The destruction of statues is one of the most powerful symbols of conflict and change - as the world witnessed in Baghdad this year.
But such iconoclasm isn't just the fate of vainglorious foreign dictators.
Architectural historian Joe Kerr tells the story behind the deliberate removal of five monuments that once took pride of place much closer to home.Joe Kerr tells the forgotten history of Britain's homage to Lenin.
At the height of the Second World War, the British Government gave its backing to the unveiling of an official memorial to the leader of the Russian Revolution.
Six years later, after it had been defaced with fascist graffiti and caused a diplomatic incident, its sculptor tore the statue down, humiliated by its treatment.