For more than 2000 years, Confucian values formed the basis of Chinese society.
But in the last century those values were brutally renounced as Maoist China jettisoned its ancient philosopher.
Rana Mitter explores how Chinese society and culture were turned upside down by the rejection of Confucian values.
Rana travels from Qufu, where Confucius was born, to the centre of modern political power in Beijing, witnessing how in today's China, a second cultural revolution is underway.
Now Confucius is being rehabilitated as an ancient sage, contemporary business guru and tourist attraction, with Confucianism being promoted as a possible solution to the country's 21st-century dilemmas.