Abridged by Doreen Estall.
With his family scattered across FRANCE, Matisse tries to express the horror and uncertainty of the First World War through his paintings, including the pivotal Bathers by a River.
Henri Matisse's trip to Tahiti in 1930 marks the last of the dramatic shifts of vision that liberated him at intervals throughout his life.
For Henri Matisse, now in his sixties, the upheaval of the Second World War was compounded by discord in his marriage, and his failing health.
In one of his last artistic endeavours, Henri Matisse applied his extraordinary scissor and paper technique to the design of the interior of the chapel at Vence.