In realms of science as diverse as vaccine safety, cloning, drugs trials, climate research, psychology and palaeontology, the behaviour of scientists has come in for harsh public criticism.
In some cases, published research has turned out to be fraudulent or conducted unethically.
Other actions or omissions in recent controversies have been condemned as misleading, economical with the truth or avoiding openness.
So, should scientists sign up to an ethical code of behaviour along the lines of the Hippocratic Oath and what specific clauses should they promise to uphold?
Science broadcaster Adam Rutherford chairs a discussion with a panel of scientists, ethicists and commentators to formulate an Oath for scientists to take.
The panel will include Bad Science columnist and epidemiologist Ben Goldacre.
Dr Adam Rutherford was a biologist and is now a regular presenter of science shows on Radio 4, such as The Material World, Science Betrayed and Frontiers.
He also presents science television programmes on BBC2 and BBC4.
Producer: Andrew Luck-Baker.
What should be in a Hippocratic Oath for scientists?