Hardtalk

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Two economists discuss whether Asia should aspire to Western levels of consumption

Growth is good - that's a basic economic assumption shared the world over, but is it always true?

Is it possible, or desirable, for the new giants of the world economy China and India to grow their economies until they reach American levels of consumption?

Stephen Sackur is joined by Chandran Nair, founder of the Global Institute for Tomorrow and Raghuram Rajan, former IMF economist and now an economic adviser to the Indian prime minister to discuss if free market capitalism will make or break Asia.

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BBC Trust Chairman Lord Patten talks about the future of the media organisation

The BBC is the worlds biggest broadcaster.

It has a proud history, but what about its future?

Funding is being squeezed, the competition across all media platforms is intense and its role as a public service broadcaster is under constant scrutiny.

Lord Patten is the Chairman of the Trust which oversees the BBC.

The global media landscape is changing with extraordinary speed; can the BBC keep up?

Lord Patten talks to Stephen Sackur.

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Steve Keen, the ‘Merchant of Gloom’.

gives his take on avoiding the economic depression.

'Another Great Depression is all but inevitable’ - that's the view of Steve Keen.

No wonder he's been called the ‘Merchant of Gloom’.

But then Keen is one of the few economists to have predicted the global financial crisis.

And while he used to be a lone voice challenging the economic consensus, more and more people are now listening to him.

His way of avoiding depression? Write off the debt, bankrupt the banks, nationalize the financial system, and start all over again.

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In-depth, hard-hitting interviews with newsworthy personalities.

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In-depth, hard-hitting interviews with newsworthy personalities.

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In-depth, hard-hitting interviews with newsworthy personalities.

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In-depth, hard-hitting interviews with newsworthy personalities.

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In-depth, hard-hitting interviews with newsworthy personalities.

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In-depth, hard-hitting interviews with newsworthy personalities.

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In-depth, hard-hitting interviews with newsworthy personalities.

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In-depth, hard-hitting interviews with newsworthy personalities.

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We've become used to the idea we're living in Asia's century - that China and India are leading an irreversible shift of power from West to East.

Well, maybe its time to challenge the new orthodoxy.

Asian nations face huge unresolved challenges - of poverty, poor governance and environmental degradation.

Stephen Sackur speaks to Rajat Nag, managing director of the Asian Development Bank and asks: are reports of Asia's economic advance somewhat premature?

Managing Director of the Asian Development Bank on inequality and governance in Asia.

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Managing Director of the Asian Development Bank on inequality and governance in Asia.

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The BBC is the worlds biggest broadcaster.

It has a proud history, but what about its future?

Funding is being squeezed, the competition across all media platforms is intense and its role as a public service broadcaster is under constant scrutiny.

Lord Patten is the Chairman of the Trust which oversees the BBC.

The global media landscape is changing with extraordinary speed; can the BBC keep up?

Lord Patten talks to Stephen Sackur.

BBC Trust Chairman Lord Patten talks about the future of the media organisation

17/08/201120110818

Some of the most ambitious, dedicated athletes in the world will star in the London 2012 Olympics - and many more will figure in the Paralympic games which will follow.

Thousands of disabled competitors will be straining every sinew not just to win gold, but also to convince the world their sporting prowess matches that of Usain Bolt and the rest.

Stephen Sackur speaks to Dame Tanni Grey-Thompson, winner of 11 Paralympic gold medals and now an influential voice in UK sport.

Paralympic gold medalist Dame Tanni Grey-Thompson talks to Stephen Sackur

17/08/201120110820

Some of the most ambitious, dedicated athletes in the world will star in the London 2012 Olympics - and many more will figure in the Paralympic games which will follow.

Thousands of disabled competitors will be straining every sinew not just to win gold, but also to convince the world their sporting prowess matches that of Usain Bolt and the rest.

Stephen Sackur speaks to Dame Tanni Grey-Thompson, winner of 11 Paralympic gold medals and now an influential voice in UK sport.

Paralympic gold medalist Dame Tanni Grey-Thompson talks to Stephen Sackur

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Two economists discuss whether Asia should aspire to Western levels of consumption.

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Cycling is one of the most physically demanding of professional sports.

It is also one of the most tainted.

In the last decade, a host of top riders have been exposed as drugs cheats, including David Millar.

Millar held the Tour de France's yellow jersey and was a world champion before he was exposed.

Banned for two years, he then came back, committed, not just to racing, but to cleaning up cycling.

But is there room for integrity in a world where winning is everything?

Stephen Sackur talks to former world champion cyclist David Millar.

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Steve Keen, the ‘Merchant of Gloom’.

gives his take on avoiding the economic depression.

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The Gaddafi era is over - after four decades of dictatorship Libyans have an opportunity to dismantle his republic of fear and build something better.

But will they?

Stephen Sackur speaks to Hisham Matar, a Libyan novelist whose own father remains one of the disappeared of the Gaddafi regime.

How quickly can Libyans heal their country's wounds?

How quickly can Libyans heal their country's wounds? Stephen Sackur speaks to Hisham Matar

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Ab Yehoshua - Author2013030420130305 (WS)

Can one of Israel's great writers chart a way for Israelis and Palestinians in conflict?

The conflict between Israelis and Palestinians arouses passions like few others. But on one thing most people can agree: that there's no prospect of the struggle ending anytime soon. So given the failure of the politicians and the diplomats, the militants and the liberals – what should we take from the words of the writer?

AB Yehoshua is known as one of Israel's great men of letters. His latest book is seen by some as a powerful allegory of the journey Israeli Jews need now to take. So can he chart a way through the quagmire? And why does he have such a low opinion of Jews outside Israel?

(Image: AB Yehoshua, Credit: AFP/Getty Images)

Actor - Viggo Mortensen20140526

Has the American movie industry contributed to the ‘Hollywoodisation’ of global culture?

Hardtalk speaks to award-winning film star, Viggo Mortensen. Known to many for his starring role in The Lord of the Rings, he is not your average Hollywood leading man. Fluent in four languages and of mixed American and Danish background, he spent his childhood in three continents – so, what is his response to critics who say the American movie industry has contributed to the ‘Hollywoodisation’ of global culture and killed diversity?

Picture: Viggo Mortensen, Credit: Loic Venance/AFP/Getty Images

Actor And Campaigner - Jeremy Irons20131225

Actor Jeremy Irons has strong opinions about toxic waste. Could it get him into trouble?

The Oscar-winning actor Jeremy Irons is best known for his portrayal of troubled, brooding upper class men. This year he has made a documentary about the potentially devastating impact of the mountains of toxic waste polluting our planet. He is an actor with very strong opinions. Could that get him into trouble?

Adviser To Former British Pm Gordon Brown, 2005 € 2009 - Damian Mcbride20131004

In the past Damian McBride never let the truth stand in his way. What about now?

Opinion polls in Britain suggest public faith in politics and politicians has plummeted in the last decade. Why? A lot of powerful reasons lie within the pages of a dark political memoir written by Damian McBride. He was the spin doctor for former British Prime Minister, Gordon Brown, and routinely used smears, leaks and a host of dirty tricks to serve his master's interests and undermine his enemies. In the past Damian McBride never let the truth stand in his way. What about now?

African American Civil Rights Activist - Dr Benjamin Chavis Jr20140401

Once Martin Luther King’s assistant, African American civil rights activist Benjamin Chavis is one of the leaders of the US civil rights movement.

At the age of 24 he was convicted of arson as leader of the Wilmington Ten protests, and sentenced to 34 years in prison. He was freed in 1980 after a federal appeal court overturned the convictions, and became Vice President of the National Council of Churches of the USA.

Sarah Montague speaks to Dr Benjamin Chavis Jr in front of a live audience in the BBC Radio Theatre in London.

Picture: Dr Benjamin Chavis, Credit: Jeff Fusco/Getty Images

In-depth, hard-hitting interviews with newsworthy personalities.

Alan Johnson € Uk Home Secretary 2009 € 201020130517

Has politics and politicians lost touch with real life?

The British public appears increasingly alienated from mainstream politics and politicians - a phenomenon which can also be seen in other mature democracies. Stephen Sackur speaks to Alan Johnson, who held a series of cabinet posts in the last Labour Government. He is that rare breed, a politician who grew up in poverty and worked his way up from the bottom. Has today’s professionalised class of politicians lost touch with real life?

Alan Moore - Graphic Novelist20130102

Alan Moore - Graphic Novelist2013010220130103 (WS)

Alan Moore - man behind the mask worn by computer hackers and Occupy protestors the world over.

But he's no typical insurgent, rather a graphic novelist. He has championed the form for its effect on politics and culture.

Why is he now becoming disillusioned?

and insurgent explains why is he now becoming disillusioned.

Alan Moore - graphic novelist and insurgent explains why is he now becoming disillusioned.

Alaska20130826

Can fishing and mining co-exist?

Hardtalk is on the road in Alaska. Stephen Sackur visits the Bristol Bay region of south-west Alaska where the fishing industry, the mining industry and the federal government are locked in a bitter argument over environmental sustainability and resource exploitation. Every year 40 million salmon swim in to Bristol Bay before beginning their journey up the rivers and streams of the region, it’s one of the world’s great fisheries, however, 120 miles inland there is plan to build North American’s largest copper mine. Hardtalk explores whether the two forms of resource exploitation can co-exist?

Picture: Alaskan shoreline, Credit: David McNew/Getty Images

Alassane Ouattara - President Of Ivory Coast2013032720130328 (WS)

Ivory Coast was once one of west Africa's economic powerhouses. Today, the world's biggest cocoa producer is trying to recover from the conflict that tore the country apart. Following elections in late 2010 the incumbent president, Laurent Gbagbo, refused to admit defeat to his opponent, Alassane Ouattara. After a period of violence in which thousands of Ivorians were killed, Gbagbo is now awaiting trial at the International Criminal Court in The Hague. As president of Ivory Coast, Alassane Ouattara has the task of uniting a divided country. His critics accuse him of presiding over a victor's justice and letting off supporters of his who are suspected of crimes. Are they right?

(Image: Ivory Coast President Alassane Ouattara. Credit: REUTERS/Luc Gnago)

Ama Ata Aidoo - Author20140728

Hardtalk speaks to the acclaimed Ghanaian writer Ama Ata Aidoo who has arguably done more than any other writer to depict and celebrate the condition of women in Africa, in books such as The Dilemma of a Ghost, and Changes. She is opposed to what she has described as a 'Western perception that the African female is a downtrodden wretch'. But when you look around the African continent today - girls abducted in Nigeria, polygamy reintroduced in Kenya, child marriages and the prevalence of gender based violence, how much is there really to celebrate about being female in Africa?

(Photo: Ama Ata Aidoo)

Amos Gilad € Director Of Policy, Israeli Ministry Of Defence2012080120120802 (WS)

Zeinab Badawi talks to Amos Gilad, Policy Director at the Israeli Ministry of Defence.

Zeinab Badawi talks to Amos Gilad, Policy Director at the Israeli Ministry of Defence. Is the Arab Spring a blessing or a disaster for Israel?

Upheaval in the Arab world, especially in Syria, means political realities are still evolving in the Middle East.

For years Israel has seen itself as living in a hostile neighbourhood, its borders tense and prone to bouts of violence. Hamas rules in Gaza and the peace process with the Palestinian Authority is going nowhere.

And then there's Iran - neither an Arab nation nor a neighbour, but a powerful backer of Syria's government in the current turmoil. And for Israeli military planners, a potential threat from a nuclear-armed Iran is probably their biggest pre-occupation.

(Image: Amos Gilad)

Amr Moussa20110910

was secretary general of the Arab League for ten years when he stepped down from the post last June.

Now he wants to be the president of Egypt and recent opinion polls show that he is a leading contender.

Stephen Sackur spoke to Mr Moussa at the Ambrosetti Forum on international affairs on the shores of Lake Como in Italy.

If he's elected president of Egypt, will he deliver the democratic reforms demanded by the protesters who helped to topple Hosni Mubarak?

Will Amr Moussa be the next president of Egypt?

Andrei Konchalovsky € Russian Film Director20140808

Can Russia's experience of World War One help explain what is going on today?

In August 1914, 100 years ago, the five great powers of Europe declared war on one another. For countries like Britain, Germany and France the significance of World War One is regularly debated and commemorated. But what of that other great power, Russia? It also fought against Germany, but by the end of the war Tsar Nicholas II and his family had been murdered and the Bolshevik Revolution had brought Lenin to power.

How far does what was happening in Russia then, help explain what is going on today? Zeinab Badawi talks to the renowned Russian theatre and film director Andrei Konchalovsky.

Image: Andrei Konchalovsky. Credit: Getty

Anglique Kidjo - Musician And Activist2012082220120823 (WS)

Stephen Sackur speaks to one of Africa's foremost divas, Angélique Kidjo.

Angélique Kidjo has been hailed as Africa's premier diva, known for her passionate voice and fierce determination to help African girls fulfil their potential.

Three decades ago she left her home continent and became an international star.

Stephen Sackur asks Kidjo how much Africa and its music scene has changed between then and now.

(Image: Angelique Kidjo performing in 2010. Credit: AFP / Getty Images)

Archbishop Of Canterbury - Justin Welby20140131

Can he help heal the divisions in conflict ridden countries such as South Sudan?

Hardtalk speaks to the Archbishop of Canterbury and leader of the Anglican Church, Justin Welby. He has just embarked on a tour of four African countries, all touched by vicious and bloody conflict - South Sudan, The Democratic Republic of Congo, Rwanda and Burundi. It’s part of his mission to visit as many communities as possible in the 80-million strong Anglican Church worldwide. Can he help heal the divisions in these conflict ridden countries? And what’s his answer to critics who say that religion itself is partly to blame for ethnic hatred and killings. Also, the church is polarised on issues such as same-sex marriage and gay priests. Can the Archbishop keep the Church together?

Arnold Ekpe - Ceo Ecobank Transnational Inc2012080320120804 (WS)

Stephen Sackur speaks to Arnold Ekpe, CEO of Ecobank Transnational Inc.

Six of the world's ten fastest growing economies are in Sub- Saharan Africa.

The World Bank predicts a decade of African growth which Europe can only dream of, but how realistic is the excitable talk of economic transformation in the world’s poorest continent?

Stephen Sackur speaks to Arnold Ekpe, CEO of Ecobank, which boasts eight million customers across 32 Sub-Saharan nations.

As economic opportunity beckons, are Africans ready to seize it?

Artist - Ai Weiwei20140806

Stephen Sackur speaks to the dissident Chinese artist Ai Weiwei. Under constant surveillance, prevented from leaving the country, how does this artist continue to find ways to do his work?

Please note that this programme was first broadcast in March 2014.

Image: Ai Weiwei. Credit: Getty

Ashti Hawrami - Minister For Natural Resources, Kurdistan Regional Government2012092420120925 (WS)

Zeinab Badawi speaks to Kurdish minister Ashti Hawrami.

Kurds in Iraq are growing restless and impatient over the violence and open political rivalries in Baghdad, between Shias and Sunnis.

Iraq's autonomous Kurdish region of four million is a haven of relative stability and prosperity and what's more has its own oil riches to exploit.

Zeinab Badawi speaks to Ashti Hawrami. For the last six years, he's been Minister for Natural Resources in Kurdistan's regional government.

Why are Kurds upsetting the central government by increasingly seizing control of their oil resources and exports? Do they have plans to breakaway?

(Image: Ashti Hawrami. Credit: AFP / Getty Images)

Black Sabbath Guitarist - Tony Iommi20130701

Tony Iommi’s band is topping the charts again after 43 years. Black Sabbath are better known for the antics of on/off lead singer Ozzy Osborne than the skills of its guitarist. But Iommi is the one original member of the band to have stayed the course. Despite missing finger tips that can make playing painful, a rock'n'roll lifestyle lived to the full, and now cancer, the 'king of the heavy riff' is still recording and touring around his treatment. Shaun Ley asks, what keeps him playing?

(Image: Tony Iommi of Black Sabbath announcing their first new album in 33 years. Credit: Getty Images)

Brazilian Film-maker - Jose Padilha20140423

Is Padilha's dark vision of Brazil fact or fiction?

Jose Padilha is one of Brazil's most successful and controversial film makers. His movies focus on violence and corruption in the favelas of Rio. Is his dark vision of Brazil fact or fiction?

Picture: Jose Padilha, Credit: Kevin Winter/Getty Images

Brian Sayers € Syrian Support Group2012082920120830 (WS)

While some Arab states are actively funding the Syrian opposition, the West has publicly refused to provide arms.

The US, in particular, has been criticised for its reluctance to get involved beyond talks and diplomacy.

Brian Sayers is a lobbyist for a US-based non-profit organisation. The Syrian Support Group has been given the green light by the US Treasury to raise money for the Free Syrian Army despite the fears that the FSA might have links to extremist groups in the region.

The Syrian Support Group insists that the money raised will not get into the wrong hands. How can they be sure?

(Image: Brian Sayers)

Stephen Sackur speaks to Brian Sayers from the Syrian Support Group.

Brooke Magnanti - Belle Du Jour2012122820121229 (WS)

Belle de Jour aka Dr Brooke Magnanti is calling for prostitution to be decriminalised.

As Belle de Jour, she achieved global notoriety for years, writing a blog about her sexual encounters as a high-class escort girl working in London.

Now, after revealing herself to be an expert research scientist and no longer engaged in prostitution, Dr Brooke Magnanti is calling for prostitution to be decriminalised.

Chairman Of The Intelligence And Security Committee, Uk - Sir Malcolm Rifkind Mp20131016

Is the security state a potential threat to those it's supposed to protect?

Chairman Of The Intelligence And Security Committee, Uk - Sir Malcolm Rifkind Mp20131016

Thanks to Edward Snowden, America's cyber-spy turned leaker, we now know US intelligence agencies backed by the British secretly monitor electronic communications all over the world. In Britain, Snowden's revelations have prompted a ferocious argument between self-styled defenders of liberty and pillars of the security establishment. Hardtalk speaks to Sir Malcolm Rifkind, chairman of the UK parliament's Intelligence and Security Committee. Is the security state a potential threat to those it's supposed to protect?

Picture: Sir Malcolm Rifkind, Credit: Oli Scarff/Getty Images

Chairman, China International Capital Corporation - Jin Liqun20140324

How worried should we be about the Chinese economy?

Since the financial meltdown of 2008, China has been the key driver of growth in the global economy. In Beijing, it is easy to see how the country's brand of command capitalism has transformed infrastructure and generated unprecedented wealth. But suddenly confidence has given way to insecurity - at the heart of it is a debt bubble that would threaten the whole world economy if it turned toxic. Hardtalk is in Beijing to speak to Jin Liqun, supremely well connected investment bank chief and former chairman of China's sovereign wealth fund. How worried should we be about the Chinese economy?

Chairman, Indian Cricket Premier League, 2008 € 2010 - Lalit Modi20131007

Interview with the creator of the world’s richest cricket tournament

Chairman, Indian Cricket Premier League, 2008 € 2010 - Lalit Modi20131007

Thanks to money, media rights and commercialisation, cricket, a game of proud tradition, has been transformed into a multi-billion dollar sporting commodity. The cradle of this cricketing revolution has been India, home of the Indian Premier League – the world’s richest cricket tournament. Hardtalk speaks to Lalit Modi, the creator of the Indian Premier League. He has since been banished from cricket, and his native India, amid allegations of corruption and dodgy dealing. Is greed killing cricket?

Chairman, Professional Footballers’ Association - Clarke Carlisle20130925

Tackling racism, corruption and depression - the problems behind football's flashy facade

Chief Executive Of Nhs England - Sir David Nicholson20131011

Can the NHS meet the demands and financial challenges of 21st Century healthcare?

Chief Executive Of Nhs England - Sir David Nicholson20131011

In Britain healthcare is state-funded, free at the point of delivery to all citizens. The National Health Service is routinely described by politicians of all stripes as one of the country's greatest treasures. But the NHS's reputation has been damaged by recent shocking revelations of failings in patient care. Hardtalk speaks to the Chief Executive of NHS England, Sir David Nicholson. Is his health service capable of meeting the shifting demands and daunting financial challenges of 21st Century healthcare?

Chief Executive Of Nhs England - Sir David Nicholson20131011

Can the NHS meet the demands and financial challenges of 21st Century healthcare?

Chief Justice Of South Africa - Mogoeng Mogoeng20130628

Can Chief Justice Mogoeng Mogoeng restore confidence in South Africa's legal system?

Since the end of apartheid almost 20 years ago South Africa's constitution has become one of the most admired in the world - progressive, transformative, guaranteeing equality and human rights. But despite the great strides the country has made the reality is failing to live up to the promise. The legal system which guarantees the constitution has itself come under fire -- from within the government, from the opposition, and from some human rights groups. The buck stops with South Africa's Chief Justice Mogoeng Mogoeng.

(Image: South African President Jacob Zuma (left) poses with new Chief Justice Mogoeng Mogoeng. Credit: AFP/Getty Images)

Chief Science Officer, Sens Foundation - Aubrey De Grey20140623

What would life be like without ageing? Is it a vision that's inspiring or dangerous?

Imagine life without ageing. You could live for hundreds of years with the mental and physical attributes of your 25-year-old self. Would you be tempted? Hardtalk speaks to a scientist and futurologist who believes it is a proposition that 21st Century biotechnology will soon be able to deliver. Aubrey de Grey's Californian research foundation is spending millions of dollars in a bid to conquer the ageing process. Is his vision inspiring, daft, or downright dangerous?

In-depth, hard-hitting interviews with newsworthy personalities.

Clive Woodward - Director Of Sport, British Olympic Association2012021720120218
Composer - Sir John Tavener20131115

One of Britain’s most celebrated composers talks to Sarah Montague

One of Britain’s most celebrated composers, Sir John Tavener died this week at the age of 69. He was one of the few contemporary composers who became known and loved beyond the classical world. Forty years ago, his work was sometimes dismissed as bland, populist, new age. But over time he has defied the critics - the Protecting Veil was one of the biggest selling classical albums ever, and his Song for Athene was played at the funeral of Princess Diana.

He said he wrote music for God, even referring to it as a form of divine dictation and Sir John was still composing right up to his last days. He had struggled with ill health for much of his life and had suffered a near fatal heart attack six years ago - something he said that changed everything for him: his music, his outlook on life, and his faith. In this wide-ranging interview, first broadcast in August, he told Sarah Montague about how that experience had affected him.

In-depth, hard-hitting interviews with newsworthy personalities.

Conflict-zone Surgeon - David Nott20131023

British surgeon David Nott spent five weeks practising medicine on Syria's frontline

Conflict-zone Surgeon - David Nott20131023

The International diplomatic effort to push Syria's warring parties to the negotiating table continues - as does the mission to eliminate the Assad regime's stockpile of chemical weapons. But all the while the suffering of Syrian civilians intensifies. Hardtalk speaks to David Nott, a British surgeon recently returned from five weeks practising frontline medicine in rebel-held Syrian territory. He calls it the most troubling experience in his 20 years of crisis care. In a conflict such as Syria's, how much difference can a courageous doctor make?

Conrad Black - Former Ceo Of Hollinger International2012102620121027 (WS)

From global media baron to convicted criminal doing time in a Florida jail, the remarkable rise and fall of Conrad Black has made for years of lurid headlines - not least in the newspapers he used to own. Now Conrad Black, or Lord Black of Crossharbour, is a free man out to rebuild his reputation on both sides of the Atlantic. After a turbulent decade, is he a changed man?

(Image: Conrad Black. Credit: Brian Kersey/Getty Images)

Stephen Sackur talks to former media baron Lord Black of Crossharbour.

Daniel Dennett € Philosopher And Cognitive Scientist20130401

Do humans want to live in a world where atheism rules and religion is dead?

Stephen Sackur speaks to Daniel Dennett, a philosopher who applies Darwinian evolutionary theory not just to species, but to ideas and religious beliefs. Dennett believes religion has outlived its usefulness, hampers rational thought and damages our species. Along with Richard Dawkins and the late Christopher Hitchens, Dennett is seen as a founding father of the new atheism. But do humans want to live in a world where atheism rules and religion is dead?

(Image: Daniel Dennett, Credit: Steven J Eliopoulos, www.GravityBoston.com)

David Hare20110903

has spent his life making things up in search of the truth.

With his prolific output of plays and screenplays, he has become one of the most influential chroniclers of modern Britain - a left-leaning playwright whose anger has been variously directed at deceitful politicians, cynical media barons and grasping bankers.

He accepted a knighthood from Tony blair, then excoriated him for his role in the Iraq war.

Now that Britain is back in conservative hands, does Sir David Hare still have fire in his belly?

David Hare speaks about how finding the limits of your own imagination can be painful.

David Haye20111210

Heavyweight champion of the world used to be one of the most coveted, glamorous titles in international sport.

Now, it's a label which attracts widespread cynicism and indifference.

Why?

David Haye should know.

He was, until last summer, holder of one version of the world heavyweight title, known as much for his trash talk outside the ring as for his prowess inside it.

If you look beyond the hype is boxing a sport in terminal decline?

(Image: David Haye.

Credit: All Sport/Getty Images)

Stephen Sackur asks David Haye if boxing is a sport in terminal decline.

David Keith - Environmental Scientist20111116

Can we combat global warming by altering the way the sea, clouds and atmosphere work?

Few branches of science divide opinion as sharply as that championed by Professor David Keith.

He's one of the pre-eminent geo-engineers striving to find new ways to combat global warming, by altering the way the sea, the clouds and the atmosphere work.

This isn't a replacement, he says, for the political drive to reduce emissions.

But is geo-engineering a cost-effective, emergency stop-gap, before the effects of climate change become irreversible, or a dangerous leap into the unknown?

David Keith - Environmental Scientist20111117

Can we combat global warming by altering the way the sea, clouds and atmosphere work?

David Miliband - Uk Foreign Secretary 2007-20102012022920120301

Politics can be a cruel business. No one knows that better than Britain's former foreign secretary David Miliband.

He was hot favourite to lead the UK's Labour party after its dismal 2010 election defeat, but he lost out to his younger brother Ed.

His steady rise to the political summit was halted, but he remains a Labour MP, and he still makes carefully timed interventions in foreign policy and national politics.

Without the trappings of power, how does David Miliband maximise his influence?

Stephen Sackur talks to Britain's former foreign secretary and Labour MP David Miliband.

Deputy Information Minister, Zimbabwe - Supa Mandiwanzira20140516

State coffers are virtually empty, what next for Zimbabwe?

Zimbabwe's fortunes have for three decades been tied to one man - President Robert Mugabe. Now, once again, Zimbabwe is staring economic catastrophe in the face, less than a year after the ruling Zanu PF won another term in power. State coffers are virtually empty and potential investors are being scared away by seizures of land and foreign owned assets. Hardtalk speaks to Supa Mandiwanzira, Zimbabwe’s Deputy Information Minister. How does he justify being part of a government that is accused of cronyism, rigging elections and of squandering public funds for the benefit of an elite, whilst impoverishing the many?

Doreen Lawrence2013012320130124 (WS)

Dr. Steve Peters - Psychiatrist Working In Elite Sport2012062520120626

Stephen Sackur talks to psychiatrist Steve Peters, consultant to British Olympic cycling.

With the London Olympics just weeks away, athletes are completing their final preparations - and that means fine tuning the mind as well as the body.

In elite sport the title 'head coach' increasingly refers to the specialist hired to get inside the athlete's head to instil a winning mentality.

Stephen Sackur talks to the psychiatrist Dr Steve Peters - a consultant to the British Olympic cycling team and a highly prized adviser to a host of other famous sporting names. Is winning really all in the mind?

(Image: Steve Peters speaks to the British cyclist Victoria Pendleton during the UCI Track Cycling World Cup Classic in February, 2011. Credit: Getty Images).

Economic Historian - Deirdre Mccloskey20140704

Is rising inequality the sickness that could kill capitalism?

Is rising inequality the sickness that could yet kill capitalism? It's a debate currently raging in politics as well as economics. President Obama says income inequality is the defining challenge of our time. The influential American economist Deirdre McCloskey thinks that is to misunderstand 300 years of global growth and enrichment. She focuses on the enduring power of innovation, rather than wealth distribution. So is it ok for the rich to enjoy a party to which no one else is invited?

(Photo: American economist Deirdre McCloskey)

Egemen Bagis - Turkey's Chief Eu Negotiator2012030220120303

Can Turkey shape events beyond its borders? Stephen Sackur talks with Egemen Bagis.

Turkey is a rising power in a strategically vital region, but does it have the ability to shape events beyond its borders?

Officials in Ankara would like to see Turkey inside the EU and providing leadership in the Middle East, but both goals remain elusive.

Stephen Sackur talks to Egemen Bagis, Turkey's minister for Europe.

His country is flexing some diplomatic muscle, but is it having the desired effect.

Egyptian Author And Activist - Ahdaf Soueif20131009

Activist Ahdaf Soueif is trying to re-open the road to revolution. But is it too late?

Egyptian Author And Activist - Ahdaf Soueif20131009

Is it time to mourn the death of Egypt’s revolutionary dream? Civilians lead the government but real power lies with the armed forces. Emergency law, military courts, the outlawing of the Muslim Brotherhood - the list of repressive measures invites comparison with the darkest days of the Mubarak era. Hardtalk speaks to Egyptian writer and political activist Ahdaf Soueif. She is part of a movement trying to re-open the road to revolution. But is it too late?

Extratime: Jonathan Edwards - Olympic Triple Jump Gold Medallist20120723

Rob Bonnet speaks to Olympic triple jump gold medallist, Jonathan Edwards.

More than 10,000 athletes are about to compete at the London Olympics.

The spotlight will certainly be on them but one former champion, Jonathan Edwards, will take a particular interest.

He won Olympic gold in the triple jump and his world record in the event has stood secure for 17 years.

On present form no triple jumper to compete in London looks close to breaking it.

He was also part of London's bid when the city was awarded the Games in 2005.

Now he's the athletes' representative on the Games organising committee overseeing preparations for the athletes.

London is almost at the start line but what did it take to get this far?

Jonathan Edwards talks to Rob Bonnet.

(Image: Jonathan Edwards. Credit: AP Photo/Herbert Knosowski)

Extratime: Nawal El Moutawakel -member Of The International Olympic Committee2012072720120728 (WS)

International Olympic Committee member talks to Rob Bonnet.

At the Los Angeles Olympics in 1984 a diminutive Moroccan runner named Nawal El Moutawakel won the 400 metres hurdles and so became the first Arab and Muslim woman to win Olympic gold.

She says her victory changed her life forever and propelled her towards a career in sports administration and as a passionate advocate of women in sport, especially in the Islamic world.

She's now an influential member of the International Olympic Committee.

With current IOC president Jacques Rogge due to step down next year, could she be in line to succeed him?

Nawal El Moutawakel talks to Rob Bonnet.

(Image: Nawal El Moutawakel in 2010. Credit: Getty Images)

Father Bernard Lynch - Priest And Psychotherapist2013030120130302 (WS)

Zeinab Badawi speaks to Father Bernard Lynch, one of a few openly gay Catholic priests.

The Catholic Church has been rocked by not one but two shock and surprise resignations. First, Pope Benedict steps down after announcing he was too old and infirm for the office. Then Britain's most senior Catholic, Cardinal Keith O'Brien, resigned after allegations - which he contests - of inappropriate behaviour towards priests 30 years ago. His departure has once again put the spotlight on the Catholic Church's attitudes towards homosexuality.

Zeinab Badawi speaks to Father Bernard Lynch, one of a few openly gay Catholic priests. How will the church recover from these embarrassing blows at a time of historic transition?

Fatih Birol € Chief Economist, International Energy Agency20130109

Felipe Larrain - Finance Minister Of Chile20120917

Should China's demand for copper cease, what will the effect be on Chile's economy?

Chile's economy is booming, growing at a rate which almost echoes that of China.

While Chile is the world's largest producer of copper, China the biggest importer - a perfect marriage except that China is losing its appetite. So how will Chile cope?

Shaun Ley speaks to the Chilean finance minister, Felipe Larrain, discussing the country's economic future.

(Image: Chile Finance Minister Felipe Larrain. Credit: ERIC PIERMONT/AFP/Getty Images)

Femi Kuti - Musician And Activist2012070920120710
20120710 (WS)

Zeinab Badawi talks to musician and activist Femi Kuti, son of the legendary Fela Kuti.

Zeinab Badawi talks to the musician and political activist Femi Kuti, son of the late, legendary afrobeat pioneer Fela Kuti.

As Africa's most populous nation and one of its biggest oil producers, Nigeria is a giant on the African stage. But in terms of prosperity it has never fulfilled the expectations of its people.

Femi Kuti is a constant thorn in the side of the Nigerian authorities and uses his songs to criticise government and speak up on behalf of the poor and dispossessed.

But with fantastic rates of growth in Nigeria and elsewhere in Africa, is Femi Kuti being overly pessimistic about Nigeria's prospects?

(Image: Femi Kuti performs on the stage in 2008. Credit: Stephane de Sakutin / AFP / Getty Images)

Feminist Activist And Author- Gloria Steinem20130816

Hardtalk speaks to one of the most influential women in the history of the modern feminist movement. Gloria Steinem grew up in an America where women were expected to put husband and children first. But that was never her intention. She forged a successful career as a writer. She co-founded Ms magazine and she became one of the world’s best known campaigners for gender equality. So how much of what she hoped for and fought for, has been achieved?

Film Director - Paul Greengrass20131018

How does the British director juggle truth, art and entertainment?

Film Director - Paul Greengrass20131018

What do we want from the movies we see? Judging from the global box office returns the answer is escapism, superheroes and awesome special effects. But that’s not how all A-list Hollywood directors make their name. Hardtalk speaks to Paul Greengrass who makes taut, tense films that aren’t always easy to watch. His biggest hits were the Bourne movies starring Matt Damon, his most intense film was probably United 93, based on the events of 9/11, and his new release is about Somali pirates. How does he juggle truth, art and entertainment?

Foreign Minister, Estonia - Urmas Paet20140523

How much carrot and how much stick should the EU wield when dealing with Moscow?

The crisis in Ukraine has put the spotlight on the relationship between Russia and the EU. How much carrot and how much stick should the EU wield when it comes to dealing with Moscow? The Baltic States, Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia were once part of the Soviet Union and all share a border with the Russian Federation. Hardtalk speaks to Urmas Paet, Foreign Minister of Estonia. Why does Estonia think that getting tough with President Putin is the most effective way to contain Russia?

Picture: Urmas Paet, Credit: Ilmars Znotins/AFP/Getty Images

Former Adviser To President Obama - Peter Blair Henry20130909

Is talk of a shift in economic power between rich and emerging nations convincing?

Economists have spent years bemoaning the long-term stagnation of the advanced economies and drawing unflattering comparisons with the dynamic growth in the emerging economies, but is it time to change the tune? The US economic motor is showing signs of life, just as nervousness is sweeping across financial markets from Jakarta to Brasilia. Today's guest is leading American economist and former Obama adviser Peter Blair Henry. He has just written a book about the turnaround in relations between rich and emerging nations but is it already out of date?

Former Bishop Of Edinburgh - Richard Holloway20131227

Did his own loss of faith betray those he once preached to?

The former Bishop of Edinburgh, Richard Holloway, entered a seminary at the age of 14, intent on becoming a monk. He rose to be the leader of the Anglican Church in Scotland. But he gradually lost faith in many of the certainties of Christianity, including the existence of God. He finally resigned from the church, accusing it of cruelly persecuting gay people. So did his own loss of faith betray those he once preached to?

Former Prime Minister Of Russia - Mikhail Kasyanov20141119

Do most Russians remain confident their president knows what he is doing?

Just how far is Vladimir Putin prepared to push, in his high stakes confrontation with the West over Ukraine? New allegations of Russian military incursions prompted Ukraine's president to talk of all-out war, and western leaders to threaten more sanctions. Hardtalk speaks to Mikhail Kasyanov, who was Russian prime minister in Putin's first presidential term, and is now a diehard opponent. Do most Russians remain confident their president knows what he is doing?

(Photo: Mikhail Kasyanov. Credit: AFP/Getty Images)

Founder Of Affective Computing, Mit - Rosalind Picard20131025

Imagine a world where robots can think and feel like humans - Hardtalk speaks to pioneering American scientist Professor Rosalind Picard, from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, who has advanced the capability of computers to recognise human emotions. In the future, could robots fitted with intelligent computers perform tasks such as caring for the elderly, or fight as soldiers on the battlefield and, if so, what are the ethical implications?

Francoise Barre-sinoussi - President Elect, International Aids Society20120608

Could we soon see a cure for HIV/Aids? Francoise Barre-Sinoussi thinks so.

Could we soon see a cure for HIV/Aids? Francoise Barre-Sinoussi thinks so. She's the Nobel Prize-winner who helped first identify the virus 30 years ago.

She argues that the need to pour money into fighting one of the world's most deadly diseases is as great as ever. Already nearly 30 million have died from it.

But with budgets being cut, can we afford more expensive research?

(Image: Francoise Barre-Sinoussi Credit: Getty Images).

Freedom And Justice Party Mp, Egypt - Abdul Mawgoud Dardery20130916

What now for the Muslim Brotherhood and its political wing the Freedom and Justice Party?

What now for the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt and its political wing the Freedom and Justice Party? Rarely has the fall from power of a party been so quick, dramatic and violent. Since President Morsi’s removal by the army, thousands of the Brotherhood’s members and supporters have been arrested, including most of its senior leaders. Hardtalk speaks to Abdul Mawgoud Dardery, a member of the now suspended parliament. What is the Brotherhood’s next move?

French Fashion Designer - Jean Paul Gaultier20140425

Have Jean Paul Gaultier's designs contributed to the objectification of women?

Hardtalk speaks to the French fashion designer Jean Paul Gaultier who was known as the 'enfant terrible' of the fashion world for his witty and daring designs. Now in his 60s, is he still as iconoclastic as ever? And, as an exhibition of his best known works continues at the Barbican Arts Centre in London, how does he answer criticisms that some of his designs, like corset dresses and cone bras, contribute to the sexual objectification of women?

In-depth, hard-hitting interviews with newsworthy personalities.

Fw De Klerk - President, South Africa (1989-1994)20120418

Stephen Sackur speaks to the South Africa's last white president, FW de Klerk.

Is post-apartheid South Africa losing its status as the dominant power in Sub-Saharan Africa?

As economic growth transforms the continent from Nigeria, to Angola and Uganda, could South Africa be losing its way?

From left and right, black and white, there are questions about the effectiveness of the current generation of ANC leaders.

Stephen Sackur speaks to the country's last white president, FW de Klerk, a co-recipient of the Nobel peace prize with Nelson Mandela.

Is the rainbow nation living up to its promise?

Fw De Klerk - President, South Africa (1989-1994)20120419

Stephen Sackur speaks to the South Africa's last white president, FW de Klerk.

Gareth Thomas - Former Wales Rugby Captain2013032220130323 (WS)

Stephen Sackur speaks to Welsh rugby legend, Gareth Thomas.

Stephen Sackur speaks to Welsh rugby legend, Gareth Thomas. He confronted one of the last great taboos in professional sport by publically revealing his homosexuality, while still playing at the top level. His honesty won him admiration within and far beyond the world of rugby, but has he changed anything for other gay sportsmen? And what other awkward truths lie behind the public mask donned by sport's elite performers?

(Image: Gareth Thomas. Credit: Phil Cole/Getty Images)

Garry Kasparov - Opposition Activist And Former World Chess Champion20130913

Is there any serious challenge to the supremacy of Putinism in Russia?

General Bishop Of The Coptic Orthodox Church In The Uk - Bishop Angaelos20140825

Do Christians have a future in the Arab world?

Do Christians have a future in the Arab world? It's a question raised with a new sense of urgency as an extraordinarily violent brand of jihadi extremism sweeps through Syria and Iraq. Tens of thousands of Christians, along with other minorities, have been forced from their homes, hundreds murdered. Right across the region Christians are fearful. Hardtalk speaks to Bishop Angaelos of the Egyptian Coptic Church about what can be done to protect the Arab Christian tradition.

General Secretary Of The Gmb Union - Paul Kenny20130722

Britain's Labour Party was created from the trade unions and it still gets most of its money from them. But Labour’s leader Ed Miliband - a man who owes his job to the union vote - now wants to loosen those ties. Hardtalk speaks to Paul Kenny, the leader of one of the UK's biggest unions, the GMB (. He says Labour is in danger of losing 90% of his union's funding. So what would a change mean for the Labour Party, the unions and working class representation in Britain?

Photo: Paul Kenny (right) Credit: Getty Images

George Bizos, Former Lawyer To Nelson Mandela20111013

South Africa's constitution is coming under mounting pressure, with politicians warning judges not to defy the will of the people.

Where does that leave the independence of the judiciary?

Stephen Sackur speaks to a man well placed to judge.

In a legal career spanning six decades George Bizos defended Nelson Mandela and a host of ANC leaders and helped draft the post apartheid constitution.

Extraordinary achievements - but are they now under threat?

Stephen Sackur speaks George Bizos, who helped draft the post apartheid constitution.

George Bizos, Former Lawyer To Nelson Mandela20111015

Stephen Sackur speaks George Bizos, who helped draft the post apartheid constitution.

Glenn Carle - Former Cia Agent20110813

Extraordinary rendition, secret CIA prisons, enhanced interrogation - what really happened inside the Bush Administrations 'war on terror'?

Stephen Sackur talks to a man who has come out from the shadows to throw an unforgiving light on America's counter terror campaign.

Glenn Carle served the CIA for more than two decades - he was handpicked to interrogate one key al-Qaeda suspect after 9/11.

He's now written about it, and stoked new controversy in Washington, but is he telling the whole truth?

What really happened inside the Bush Administrations 'war on terror'?

Gloria Steinem € Feminist Activist And Author2013022720130228 (WS)

Hardtalk speaks to one of the most influential women in the history of the modern feminist movement. Gloria Steinem grew up in an America where women were expected to put husband and children first.

But that was never her intention. She forged a successful career as a writer. She co-founded Ms magazine; and she became one of the world’s best known campaigners for gender equality.

So how much of what she hoped for and fought for, has been achieved?

(Image: Gloria Steinem. Credit: Richard Shotwell/Invision/AP)

Governor Of Rivers State, Nigeria - Rotimi Chibuike Amaechi20130726

What can be done to stop the state's oil being syphoned off and stolen by thieves?

Rivers State is at the heart of Nigeria’s oil industry, which produces 20% of the country's wealth. Yet more than one billion dollars a month is being lost to thieves who syphon it off from remote pipelines. Rotimi Chibuike Amaechi is Governor of Rivers State, a key figure in addressing the problem. But he's locked in a highly public dispute with the president, Goodluck Jonathan. Their supporters have had to be separated by the police, and the power struggle has prevented the state assembly from meeting since May. Isn't it time he focused on the day job?

Picture: Children sail past an oil pipeline in Rivers State, Nigeria, Credit: Pius Utomi Ekpei, AFP/Getty Images

Greek Finance Minister, 2009 - 2011, George Papaconstantinou20130823

Greece 'could need another bailout'

Hardtalk speaks to Greece's former finance minister, George Papaconstantinou – the man who was negotiating Greece's bail out until 2011 and, with it, imposing massive cut-backs in his country.

Last month, the Greek parliament voted for him to face criminal charges for allegedly tampering with a list of suspected tax evaders.

The ex-finance minister denies the allegations, and speaking in his first media interview since then, he said he as a “clear conscience”.

Presented by Sarah Montague.

Picture: George Papaconstantinou, Credit: Louisa Couliamaki/AFP/Getty

Greek Minister For Public Order - Nikos Dendias20130710

How have the years of austerity impacted on Greek law and order and illegal immigration?

Nikos Dendias, Greece’s minister for public order believes Greece has become the new gateway to Europe, receiving 90% of all illegal immigrants to the EU. He also says the Greek immigration problem may prove even greater than the financial one. How have the years of austerity impacted on Greek society and law and order?

(Image: Greek minister of public order and citizen protection, Nikolaos Dendias. Credit: Associated Press)

Guitarist And Founder Of Status Quo - Francis Rossi20141031

How come Status Quo are still rocking all over the world?

Hardtalk’s Stephen Sackur talks to Francis Rossi, guitarist, singer and founder of the band Status Quo – one of the most popular and durable acts in the history of rock 'n' roll. He’s turned the old mantra “live fast, die young” on its head - he has lived fast and just kept on going. The music business has changed beyond all recognition in the last 40 years – how come Status Quo are still rocking all over the world?

(Photo: Francis Rossi of Status Quo performs for TV show Gabalier: Die Volks-Rock'n'Roll-Show. Credit: Joerg Koch/Getty Images)

Guy Scott – Vice President Of Zambia20120504

Is Africa's economic growth being matched by improved governance?

At last Sub Saharan Africa has a positive economic story to tell, but is it being matched by improved governance?

Are Africa's leaders making the best use of the current surge in economic growth to tackle endemic poverty?

HARDtalk’s Stephen Sackur speaks to Guy Scott, recently appointed vice-president of Zambia. He is a trained scientist, an ex-farmer, and he happens to be the most senior white official in post-colonial Africa.

It is tempting to see him as a symbol of a continent no longer trapped in its past, but is it true?

Guy Scott – Vice President Of Zambia20120505

At last Sub Saharan Africa has a positive economic story to tell, but is it being matched by improved governance?

Are Africa's leaders making the best use of the current surge in economic growth to tackle endemic poverty?

HARDtalk’s Stephen Sackur speaks to Guy Scott, recently appointed vice-president of Zambia. He is a trained scientist, an ex-farmer, and he happens to be the most senior white official in post-colonial Africa.

It is tempting to see him as a symbol of a continent no longer trapped in its past, but is it true?

Is Africa's economic growth being matched by improved governance?

Guy Scott € Vice President Of Zambia2012050420120505

Is Africa's economic growth being matched by improved governance?

At last Sub Saharan Africa has a positive economic story to tell, but is it being matched by improved governance?

Are Africa's leaders making the best use of the current surge in economic growth to tackle endemic poverty?

HARDtalk’s Stephen Sackur speaks to Guy Scott, recently appointed vice-president of Zambia. He is a trained scientist, an ex-farmer, and he happens to be the most senior white official in post-colonial Africa.

It is tempting to see him as a symbol of a continent no longer trapped in its past, but is it true?

Hans-werner Sinn - German Economist2012091920120920 (WS)

Germany's pivotal role in resolving the Eurozone crisis has sparked fierce international discussion but also deep rifts at home.

Katya Adler speaks to Hans-Werner Sinn, one of Germany's most influential and controversial economists, who is at the heart of that debate.

Recently he joined forces with more than 100 colleagues to oppose any move towards Germany paying for the bank debts of other countries and appeared in front of the German constitutional court to criticise the EU bailout fund.

Is he reflecting genuine public concerns or fuelling Germans worst fears?

(Image: German economist Hans-Werner Sinn. Credit: MICHAEL GOTTSCHALK/AFP/Getty Images)

Henry Winkler - Actor2013030620130307 (WS)

How did a troubled kid come to be a symbol of sunny optimism?

Henry Winkler's long career will always be defined by one role. He was the Fonz, the cool dude at the centre of the US TV show Happy Days which was a worldwide hit in the '70s and '80s. The show portrayed an innocent, untroubled 1950s America. It was a far cry from Winkler's own childhood which was clouded by undiagnosed dyslexia. How did a troubled kid come to be a symbol of sunny optimism, and what happened to the idealised America of Happy Days?

(Image: Henry Winkler, Credit: Getty Images)

Ian Thorpe - Australian Swimmer20130104

Ian Thorpe - Australian Swimmer2013010420130105 (WS)

Olympic gold medal-winning Australian swimmer Ian Thorpe on his crippling depression.

(Image: Ian Thorpe, Credit: Getty Images)

Interim President, Anc Youth League, South Africa - Mzwandile Masina20130809

What hopes can the ANC offer the younger generation in South Africa?

South Africa is holding general elections next year and for the first time, a whole new generation will cast their vote. The 'born free generation' has no direct memory of the struggle against apartheid - and they have grown up with the powerful African National Congress as their country's government, rather than as its liberators. In a South Africa still struggling to overcome inequality, corruption and youth unemployment, what hopes can the party offer to the younger generation? Hardtalk speaks to Mzwandile Masina, the interim president of the ANC Youth League. Have they still got anything to offer to the younger generation?

Ioannis Kasoulides € Foreign Minister Of Cyprus20130426

Cyprus is enduring a financial and economic meltdown. Who and what will save Cyprus?

Cyprus is enduring the agonies of a financial and economic meltdown. But here's the really bad news for the Cypriot people - according to international economists their darkest days have yet to come. The islands economy is about to shrink dramatically, overseas investors are fleeing and the current Government is struggling to come up with a survival strategy. Stephen Sackur speaks to Cyprus's Foreign Minister Ioannis Kasoulides. Who and what will save Cyprus?

(Image: Cyprus Minister of Foreign Affairs, Ioannis Kasoulides (right) shakes hands with Foreign minister of Sweden, Carl Bildt. Credit: Associated Press)

Italian Politician - Emma Bonino20131028

An activist for political and social freedoms, what does she think of Italy today?

Italian Politician - Emma Bonino20131028

Emma Bonino has been an outspoken and bold activist for political and social freedoms for decades. She was instrumental in getting Italy to legalise abortion, has campaigned against nuclear energy, racism and sexism. But when she looks at what's happening in Italy today, does she feel that she has lost the fight?

Recorded in front of a live audience for the 100 Women season.

Ivo Daalder, Us Permanent Representative To Nato20130614

European by birth, American by choice. Are those two outlooks becoming hard to reconcile?

He’s European by birth; an American citizen by choice. But are those two outlooks becoming increasingly hard to reconcile? There’s tension over US surveillance that could affect Europeans; and a division in NATO between what one US defence secretary calls those who pay – principally the Americans – and those who enjoy the benefits – the Europeans. As Ivo Daalder ends his term, does he think it’s time for this 64-year-old veteran security organisation to be pensioned off? Presented by Shaun Ley.

(Image: Ivo Daalder, Credit: AFP/Getty Images)

Jack Abramoff - Former Us Lobbyist2012092820120929 (WS)

Katya Adler speaks to former Washington lobbyist Jack Abramoff.

In the lead-up to November's Presidential election in the United States, groups on the right and left are sounding the alarm at the influence of money on US politics.

Katya Adler speaks to one guest who knows a lot about that.

At the height of his career he made millions as a career lobbyist in Washington, wining, dining and influencing lawmakers.

His fall from grace was dramatic and saw him publicly disgraced and imprisoned for fraud and bribery.

A free man once again, Jack Abramoff says he is a reformed man, lobbying to correct what he describes as a corrupt system where he says his behaviour was and continues to be commonplace.

Is he trying to make amends for his past or put the blame on others?

James Cracknell - Former Olympic Rower20121116

What resources has Olympic rower James Cracknell needed to endure serious brain damage?

James Cracknell is a former Olympic rowing champion who has performed astonishing feats of endurance from the Sahara to Antarctica. But his toughest challenge has come by accident, not design. Two years ago his skull was smashed by a truck as he cycled across America. Miraculously he survived and his body healed, but his brain suffered significant damage. How has he responded to a test which changed his personality and his life?

James Earl Jones - Actor2012010220120103

Stephen Sackur meets one of America's most respected actors, James Earl Jones.

Hardtalk is at Wyndham's Theatre in London's West End to meet one of America's most respected actors, James Earl Jones.

He's currently appearing on stage in Driving Miss Daisy alongside Vanessa Redgrave.

His is an extraordinary story - born into rural poverty in Mississippi in the era of segregation, he made his debut on Broadway back in the 1950s.

Last month he received an honorary Oscar for a lifetime of cinematic achievement.

These days, black American success on stage and screen is not unusual, but how hard has his journey been?

James Earl Jones talks to Stephen Sackur

Jeh Johnson- General Counsel, Us Department Of Defense2012113020121201 (WS)

Zeinab Badawi speaks to Jeh Johnson, the General Counsel of the US Defense Department.

How far will Barack Obama go in taking on critics who say the United States has abandoned its role as the global champion of human rights?

America's counter-terrorism measures after 9/11 - including targeted killings and indefinite periods of detention without trial - have angered many.

Former President Jimmy Carter has said the US has now lost its moral authority as a result.

Zeinab Badawi speaks to Jeh Johnson, the General Counsel of the US Defense Department, the Pentagon's top lawyer and a close ally of Barack Obama.

(Image: Jeh Johnson. Credit: Brendan Smialowski/Getty Images)

Joaquin Almunia € Eu Competition Commissioner2013011620130117 (WS)

John Mccain - Us Senator20120214

Can the Republican Party find a presidential candidate capable of turfing Barack Obama out of office?

The battle to win the Republican nomination is proving to be protracted and brutal, and right now the main beneficiary appears to be the man currently occupying the White House.

Senator John McCain is the Republican candidate who ran against Obama and lost four years ago.

Is the struggle to find a convincing Presidential nominee indicative of a Republican Party that has lost its way?

(Image: John McCain. Credit: Getty Images)

Can the Republican Party find a candidate capable of turfing Barack Obama out of office?

Karl Von Habsburg20140804

The great nephew of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, who was assassinated in June 1914

Hardtalk is in Sarajevo, the capital of Bosnia Herzegovina, to mark the centenary of the start of World War One. Stephen Sackur talks to Karl von Habsburg - the grandson of the last Habsburg Emperor. It was the assassination of his great uncle Archduke Franz Ferdinand in June 1914 that set in motion the Great War. Are similar tensions once again on the rise in Europe?

Kenyan Author - Binyavanga Wainaina20140221

After publicly 'coming out', can Binyavanaga Wainaina change attitudes to homesexuality?

In a host of African countries, homosexuality is a crime. From Nigeria to Uganda, politicians seem to believe persecuting gays is a vote-winning strategy. As part of the BBCs Freedom season, Hardtalk speaks to Kenyan writer Binyavanaga Wainaina. He knew it would be big news when he publically revealed his homosexuality earlier this year. Sure enough he is now at the centre of a debate about freedom, identity and culture that's raging across the African continent. Is his stand changing minds?

(Photo: Kenyan author Binyavanga Wainaina during an interview with the AFP on January 27, 2014. Credit: Simon Maina/AFP/Getty Images)

Kiran Bedi - Senior Female Police Officer In India2013011820130119 (WS)

Is India failing to protect women from sexual violence?

The brutal gang rape and murder of a young woman in Delhi last month has prompted India to confront a disturbing truth: the country is failing to protect women from sexual violence.

Kiran Bedi has seen the problem close up – she was the most senior female police officer in the Indian Police Service when she retired.

Is India ready for the deep-seated changes that would make the country’s women less vulnerable?

Kumi Naidoo, Executive Director Of Greenpeace International2012112320121124 (WS)

Doesn’t Greenpeace need a new bold vision to make an impact – and if so – what is it?

Greenpeace has campaigned against environmental degradation, for more than 40 years. This month it’s mobilising its activists to make a stand on saving the planet at the UN climate change conference in Doha. Four decades on and with global warming slipping down the agenda – is anyone listening to what Greenpeace have to say? Hardtalk talks to South African Kumi Naidoo – executive director of Greenpeace International. Doesn’t his organisation need a new bold vision to make an impact – and if so – what is it?

(Image: Kumi Naidoo, Credit: AFP/Getty Images)

Labour Work And Pensions Spokesman, Uk - Liam Byrne20130923

Can Labour convince the public that it is a credible political party for government?

Lewis Moody - England Rugby Captain (2009-2011)2012080820120809 (WS)

There is no room for sentiment in elite sport.

That is the lesson Lewis Moody learned when he captained England's rugby team at last year's World Cup in New Zealand.

Never mind his 70 odd caps and reputation for wholehearted commitment, Lewis Moody came under heavy fire for England's poor performance on and off the field.

In March this year he retired from the game which has dominated so much of his life - so, physically and mentally how heavy a toll has rugby taken on Lewis Moody?

(Image: Lewis Moody. Photo by Ryan Pierse/Getty Images)

Former England rugby captain Lewis Moody talks about his battle with bowel disease.

Lewis Moody - Former England Rugby Captain2012122620121227 (WS)

Former England rugby captain Lewis Moody talks to Stephen Sackur about his battle with bowel disease, and winning the 2003 Rugby World Cup.

(Image: Lewis Moody, Credit: Getty Images)

Ex-England rugby captain Lewis Moody talks about his battle with bowel disease

Lord Carey - Former Archbishop Of Canterbury2012021520120216
Lord Hanningfield - Former Conservative Peer2012082020120821 (WS)

We speak to Lord Hanningfield, who was jailed after a parliamentary expenses scandal.

The expenses scandal tarnished those at the very heart of British democracy. Some politicians in the so-called Mother of Parliaments were shown to be greedy and a few criminal.

A handful went to jail and one of those is the former Conservative peer and former leader of Essex County Council Lord Hanningfield.

So why did he do it? Is there something fundamentally wrong with Britain's political culture and with those who go into politics? And what lessons can a lawmaker learn from prison?

(Image: Lord Hanningfield)

Lord Heseltine € Former British Deputy Prime Minister2013011120130112 (WS)

Lord Maurice Saatchi - Uk Conservative Party Chairman 2003 € 200520130412

The advertising guru who helped define, and sell, what Margaret Thatcher stood for

Rarely does the death of a long-retired politician prompt a genuinely worldwide reaction, but Margaret Thatcher was one of a kind. Britain’s first female prime minister transformed her own country, and provided the world with a model of market economics and conviction politics, which was inspirational to some, repellent to others.

Hardtalk speaks to a man who played a key role in the creation of Thatcherism. Maurice, now Lord Saatchi, was the advertising guru who helped define, and sell, what she stood for. How enduring is the Thatcher legacy?

Presented by Stephen Sackur.

(Image: Lord Maurice Saatchi, Credit: Getty Images)

Lord Moynihan - Chairman Of The British Olympics Association2012081720120818 (WS)

Katya Adler speaks to Lord Moynihan, Chairman of the British Olympics Association

Katya Adler speaks to Lord Moynihan, Chairman of the British Olympics Association and Director of the London Organising Committee of the Olympic Games.

London 2012 has been a resounding success, applauded at home and abroad, but what can be done to ensure an enduring sporting legacy?

British sports are celebrating their best collective performance in over a century. So now that the Games are over, why has Lord Moynihan submitted his resignation?

(Image: Lord Colin Moynihan at a press conference in July 2012. Credit: David Davies / PA Wire)

Lord Patten - Chairman Of The Bbc Trust20130503

Why Chris Patten believes the BBC is still the best broadcaster in the world

Almost three hundred million people across the world consume BBC content every week. But does the BBC deserve your trust? After going through a prolonged internal crisis marked by serious internal failings HARDtalk speaks to the ultimate overseer of the BBC, Chairman of the BBC Trust, Chris Patten. He insists it's the best broadcaster in the world. Stephen Sackur asks if you should believe him.

Lynton Crosby - Political Strategist2012070220120703

Electoral politics is a blood sport and some of the toughest fighters in the game are the campaign strategists who hone and sell their candidates' message.

Lynton Crosby is widely regarded as a master in the dark arts of political campaigning. He ran winning election campaigns in his native Australia for former prime minister John Howard. In the UK, he twice helped Boris Johnson win the London Mayor's office.

Opponents on the left have accused him of using grubby, divisive methods to further a conservative agenda. Is bare-knuckle politics good for democracy?

(Image: Lynton Crosby)

Maajid Nawaz - Chairman Of Quilliam, Counter Extremisim Organisation2012082720120828 (WS)

Stephen Sackur talks to Maajid Nawaz, a former radical Islamist who renounced his views.

Maajid Nawaz is a British born Muslim who became a radical Islamist.

He was arrested and imprisoned in Hosni Mubarak's Egypt but when he emerged from prison he renounced his former views and launched a campaign to counter Islamist ideology.

To some he's a truth teller, to others a traitor.

Stephen Sackur asks him to explain his extraordinary transformation.

Major General Robert Mood - Former Head Of Un Supervision Mission In Syria2013032920130330 (WS)

What should the outside world be doing as Syria sinks ever deeper into civil war?

What could and should the outside world be doing as Syria sinks ever deeper into civil war? Has inertia and division within the international community condemned Syria to a slow and agonising collapse? Hardtalk speaks to Norwegian general Robert Mood, who led the ill-fated UN supervision mission in Syria last year. What went wrong then, and do the Syrian people deserve better from the world's major powers now?

(Image: Major General Robert Mood in a crowd in Syria, Credit: AFP/Getty Images)

Mark Carney - Governor Of Canada's Central Bank2012081020120811 (WS)

Zeinab Badawi talks to Mark Carney, Governor of Canada's Central Bank.

London's reputation as a global financial centre has been tarnished yet again.

This time another British bank Standard Chartered, stands accused of irregularities.

New York's top financial regulator claims the bank carried out $240 billion dollars of illegal transactions with Iran over the past decade. The bank refutes the claim.

This latest case follows on the heels of other scandals in the City of London.

Moves are underway to tighten international banking regulation. So where does the problem lie?

Zeinab Badawi talks to Mark Carney, who is in charge of steering these new rules as Chairman of the Financial Stability Board for the G20 Leading economies.

He's also Governor of Canada's Central Bank.

(Image: Bank of Canada Governor Mark Carney. Credit: REUTERS/Chris Wattie)

Mark Inglis20111124

is a double amputee, who climbed Everest on his prosthetic limbs.

"You can do anything in life if you damn well want it," he says.

But his was an achievement which was also marked with controversy.

Did his expedition do enough to save another climber, dying on the mountainside?

Mark Inglis, a double amputee, talks about climbing Everest on his prosthetic limbs.

Mark Lynas - Pro-gm Campaigner20130130

Martin Amis € Author20130617

His books are filled with greed and lust, but Amis says he writes in a celebratory spirit

Stephen Sackur speaks to Martin Amis, an author who was pigeon-holed early in his career as the ‘enfant terrible’ of the British literary world. Four decades on, he remains one of the most successful and closely scrutinised novelists of his generation. His books are filled with greed, lust, addiction and ignorance, and yet, he suggests he writes in a celebratory spirit. So, what exactly is he celebrating?

Maryam Al Khawaja - Bahraini Human Rights Activist2012091020120911 (WS)

The future of the Gulf state of Bahrain remains uncertain after 18 months of street protests inspired by the Arab Spring.

Some of the most outspoken Bahraini critics of the ruling Al Khalifa family are behind bars, violent clashes between police and demonstrators continue.

Maryam Al Khawaja is a prominent human rights campaigner, whose father was sentenced to life in prison for plotting to overthrow the government.

Who will win the fight for Bahrain's future?

Stephen Sackur speaks to the Bahraini Human Rights Activist, Maryam Al Khawaja.

Mayor Of Philadelphia - Michael Nutter20131108

Should America spend more on tackling crime at home rather than fighting terrorism?

In-depth, hard-hitting interviews with newsworthy personalities.

Medical Director, Akanksha Infertility Clinic, India - Dr Nayna Patel20131230

Is producing surrogate babies to order exploitative or a positive public service?

In India, producing surrogate babies is a booming business. Reproductive technology allows childless, wealthy couples to hire impoverished Indian women as surrogate mothers - pregnancy and childbirth have become commercial transactions. Hardtalk speaks to Dr Nayna Patel, a pioneer in the field. Her clinic has been recruiting surrogates and delivering babies to order for a decade. Is this 21st Century way of making babies irresponsible and exploitative, or a positive public service?

Picture: Dr Nayna Patel (centre) with surrogate mothers. Credit: Special Edition Films

Medical Ethicist - Julian Savulescu20131125

From genetic engineering to bioscience, should humans seek to perfect our species?

From genetic engineering to bioscience, human beings are close to acquiring the ability not just to combat disease, but to enhance and perfect our species. But should we seek to do it, or should we shy away from a path that led to Nazi eugenics? Hardtalk speaks to the Australian born, Oxford based medical ethicist Julian Savulescu. Can we trust ourselves to be wise masters of our own biology?

Mehmet Simsek - Finance Minister, Turkey20130624

Why have protests erupted across Turkey like never before under the ruling AK party?

Following the response to the anti-government demonstrations, critics at home and abroad are pointing to an increasingly authoritarian style of political leadership in Turkey. Why have protests erupted across the country like never before under the ruling AK party? And did the initial crackdown by the security forces actually strengthen the protesters? Zeinab Badawi is in Ankara to speak to Turkey’s finance minister, Mehmet Simsek.

(Image: Mehmet Simsek, Credit: Dominique Faget/AFP/Getty Images)

Michael Barber - Chief Education Advisor, Pearson Plc2012081320120814 (WS)

The United Nations had hoped that by 2015 every child would be able to go to primary school.

But the last time they reported on progress to that goal, they said 69 million children were still not getting an education - most of those in sub-Saharan Africa.

Michael Barber has advised governments around the world about education.

He's now working for the international company Pearson.

It recently announced it would invest millions in private schools for the world's poorest families.

Is that the right way to tackle the problem or could it undermine what governments are trying to do?

Sarah Montague speaks to Sir Michael Barber about schools for the world's poorest children

Michael Chertoff20110917

was the man whose task it was to keep the US safe.

For four years, he was Director of Homeland Security under George W Bush, a leading figure in the America's declared war on terror.

Michael Chertoff says that ten years after the 9/11 attacks the world remains threatened by terrorist groups whose members, hate freedom, justice and liberty for all.

If that's right, what does it mean, in practical terms, should be done?

And what have we learnt over the last ten years of this struggle?

Michael Chertoff, former Director of Homeland Security on the US after 9/11.

Michael Frayn - Writer20120409

Stephen Sackur speaks to one of Britain's finest writing talents.

Stephen Sackur speaks to one of Britain's finest writing talents, whose creativity defies a simple label.

Yes, Michael Frayn is a renowned playwright whose work has ranged from high farce to cerebral intensity.

But he's also an acclaimed novelist and an accomplished translator from the Russian of Chekhov and Tolstoy.

Throughout his writing career he's mixed high seriousness with a wicked sense of the absurd.

Is laughter an essential tool for the serious writer?

Michael Frayn - Writer20120410

Stephen Sackur speaks to one of Britain's finest writing talents.

Michael Morpurgo - Childrens' Author2011122820111229

Stephen Sackur talks to Warhorse author Michael Morpurgo.

Michael Morpurgo has written more than 100 books – one of them War Horse, set amid the horrors of World War I, is now a hugely popular stage play and is about to become a Hollywood movie.

His ambition is to spark children’s imaginations, but is there any subject that is off limits?

He talks to Stephen Sackur.

Michael O’leary, Ryanair Chief Executive2012101220121013 (WS)

Interview with Michael O’Leary, Chief Executive of Ryanair

The aviation industry is in trouble. Fuel prices have soared, there’s been a drop in passenger numbers and some airlines have gone out of business, but in Europe there’s one airline which is bucking the trend. The low-cost, no-frills Ryanair carried almost 80 million passengers last year. Michael O’Leary is the pugnacious, outspoken Chief Executive of Ryanair who has ambitions to make his airline even bigger, but how far can he fly before he gets shot down? He talks to Stephen Sackur in Dublin.

(Image: Michael O'Leary, Chief Executive of Ryanair Credit: Getty Images)

Minister Of Intelligence, Israel - Yuval Steinitz20140829

For all the destruction in Gaza, has Israel's position been strengthened or weakened?

With a ceasefire now in place in Gaza, the Israeli government faces a simple question: what exactly did Operation Protective Edge achieve? For all the death and destruction in Gaza, has Israel's position been strengthened or weakened? Stephen Sackur speaks to Israel's Minister of Intelligence, Yuval Steinitz. Does Israel need a strategic rethink?

Picture: Yuval Steinitz talks to Stephen Sackur, Credit: BBC

Mohamed El-erian € Ceo, Pimco2013012520130126 (WS)

Is it time for the doom-mongers to admit they were wrong about the world economy?

The Eurozone is intact, the US hasn't plunged off that fiscal cliff and even the most stagnant economy of them all - Japan's - is showing signs of life. Could it be that central bankers and politicians are finally ready to take bold decisions in their quest for growth?

Hardtalk speaks to one of the world's most influential investors, Mohamed El-Erian, boss of the massive PIMCO fund management business. Caution or confidence, which is winning out?

Mohammed Waheed - President Of The Maldives2012031620120317

President Mohammed Waheed of the Maldives talks to Stephen Sackur.

The Maldives was plunged into political crisis when the former president Mohamed Nasheed resigned, claiming to have been forced out of his position.

He was succeeded by his former vice president - Mohammed Waheed - who denies allegations of taking part in a coup.

President Waheed is now building a government of national unity, but with tensions still running high between him and supporters of his predecessor, how safe is the island nation's democracy?

(Image: Maldivian President Mohammed Waheed Hassan. Credit: Associated Press).

Mona Eltahawy € Writer And Activist20130107

Musician - Roger Waters20130920

What motivates the former Pink Floyd bass guitarist?

Nhial Deng Nhial € Foreign Minister, South Sudan2012050220120503

Africa's newest nation, South Sudan, is in trouble.

Less than a year after independence from Khartoum, the South and its much larger northern neighbour are confronting each other over oil reserves, borders and territory.

Sporadic fighting has prompted mutual recrimination and talk of all-out war.

HARDtalk’s Stephen Sackur speaks to South Sudan's foreign minister Nhial Deng Nhial. The African Union and the UN are pushing hard for a negotiated settlement, but is it already too late?

Nigel Farage - Leader Of The Uk Independence Party20120806

In Europe's crisis he sees political opportunity - but is he playing with fire?

As another wave of financial fear sweeps through the Eurozone, with Spain seemingly staggering towards a bail out and Italy not far behind, the voices of the continents Eurosceptics grow louder.

Most prominent among them is Nigel Farage, leader of the UK independence party and self-styled scourge of the EU establishment in his role as a member of the European Parliament.

(Image: Nigel Farage)

Nigel Sheinwald - Uk Ambassador To The Us (2007 - 2012)2013012820130129 (WS)

Nigerian Human Rights Activist - Shehu Sani20141029

How can the conflict with Boko Haram which has cost thousands of Nigerian lives be ended?

Days ago the Nigerian government announced a ceasefire deal with the militant group Boko Haram - officials predicted the imminent release of more than 200 schoolgirls abducted by the extremists last April. Now those words look depressingly premature.

What is going on with Nigeria's insurgency? Hardtalk speaks to Shehu Sani, a Nigerian human rights activist and sometime mediator with Boko Haram. How can the conflict which has cost thousands of Nigerian lives be ended?

(Photo: Shehu Sani. BBC copyright)

Nir Barkat, Mayor Of Jerusalem2011071520110716

Is Mayor of Jerusalem Nir Barkat a visionary or is he ignoring reality?

The Mayor of Jerusalem, Nir Barkat, came to power in 2008, insisting that Jerusalem should forever remain the undivided capital of the Jewish state.

But no city has had a more turbulent history and today it lies at the heart of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

The Palestinians themselves want to establish the capital of their future Palestinian state in at least part of Jerusalem. 

So is Nir Barkat a visionary or is he ignoring reality? He talks to Tim Franks.

Nobel Literature Laureate - Wole Soyinka20140509

Does a state that cannot guarantee the safety of its children have a future?

Nigeria's century has been described as "100 years of trauma". This is no more apparent than in the kidnapping of hundreds of schoolgirls by a militant Islamist group that perceives learning as an alien imposition by Christians and Europeans.

Wole Soyinka is Nigeria's most prominent writer, the first African to be awarded the Nobel prize for literature. Persecuted by past governments for his commitment to democracy, what does he make of how Nigeria has stood up to the pressures of insurgency, the temptations of oil wealth and the corruption critics say is endemic. Does a state that cannot even guarantee the safety of its children have a future?

In-depth, hard-hitting interviews with newsworthy personalities.

Olympic And America’s Cup Winning Sailor - Sir Ben Ainslie20131030

British four-time gold medallist Sir Ben Ainslie on the competitive world of sailing

Olympic And America’s Cup Winning Sailor - Sir Ben Ainslie20131030

Hardtalk speaks to the most successful Olympic sailor of all time - British four-time gold medallist Sir Ben Ainslie. In September he was part of team USA which enjoyed a spectacular victory against team New Zealand at the America's Cup in San Francisco. But sailing is becoming more and more expensive - with critics saying it is now a niche sport funded by billionaires and enjoyed by the few. How can its appeal be broadened?

(Photo: Sir Ben Ainslie)

Otmar Issing € European Central Bank Board, 1998 € 20062012100120121002 (WS)

Otmar Issing in conversation with Shaun Ley - does he think the euro can be saved?

Can the euro be saved?

Europe's leaders think so; its central bank says there's no limit to the money it's prepared to spend to defend it.

But is their solution in danger of destroying not just a currency but Europe's union, too? Otmar Issing fears so.

As one of the most senior officials when the European Central Bank was founded, he helped bring the euro into being.

Until this year he advised Germany's Angela Merkel and he remains one of Europe's most influential economic voices.

When the euro was being planned, Otmar Issing believed that political union was essential.

Now he fears that centralising power in Brussels and Frankfurt and sharing financial risk could provoke a public backlash that would wreck both the currency and the continent.

Pascal Lamy € Director General, World Trade Organisation2013012120130122 (WS)

Patrick Chinamasa - Justice Minister Of Zimbabwe20130405

Is the relationship between the UK and Zimbabwe improving?

For years, the UK's relationship with Zimbabwe has been characterised by deep mutual suspicion. But things are beginning to change - the Zimbabwean people have just approved a constitution and the EU has eased its sanctions regime. Stephen Sackur talks to Zimbabwe's justice minister Patrick Chinamasa, a close political ally of Robert Mugabe. His very presence in London is a sign of the new dynamic in Zimbabwe. But are the country's troubles really over?

Paul Conroy - Photographer20120417

From Syria, to Sri Lanka, to Russia, there are journalists ready to put themselves in harm's way to shine a light on some of the darkest corners of conflict, crime and corruption.

What makes them do it? And what difference do they make?

Stephen Sackur speaks to British photo journalist Paul Conroy who was wounded in the Syrian army's bombardment of the city of Homs last February which killed his Sunday Times colleague Marie Colvin.

When, if ever, is telling the story worth risking your life?

Stephen Sackur speaks to British photo journalist Paul Conroy.

Paul Krugman - Nobel Prize Winner For Economics, 200820120601

Stephen Sackur discusses the global economic crisis with economist Paul Krugman.

We are in a depression - unemployment at levels last seen during the thirties, an economic crisis in the Eurozone and the prospect of worse to come.

But the Nobel Prize Winning economist Paul Krugman, thinks none of this needs to be happening and that America and Europe should be richer than they were five years ago - even now it wouldn't take much to solve the problem.

He thinks what debt-ridden governments should be doing is borrowing more to spend their way out of trouble.

(Image: Nobel Prize winning economist Paul Krugman. Credit: Reuters).

Paul Mckeever - Chairman Of The Police Federation Of England And Wales2012061120120611 (WS)
Performer And Mental Health Campaigner - Ruby Wax20131122

Long experience of depression took comedian Ruby Wax into neuroscience and psychotherapy

Mental illness is the invisible scourge of modern life, and it comes with a stigma. To admit to depression, or another illness of the mind, has been to risk being labelled as weak, self-indulgent or mad. Ruby Wax wants to change that. She made her name as a comedian and TV entertainer; long experience of depression eventually took her into neuroscience and psychotherapy. Mental illness raises difficult questions, where did she find answers?

Picture: Ruby Wax

In-depth, hard-hitting interviews with newsworthy personalities.

Performer And Mental Health Campaigner - Ruby Wax20140103

Long experience of depression took comedian Ruby Wax into neuroscience and psychotherapy

Mental illness is the invisible scourge of modern life, and it comes with a stigma. To admit to depression, or another illness of the mind, has been to risk being labelled as weak, self-indulgent or mad. Ruby Wax wants to change that. She made her name as a comedian and TV entertainer; long experience of depression eventually took her into neuroscience and psychotherapy. Mental illness raises difficult questions, where did she find answers?

Picture: Ruby Wax

Philip Glass - Composer2012050720120508

Philip Glass is driven by a simple question, what is music? So what is his answer?

Philip Glass is one of the most influential and polarising composers of the last fifty years.

His trademark sound is repetitive, rhythmic and hypnotic - some call it musical minimalism. It is a style which has infused his prolific output of symphonies, operas, film scores and even soundtracks for TV commercials.

He has been driven, he says, by a simple question, what is music? So what is his answer?

Philip Glass - Composer2012123120130101 (WS)

Philip Glass has been driven by a simple question - what is music?

Philip Glass is one of the most influential and polarising composers of the last 50 years.

The trademark sound in his prolific output of symphonies, operas and film scores, is repetitive, rhythmic and hypnotic.

He has been driven by a simple question - what is music?

Pierre Krhenbhl - Director Of Operations, International Committee Of The Red Cross (icrc)20130607

Is the Red Cross being overwhelmed by the danger and complexity of modern conflict?

The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) is pulling some of its international staff out of Afghanistan, following a murderous attack on its Jalalabad compound. It's an unprecedented move in three decades of ICRC operations in Afghanistan. Stephen Sackur speaks to Pierre Krähenbühl, the ICRC’s operations director. Is his organisation being overwhelmed by the danger and complexity of modern conflict?

(Image: Pierre Krähenbühl, Credit: AFP/Getty Images)

President Of European Commission - Jose Manuel Barroso20140910

What can his successor expect from the job?

The European Union confronts a host of problems from an economic slowdown inside the Eurozone to the crisis in Ukraine. Jose Manuel Barroso has been president of the European Commission for ten years, but has only two months left in the job. Hardtalk’s Zeinab Badawi talks to him by Lake Como in Italy and asks, how much of a mess is he leaving behind for his successor?

President Of Zambia (1964-1991) - Kenneth Kaunda20140331

What has five decades of freedom brought Zambia?

As part of the BBC’s Freedom Season, Zeinab Badawi speaks to Kenneth Kaunda – leader of the struggle for independence, he was sentenced to hard labour in prison by the British before he went on to become Zambia’s first President of the post-colonial era. It is a landmark year for Zambia – this is the 50th anniversary of its independence - and Kenneth Kaunda himself turns 90 in April. What has 50 years of freedom brought the people of Zambia?

Picture: Kenneth Kaunda in 1978, Credit: AFP/GettyImages

Prime Minister Of Italy - Enrico Letta20130911

Can Prime Minister Enrico Letta hold together Italy's fragile coalition of left and right?

Prime Minister-designate, Albania - Edi Rama20130719

Can Edi Rama bring a renaissance to Albania where previous politicians have failed?

Albania is the single most corrupt country in Europe according to Transparency International. Hardtalk speaks to Edi Rama, who will become Albania's prime minister in September. A modern artist, he won international plaudits for transforming the capital Tirana when he was its mayor - not least by painting its grey buildings in bright colours. He's now promised a renaissance for the whole country. So can he succeed where previous politicians have failed?

(Photo: Edi Rama. Credit: AFP/Getty Images)

Professor Welshman Ncube2012092120120922 (WS)

Zeinab Badawi speaks to Movement for Democratic Change politician Welshman Ncube

Have opposition politicians in Zimbabwe learned the lessons of the violent and disputed elections in 2008 in which Robert Mugabe and his party Zanu-PF outmanoeuvred the Movement for Democratic Change, and held onto power.

The MDC has since been in an uneasy power-sharing government, in which its main leader, Morgan Tsvangirai, is prime minister.

But a breakaway MDC faction led by the Commerce and Industry Minister, Welshman Ncube, is splintering the opposition ahead of fresh elections due by next June.

Zeinab Badawi speaks to Welshman Ncube and asks whether the opposition should be united to better oppose Zanu-PF.

Pyotr Verzilov - Russian Artist And Political Activist2012091420120915 (WS)

To their critics they're publicity hungry blasphemers; to their minds they are feminist punk rockers protesting against what they say is Russian president Vladimir Putin's authoritarianism and sexism.

When three members of the Russian band Pussy Riot were jailed in August, there was an international outcry.

They were found guilty of hooliganism for staging an illegal performance early this year in Moscow's Cathedral of Christ the Saviour.

Zeinab Badawi speaks to Pyotr Verzilov, the husband of one of the jailed activists, Nadezhda Tolokonnikova.

Is Pussy Riot's high media profile the result of their shock tactics rather than real political clout?

(Image: Members of the female punk band Pussy Riot (R-L) Nadezhda Tolokonnikova, Maria Alyokhina and Yekaterina Samutsevich sit in a glass-walled cage during a court hearing in Moscow. Credit: REUTERS/Maxim Shemetov/Files)

Zeinab Badawi talks to the husband of a jailed Russian protester from punk band Pussy Riot

Raffaele Sollecito20130906

Convicted and then cleared of killing Meredith Kercher, and now awaiting a retrial

Six years ago a young English student Meredith Kercher was murdered in Perugia, Italy. The investigative and judicial process which followed was fundamentally flawed. Two people, Meredith's American flatmate Amanda Knox, and Knox's boyfriend Raffaele Sollecito spent four years in prison convicted of Meredith's murder. Two years ago they were acquitted on appeal; later this month they will be retried by a fresh appeal court in Florence. Hardtalk speaks with Raffaele Sollecito. His story has made lurid headlines around the world – but how will it end?

Picture: Raffaele Sollecito, Credit: BBC

Raymond Tshibanda - Minister For Foreign Affairs, Democratic Republic Of Congo2012090520120906 (WS)

With the threat of conflict hanging over the country, what hope is there for the DRC?

The grim threat of renewed conflict hangs over the Democratic Republic of Congo.

An armed rebellion in the East - on the Rwandan border - has already forced hundreds of thousands to flee.

The DRC army is in disarray and the Kinshasa government has been undermined by allegations of electoral fraud and corruption.

Stephen Sackur talks to the Minister for Foreign Affairs, Raymond Tshibanda.

What hope is there for the Democratic Republic of Congo?

(Image: Democratic Republic of Congo's Minster for Foreign Affairs Raymond Tshibanda. Credit: JUNIOR D.KANNAH/AFP/GettyImages)

Renzo Piano - Architect2013020620130207 (WS)

"If you make something wrong, it's wrong forever" architect Piano Renzo on building design

Renzo Piano is one of the world's most accomplished and feted architects; and one used to dividing opinion. Back in the 1970s he designed Paris's Pompidou Centre and since then has taken on high profile developments all over the globe. His latest creation – The Shard, which is currently Europe's tallest building - is already loved, but it is also loathed. What does the Shard say about us? And why build it so big?

(Image: Renzo Piano, Credit: Getty Images)

Rob Davies - South Africa's Minister For Trade And Industry2012082420120825 (WS)

Stephen Sackur talks to Rob Davies, South Africa’s Minister for Trade and Industry.

The labour unrest in South Africa’s platinum mines has claimed the lives of dozens and produced the kind of violence not seen since apartheid.

The strike has driven up the cost of platinum prices and shaken investor confidence. It has also drawn the world’s attention to the low wages and poor working conditions of South Africa’s miners.

Is the call to invest in Africa’s biggest economy being stifled by the rage against social and economic disparity?

(Image: Rob Davies addressing the media at the TIME / FORTUNE / CNN Global Forum in June 2010. Credit: Getty Images)

Rudy Giuliani: Former Mayor Of New York20110909

Ten years on how much have Rudy Giuliani and the US been changed by 9/11?

It’s ten years since the two mighty towers of the World Trade Center were reduced to dust and ash.

On 9/11, in New York, Osama Bin Laden inflicted a grievous wound on the United States.

This week the US is immersed in memories of the attack and what came after.

Stephen Sackur’s guest in this special edition of Hardtlk was the mayor of New York city on its darkest day, Rudy Giuliani.

His response back then earned him the title 'America's mayor' and he won worldwide admiration, but ten years on how much have he and his country been changed by 9/11?

Rudy Giuliani: Former Mayor Of New York20110910

Ten years on how much have Rudy Giuliani and the US been changed by 9/11?

Rupert Everett - Actor2013011420130115 (WS)

Said Ferjani - Ennahda Political Party, Tunisia20120312

Is Tunisia a model which the rest of the Arab world can follow?

Tunisia is the first Arab nation to be transformed by people power but how successful has the transition to democracy been?

Stephen Sackur talks to Said Ferjani who is a key figure in the Ennahda Movement - the moderate Islamist political party which dominates the democratically elected Tunisian government.

Ennahda says it is committed to building a Muslim democracy.

Said Ferjani - Ennahda Political Party, Tunisia20120313

Is Tunisia a model which the rest of the Arab world can follow?

Samantha Geimer2013091820130922 (WS)

The woman at the centre of the Roman Polanski child sex scandal in 1978 tells her story

Sergei Guriev € Russian Economist20130626

Why has one of Russia's brightest economists, Sergei Guriev, chosen to live in exile?

Sergei Guriev is one of modern Russia's best and brightest economists. Well connected to the new Russian political elite, Guriev was a strong voice for economic liberalisation and is a Russian patriot. So why, earlier this year, did he choose - as so many talented Russians have in the past - to go into exile? And what does Guriev's extraordinary story tell us about the true face of Vladimir Putin's Russia?

(Image: Sergei Guriev (left) attends a meeting with premier Dmitry Medvedev (right) in Moscow. Credit: Associated Press)

Sharon Bowles - Chair, Eu Economic And Monetary Affairs Committee2012081520120816 (WS)

This week, Sharon Bowles from the EU Parliament's Economic and Monetary Affairs Committee

Katya Adler speaks to Sharon Bowles, Chair of the European Parliament's Economic and Monetary Affairs Committee.

The Eurozone crisis has been a test not only for Europe's politicians but also its institutions. The European Union's response to the economic turbulence in its midst has been criticised as too slow and ineffective.

Sharon Bowles is at the heart of the EU’s decision-making process and has a big say in how new economic legislation is drafted - but will it work?

(Image: Sharon Bowles. Credit: John Thys / AFP / Getty Images)

Sheikh Hasina - Prime Minister Of Bangladesh20120730

Sheikh Hasina, Prime Minister of Bangladesh, speaks to Stephen Sackur

Sheikh Hasina has been Prime Minister of Bangladesh for the last three and a half years. It’s her second term in office and throughout her time at the top she’s attracted controversy and criticism in equal measure.

Bangladesh is densely populated, desperately poor and riven with corruption and political violence.

Back in 2009 Sheikh Hasina vowed to clean up government and heal the country’s divisions. So what’s gone wrong?

(Image: Sheikh Hasina. Credit: Getty Images)

Sir Alan Parker - Film Director20130522

In this digital age, are movies as central to our culture as they used to be?

Sir Alan Parker is one of Britain's most experienced and successful film directors. His work ranges from the stomach churning realism of Midnight Express to the feel good entertainment of Bugsy Malone and Fame. He has never cared much for film critics and has always held strong views on the future of the film industry - in this digital age, are movies as central to our culture as they used to be?

Sir Geoffrey Nice - British Barrister2012090320120904 (WS)

Stephen Sackur talks to the British barrister Sir Geoffrey Nice.

In the 10 year life of the International Criminal Court every case prosecuted and every suspect charged has come from Africa. Why?

The ICC is supposed to be the court of last resort for victims of egregious human rights abuse all over the world.

Stephen Sackur talks to the British barrister Sir Geoffrey Nice who led the Hague tribunal prosecution of former Yugoslav president Slobodan Milošević and asks if the ICC has been a disappointment?

Sir Geoffrey Nice Qc - Barrister2012122420121225 (WS)

Stephen Sackur talks to Sir Geoffrey Nice who led the prosecution of Slobodan Milosević

Stephen Sackur talks to the British barrister Sir Geoffrey Nice who led the Hague tribunal prosecution of former Yugoslav president Slobodan Milosević and asks if the ICC has been a disappointment.

(Image: The prosecutors during the second day of trial of Slobodan Milosevic at the International Criminal Tribunal. From left: Dirk Ryneveld, Carla del Ponte and Geoffrey Nice. Credit: AFP/Getty Images)

Sir Mark Walport - Director, Wellcome Trust20120324

In a special edition of Hardtalk, recorded in front of an audience in the village of Portmeirion in North Wales, Stephen Sackur talks to Sir Mark Walport the Director of the Wellcome Trust.

One of the world's most important funding institutions for biomedical research, it distributes close to a billion dollars' worth of grants every year.

Much of it goes to cutting edge genetic research which promises to transform human healthcare, but also raises profound ethical questions.

Our scientific knowledge is expanding but what about the wisdom with which we use it?

Stephen Sackur talks to Sir Mark Walport the Director of the Wellcome Trust.

Sir Tim Rice - Lyricist, Writer And Composer2012060420120605

Gavin Esler speaks to one of the greatest lyricists of his generation, Sir Tim Rice.

Even if you have not seen his shows, you will have heard his songs.

For works such as Evita, Jesus Christ Superstar and The Lion King, Sir Tim Rice is regarded as one of the greatest lyricists of his generation.

After a break from songwriting which lasted ten years, he is completing a new work, so what tempted him back?

Why are there so few truly original musicals nowadays and why has he made it clear that he is very unlikely to work with his one time collaborator Andrew Lloyd Webber ever again?

(Image: Lyricist, writer and composer Sir Tim Rice's star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, California. Credit: Photo by Vince Bucci/Getty Images)

South African Rugby Team Captain, 1993 - 1996: Francois Pienaar20131211

Are hope and optimism is still alive for the 'Rainbow Nation'?

Francois Pienaar was captain of the South African rugby team when it won the World Cup in 1995. Before the game Nelson Mandela walked into the stadium in Johannesburg wearing the Springbok rugby jersey, which was once seen as a symbol of white minority rule. It came to be viewed as a defining moment for the emerging ‘Rainbow Nation’. Francois Pienaar went on to develop a friendship with Nelson Mandela. George Alagiah asks him whether the hope and optimism generated that day is still alive today.

(Photo: Springbok captain Francois Pienaar (R) receives the Rugby World Cup from President Nelson Mandela at Ellis Park, Johannesburg, June 1995. Credit: AFP/Getty Images)

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Sylvia Earle - Oceanographer20111226

Stephen Sackur talks to the world renowned American oceanographer, Sylvia Earle.

Sylvia Earle is one of the world's most remarkable marine scientists and explorers.

In her five decades of diving she has done some of the deepest and most-challenging dives in history.

Her work has led her to catalogue increasing declines in the world's stocks of fish and coral.

Now aged 77, she talks to Stephen Sackur about her life and work as an oceanographer and explains why she thinks our planet is in grave peril.

Sylvia Earle - Oceanographer20111227

Stephen Sackur talks to the world renowned American oceanographer, Sylvia Earle.

Tarek Al-hashimi - Vice President Of Iraq2012083120120901 (WS)

Tarek al-Hashimi is in a very strange position: he is Iraq's vice president but right now he is a de facto fugitive in Turkey. He is being tried in absentia on charges of sponsoring death squads inside Iraq.

The conflict in Syria is fuelling sectarian tension across the Middle East.

In neighbouring Iraq a political and security crisis has deepened in the last year.

What hope is there for justice or peace in a region in the grip of sectarian strife?

(Image: Iraq's Vice President Tarek al-Hashimi. Credit: AFP / Getty Images)

Stephen Sackur speaks to Tarek al-Hashimi, Iraq's vice president.

Thomas Piketty - Economist20140714

His thesis on modern captialism is under intense fire but is Thomas Piketty unscathed?

Just occasionally a big idea makes waves across the world. Hardtalk speaks to French economist Thomas Piketty whose book Capital in the 21st Century, has become an unlikely international bestseller. His thesis carries echoes of Karl Marx - modern capitalism, he believes, works in favour of entrenched wealth and exacerbates inequality. His research and conclusions have come under intense fire - has Thomas Piketty emerged unscathed?

Timo Soini - Leader, The Finns Party2013030820130309 (WS)

A Finnish nationalist wants to see the Eurozone dismantled.

Europe's prolonged economic crisis has prompted a populist backlash against the powers that be. In Finland, the EU's prosperous northern outpost, the big beneficiary has been Timo Soini, leader of the Eurosceptic, nationalist party long known as the True Finns.

He wants to see the Eurozone dismantled, immigration curbed, traditional values restored. Critics have labelled the party xenophobic - is this the angry politics of European disintegration?

(Image: Timo Soini. Credit: JONATHAN NACKSTRAND/AFP/Getty Images)

Tina Brown2010011920100120 (WS)

One of the most influential US media editors reflects on Obama's first year in office.

Tina Brown has enjoyed a high octane media career, which says much about change in the industry. She edited glossy magazines, she was queen of the media scene in London and New York, but she ditched paper and ink to run a news and views website which offers content from diverse sources for free.

In an interview for Hardtalk, Tina Brown, the Editor-in-Chief of the Daily Beast, talks to Stephen Sackur about the state of American politics. Was the hype over Obama justified?

Tony And Jane Nicklinson20110903

Should the law ever give one human being the right to kill another?

That is the question at the heart of this special edition of Hardtalk which comes from the home of Tony and Jane Nicklinson.

Tony is completely paralysed; he wants to die.

Jane wants to help him but currently British law stands in their way.

Stephen Sackur asks if Tony were to be killed would it be murder or mercy?

Tourism Minister, Zimbabwe - Walter Mzembi20141117

Can Zimbabwe’s international isolation be put to an end?

Tourism Minister, Zimbabwe - Walter Mzembi20141117

Zimbabwe’s President Robert Mugabe is 90 years old. His grip on power is still tight but it won’t last forever. In recent months the jostling for the succession has turned into a public punch-up - adding to the uncertainty in a country beset with political and economic problems. Hardtalk speaks to Zimbabwe's Tourism Minister, Walter Mzembi. He wants to put an end to his country's international isolation. How can that happen while the old guard remains in place?

(Photo: Walter Mzembi. Tourism Minister, Zimbabwe. Credit: AFP/Getty Images

Tracey Emin - Artist20120606

Stephen Sackur talks to artist Tracey Emin about her life, work and latest exhibition.

Stephen Sackur talks to the newsmakers and personalities from across the globe.

Hardtalk is in Margate, a traditional English seaside town, home to the new Turner Contemporary art gallery.

Stephen Sackur speaks to Tracey Emin, the artist of international renown who was raised in Margate and has a major exhibition based in her old home town.

Her work has always been deeply personal - a frank exploration of her sexuality, her relationships, her life.

She has made an extraordinary journey from wild youth to pillar of the cultural establishment - just how blurred is the line between her art and her life?

(Image: Tracey Emin unveils her new exhibition at the Turner Contemporary in Margate. Credit: Getty Images).

Tv Host - Jerry Springer20140801

Critics say his show is cynical and manipulative TV, but does he care?

Stephen Sackur speaks to the king of tabloid trash-talking television in the United States - Jerry Springer. His show specialises in dysfunctional relationships and sex. His guests curse, throw chairs and sometimes fight. Critics call it cynical and manipulative TV, but it’s made him famous and rich. So does he care?

Tyler Hamilton - Former Professional Cyclist2012091220120913 (WS)

For years, it's been one of the biggest questions in sport.

Did Lance Armstrong - the seven time winner of cycling's greatest race, the Tour de France - dope?

Is the man who beat cancer to become one of the greatest sporting figures ever - a cheat?

Armstrong has denied wrongdoing.

But now a former teammate and roommate of Armstrong's, Tyler Hamilton, has produced the most detailed and wounding set of allegations yet.

Is Hamilton self-serving and greedy, as Armstrong insists?

Or a shaft of light on a sport that's been mired in murk?

(Image: US cyclist Tyler Hamilton. Credit: AFP/Getty Images)

Tim Franks in conversation with former professional cyclist Tyler Hamilton.

Uk Deputy Prime Minister 1995-1997- Lord Heseltine20140926

The Scottish people voted 'No' to independence, but they may just have changed British politics forever. More powers are to be handed to the Scottish parliament and now English MPs want their own form of self-determination. Right across this supposedly united kingdom, alienation from the Westminster status quo is fuelling calls for reform. Hardtalk speaks to former Conservative cabinet minister, Lord Heseltine. Is the UK in the throes of a dangerous identity crisis?

Picture: Michael Hestletine, Credit: Chris Jackson/AFP/Getty Images

Us Deputy Assistant Secretary Of State For Iran, 2009-2010 - John Limbert20131002

Are the US and Iran ready for the difficult decisions that would truly reset relations?

Us Deputy Assistant Secretary Of State For Iran, 2009-2010 - John Limbert20131002

For the second time in his presidency Barack Obama is eyeing the 'reset button' in his diplomatic toolkit. With Russia it misfired, so when it comes to Iran, what are the chances of overcoming three decades of hostility? Hardtalk speaks to John Limbert, the state department's point man on Iran in Obama's first term - and one of the US diplomats held hostage in Tehran 34 years ago. Are the US and Iran ready for the difficult decisions that would truly reset relations?

Victor Ponta - Prime Minister Of Romania2013032020130321 (WS)

At the end of 2013, Romanians will be able to live and work in any EU country they want to. All work restrictions, imposed by some countries when Romania and Bulgaria joined the union six years ago, will be lifted. There were worries then that workers from those two impoverished European states would flock to richer nations, and such concerns have not gone away. Zeinab Badawi speaks to Romania's Prime Minister Victor Ponta. He's on a mission to restore his country's image. Can he succeed?

(Image: Prime Minister of Romania Victor Ponta. Credit: AP Photo/Vadim Ghirda)

Xavier Rolet - Chief Executive, London Stock Exchange Group2012090720120908 (WS)

Xavier Rolet talks about whether financial markets have learned the right lessons.

The 2008 banking crash prompted a prolonged crisis of confidence in the financial institutions and markets that underpin Western capitalism.

Governments on both sides of the Atlantic have tried to recalibrate the balance between risk and reward and to encourage genuine wealth creation rather than short term speculation.

Xavier Rolet is the CEO of the London Stock Exchange Group.

Have financial markets learned the right lessons from recent history?

(Image: Xavier Rolet, Chief Executive of the London Stock Exchange (LSE). Copyright London Stock Exchange press office handout)

Yiannis Milios € Economic Advisor Of The Syriza Party, Greece2012053020120531
20120530 (WS)
20120531 (WS)

The people of Greece shocked the rest of Europe with the results of their parliamentary elections on 6 May 2012. No party had a clear majority and the Syriza coalition of the radical left was put in second place.

Syriza opposes the bailout package or 'memorandum' which gives Greece billions of euros in exchange for a very tough austerity package of cuts and tax increases.

Gavin Esler speaks to Syriza's top economic adviser Yiannis Milios and asks what will happen if the party wins the re-run election on 17 June 2012. Do they really believe they can stay in the Eurozone while tearing up the rules?

(Image: A woman voting in the Greek elections of 6 May. Credit: AFP / Angelos Tzortzinis)

Zoltan Kovacs - Hungarian Minister Of State For Government Communication2012011620120117
Zoran Milanovic € Prime Minister, Croatia20130524

Will Croatia's accession to the EU be a benefit or a hinderance to both sides?