Goethe And The West-eastern Divan

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To complement the series of Beethoven concerts by the West-Eastern Divan orchestra, Paul Farley explores Goethe's poetic sequence, 'The West-Eastern Divan', from which Daniel Barenboim's orchestra takes its name.

From his youth, the German poet Johann Wolfgang von Goethe was fascinated by the ideas and culture of Islam and the Arabic-speaking world. His encounter in later life with the poems of medieval Persian poet Hafiz inspired his own tribute to eastern poetry: 'The West-Eastern Divan'.

In tonight's programme, Paul learns how Goethe's original 'West-Eastern Divan' poems were fuelled by a passionate love affair with a young married woman, Marianne von Willemer.

Paul examines Goethe's engagement with the ideas and imagery of Persian literature, and talks to contemporary German poets and writers about the continuing legacy of his 'West-Eastern Divan' poetry cycle.

Produced by Emma Harding

Readings by Robert Blythe and Susie Riddell

Translations by Martin Bidney and David Luke

Notes on contributors:

Annette Seeman is a Weimar-based writer and President of the Friends of the Anna Amalia Library. Her books include "Weimar: A cultural history" and "Anna Amalia, Duchess of Weimar".

Marina Warner is a novelist, critic and author of "Stranger Magic: Charmed States and the Arabian Nights" (2011).

Silke Scheuermann was born in Karlsruhe in 1973 and now lives in Frankfurt am Main. She published her first volume of poetry, "Der Tag an dem die Möwen zweistimmig sangen" (The Day When the Seabirds Sang in Two Voices) in 2001. Her most recent works include the poetry collection "Über Nacht ist es Winter" (Winter Has Come Overnight) and a novel "Shanghai Performance".

Matthias Göritz was born in Hamburg in 1969 and he lives in Frankfurt am Main. He was awarded the Hamburg Literature Prize and the Mara Cassens Prize for his first novel “The short Dream of Jakob Voss” (2005). His poetry collections include “Loops” (2001), “Pools” (2006) and “Tools” (2012).

Rita Seifert is a Weimar-born writer. Her books include "Goethe and Napoleon" (2007) and "Maria Pavlovna, patron of the arts" (2011).

Paul Farley on how Goethe's West-Eastern Divan poems were fuelled by a love affair.

0120120721

To complement the series of Beethoven concerts by the West-Eastern Divan orchestra, Paul Farley explores Goethe's poetic sequence, The West-Eastern Divan, from which Daniel Barenboim's orchestra takes its name.

In his later years, the German poet Johann Wolfgang von Goethe was new-fired by his reading of eastern poetry - particularly the work of the Persian poet Hafiz. Goethe's life-affirming and sensual poetic cycle, The West-Eastern Divan (1814-18) is essentially a love poem to Hafiz.

In the first of two linked features, Paul Farley explores Goethe's fascination with Arabic literature, and his admiration for Hafiz, whom he admired as both a hedonist and an enemy of dogmatic orthodoxy. The Divan is also, more poignantly, a way of mapping Goethe's own love affair with a young married woman, Marianne von Willemer - the real subject of the many sensual 'Suleika' poems.

Paul examines Goethe's role as a champion of eastern literature in the west and talks to poets and historians about the lasting legacy of the ideas that inform The West-Eastern Divan.

Produced by Emma Harding