Enrique Granados (1867-1916)


01The Maja And The Nightingale20110411

Donald Macleod explores the influence on Granados of the art of Goya.

Granados grew up in Barcelona in tumultuous but exciting times, as the city became an industrial and commercial powerhouse, and a distinctively Catalan cultural centre.

But the composer drew as much from the art of Madrid as from his home city, in particular the paintings of Goya and the majas and majos - streetwise, brazen, dashing men and women - that populate them.

Donald Macleod looks at aspects of Granados' early life, including his piano studies in Paris, and some of the major influences on his work.

02The Flirtations20110412

Donald Macleod explores Granados's work as a teacher and performer.

As the structure of Barcelona changed and spread out from the gothic quarter and the harbour at the end of the 19th century, new organisations blossomed in the city, and concert life flourished.

Granados played his part, starting new performance groups and organizing concerts, but his greatest achievement was the founding of a music college, the Academia Granados, in 1901.

Donald Macleod looks at the ethos of the college, Granados' teaching style, and his attractiveness to his mostly female students - to hear him speaking in class was 'sheer poetry', according to one of them.

03Dialogue At A Window20110413

Donald Macleod explores Granados's masterpiece, the piano cycle Goyescas.

Granados was drawn to the work of Goya at a time when Spain was searching its past for great figures, and struggling to redefine herself in the wake of military defeats.

The fifth of Goya's Caprichos inspired the opening movement of Granados' masterpiece, the piano cycle Goyescas.

The composer himself sketched the subject of the second movement, in which a man and woman are having a private conversation through a screen - the real-life inspiration behind this piece may have been Clotilde Godo, with whom Granados was having an intense affair.

04Barcelona In Mind2016032420170817

Donald Macleod on how Granados's home city of Barcelona had a powerful influence on him.

Donald Macleod explores the life and work of Spanish composer-pianist Enrique Granados whose evocations of Spain helped create a new musical identity for his country.

Although Enrique Granados is widely regarded as being a Spanish composer, he was first and foremost a Catalan. He had the extraordinary good luck to grow up in Barcelona, just as the vision of architects such as Gaudi was transforming it into a unique and vibrant cityscape. Today Donald Macleod looks at how a dynamic new city, home to Granados for most of his life, exercised a powerful influence on the composer.

A la cubana

Thomas Rajna, piano

Violin Sonata

Piano Trio Salzburg

Libro de horas

Salve Regina

Coro Cervantes

Carlos Fernandez Aransay, Director

Tansy Castledine, organ

Serenata goyesca

Douglas Riva, piano

Valses poeticos

Uta Weyand, piano.

04Love And Death20110414

Donald Macleod on the climax and conclusion of Granados's career - the opera Goyescas.

Granados' opera Goyescas, based closely on the piano cycle, was premiered in New York in 1916, and won him a warm reception there.

The closing scene of the opera was inspired by Goya's Capricho El amor y la muerte, Love and Death, depicting a woman holding a dying man in her arms, which proved to be a premonition of his own death: as Granados and his wife made the journey home by sea, their ship, the Sussex, was torpedoed in the English Channel.

A friend witnessed their tragic deaths: 'He embraced his wife, and they disappeared forever beneath the waves.

In the panic and confusion, no one thought to or was able to help them.' Donald Macleod explores the genesis of Granados' opera, which proved to be both the climax and the conclusion of his career.

05 LASTThe Ghost's Serenade20110415

Donald Macleod focuses on the fallout from Granados's tragic death and his legacy.

When Granados and his wife were returning home to Spain after the premiere of his opera Goyescas in New York, their ship, the Sussex, was hit by a German torpedo in the English Channel.

The composer's tragic death became an international incident.

Donald Macleod examines the fallout, and explores Granados' legacy.