen Mary 2 (today's largest ocean-going liner) to imagine what impressed passengers on the maiden voyage - like salesman Adolphe Saalfeld, listed in the newspaper. His perfume vials have been rescued from the seabed and are part of the exhibition.

The Evening News also carries a string of cues to the great 'what ifs' of the Titanic story. What if sister ship Olympic hadn't been damaged the previous year, diverting workers from completing Titanic and thereby changing the date of the maiden voyage? If only Titanic hadn't narrowly avoided an accident in Southampton as she set off...her departure might have been delayed. As the newspaper makes clear, this was a big night for the still fledgling Marconi wireless system - Peter Snow visits the Marconi Archive and the Museum of the History of Science in Oxford to discover more.

And with the Evening News overdosing on iceberg stories, Peter asks whether a head-on collision rather than the fateful glancing blow would have meant the ship staying afloat. Throughout the programme listeners can hear vivid eye-witness testimony from Titanic survivors, plus music recorded soon after the disaster. And there's also the authentic sound of one of Titanic's hooters, restored to working order.

Producer: Andrew Green

A Andrew Green production for BBC Radio 4.

Peter Snow looks again at the Titanic disaster via the pages of the London Evening News.

The Random Edition Festival Of Britain Special20110504

Peter Snow with another journey into newspaper history.

The Daily Mail for May 5th 1951 carried detailed reports of the previous day's events as the Festival of Britain at last swung into action.

The King and Queen opened the South Bank exhibition in London - Skylon, Dome of Discovery and all - and the Daily Mail carried a plan of the site.

Visitors complained about the price of food in the restaurants.

Memories come from Michael Frayn, Lionel Blue, broadcaster Edward Greenfield and Festival of Britain Society chairman Fred Peskett...as well as from Peter Snow himself.

But the programme also reflects the national character of the Festival, travelling to the mountains of North Wales to examine the Dolhendre Hillside Farm Scheme, which showed off modern farming methods to visitors from as far afield as Coventry and India.

Dolhendre Isa Farm survives today in the hands of the same family who witnessed the dramatic changes the Festival brought.

Also told is the story of the Festival ship, Campania, which carried an exhibition to ports around the coast.

There are memories from Merseysiders who converted the ship, sailed in it and visited it.

Elsewhere in this Random Edition, Charlotte Donaldson-Hudson recalls Noel Coward writing his wicked satire on the Festival, the song Don't Make Fun of the Fair, at her home in London: her film star mother was best friends with the songwriter.

Despite the festival fever, the government minister responsible for the event, Herbert Morrison, received fearful stick in the press.

Peter Snow explains why.

Also in the mix of course, many visits to the BBC Sound Archive (including a contribution from the inimitable Brian Johnston, learning how to drive huskies), plus more musical sounds that lit up the Festival.

Producer: Andrew Green

An Andrew Green production for BBC Radio 4.

Peter Snow explores a 1951 Daily Mail to bring alive the start of the Festival of Britain.

197D01The Universal Spectator For October 26, 172819971125

Claire Rayner assesses the advice of the paper's `agony uncle' on bereavement over the death of a parrot.

Plus why letters from York to Chester travelled 400 miles, and a look at the heyday of highwaymen.

197D02The Daily Express For 17 April 196319971202

Britain's bookies pay out twice after a racecourse bungle, dinosaur trackways cause a stir in Dorset, and Russian pianist Vladimir Ashkenazy and family escape to the West.

197D03The Swansea And Glamorgan Herald For 5 December 184919971209

Emma Kirkby explains why the `Swedish nightingale', Jenny Lind, retired from opera at the age of 28; the search for Arctic explorer Sir John Franklin goes on; and the California Gold Rush reaches its frenzied peak.

197D04The Isle Of Wight Herald For 12 August 191019971216

A special programme from the Isle of Wight looks at the Isle of Wight Herald for 12 August 1910.

Why did Osborne House let the tourist hordes in after the death of Queen Victoria? Plus a local connection to the origins of the Boy Scout movement, and a visit to Poole's Picture Palace.

197D05E Johnson's British Gazette And Sunday Monitor' For March 179219971223

News of an earthquake in Lincolnshire and the lavish funeral of artist Sir Joshua Reynolds.

197D06The Evening Standard For 30 May 188119971230

John Kettley looks at meteorology in the 1880s, and Tony Benn extols Charles Bradlaugh - like him, an MP at first denied entry to the House of Commons.

199D01The London Evening Post - 12 April 173919991018

Dick Turpin - hero or thug? - is executed at York; the advancing science of obstetrics leads to conflict between midwives and doctors; and architects plunder the Isle of Portland for its unique stone.

199D02The Sun - 3 March 197219991025

The community on Holy Island faces an uncertain future as Newcastle businessmen invade; Franklin Engelmann of `Down Your Way' dies; Stoke City face Chelsea in the League Cup final; and the Queen's witch doctor deserts her in Malaysia.

199D03The Intelligencer - 11 September 166519991101

This programme includes the story of London's emergency measures against the plague, and the disaster in the sea war against the Dutch which set Samuel Pepys on the road to fame as the creator of the modern navy.

199D04The Illustrated London News - 3 January 185719991108

A paragraph hints at the massive trade in ice before the days of refrigeration; Henry Grattan Guinness preaches against the evils of drink in front of the family brewery; and novelist Sarah Harrison spins a Dickensian tale.

199D05Bristol Journal - 5 July 178819991115

An ailing George III visits Cheltenham to take the waters; Bristol merchants look set to be in the firing line of the anti-slavery lobby; and there is clamour in the book shops for the last volume of Gibbons's `Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire'.

199D06Sunday Times - 23 November 192419991122

The court cases that made Marie Stopes a household name, to the disgust of the anti-contraception lobby; the inauguration of Imperial Airways; and the Caldecott community, which offered a public school education to working-class children.

200D01The Parliamentary Intelligencer - May 166020001113

The events of Charles II's arrival in London, 11 years after his father's execution, are recreated.

200D02The Observer - September 3rd 179720001120

Dora Jordan, bearer of ten children to her lover, the future William IV, is on stage at Margate, and Nelson is on the verge of quitting the Navy - eight years before Trafalgar.

200D03The Daily Express, 11 October 198220001127

The Mary Rose is about to be raised from the deep off Portsmouth, members of Solidarity risk being gunned down in Poland, and Prince Andrew and Koo Stark take an Autumn break on Mustique.

200D04The Manchester Times, 28th March 182920001204

The Duke of Wellington, who is Prime Minister, fights a duel on Battersea Fields, engineers float the new Manchester-to-Liverpool railway on a bog.

And Peter visits the Rusholme Gallery of Costume to examine the 1820s corset.

200D05The London Journal, November 27th 172520001211

Sixteen coal ships from Newcastle are shipwrecked on their way to London, hackney carriages are for hire, and quack medical remedies play on fears that sexual sins will out.

200D06 LASTThe 1897 New Year Edition Of The Strand Magazine20001218

Including the history of messages in bottles, how marathon stilt-walking began near Bordeaux, and classic examples of topiary.

201D01The Public Advertiser For April 15 175520011015
201D02The News Chronicle For 7 May 195420011022
201D03The Lady's Newspaper, 21 December 186120011029
201D04The True Domestick Intelligence, 23 September 167920011105
201D05The Birmingham Gazette, 12 November 191820011112
201D06 LASTThe Independent, 3 March 198820011119

The SDP and the Liberals merge.

203B01The Edinburgh Advertiser, 19 July 181920030407

Snow is still on the ground near Melrose.

203B02Western Mail General Strike Edition. May 12th 192620030414

The Western Mail pulls together the latest news of the strike around the country, from tales of hardship in Wales to aristocrats helping out in London.

With the help of outgoing TUC General Secretary John Monks, Peter Snow examines the central question - were the strikers betrayed by their leaders on this very day? There's also news of Amundsen's airship flight from Spitzbergen to alaska.

Was he unwittingly the first to see the North Pole? And novelist Sarah Harrison tries her hand at the art of writing pure Mills And Boon, while examining why the company nearly folded in the late 1920s.

203B03Gazetteer And New Daily Advertiser, 23 March 177220030421
203B04The Post Boy, 13 July 169720030428

Engineer Henry Winstanley is seized by French sailors while working on the first Eddystone Lighthouse.

203B0520030505
203B06 LAST20030512
205A01News Of The World, Sunday June 26th 188720050114

Readers would have pored over the paper's impressively detailed reports of Queen Victoria's Golden Jubilee celebrations.

Peter Snow walks the route of the procession which took Victoria from Buckingham Palace to Westminster Abbey for a Service of Thanksgiving.

Along the way, a look at the new (and ridiculed) Jubilee coinage, the huge market for Jubilee souvenirs, and the way Torquay celebrated the great day.

How far did the whole event re-establish a link between Victoria and her people after the extended mourning for Prince Albert?

205A02The Daily Mail, Saturday October 22, 196620050121

News of the Aberfan mining disaster in Wales dominated the headlines.

Plus, there are stories on the 'Red Dean' Hewlett Johnson, the Dean of Canterbury who counted Stalin as an aquaintance.

205A03The Ipswich Gazette, October 15, 173620050128

This proud provincial newspaper boasted a landscape map of the town as its masthead.

James Raven of the University of Essex and David Jones of Ipswich Museum use it to plot a course through today's streets, bringing the past alive.

Meanwhile Peter Snow examines the widespread evasion of the 1736 Gin Act, designed to tackle binge drinking.

The Gazette also carries news of the famous 'bone-setter', 'Crazy Sally' Mapp (a forerunner of today's osteopaths) and informs its readers that the great Farinelli, one of the highest paid singers in history, is in London.

205A04 LASTThe Edinburgh Caledonian Mercury - November 3rd 183120050204

On this early winter morning Mercury readers learn that Audubon, the great bird-painter, is not after all dead but alive, well and continuing with his epic work of depicting The Birds of America.

The complete set of volumes now sells for over £5m.

Also on the Mercury's pages, news of novelist Sir Walter Scott's last journey, and of bloody riots on the streets of Bristol in support of electoral reform.

Plus, the London conference which committed Britain to the Great War 83 years later and - playing the series out - Peter Snow on glass harmonica.

205ASPECIALThe News Chronicle For May 9th 194520050506

A special programme exploring how a single newspaper reported VE Day:

Cued by the paper, Peter Snow walks through London visiting key sites in the VE Day celebrations, from the seat where Churchill sat for parliament's thanksgiving service in St Margaret's Westminster, to Buckingham Palace, where tens of thousands gathered to see the king and queen.

This News Chronicle also reflects the nationwide festivities, from bread-throwing in Oxford to the singing of Handel in Cardiff.

There are moving stories of returning prisoners of war, weather forecasts were no longer top secret, and with Rothmans announcing massive cigarette sales, what was the legacy of wartime smoking?

206A01Liverpool Daily Post & Mercury On Wednesday January 23, 192420060111

Legendary trades union leader and one-time Liverpool docker Jack Jones uses the newspaper to prompt memories of the thriving port in the early 1920s.

Tony Benn and Roy Hattersley bring alive the story of the coming-to-power of the first Labour government under Ramsay Macdonald.

Plus the tale behind the triumph of the first Mersey road tunnel, and royal celebrations as Liverpool's massive new Anglican Cathedral is consecrated.

206A02The Public Advertiser: Monday May 13, 176520060118

Child star Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart nears the end of a 14-month stay in London - so what did we make of him? What did he compose while he was here? The mighty little racehorse Gimcrack still a legendary name - risks a long unbeaten record at Newmarket.

Has he nibbled off more than he can chew? And does the newspaper hold a clue to the origins of the French Revolution as it reports life in the Bastille prison?

206A03The Morning Post: December 8, 187520060125

Readers would have been riveted by eye-witness accounts of the shipwreck of the Deutschland off the Essex coast.

Our ears can still find themselves bewitched by the sound of the Gerard Manley Hopkins poem inspired by the tragedy.

Why did a snowball fight between Bart's medical students and the police escalate into a near-riot, and how did the Prince of Wales fare on the tour of India that saw him shake free of the shackles of his mum's control? Plus the roller-coaster history of the Chelsea Flower Show.

206A04 LASTDaily Telegraph, Friday April 17th 195920060201

Peter Snow talks with veteran BBC reporter Charles Wheeler about his memories of the race to send back the story of the Dalai Lama's escape from Chinese-held Tibet to India.

Why had the stiff-upper-lipped Dr Frank Stableford, inventor of the world-famous golf scoring system that bears his name, committed suicide?

Plus, zoologist Desmond Morris on his part in the 1950s revolution in broadcasting about animals, and news of pop star Marty Wilde's corns and fallen arches.

208A01* * *20080102

The main story in a Penny London Post newspaper from 1749 reports on the Royal Fireworks in London's Green Park.

Famed for Handel's colourful music, this massive event had everything to do with political spin and featured a huge number of extraordinarily varied fireworks.

A blaze broke out on site, giving the new fire engines of the day the chance to shine.

208A02* The Guardian, October 30, 1975 *20080109

Dutch businessman Tiede Herrema recounts his terrifying ordeal as an IRA hostage.

Dutch elm disease ravages the British countryside.

Anti-apartheid campaigner Peter Hain recalls his wrongful arrest and Old Bailey trial after a theft from Barclays Bank in Putney.

208A03The Illustrated London News, June 11, 184220080116

Just days after its first appearance on the news-stands, the ILN features the latest on the fall-out from an attempt on the life of Queen Victoria and news of test-runs for the state-of-the-art atmospheric railway at Wormwood Scrubs.

The main feature, however, describes the continued agonising over the British army's catastrophic retreat from Kabul.

208A04 LAST* Glasgow Herald, January 4, 193620080123

Charles Lindbergh arrives in the UK, searching for peace and quiet in the aftermath of the murder of his son.

Two Cape of Good Hope stamps incorrectly coloured fetch an unheard-of sum at an auction.

In Australia, a campaigning society has petitioned federal Prime Minister Joseph Lyons concerning the appalling treatment of aboriginal peoples in police custody.

208B01The Parliamentary Intelligencer: May 166020080603

Charles II returns to London to reclaim the throne, 11 years after his father's execution.

208B02The Western Mail General Strike Edition, 12 May 192620080610

With reports of hardship affecting the entire country, was this the day when the strikers were betrayed by their leaders? With former TUC General Secretary John Monks.

208B03The News Of The World, Sunday 26 June 188720080617

Queen Victoria's Golden Jubilee celebrations saw a procession from Buckingham Palace to Westminster Abbey for a Service of Thanksgiving.

How far did the whole event re-establish a link between Victoria and her people after the extended mourning for Prince Albert?

208B04 LASTThe Penny London Post, April 27, 174920080624

Royal Fireworks in London's Green Park.

Famed for Handel's colourful music, this massive event had everything to do with political spin and featured a huge number of extraordinarily varied fireworks.

A blaze broke out on site, giving the new fire engines of the day the chance to shine.