Opera-comique

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012009113020100823

Opéra-Comique can be a kind of opera, an institution or a building.

All three have strong links with each other and specific characteristics which were quite different to the other types of opera on offer.

Donald Macleod and his guest Karen Henson, an Assistant Professor at Columbia University with a special interest in French opera unravel the intricacies of nineteenth century Parisian operatic life.

0ver the course of five programmes they'll be looking at some of the big names of the 19th century including Bizet, Massenet, and Boieldieu, who penned the runaway hit La dame blanche.

Boieldieu's own life story could make him a character in one of his own opéra-comiques.

The series draws to a close in classic opéra-comique territory with the tragic finale of Auber's version of Manon.

Donald Macleod defines some of the characteristics of the Opera-Comique genre.

Donald Macleod explores the colourful world of the Parisian Opera-Comique, beginning with an attempt to define some of the characteristics of the genre.

Bizet: L'amour est un oiseau rebelle (Carmen)

Carmen....Teresa Berganza (soprano)

The Ambrosian Chorus

London Symphony Orchestra

Claudio Abbado (conductor)

DG4196362 CD1 Tr 10

Massenet: Adieu, notre petite table....Quelqu'un? Il ne faut pas de trouble fete (Manon - Act 2)

Manon....Angela Gheorghiu (soprano)

Des Grieux....Robert Alagna (tenor)

Monnaie Symphony Orchestra

Antonio Pappano (conductor)

EMI CDC 55700006 2 Trs 31, 32, 33 and 34

Boieldieu: Sonnez, sonnez, sonnez cors et musettes; Ah! Quel plaisir que d'être soldat!; Du ciel pour nous la bonte favorable (La dame blanche - Act 1)

Dickson....Jean-Paul Fouchecourt (tenor)

Un paysan....Bernard Dehont (bass)

Jenny....Annick Massis (soprano)

Georges Brown....Rockwell Blake (tenor)

Radio France Chorus

Ensemble Orchestral de Paris

Marc Minkowski (conductor)

EMI 5 56355 2 CD1 Trs 2, 3 and 4

Auber: Temeraire! Impie!....La bonne affaire! (Le Domino Noir - Act 2)

Gill Perez....Jules Bastin (bass)

Lord Elfort....Gilles Cachemaille (bass baritone)

Jacinthe....Martine Olmeda (mezzo soprano)

Horace de Massarena....Bruce Ford (tenor)

Angele d'Olivares....Sumi Jo (soprano)

London Voices

English Chamber Orchestra

Richard Bonynge (conductor)

Decca 440 60 6462 Trs 21-24

Donizetti: A mes amis, quel jour de fete!...Le camarade est amoureux! (La fille du regiment)

Tonio....Luciano Pavarotti (tenor)

Le Caporal....Eric Garrett (bass)

Orchestra and Chorus of the Royal Opera House

Decca 414 520-2 Trs 12, 13.

022009120120100824

Although Opéra-Comique is often associated with nineteenth century exponents such as Boieldieu, Adam and Auber, its origins belong to much earlier times.

In this second programme Donald Macleod and guest Karen Henson discuss Opéra-Comique's roots and look at its growth in the 18th century.

Donald Macleod and Karen Henson on Opera-Comique's roots in the 18th century.

Donald Macleod explores the colourful world of the Parisian Opera-Comique.

Although Opera-Comique is often associated with nineteenth century exponents such as Boieldieu, Adam and Auber, its origins belong to much earlier times.

Donald and guest Karen Henson discuss Opera-Comique's roots and its growth in the 18th century.

Gretry: Overture: l'epreuve villageoise

Orchestre de Bretagne, Stefan Sanderling (conductor)

ASV CD DCA 1095 Tr 5

Gretry: Trio: Le Gouverneur pendant la danse; Sire Williams (Richard, Coeur de Lion - Act 3)

Laurette....Mady Mesple (soprano)

Blondel....Michel Trompont ( baritone)

Orchestre de Chambre de la Radio Television Belge

Edgard Doneux (conductor)

EMI 5 75266 2 Tr 25

Rousseau: Je vais revoir ma charmante maitresse (Le devin du village)

Colin....Nicolai Gedda (tenor)

Orchestre de Chambre

Louis de Froment (conductor)

EMI 5 75266 2 Tr 12

mono recording made in 1956

Gluck: Air vous ressemblez a la rose naissante...Tout ce que j'aime est au tombeau (La rencontre imprevue - Act 2 No 11)

Ali....Guy de Mey (tenor)

Dardane....Catherine Dubosc (soprano)

Lyon Opera Orchestra

John Eliot Gardiner (conductor)

Erato 2292 45516-2 CD1 Trs 20, 21, 23, 24

Gretry: Ah! je tremble; Le soleil s'est cache dans l'onde (Zemire et Azor - Act 4)

Zemire....Mady Mesple (soprano)

Azor....Roland Bufkens (tenor)

Lisbe....Sabine Louis (soprano)

Fatme....Suzanne Simonka (mezzo soprano)

Sander....Jean Van Gorp (baritone)

Orchestre de Chambre de la RTB

EMI CMS 7697012 CD2 Trs 10, 11

recording made in 1974

Mehul: Ah, les maudites gens....O ciel, que faire (L'Irato ou l'emporte)

Pandolphe....Alain Bute (bass)

Nerine....Svenja Hempel (soprano)

Lysandre....Cyril Auvity (tenor)

Scapin....Miljenko Turk (bass)

L'arte del mondo

Werner Ehrhardt (conductor)

Capriccio 60128 Trs 8-10.

032009120220100825

Napoleon was quick to recognise the political value in supporting the arts.

His rationalisation of the theatres in Paris had a direct affect on Opéra-Comique both as an organisation and as an operatic form.

With Donald Macleod and Karen Henson.

Donald Macleod and Karen Henson explore the influence of Napoleon on Opera-Comique.

Donald Macleod explores the colourful world of the Parisian Opera-Comique.

He is joined by Karen Henson to examine the influence of Napoleon, who was quick to recognise the political value in supporting the arts.

His rationalisation of the theatres in Paris had a direct affect on Opera-Comique both as an organisation and as an operatic form.

Boieldieu: Bolero (La fete du village voisin)

Sumi Jo (soprano)

English Chamber Orchestra

Richard Bonynge (conductor)

Decca 4406792 Tr 12

Boieldieu: Ce domaine est celui des comtes d'Avenel; Fuyons; laissons lui son erreur (La dame blanche - Act 2)

Georges Brown....Michel Senechal (tenor)

Anna....Francoise Louvay (soprano)

Symphony Orchestra of Paris

Pierre Stoll (conductor)

Accord 220862 CD2 Tr 2

Rossini: A la faveur de cette nuit obscure (Le Comte Ory)

Isolier....Diana Montague (mezzo-soprano)

Count Ory....John Aler (tenor)

Countess Adele....Sumi Jo (soprano)

Auber: Oui, c'est demain, qu'enfin l'on nous marie (Fra Diavolo - Act 2)

Zerline....Mady Mesple (soprano)

Fra Diavolo....Nicolai Gedda (tenor)

Beppo....Michel Hamel (tenor)

Giacomo....Michel Trempont (bass)

Ensemble Choral Jean Laforge

Monte Carlo Philharmonic Orchestra

Marc Soustrot (conductor)

EMI CDS 754810 2 CD2 Tr 4

Adam: Mes amis, ecoutez l'histoire; Un mot, mon garcon (dialogue); A mes desires, il faut te rendre; Le postillon de Lonjumeau

Chapelou....John Aler (tenor)

Le Marquis de Courcy....Francois le Roux (baritone)

Thomas Fulton (conductor)

EMI 747554/55 8 CD1 Trs 7, 8, 9.

042009120320100826

The genesis of Paris's Théâtre-Lyrique came from a group of like-minded composers and dramatists including Berlioz, Adolphe Adam and Ambroise Thomas.

They petitioned the authorities to create a third opera house specifically dedicated to staging works of lesser known composers.

When it finally became a reality, its repertoire came into direct competition with the long established Opéra-Comique.

With Donald Macleod and guest Karen Henson.

Donald Macleod examines the impact of the Theatre-Lyrique, a rival to the Opera-Comique.

Donald Macleod explores the colourful world of the Parisian Opera-Comique.

He is joined by Karen Henson to examine the impact of the Theatre-Lyrique, whose repertoire came into direct competition with the long-established Opera-Comique.

It came from a group of like-minded composers and dramatists including Berlioz, Adolphe Adam and Ambroise Thomas, who petitioned the authorities to create a third opera house specifically dedicated to staging works of lesser known composers.

Gounod: Si, Philemon m'aimerait Encore (Philemon et Baucis)

Baucis....Anne-Marie Rodde (soprano)

Lyric Orchestra of Radio France

Henri Gallois (conductor)

Musicdisc 202342 Tr 11

recorded in 1975

Herold: Overture (Zampa)

London Symphony Orchestra

Richard Bonynge (conductor)

Decca 466 431-2 CD2 Tr 6

Gounod: O, legere hirondelle (Mireille)

Natalie Dessay (soprano)

Monte-Carlo Philharmonic Orchestra

Patrick Fournillier (conductor)

EMI CDC 5561592 Tr 10

Ambroise Thomas: Je suis Titania (Mignon)

Philine....Maria Callas (soprano)

National Orchestra of French Radio

Georges Pretre (conductor)

EMI CDC 7 49059 2 Tr 9

Delibes: C'est un pauvre qui mendie...Lakme ton doux regard se voile...

(Lakme - Act 2)

Nilakantha....Roger Soyer (bass)

Lakme....Mady Mesple (soprano)

Orchestra of the National Theatre of Opera-Comique

Alain Lombard (conductor)

EMI CDS 749430 2 CD1 Tr 25

Meyerbeer: Ombre legere (Dinorah)

Joan Sutherland (soprano)

Decca 475 6302 CD5 Tr 5

Bizet: Djamileh (Finale)

Djamileh....Lucia Popp (soprano)

Haroun....Franco Bonisolli (tenor)

Splendiano....Jean-Philippe Lafone (bass)

Munich Radio Orchestra

Lamberto Gardelli (conductor)

Orfeo C174 881 A Trs 16-17.

05 LAST2009120420100827

Donald Macleod concludes his exploration of the colourful world of the Parisian Opera-Comique.

He is joined by Karen Henson to consider the developments in Opera-Comique on the cusp of the 20th century, when the demise of the Theatre-Lyrique and the destruction and subsequent rebuilding of the Opera-Comique saw an increase in its productions in other Parisian theatres.

Messager: De ci, de la (Veronique)

Helene....Mady Mesple (soprano)

Florestan....Michel Dens (baritone)

Orchestre de l'Association des concerts Lamoureux

Jean-Claude Hartemann (conductor)

EMI CDM 7691342 Tr 12

Lecocq: Jours fortunes (La fille de Madame Angot)

Clairette....Mady Mesple (soprano)

Mademoiselle Lange....Christiane Stutzmann (soprano)

Orchestra of the Opera Comique National Theatre

Jean Doussard (conductor)

EMI CDM 7691352 Tr 11

Debussy: Une foret (Pelleas et Melisande (Act 1, Sc 1)

Golaud....Laurent Naouri (baritone)

Melisande....Anne Sofie von Otter (soprano)

National Orchestra of France

Bernard Haitink (conductor)

Naive V4923 CD Tr 1

Chabrier: Introduction and choeur danse (Le Roi malgre lui - Act 2)

Laski....Chris de Moor (bass)

Radio France Chorus

New Philharmonic Orchestra of Radio France

Charles Dutoit (conductor)

Erato 2292-45792 2 CD1 Tr 10

Auber: A desert in Louisiana (Manon - Act 3, Sc 2)

Des Grieux....Jean-Claude Orliac (tenor)

Manon....Mady Mesple (soprano)

Gervais....Gerard Friedmann

Marguerite....Emmy Greger

Lyric Orchestra and Chorus of Radio France

Jean-Pierre Marty (conductor)

EMI CMS 7 632522 CD2 Tr 18.

Donald Macleod explores the Opera-Comique on the cusp of the 20th century.

The demise of the Théâtre-Lyrique and the destruction and subsequent rebuilding of the Opéra-Comique saw an increase in productions of Opéra-Comique in other Parisian theatres.

In this final programme Donald Macleod and guest Karen Henson look at the developments in Opéra-Comique on the cusp of the twentieth century.

Donald Macleod explores Opera-Comique on the cusp of the 20th century.