Hearts And Minds

Can we really control children through their books, and can the state capture and chain the imagination of the child? Michael Rosen examines four very different historical attempts at moulding the minds of the young.

Episodes

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01*20090525

Nick Fraser considers the proper role of intellectuals in relation to world events and world conflict.

The Cold War was fought on intellectual as well as strategic grounds, but did intellectuals abandon their own standards in the battle for 'hearts and minds'? Nick considers the matter in the run-up to the centenary of the birth of Isaiah Berlin, one of Britain's foremost political philosophers and opponents of Soviet communism, and takes the figures known as 'liberal anti-communists' during the Cold War as an historic peak of the Western intellectual's power and influence.

A Brook Lapping production for BBC Radio 4.

Nick Fraser considers the role of intellectuals in relation to world events.

01*20090525

Nick Fraser considers the proper role of intellectuals in relation to world events and world conflict.

The Cold War was fought on intellectual as well as strategic grounds, but did intellectuals abandon their own standards in the battle for 'hearts and minds'? Nick considers the matter in the run-up to the centenary of the birth of Isaiah Berlin, one of Britain's foremost political philosophers and opponents of Soviet communism, and takes the figures known as 'liberal anti-communists' during the Cold War as an historic peak of the Western intellectual's power and influence.

A Brook Lapping production for BBC Radio 4.

Nick Fraser considers the role of intellectuals in relation to world events.

01Behold The Child19970811

The Puritans of the 17th century were the first to write books for children.

Inventing new and novel ways to save the souls of their young, they wrote what now seem to be terrifying tales of children on their death beds, or books filled with images and graphic descriptions of brutally tortured Protestant martyrs.

01Behold The Child19970811

The Puritans of the 17th century were the first to write books for children.

Inventing new and novel ways to save the souls of their young, they wrote what now seem to be terrifying tales of children on their death beds, or books filled with images and graphic descriptions of brutally tortured Protestant martyrs.

02Russia: The Imagination At War19970812

The early experiments of the first years of the Russian Revolution saw the folk tale elevated to a new status in the people's regime, the fairy tale attacked for its lack of reality, and the classics newly revered.

As the new Communist ideology twisted and hardened, one man - Kornei Chukovsky - fought and won a lone battle for the fairy tale, whilst others, unwelcome in the harsh world of socialist realism, found the forest of children's literature a place of refuge, if not safety.

02Russia: The Imagination At War19970812

The early experiments of the first years of the Russian Revolution saw the folk tale elevated to a new status in the people's regime, the fairy tale attacked for its lack of reality, and the classics newly revered.

As the new Communist ideology twisted and hardened, one man - Kornei Chukovsky - fought and won a lone battle for the fairy tale, whilst others, unwelcome in the harsh world of socialist realism, found the forest of children's literature a place of refuge, if not safety.

02 LAST*20090601

Nick Fraser considers the proper role of intellectuals in relation to world events and world conflict.

The Cold War was fought on intellectual as well as strategic grounds, but did intellectuals abandon their own standards in the battle for 'hearts and minds'? Nick considers the matter in the run-up to the centenary of the birth of Isaiah Berlin, one of Britain's foremost political philosophers and opponents of Soviet communism, and takes the figures known as 'liberal anti-communists' during the Cold War as an historic peak of the Western intellectual's power and influence.

A Brook Lapping production for BBC Radio 4.

Nick Fraser considers the role of intellectuals in relation to world events.

02 LAST*20090601

Nick Fraser considers the proper role of intellectuals in relation to world events and world conflict.

The Cold War was fought on intellectual as well as strategic grounds, but did intellectuals abandon their own standards in the battle for 'hearts and minds'? Nick considers the matter in the run-up to the centenary of the birth of Isaiah Berlin, one of Britain's foremost political philosophers and opponents of Soviet communism, and takes the figures known as 'liberal anti-communists' during the Cold War as an historic peak of the Western intellectual's power and influence.

A Brook Lapping production for BBC Radio 4.

Nick Fraser considers the role of intellectuals in relation to world events.

03Little Hitlers19970814

`If we wish to raise heroes, then we will have to expose our children early enough to the concepts of war and heroism,' rang the battle cry from the National Socialist Teachers Association.

No other state so comprehensively overturned the world of children's literature and education as the Nazis in their 12-year reign.

03Little Hitlers19970814

`If we wish to raise heroes, then we will have to expose our children early enough to the concepts of war and heroism,' rang the battle cry from the National Socialist Teachers Association.

No other state so comprehensively overturned the world of children's literature and education as the Nazis in their 12-year reign.

04 LASTSouth Africa: Black And White?19970815

The story of children's literature in apartheid South Africa is a tale of literary starvation for blacks, a solid diet of mother country classics and fake history for the whites, and bold tales of pioneering Vortrekkers for the Afrikaners.

It looked like it would be this way for ever.

But in the heart of Soweto, a teacher closed the door, put his finger to his lips and told his black pupils the story of how it really was.

04 LASTSouth Africa: Black And White?19970815

The story of children's literature in apartheid South Africa is a tale of literary starvation for blacks, a solid diet of mother country classics and fake history for the whites, and bold tales of pioneering Vortrekkers for the Afrikaners.

It looked like it would be this way for ever.

But in the heart of Soweto, a teacher closed the door, put his finger to his lips and told his black pupils the story of how it really was.