Heart And Soul [world Service]

Personal approaches to religious belief from around the world.



Series which aims to bring understanding of the world's main faiths and explores the personal side of religious belief.

Explores the controversy in the USA between creation and evolution.

In scientific circles over the last 150 years, Charles Darwin's theory of evolution by natural selection has become the accepted explanation for how we and all other living things evolved from primitive, single-celled ancestors.

Most biologists in most respected universities support that explanation and most agree that that process has taken hundreds of millions of years.

Geologists now have evidence that our planet's history dates back about 4.6 billion years and cosmologists will tell you that our universe came into being through a process known as the Big Bang more than 13 billion years ago.

In spite of that, many people are guided by a different set of beliefs, based on scripture.

In the United States the incidence of such beliefs is particularly high.

In a recent survey, more than 40% of Americans said they thought that humans and other creatures had been created in their present forms and have not evolved.

Of those who did accept evolution, a third thought that it was guided by some supreme being.

In two editions of Heart and Soul, the BBC World Service explores the controversy in the United States between creation and evolution and investigates a spectrum of beliefs.

To gain insights into the minds of the personalities involved, the BBC gave microphones to two of the key players from very different viewpoints and asked them for their reactions through a series of encounters and interviews.

In this second programme we hear from Dr Henry Morris III.

He is Executive vice President of the Institute for Creation Research, founded by his father.

He believes a literal interpretation of the biblical book of Genesis, suggesting that the Earth, life and humans were created over six days less than 10,000 years ago.

Explores the controversy in the United States between creation and evolution.

In this second programme we hear from Dr Henry Morris III of the Institute for Creation Research.

The Institute was founded by his father with a mission to 'equip believers with evidence of the Bible's accuracy and authority through scientific research, educational programs, and media presentations, all conducted within a thoroughly biblical framework.' In this programme Dr Morris interviews scientists about the basis for their understanding of evolution and puts his own view that, as he believes was revealed in the Bible, earth, life and humans were created by God in six days.

Iranians discuss their faith following the creation of the Islamic Republic of Iran.


  • thirty years ago, ayatollah khomeini returned to iran, swept away the shah's regime and set up the islamic republic.

    from that time, stringent religious laws were imposed and politics, culture and religion became inextricably linked.

    heart and soul examines how this has affected attitudes towards islam among those who have left the country.

    the anthropologist and writer ziba mir hosseini left iran in the 1980s and has spent the last three decades trying to make sense of her personal view of faith.

    she talks to fellow iranians - some who have rejected their religion, others who have created their own spiritual path - but all who have been marked by the creation of the islamic republic of iran

    poland: still the most catholic country in europe?

    it's been 20 years since the fall of communism in poland, in which the catholic church played such a crucial role.

    a whole new generation has grown up who only know the communist era from history books and the stories their parents tell.

    poland has joined the european union, and the polish pope, john paul the second, has died.

    with all that, how is the church faring in poland today? is poland still the most catholic country in europe?

    join our warsaw correspondent, adam easton, as he travels to the beautiful medieval city of krakow to find out.

    he meets two young men who are training to become priests.

    what's motivated their choice - and are there still enough others like them to keep the church going?

    from other young people, we find out what issues they have with faith and the church - and why in some ways, it was far simpler to be a believer under communism"