Gaetano Donizetti (1797-1848)

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0120090316

Donald Macleod explores Donizetti's life and work, focusing on his time working at the San Carlo Opera House in Naples as house composer. It was a crucial period in his career and during the 20-odd years he spent in the city, his fame spread from the heel of Italy to the Americas.

Including excerpts from two early works - L'ajo nell'imbarazzo and Il Paria; his watershed success Anna Bolena; and two hardy perennials - L'elisir d'amore and Lucia di Lammermoor.

La fama garrula (L'ajo nell'imbarazzo/The Tutor Embarrassed - 1824, Act 2)

  • Richard Bonynge (conductor)
  • adina....mariella devia
  • alisa....Anna Maria canali
  • anna....joan sutherland
  • arturo....valiano natali
  • belcore....pietro spagnoli
  • bongiovanni gb 2300/1-2, trs 3-4

    si taciturna e mesta; deh! non voler costringere; come, innocente giovane; non v'ha sguardo cui sia dato (anna bolena - 1830, act 1, sc 1)

  • bruno campanella (conductor)
  • decca 421 096-2, cd 1 trs 5-7

    una furtiva lagrima; eccola. oh! qual le accresce belta; prendi, per me sei libero (l'elisir d'amore - 1832, act 2)

  • don gregorio....enzo dara
  • dulcamara....bruno pratico'
  • edgardo....giuseppe di stefano
  • emi 7 69980 2, cd 2 trs 10-13.

    Donald Macleod explores donizetti's neapolitan years

  • english chamber orchestra
  • enrico....paolo barbacini
  • enrico....tito gobbi
  • erato 4509-91701-2, cd 2 trs 11-13

    chi mifrena in tal momento?; t'allontana, sciagurato... rispettate in me dio...; sconsigliato! in queste porte chi ti guida?; esci, fuggi, il furor che mi accende (lucia di lammermoor - 1835, act 2, sc 2)

  • giannetta....francesca provvisionato
  • gilda....luciana serra
  • giovanna....susanne mentzer
  • idamore....filippo pina castiglioni
  • lucia....maria callas
  • marcello viotti (conductor)
  • marco berdondini (conductor)
  • neala....patrizia cigna
  • nemorino....roberto alagna
  • orchestra and chorus of the welsh national opera
  • orchestra del teatro regio di torino
  • orchestra e coro del maggio musicale fiorentino
  • orchestra pro arte marche
  • raimondo....raffaele arie
  • smeton....bernadette manca di nissa
  • tallis chamber choir
  • tullio serafin (conductor)
  • warner fonit 3984 29178-2, tr 6

    ei stesso!; ah! come non seguirti (il paria/the outcast - 1828, act 2, sc 3)

  • 01Basement Beginnings20140915

    Donald Macleod charts Donizetti's early life, including his writing of Pygmalion.

    Gaetano Donizetti composed almost 70 operas in 19th-century Italy, the age of the impresario, the prima donna and the star tenor. Donald Macleod traces his extraordinary life.

    Donizetti was raised in a cramped basement flat, the son of a poor family in rural Italy, but his talent was spotted early. He would later become the most successful Italian composer of his generation. As a teenager Donizetti wrote a precocious early version of Pygmalion, and dedicated a piano piece to a generous benefactor who bought him out of his military service. His breakthrough came with an opera set in Moorish Spain, Zoraida di Granata.

    0220090317

    Donald Macleod explores Donizetti's life and work, focusing on the bane of the composer's Italian career - censorship. Lucrezia Borgia alarmed the censors with its five on-stage deaths and unflattering depiction of a pope's daughter. Maria Stuarda offended the King of Naples because it represented royalty in an unflattering light, with two queens on stage, one of them calling the other 'vile bastard'. Poliuto, passed as fit for public consumption by the censors, was nonetheless banned by the king because of its religious subject-matter. The effect was to drive Donizetti to abandon Naples for Paris.

    Lucrezia Borgia - 1833 (excerpt from Act 2 Sc 2)

  • - celeste un'aura
  • - deh! l'accogli...morta al mondo, e morta al trono
  • - e' sempre la stessa
  • - la sacrilega parola
  • - maffio muore
  • - magistrati, guerrieri, popolo
  • - qual loco e questo?
  • - va, preparati, furente
  • Richard Bonynge (conductor)
  • anna....margreta elkins
  • cd 1 tracks 18-21

    poliuto - 1838 (act 2 sc 2)

  • cd 2 track 17

    maria stuarda - 1834 (excerpts from act 2)

  • cecil....james morris
  • decca 425 410-2,
  • elisabetta....huguette tourangeau
  • gennaro....alfredo kraus
  • jonel perlea (conductor)
  • leicester....Luciano Pavarotti
  • lucrezia borgia....montserrat caballe
  • maria....joan sutherland
  • orchestra e coro del teatro comunale di bologna
  • rca gd86642,
  • rca italiana opera orchestra
  • talbot....roger soyer

  • 02Maestro Excitement20140916

    Donald Macleod explains how Donizetti consolidated his success in Naples.

    02Maestro Excitement20140916

    Gaetano Donizetti composed almost 70 operas in 19th-century Italy, the age of the impresario, the prima donna and the star tenor. Donald Macleod traces his extraordinary life.

    Gaetano Donizetti had made his mark on Italian opera at the age of only 24 with the triumphant premiere of his opera Zoraida di Granata in Rome. The next phase of his career would see him consolidate his success in Naples, and reach new heights with the first of what would later be called the 'Three Queens' operas about the Tudors and the Stuarts. Featuring recordings by Joan Sutherland, Luciano Pavarotti and Renee Fleming.

    0320090318

    Donald Macleod explores Donizetti's life and work, focusing on how he took Paris by storm.

    At Rossini's invitation, Donizetti previously had an opera staged at the Theatre-Italien, but his ambition was to storm that bastion of French culture, the Paris Opera, before retiring. In the event, Donizetti exceeded his goal, with productions running at all four major Parisian opera houses. It led a despairing Berlioz to complain of an 'invasion' of the city by the Italian composer.

    Don Pasquale - 1842 (excerpt)

  • - ah! un foco insolito
  • - rataplan, rataplan, rataplan
  • cd 1 track 6

    la fille du regiment - 1839 (excerpts from act 1)

  • don pasquale....renato bruson
  • munich radio orchestra
  • rca 09026 61924 2,
  • roberto abbado (conductor)

  • 03Censorship City20140917

    How Donizetti was exasperated by the pettiness and incompetence of Naples's opera houses.

    Gaetano Donizetti composed almost 70 operas in 19th-century Italy, the age of the impresario, the prima donna and the star tenor. Donald Macleod traces his extraordinary life.

    As a successful composer, Donizetti was exasperated by the pettiness and incompetence of Naples' opera houses, and deeply frustrated by the attitude of the city's strict censors. When his leading lady defied them by swearing on stage, Donizetti's career hung in the balance. Featuring recordings by Anna Netrebko, Beverly Sills and Thomas Hampson.

    0420090319

    Donald Macleod explores Donizetti's life and work, focusing on his plentiful non-operatic music. Including the song Amor marinaro - the kind of piece the composer claimed to dash off 'while the rice was cooking', an excerpt from the last of his 18 string quartets and part of the Requiem he wrote in memory of his friend and rival Vincenzo Bellini.

    Amor marinaro (Soirees d'automne a l'Infrascati, 1837-9)

  • agnes girgas (cor anglais)
  • aldo baldin (tenor)
  • angela east (cello)
  • bamberg symphony chorus and orchestra
  • camerata budapest
  • cheryl studer (soprano)
  • cpo 999 282-2, trs 10-12

    requiem (1835) (dies irae; tuba mirum; judex ergo; rex tremendae)

  • dennis o'neill (tenor)
  • graham cracknell, adrian butterfield (violins)
  • ingrid surgenor (piano)
  • jan hendrik rootering, john-paul bogart (basses)
  • laszlo kovacs (conductor)
  • miguel angel gomez-martinez (conductor)
  • naxos 8.557492, tr 8

    string quartet no 18 in e minor (1836) (adagio; minuetto, presto; allegro giusto - alla polacca)

  • naxos 8.557780, tr 5

    concertino in g for cor anglais and orchestra (1816)

  • orfeo c 172 881 a, trs 5-8.

    Donald Macleod focuses on donizetti's non-operatic works, including the requiem

  • peter collyer (viola)
  • the revolutionary drawing room:

  • 04Sadness And Success20140918

    Donald Macleod focuses on Donizetti's life in the late 1830s.

    Gaetano Donizetti composed almost 70 operas in 19th-century Italy, the age of the impresario, the prima donna and the star tenor. Donald Macleod traces his extraordinary life.

    By the late 1830s Donizetti had tired completely of Naples, exasperated by the censors' meddling and impresarios' incompetence. He was also devastated by grief, having lost his wife and newborn child. Deciding to settle in Paris, he delighted audiences at the Theatre-Italien with his operas La Fille du Regiment and La Favorite.

    05 LAST20090320

    Donald Macleod explores Donizetti's life and work, focusing on his commission to write Linda di Chamonix, a new opera for the Karntnertor theatre in Vienna, as well as his appointment to a prestigious honorary position as court composer to the Austrian emperor Ferdinand I. Donizetti once quipped that this was 12,000 francs 'for doing nothing'.

    The programme ends with a complete performance of the final act of Maria di Rohan, also written for Vienna, and considered to be one of the most tautly constructed of Donizetti's romantic melodramas.

    Arrete... (Dom Sebastien - 1843, Act 4)

  • Mark Elder (conductor)
  • brilliant classics 92462, cd 2 trs 4-8.

    Donald Macleod looks at donizetti's appointment as court composer to the austrian emperor

  • chorus and orchestra of the royal opera house
  • de fiesque....giacomo colafelice
  • dom juan de sylva, grand inquisitor....alastair miles
  • enrico....paolo coni
  • maria....mariana nicolesco
  • massimo de bernart (conductor)
  • opera rara orc33, cd 3 tr 5

    linda di chamounix - 1841-2 (sinfonia to act 1)

  • orchestra del teatro di san carlo di napoli
  • orchestra internazionale d'italia opera
  • philips 442 093-2, cd 1 tr 1

    ah, cosi santo affetto; avvi un dio; bella e di sol vestita; so per prova il tuo bel core; scena e terzetto finale (maria di rohan - 1843, act 3)

  • riccardo....giuseppe morino
  • tullio serafin (conductor)

  • 05 LASTWhen The Music Stopped20140919

    Donald Macleod discusses the devastating physical and mental collapse Donizetti suffered.

    Gaetano Donizetti composed almost 70 operas in 19th-century Italy, the age of the impresario, the prima donna and the star tenor. Donald Macleod traces his extraordinary life.

    By the 1840s Donizetti enjoyed success in Paris, and had been appointed Hofkapellmeister to the Austrian Emperor. He was the most performed opera composer in Italy, and Don Pasquale and Linda di Chamounix received ecstatic receptions. However tragegy was to strike: shortly after the premiere of his grand opera Dom S├ębastien, roi de Portugal, Donizetti suffered a devastating physical and mental collapse.