For more than 2,000 years, Confucian values formed the basis of Chinese society.
But in the last century those values were brutally renounced as Maoist China jettisoned its ancient philosopher.
Rana Mitter explores how Chinese society and culture were turned upside down by the rejection of Confucian values.
Rana travels from Qufu, where Confucius was born, to the centre of modern political power in Beijing, witnessing how in today's China a second cultural revolution is underway, with Confucius being rehabilitated as ancient sage, contemporary business guru and tourist attraction.
Confucianism is also being promoted as a possible solution to the country's 21st-Century dilemmas.