Music In The Great War

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20140629

Personal musical reactions to the First World War by Frank Bridge, a pacifist composer deeply disturbed by the war and Louis Vierne, whose Quintet reflects his own personal tragedy: he lost both his son and brother in the conflict.

Bridge: Cello sonata

Paul Watkins (cello)

Huw Watkins (piano)

Vierne: Piano quintet

Stephen Coombs (piano)

Chilingirian Quartet.

20140706

After sustaining an injury on the Eastern Front during the First World War, the Austrian concert pianist Paul Wittgenstein subsequently re-learned to play the piano with his left hand alone. He commissioned a number of new works, including these pieces by Korngold and Hindemith, as well as the more famous concerto by Ravel.

Korngold: Piano Concerto for the Left Hand

Howard Shelley (piano)

BBC Philharmonic

conductor Matthias Bamert

Hindemith: Piano Concerto for the Left Hand Op.29

Leon Fleisher (piano)

Symphony Orchestra of the Curtis Institute

conductor Christoph Eschenbach.

20141109

Music from two generations of British composers affected by the First World War, recorded earlier this year at the church at Shaw's Corner, the former home of George Bernard Shaw, now run by the National Trust. Tenor Benjamin Hulett performs settings of AE Housman poems with the pianist Christopher Glynn, and Radio 3 New Generation Artists Elena Urioste and Zhang Zuo perform Elgar's Violin Sonata.

Songs by Somervell, Butterworth, Gurney and Moeran

Elgar: Violin Sonata.

01Radio 3 Lunchtime Concert20140701

Music in the Great War. Recorded at Cheltenham Music Festival in 2012, a series of concerts journeying through music composed during the First World War. Today, music from 1914, including works by Janacek, Webern and Ravel.

Janacek: Violin Sonata

Joplin: Magnetic Rag

Webern: Three pieces for cello and piano

Ravel: Piano Trio

Henning Kraggerud (violin)

Adrian Brendel (cello)

Christian Ihle Hadland (piano).

02Radio 3 Lunchtime Concert20140702

02Radio 3 Lunchtime Concert20140702

Continuing this week's theme of music written during the First World War, another chance to hear part of a live concert given at Cheltenham Music Festival in 2012, exploring music written in 1915.

Debussy: Cello sonata

Bartok: Romanian dances

Reger: Clarinet quintet

Steven Isserlis (cello)

Connie Shih (piano)

Matthew Hunt (clarinet)

Escher Quartet.

03Radio 3 Lunchtime Concert20140703

03Radio 3 Lunchtime Concert20140703

Music in the Great War. This week, a series of concerts journeying through music from the years 1914-18, recorded at Cheltenham Music Festival in 2012. In the 1916-themed concert, works by the composers Bax and Rachmaninov.

Bax: Elegiac Trio for flute, viola and harp

Rachmaninov: Etudes Tableaux Op 39

Emily Beynon (flute)

Sally Pryce (harp)

Jennifer Stumm (viola)

Christian Ihle-Hadland (piano).

04Radio 3 Lunchtime Concert20140704

Music in the Great War. Recorded at Cheltenham Music Festival in 2012, this week's journey through music composed during the First World War reaches 1917 today, with works by Fauré, Weill and Bartok.

Fauré: Cello Sonata No.1 in A major

Weill: Intermezzo

Bartok: String Quartet No.2

Steven Isserlis (cello)

Connie Shih (piano)

Charles Owen (piano)

Escher Quartet.

05 LASTRadio 3 Lunchtime Concert20140705

The concluding part of a series journeying through music written during the First World War takes in Debussy's violin sonata from 1917 and two works written in the final year of conflict, 1918.

Recorded at Cheltenham Music Festival in 2012.

Debussy: Sonata for violin and piano

Stravinsky: The Soldier's Tale suite for piano, clarinet and violin

Bruch: String Quintet in A minor

Katherine Gowers (violin)

Anthony Marwood (violin)

Jennifer Stumm (viola)

Matthew Hunt (clarinet)

Connie Shih (piano)

Charles Owen (piano)

Escher Quartet.

AO301Britain at War - Outbreak20140623

AO301Britain at War - Outbreak20140623

Part of Radio 3's WWI season, Music in the Great War.

Penny Gore introduces an afternoon of music connected with the UK at war, featuring music by the Irishman Sir Charles Villiers Stanford and two of his composition pupils at the Royal College of Music: Howells and Bliss. Howells' First Piano Concerto was his first major orchestral work, and the 1914 premiere was conducted by Stanford. It is notable for the colour and brilliance of his orchestration as well as the extremely demanding piano writing. The afternoon also includes performances of Strauss and Dvorak from the BBC Philharmonic.

Stanford

Irish Rhapsody No.5

Ulster Orchestra

Howard Shelley (conductor)

2.15pm Howells

Piano Concerto No.1

BBC Symphony Orchestra

Howard Shelley (piano)

Richard Hickox (conductor)

2.55pm Bliss

String Quartet in A (1915)

Maggini Quartet

3.16pm Strauss

Don Juan

BBC Philharmonic

Vassily Sinaisky (conductor)

3.34pm Dvorak

Cello Concerto in B minor

Leonard Elschenbroich (cello)

BBC Philharmonic

Vassily Sinaisky (conductor).

AO301Britain At War - Outbreak20140623

Part of Radio 3's WWI season, Music in the Great War.

Penny Gore introduces an afternoon of music connected with the UK at war, featuring music by the Irishman Sir Charles Villiers Stanford and two of his composition pupils at the Royal College of Music: Howells and Bliss. Howells' First Piano Concerto was his first major orchestral work, and the 1914 premiere was conducted by Stanford. It is notable for the colour and brilliance of his orchestration as well as the extremely demanding piano writing. The afternoon also includes performances of Strauss and Dvorak from the BBC Philharmonic.

Stanford

Irish Rhapsody No.5

Ulster Orchestra

Howard Shelley (conductor)

2.15pm Howells

Piano Concerto No.1

BBC Symphony Orchestra

Howard Shelley (piano)

Richard Hickox (conductor)

2.55pm Bliss

String Quartet in A (1915)

Maggini Quartet

3.16pm Strauss

Don Juan

BBC Philharmonic

Vassily Sinaisky (conductor)

3.34pm Dvorak

Cello Concerto in B minor

Leonard Elschenbroich (cello)

AO302Britain at War - At the Front20140624

AO302Britain at War - At the Front20140624

Part of Radio 3's WWI season, Music in the Great War.

Penny Gore continues this week's exploration of music connected with World War One. Today features composers who were at the front. Vaughan Williams' exposure to prolonged gunfire was the cause of his deafness in old age; Denis Browne was killed in action during the Gallipoli campaign and Moeran spent most of World War I as a despatch rider and was wounded at Bullecourt in 1917. The remainder of the afternoon features music by Sibelius and Schumann from the BBC Philharmonic.

Vaughan Williams

Symphony no.3 'Pastoral'

BBC Symphony Orchestra

Andrew Davis (conductor)

2.35pm William Denis Browne

Two Dances for small orchestra

BBC Philharmonic

Paul Daniel (conductor)

2.45pm Moeran

Symphony in G minor

Ulster Orchestra

Vernon Handley (conductor)

3.33pm Sibelius

Finlandia

BBC Philharmonic

Antonello Manacorda (conductor)

3.43pm Schumann

Symphony no.1 in B flat major (Spring)

BBC Philharmonic

Antonello Manacorda (conductor).

AO302Britain At War - At The Front20140624

Part of Radio 3's WWI season, Music in the Great War.

Penny Gore continues this week's exploration of music connected with World War One. Today features composers who were at the front. Vaughan Williams' exposure to prolonged gunfire was the cause of his deafness in old age; Denis Browne was killed in action during the Gallipoli campaign and Moeran spent most of World War I as a despatch rider and was wounded at Bullecourt in 1917. The remainder of the afternoon features music by Sibelius and Schumann from the BBC Philharmonic.

Vaughan Williams

Symphony no.3 'Pastoral'

BBC Symphony Orchestra

Andrew Davis (conductor)

2.35pm William Denis Browne

Two Dances for small orchestra

BBC Philharmonic

Paul Daniel (conductor)

2.45pm Moeran

Symphony in G minor

Ulster Orchestra

Vernon Handley (conductor)

3.33pm Sibelius

Finlandia

Antonello Manacorda (conductor)

3.43pm Schumann

Symphony no.1 in B flat major (Spring)

AO303Germany At War20140625

Part of Radio 3's WWI season, Music in the Great War.

Penny Gore explores some of the music written by German composers during the First World War. Contrasting works by Reger and Eisler are followed by Stephan's Music for Orchestra and an extract from Braunfels' luxuriously scored Te Deum. The afternoon is rounded off with a performance of Rimsky-Korsakov's Capriccio espagnol.

Reger

Abschiedslied

BBC Singers

Paul Brough (conductor)

2.03pm Eisler

Gegen den Krieg

2.17pm Stephan

Music for orchestra

Melbourne Symphony Orchestra

Oleg Caetani (conductor)

2.43pm Braunfels

Te deum (1st part)

Swedish Radio Symphony Orchestra

Gitta-Maria Sjoberg (soprano)

Lars-Erik Jonsson (tenor)

Manfred Honeck (conductor)

3.03pm Rimsky-Korsakov

Capriccio espagnol

BBC Philharmonic

Richard Farnes (conductor).

AO304Britain At War - The Home Front20140626

Part of Radio 3's WWI season, Music in the Great War.

Penny Gore returns to the home front in today's afternoon exploration of music connected with World War One; starting with the recording from English National Opera of Mark-Anthony Turnage's opera The Silver Tassie, based on Sean O'Casey's play about the First World War. It is followed by the first modern performance of Stanford's own orchestration of the 2nd and 3rd movements of his 2nd Organ Sonata, edited by Jeremy Dibble. The programme includes partsongs by Ernest Farrar who was killed after two days on the Western Front.

Turnage

The Silver Tassie

Opera in 4 Acts

Harry Heegan - Gerald Finley (baritone)

Sylvester Heegan - John Graham-Hall (tenor)

Mrs Heegan - Anne Howells (mezzo-soprano)

Susie Monican - Sarah Connolly (mezzo-soprano)

Mrs Foran - Vivian Tierney (soprano)

Teddy Foran - David Kempster (baritone)

Barney Bagnal - Leslie John Flanagan (baritone)

Jessie Taite - Mary Hegarty (soprano)

Dr Maxwell - Mark Le Brocq (tenor)

The Croucher - Gwynne Howell (bass)

Staff officer - Bradley Daley (tenor)

Corporal - Jozef Koc (baritone)

Chorus and Orchestra of English National Opera

Paul Daniel (conductor)

3.54pm Stanford

Verdun: Solemn March and Heroic Epilogue, Op.151

(an orchestration by Stanford of the 2nd and 3rd movements of his 2nd Organ Sonata, edited by Jeremy Dibble)

Ulster Orchestra

Howard Shelley (conductor)

4.10pm Farrar

To daffodils; Care, thou canker of our joys; There was a maid

BBC Singers

Paul Brough (conductor).

AO30520140627

Penny Gore finishes this weeks' look at composers associated with World War One with piano music by Schulhoff, an orchestral song by Lehar and a string quartet by Kodaly. The afternoon also features a concert given by the BBC Philharmonic with music by Mozart, Finzi and Mendelssohn.

Schulhoff

5 Grotesques

Margarete Babinsky (piano)

2.21pm Lehar

Fieber

BBC Symphony Orchestra

Robin Tritschler (tenor)

David Parry (conductor)

2.35pm Kodaly

String Quartet no.2

Kodaly Quartet

2.55pm Mozart

Violin Concerto no. 5 in A major K.219

Elena Urioste (violin)

BBC Philharmonic

Philippe Bach (conductor)

3.24pm Finzi

Dies natalis Op.8

3.54pm Mendelssohn

Piano Concerto no. 1 in G minor

Zhang Zuo (piano)

AO306France At War 1914-191820140630

Continuing Radio 3's Music in the Great War season, Katie Derham introduces an afternoon with French composers whose lives and work were affected by the conflict. First, Symphony No. 3 by Alberic Magnard, who became a national hero in 1914 when he died defending his land against the German invaders. It's followed by Charles Koechlin's String Quartet No. 3, a piece started during the war but finished once it was over. After that, it's Albert Roussel's Symphony No. 2, written in 1919 as the composer reflected on life after the destruction. Then, a couple of miniatures also inspired by the war: first Lili Boulanger's take on Psalm 24, remembering that she and her sister worked on a journal of music which was sent to ex-pupils from the Conservatoire who were at the front, including Ibert, whose piece Chant de Folie comes next.

This week also features recent recordings by the Ulster Orchestra. Today we include a piece, appropriately French, from the last concert given by JoAnn Falletta as Principal Conductor of the ensemble: Ravel's Ma mere l'oye.

A. Magnard: Symphony No. 3 in B flat miinor, Op. 11

Malmo Symphony Orchestra

Thomas Sanderling, conductor

2.45pm

C. Koechlin: String Quartet No. 3, Op. 72

Antigone Quartet

3.00pm

A. Roussel: Symphony No. 2, Op. 23

Orchestre de Paris

Christoph Eschenbach, conductor

3.45pm

L. Boullanger: Psalm 24, for chorus, organ and orchestra

The Monteverdi Choir

London Symphony Orchestra

John Eliot Gardiner, conductor

3.50pm

J. Ibert: Chant de Folie

Slovak Philharmonic Chorus

Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra

Adriano, conductor

3.55pm

M. Ravel: Ma mere l'oye

Ulster Orchestra

JoAnn Falletta, conductor.

AO307Russia At War 1914-191720140701

Today, continuing Radio 3's Music in the Great War season, Katie Derham takes a look at Russian composers, introducing music by Nikolai Myaskovsky and Sergei Rachmaninov. The afternoon opens with Myaskovsky's Symphony No. 4, written in 1918 when the composer was serving in the navy, and inspired by the horrors of the conflict. Then, Rachmaninov's Vespers, Op. 37, arguably one of his finest pieces, written in 1915 using texts taken from the Russian Orthodox All-night Vigil ceremony.

And returning to performances recently recorded by the Ulster Orchestra, the afternoon closes with another Russian masterpiece: Scriabin's Piano Concerto in F sharp minor with soloist Nicolai Demidenko, under the baton of JoAnn Falletta - part of her last recordings with the orchestra as she steps down as Principal Conductor at the end of this season.

N. Myaskovsky: Symphony No. 4 in E minor, Op. 17

Russian Federation Academic Symphony Orchestra

Evgeny Svetlanov, conductor

2.45pm

S. Rachmaninov: Vespers, Op. 37

Leningrad Glinka Choir

Vladislav Chernushenko, conductor

3.50pm

A. Scriabin: Piano Concerto in F sharp minor, Op. 20

Ulster Orchestra

Nicolai Demidenko, piano

JoAnn Falletta, conductor.

AO30820140702

AO30820140702

Katie Derham continues Radio 3's exploration of Music in the Great War, this time with contributions by American or American-naturalised composers. First, works by Charles Ives - starting with his Orchestral Set No. 2, which includes his reaction in music to the sinking of the Lusitania. Then, his settings of two poems inspired by the conflict: Tom Sails Away and He is There! Then comes, appropriately, Leo Ornstein's Poems of 1917, inspired by the war and written for the piano, which is followed by a selection of songs from Her Soldier Boy, a work for the stage by Sigmund Romberg.

And to end the afternoon, another contribution from the USA: Barber's Violin Concerto with Michael Ludwig as soloist, accompanied by the Ulster Orchestra under JoAnn Falletta.

C. Ives: Orchestral Set No. 2

Concertgebouw Orchestra

Michael Tilson Thomas, conductor

2.20pm

C. Ives: Tom Sails Away

William Sharp, baritone

Steven Blier, piano

C. Ives: He is There!

Samuel Ramey, bass-baritone

Warren Jones, piano

2.32pm

L. Ornstein: Poems of 1917

Marc-Andre Hamelin, piano

2.47pm

S. Romberg: Her Soldier Boy (selections)

Teresa Ringholz, soprano

The Eastman-Dryden Orchestra

Donald Hunsberger, conductor

3.02pm

S. Barber: Violin Concerto

Michael Ludwig, violin

Ulster Orchestra

JoAnn Falletta, conductor.

AO309The World At War: Empires And Other Fronts20140703

AO309The World At War: Empires And Other Fronts20140703

Katie Derham continues Radio 3's Music in the Great War season with Empires and other fronts, including, appropriately for our opera matinee, Die Erste Menschen, The First Men, an opera by Rudi Stephan, a promising German composer killed at the war, which is performed by the Orchestre National de France and a cast of soloists led by Nancy Gustafson in the role of Chawa, with Mikko Franck at the helm. It's followed by Hubert Parry's The Chivalry of the Sea, a naval ode written in 1916, which is performed by the BBC Symphony Orchestra and Chorus under David Lloyd-Jones.

Also, Schubert's Symphony No. 4, 'Tragic' in a recent performance given by the BBC Philharmonic, under its Principal Conductor, Juanjo Mena.

R. Stephan: Die Ersten Menschen, an opera in two acts

Chawa - Nancy Gustafon (soprano)

Adahm - Franz Hawlata (bass)

Chabel - Wolfgang Milgram (tenor)

Kajin - Donne Ray Albert (baritone)

Orchestre National de France

Mikko Franck, conductor

3.40pm

H. Parry: The Chivalry of the Sea

BBC Symphony Orchestra and Chorus

David Lloyd-Jones, conductor

3.55pm

Schubert: Symphony No. 4 in C minor, 'Tragic'

BBC Philharmonic

Juanjo Mena, conductor.

AO310 LASTThe World At War: Memorial20140704

Katie Derham closes Radio 3's Music in the Great War series: today, a memorial to the fallen with music by Carl Nielsen, his Symphony No. 4, The Inextinguishable, written against the backdrop of the war, exalting the human spirit and what he saw as the 'elemental will to live'. It's followed by Sir Arthur Bliss's Morning Heroes, a symphony for orator, chorus and orchestra dedicated to his brother 'and other comrades killed in battle'.

Closing the afternoon, two works with the Ulster Orchestra taken from recently recorded concerts: first, Charles Villiers Stanford's A Song of Agincourt, then Mozart's Symphony No. 31, 'Paris'.

C. Nielsen: Symphony No. 4, Op. 29 'The Inextinguishable'

Royal Stockholm Philharmonic Orchestra

Sakari Oramo, conductor

2.35pm

A. Bliss: Morning Heroes, a Symphony for Orator, Chorus and Orchestra

John Westbrook, orator

Liverpool Philharmonic Choir

Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra

Sir Charles Groves, conductor

3.35pm

C.V. Stanford: A Song of Agincourt, Op. 168

Ulster Orchestra

Howard Shelley, conductor

4.00pm

W.A. Mozart: Symphony No. 31 in D major, 'Paris' K.297

Alan Buribayev, conductor.