Monkey Glands And Purple Hearts

Recent controversy over drugs in soccer is nothing new. Using archive material and interviews with former players and soccer historians, Alan Green explores the hidden history of soccer's earliest experiments with performance enhancing drugs. The recent controversy of Rio Ferdinand's missed drug test is a reminder of the sensitivity that surrounds drug taking and the national game. Increased awareness of the problem means it is more difficult to cheat today but the need to win has driven managers, coaches and the players themselves to take some very strange substances over the past eighty years. It wasn't until the World Cup Final of 1966 that compulsory drug tests were introduced for international matches and they weren't introduced in the national game until after that. Among the stories featured is the scandal over the 1939 FA Cup Final, which became known as the Monkey Gland Final because of the tactics of Wolverhampton Wanderers' colourful manager Major Frank Buckley.