In Afghanistan

Episodes

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20081104

30 Years of Conflict and Chaos

Former Kabul correspondent Alan Johnston reflects on decades of turmoil in Afghanistan, from the Soviet occupation in 1979 to the intervention by the West in 2001.

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Trapping the Bear

The story of the catastrophic miscalculations that humbled the mighty Red Army in the Hindu Kush.

Tens of thousands of troops, tanks and helicopters poured into Afghanistan late in 1979.

They laid waste to the land for a decade, during which time millions of Afghans died or were forced to flee.

But in the end, it was the Russians who retreated, chased out, in part, by CIA-backed rebels.

20081111

30 Years of Conflict and Chaos

Former Kabul correspondent Alan Johnston reflects on decades of turmoil in Afghanistan, from the Soviet occupation in 1979 to the intervention by the West in 2001.

2/2.

Into the Morass

While America looked away, Al-Qaeda took root in the wreckage of Taliban-held Afghanistan.

But after the attacks of 11 September 2001, confrontation became inevitable and British and American soldiers found themselves fighting in same dust where the Russians had failed years before.

Hopes that Afghanistan could easily shed its traumatic past are now in ruins and there is a fear that the conflict may last for decades to come.

20081113

Should We Bring Home the Troops?

As part of Radio 4's In Afghanistan season, Eddie Mair chairs a debate from Chatham House in London about the future direction of Britain's involvement in Afghanistan.

Guardian columnist Simon Jenkins believes that disaster beckons there, and that more British soldiers would only lead to even greater insurgency.

He defends his opinion in the company of fellow speakers who include Ahmed Rashid, Rory Stewart and UN representative Chris Alexander.