Click [world Service]

Episodes

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Consumer Electronics Show; audio search engine; iWarrior; Montenegrin domain name sale

In the lead up to the annual Consumer Electronic Show in Las Vegas, Rory Cellan-Jones offers a preview of the upcoming highlights and gadgets for the future.

John Coleman of the Oxford Phonetics Laboratory reveals the plans for a search engine for speech.

How to keep hyena and other predators out of your village – and have fun whilst you're at it, with a computer. iWarrior is on its way from Kenya to a smart-phone.

And report on how Montenegro is making big business out of its top level domain name – dot ME.

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Consumer Electronics Show; Censorship in Iran; Stream UK; Solar scooters in Rio.

3D television is the talk of the town in Las Vegas at the end of the Consumer Electronics Show.

Iranians show increasing ingenuity in using social networking tools to circumvent censorship.

Stream UK offers punters a way of uploading films and photos from Iran and relaying it to broadcasters and others on the outside.

Helen Clegg reports from Rio de Janeiro as the Brazilian city embarks on plans to introduce electric scooters.

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Reconnecting Haiti; Google in China; Microsoft's Steve Ballmer.

The aftermath of the earthquake in China has shown the need to reconnect telecommunications as quickly as possible. Clark Boyd reports on the efforts to employ digital technology to aid the needy in Haiti.

What lies behind the threat from Google to pull out of China. Digital Planet investigates how a social conscience might compete with profit and hard-nosed business decisions.

Steve Ballmer the CEO of Microsoft outlines his vision of the future and how the company expects to maintain its prominence in the face of stiff competition.

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Howard Schmidt on cyber crime; Malaysia's love of Twitter; BBC's MyWorld doc; cMatrix12

Howard Schmidt explains the importance of cyber security, and what individuals and countries can do to avoid coming under cyber attack.

Jennifer Pak reports from Malaysia about the rise of social networking amongst the countries politicians, from the prime minister down.

The BBC unveils a new competition to encourage listeners to create short documentary films.

Colin Grant reports on cMatrix12, the work of art created by Bret Battey that grew out of a computer programming error.

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Misha Glenny is a writer and broadcaster who for his new book DarkMarket, has ventured into the cyber criminal underworld.

Along the way Glenny meets the architects of phishing attacks, hacks into major networks and just about everything in between.

At the heart of the story is one of the world's most notorious criminal websites.

In pursuing the criminals, Misha Glenny found that he was not the only one trying to infiltrate their world – so are law enforcement officers.

Misha Glenny joins Gareth Mitchell to discuss why we all have a stake in the outcome of cybercrime.

There seems to have been an explosion of interest in 3D printing in the last few years, with the dream that one day we may have such printers in our homes and be able to print off household items such as cups and even furniture.

But what about body parts? Angela Saini reports on the rise of 3D bio-printing, and a future where prostheses will be replaced by body parts run off on printers.

Are you fed up with one-finger typing on flat screen devices? Well a liquid keyboard might provide a solution for you in the future.

Such a keyboard would be designed so that the buttons position themselves to suit the user.

This liquid keyboard approach is at the heart of research at the University of Technology Sydney, and was unveiled at the recent Tech23 conference in Australia.

Christian Sax, one of its developers, joins Click to describe how it works.

Misha Glenny investigates cybercrime in his new book, DarkMarket

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Intel marks the 40th anniversary of the Intel 4004, the world's first microprocessor.

Compared to the Intel 4004, today’s second-generation Intel® Core™ processors are more than 350,000 times the performance and each transistor uses about 5,000 times less energy.

Gareth Mitchell and Bill Thompson discuss just how Intel 4004 can be said to have triggered the digital revolution.

In the interactive documentary series HIGHRISE, Katerina Cizek investigates the pressures of life in a 21st century city.

The 1000th Tower featured the residents of a run-down skyscraper in Toronto.

Out My Window applied the same concept to city dwellers ranging from São Paolo to Bangalore.

In the latest film, One Millionth Tower interweaves the stories of local people in a Toronto sky-scraper, brainstorm with their architect about how they can breathe new life into the building and surrounding areas.

Their ideas come to life courtesy of computer programmers and animators - all is demonstrated online in a virtual 3D-environment.

Katerina Cizek discusses this much praised collaboration of One Millionth Tower which is showing at the International Documentary Film Festival Amsterdam.

There is disquiet in the development community – the international band of NGOs, advocates and volunteers engaged in improving the lives of some of the world’s most impoverished people.

Discord has broken out over just one acronym: ICT4D: Information and Communication Technologies for Development.

If there is a shared agreement of aims in that community, why should the words they use to describe their enterprise matter? Click is joined by two well-known figures involved in ICT4D.

Ken Banks, founder of kiwanja.net and Marlon Parker, the founder of RLabs based in South Africa and also JamiiX.

Intel celebrates the 40th anniversary of the world's first microprocessor.

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How to spot the degree to which a photograph may be manipulated

Digital technology allows retouchers to fundamentally alter photographic images. The practice is widely used in magazines and advertising but there are moves now to introduce notification of just how far a photograph has been doctored. But with digital cameras don’t the changes begin even as the image is snapped? Hany Farid has developed software which he hopes will be able grade from 1-5 just how far an original image has been altered. He tells Gareth Mitchell just why the software is timely. And the retoucher, Sinisa Savic is interviewed by Snezana Curcic and demonstrates his skills to her.

The mHealth Alliance recently honoured eleven innovators who have used mobile phones in an exceptional way in order to improve people's health. They include Bright Simons, the founder of mPedigree. Bright Simons joins Click to discuss how he is using mobile phones to help unearth fake drugs that have flooded the pharmaceutical industry in many parts of the world.

(Image: A crowd of photographers. Credit: Getty Images)

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A new report suggests that we are too ignorant about the use and workings of the internet to be able to judge the kinds of regulations, if any, that should be imposed on it. The report in the journal, Science, flags up the fledgling discipline of web science which seeks a better understanding of this vibrant tool of communication. Jonathan Zittrain, co-director of the Berkman Center for Internet and Society at Harvard University, discusses the report on Click.

Time magazine has described a solar-powered computer system in Uganda as one of the 50 best innovations of the year. The project called the Digital Drum aims to bring computing to people in rural communities in Uganda. It takes its name from its casing: a disused oil drum. Anna Cavell reports from Uganda on a device which some praise for bridging the digital divide.

Computers are being put to use to help solve drought in India. Jal-Chitra is based on a piece of software, an interactive mapping platform, that creates a visual representation of maps of water supplies in rural area that could help to combat drought in some of the world's arid and semi-arid areas. The water map highlights, for instance, where hand-pumps and wells might be located in a village; it also builds up a picture of a village's likely needs for water, especially in the season when drought usually occurs. Vikram Vyas of the Ajit Foundation, joins Gareth Mitchell to talk about how it works.

A new report says that better data collection will lead to a better internet.

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Calestous Juma discusses the extraordinary roll out of broadband across Africa

At the start of the New Year, there is growing optimism in Africa about the benefits that broadband connectivity has brought to the continent. Calestous Juma, a Kenyan national and professor of the Practice of International Development at Harvard University, joins Gareth Mitchell and Bill Thompson to talk about how the technology has enabled many countries to circumvent the many decades of relative stasis and lack of conventional infrastructures to allow Africans the same kinds of access to mobile phones and computers as enjoyed and taken for granted by people in other more prosperous parts of the world.

Click is also joined by Scott Foster, Director of the Sustainable Energy Division at the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe and John Stenlake, the Chief Technology Officer at Living PlanIT to discuss the growing excitement about integrated systems and smart cities. What does the future hold when it comes to smart cities? Are they a pipe dream or a coming reality?

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Gareth Mitchell travels to the USA for a special edition of Click from the SXSW Festival in Austin, Texas.

Mitchell looks at indoor navigation, and talks to developers who, taking note of the improvements in satellite navigation, are exploring how new technology is now being applied to allow better navigation around buildings. He talks to Josh Marti, co-founder of Point Inside and also to Nick Such of the firm BuildingLayer.

He reports on a paper-shredder with an appetite and other seemingly human qualities, including knowing when it has had enough and talks to David Caygill of iris Digital.

Together with Click TV's LJ Rich, Mitchell samples new Apps developed by Weathermob for sharing and updating news about the weather.

Gareth Mitchell reports from the South by Southwest Festival in the USA.

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Author Andrew Keen on how today's online social revolution is affecting us

Andrew Keen's new book, "Digital Vertigo: How Today's Online Social Revolution Is Dividing, Diminishing, and Disorienting Us". He warns that social networking could have adverse effects that have not have been properly considered by society. He questions whether our privacy, responsibility and freedom are being threatened.

A team of sailors with spinal cord injuries in New Zealand, are using a sailing simulator to re-learn how to sail with their disabilities. Sailability Auckland are using sip and puff controllers to set sails and haul ropes.

CERN's Large Hadron Collider (LHC), the world’s largest particle accelerator, generates hundreds of millions of particle collisions each second. To record, store and analyse these vast amounts of collisions present a massive data challenge: the LHC produces roughly 20 million Gigabytes of data each year. Openlab is a partnership between CERN and IT companies to develop cutting edge solutions to crunching these vast amounts of data. Next week the fourth phase is officially launched.

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Author Andrew Keen on how today's online social revolution may be affecting us adversely

Andrew Keen discusses his new book Digital Vertigo: How Today's Online Social Revolution Is Dividing, Diminishing, and Disorienting Us. He warns that social networking could have adverse effects that have not have been properly considered by society. He questions whether our privacy, responsibility and freedom are being threatened.

A team of sailors with spinal cord injuries in New Zealand are using a sailing simulator to re-learn how to sail with their disabilities. Sailability Auckland are using sip-and-puff controllers to set sails and haul ropes.

CERN's Large Hadron Collider (LHC), the world's largest particle accelerator, generates hundreds of millions of particle collisions each second. To record, store and analyse these experiments is a massive data challenge: the LHC produces roughly 20 million gigabytes of data each year. Openlab is a partnership between CERN and IT companies to develop cutting-edge solutions for crunching all these numbers. Next week the fourth phase is officially launched.

(Image: A scientist in the LHC Computing Grid room. Credit: Fabrice Coffrini / AFP / Getty Images)

Author Andrew Keen on how today's online social revolution is affecting us

Andrew Keen's new book, "Digital Vertigo: How Today's Online Social Revolution Is Dividing, Diminishing, and Disorienting Us". He warns that social networking could have adverse effects that have not have been properly considered by society. He questions whether our privacy, responsibility and freedom are being threatened.

CERN's Large Hadron Collider (LHC), the world’s largest particle accelerator, generates hundreds of millions of particle collisions each second. To record, store and analyse these vast amounts of collisions present a massive data challenge: the LHC produces roughly 20 million Gigabytes of data each year. Openlab is a partnership between CERN and IT companies to develop cutting edge solutions to crunching these vast amounts of data. Next week the fourth phase is officially launched.

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A report on the Islamic challenge to Facebook by Salamworld

An Islamic version of the social networking site Facebook plans to make its debut in July, during the holy Muslim month of Ramadan. The site, called Salamworld, is backed by Turkish investors. One of its main markets will be Southeast Asia since it has the world's largest Muslim population. Its regional headquarters is in Malaysia. Click's Jennifer Pak reports from Kuala Lumpur on the buzz about Salamworld.

The video game Farmville got thousands of people around the globe to plant and harvest virtual crops from their computers and smart phones but in Jamaica armchair farmers are getting the chance to do it for real. Farm Village is based at an old plantation where online farmers work alongside real ones to learn more about agriculture in a bid to boost food security and tourism. The BBC's Nick Davis reports from the Jamaican capital, Kingston.

Researchers in Dundee, Scotland have developed a devise for people suffering from dementia, offering a new touch screen application that aims to help with memory loss. Dementia affects short term memory and, depending on its severity, there can be moments of lucidity but many more episodes of confusion and withdrawal. Norman Alm, the developer of CIRCA believes it has had remarkable results in triggering memories with people suffering from dementia. He joins Gareth Mitchell to describe how it works.

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A report on the Islamic challenge to Facebook by Salamworld

An Islamic version of the social networking site Facebook plans to make its debut in July, during the holy Muslim month of Ramadan. The site, called Salamworld, is backed by Turkish investors. One of its main markets will be Southeast Asia since it has the world's largest Muslim population. Its regional headquarters is in Malaysia. Click's Jennifer Pak reports from Kuala Lumpur on the buzz about Salamworld.

The video game Farmville got thousands of people around the globe to plant and harvest virtual crops from their computers and smart phones but in Jamaica armchair farmers are getting the chance to do it for real. Farm Village is based at an old plantation where online farmers work alongside real ones to learn more about agriculture in a bid to boost food security and tourism. The BBC's Nick Davis reports from the Jamaican capital, Kingston.

Researchers in Dundee, Scotland have developed a devise for people suffering from dementia, offering a new touch screen application that aims to help with memory loss. Dementia affects short term memory and, depending on its severity, there can be moments of lucidity but many more episodes of confusion and withdrawal. Norman Alm, the developer of CIRCA believes it has had remarkable results in triggering memories with people suffering from dementia. He joins Gareth Mitchell to describe how it works.

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Andrew Blum goes behind the scenes of the internet in his book, Tubes

Pipes and tubes hold the internet together, so maintains the technology writer Andrew Blum whose book Tubes takes readers on a journey to the centre of the internet. Blum describes his adventure through the server rooms and hidden underground cables that hold the net together. Scrutinising the infrastructure at the heart of our digital society also shines a light on its fragility and the ease with which it can be breached. Andrew Blum joins Click to discuss his findings.

Five years ago, Israel and Egypt announced a tightening of the blockade of the Gaza Strip, after Hamas took control. The continuing restrictions have had a big impact on Gaza's economy. But one sector of society that is expanding, despite the blockade, is ICT. A group of IT visionaries from Gaza's University of Applied Science (UCAS) has found a way to flourish and export their business internationally. They provide innovative computer games, animation films, GIS tools and web systems for a growing number of clients around the world, as well as for local people and businesses. Angela Robson reports from Gaza.

Have you ever wondered whether there’s more to images in videos than meets the eye? Perhaps unsurprisingly, it turns out that there is – we just haven’t had the tools and degree of requisite resolution that would enable us to see just how. That was the starting point for a group of researchers at MIT in Cambridge Massachusetts. By amplifying colour and doing so in specific, narrow parts of the spectrum, they’ve managed to reveal details that have hitherto remained unseen by the human eye. They also envisage the technology has potential applications such as the ability to monitor the breathing of babies or checking blood through our vessels. One of the MIT team, Michael Rubinstein, talks to Gareth Mitchell about the research.

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Andrew Blum goes behind the scenes of the internet in his book, Tubes.

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Simon Morton reports on the winners of the Imagine Cup, plus poetry for smartphones

The Imagine Cup each year throws up interesting ideas from young people involved in the digital world. It is a technology competition that brings together students from around the world to help solve globally important problems. In the first of his reports from Sydney, Australia, Simon Morton highlights some of the themes that have emerged this year.

At Olympic level, there is often only a minor difference in the ability of the competitors. Sometimes only a tenth or hundredth of a second separates gold medallists from the silver rivals. With this in mind researchers at the Sports Technology Institute in Loughborough in England, working with a number of other research centres, have developed a kit for monitoring in real time, the movements of Great Britain's Olympic swimmers. Click learns from the Loughborough engineer Paul Conway how his technology may give swimmers an edge over their competitors.

Jason Lewis is a poet and an associate professor at Concordia University in Montreal, Canada, who combines poetry with his use of technology. With new digital tools at hand, Lewis believes spoken or written work can also register on other levels and stimulate other senses. He has devised poetry especially for touch screens, and aims to utilise their tools to allow the reader to interact with the words. Lewis talks to Gareth Mitchell about his dancing poetry.

(Image: several smartphones)

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Researchers turn images into sound to help the blind and partially-sighted.

Researchers in Jerusalem have developed an application that converts images into sounds. The question will become not so much what a picture looks like, but what does it sound like?

The system called EyeMusic employs musical notes that change pitch according to an object's shape. Colours are conveyed by different instruments. In the first instance the study used blindfolded volunteers who were able to guide their hand movements quickly and accurately. Amir Amedi joins Click to discuss the project.

Designers of a system called EnableTalk were winners at the Imagine international innovation competition last week. The team from Ukraine won a cup and a $25,000 prize for their system that converts sign language into speech.

Those who are unable to speak might use signing as a way of communicating. But what if the person you want to communicate with does not understand sign language?

EnableTalk recognises hand movements, from a glove worn by the signer, linked by Bluetooth to software. Simon Morton reports from Sydney, Australia.

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London through the ages, as depicted in Pan Macmillan's London Encyclopaedia, one of the definitive texts about the city, has been brought to life through a new app with text, video and audio. Click talks to one of its creators, the film director Richard Loncraine.

With the Olympic Games unfolding this week, feelings are going to be running high. But just how high? What would such feelings look like en-masse? Could they ever be visualised? Well yes, according to the artist, Drew Hemment who joins Click in the studio. He has been involved in setting up a project called Emoto that will run throughout the Games as part of an experiment in mining the social media with the end point being the creation of an art installation out of the data.

Shakespeare's Sonnets have inspired over the centuries but have more people claimed to have read them than is actually the case? How accessible are they, and would they benefit from becoming more so? The creators of a new app certainly believe so. The Sonnet, fourteen lines of prose, coincidentally is perfectly formatted for today’s tablets and e-readers. William Shakespeare's 154 Sonnets have now been rolled up into an app that includes recitals by Shakespearean actors such as Sir Patrick Stewart and also the likes of Stephen Fry. John Wyver directed the performances on the app and he joins Click to discuss bringing the bard to life with the latest technology.

A report on London through the ages via a captivating app

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Researchers have created a system that could enable people with paralysis to control a wheelchair with eye movements alone. It requires a camera from a video games console, a modified pair of spectacles, and some clever code. The new eye-tracking system, from hardware that costs a few hundred dollars, rivals existing ones costing thousands of dollars. The system is good enough to control computer games but, say researchers, it could potentially even enable wheelchair control for people with disabilities. Aldo Faisal, one of the team behind the GT3D eye tracker joins Click to discuss the system.

German researchers have found a cheap way of gathering data on emigration in populations. In many countries gathering official statistics on migration is expensive and subsequently incomplete or out of date. But email accounts might change all that. Emilio Zagheni from the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research talks to Gareth Mitchell about the use of anonymous email traffic.

Have you ever imagined that a bridge sang to you as you walked over it? Well it might just be that you have been crossing the Millennium Foot Bridge in London. It is the work of a team including the music producer Martyn Ware whose sound sculptures have been deployed in various public spaces over the last decade. The latest project, close to the iconic Tower Bridge, has been opened in time for the Olympic Games. Click talks with Martyn Ware and the poet Mario Petrucci about their collaboration on Tales from the Bridge.

How a person with paralysis might control a wheelchair with eye movements alone

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The London Olympic ceremony dazzled with animations through the pixels on each seat of the stadium. It seemed a remarkable feat. But how was it done? The organisers are undoubtedly breathing a sigh of relief that it all worked. Will Case is the Creative Director of Crystal UK, the agency that designed those animations that were seen sweeping across the stadium. He joins Gareth Mitchell to shed light on the magnificent spectacle.

SIGGRAPH, the annual computer graphics festival has been under way in Los Angeles. It is one of the big events of the year in the interactive technologies industry. Its winning formula is its ability to unite an engineering conference complete with mindboggling research papers, with a trade show highlighting the latest technology, high-end graphics and animation on giant screens. Mike Seymour co-founder of FXGuide.com, a news and technology site for specialists in the effects industry, discusses the technological wizardry on display at SIGGRAPH.

Parkinson's disease is a debilitating condition that is often difficult to detect. But researchers in the US and UK believe that voice-recognition technology may offer a useful tool to aid diagnosis. They are calling on volunteers around the world to help them with an inexpensive test for the disorder by focussing on recordings of their voices. The Parkinson's Voice Initiative is asking volunteers, whether they have the disease or not, to leave voice samples over the phone. Max Little joins Click to discuss the project.

Behind the scenes of the high-definition dazzling display at the London Olympics

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What if Geeks ruled the world? A report from the Cambridge Geek Night.

How would the world look if Geeks were in charge? Is there any point to Geeks? Much scientific research now depends on Geeks and technology but how much does technology contribute to science?

Click travels to Cambridge University, a place that some argue has been a Geek heaven for centuries, to find out. Gareth Mitchell and Bill Thompson investigate the Cambridge Geek Night.

They are joined by the former scientist and now Member of Parliament Julian Huppert; Mark Henderson author of The Geek Manifesto; and Emily Shuckburgh from the British Antarctic Survey.

And there's also a report on the bobsled that can be controlled by the mind.

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Sir Tim Berners-Lee joins Click to discuss his ambition to increase the reach of the web. He has launched the Web Index which ranks countries according to the population's access and use of the internet. Sweden, perhaps unsurprisingly, came out on top. But there were a number of surprises. Sir Tim, the inventor of the World Wide Web discusses how the web might even better fulfil its potential.

In the last decade the internet has become increasingly sophisticated, and that sophistication sometimes makes navigation of web pages, for example, quite a challenge. This is even more so for people who have a visual impairment. That dilemma has prompted a collaboration between the Royal London Society for the Blind and IBM. Julian Dailly and Dale Lane discuss the way that the project, which focuses on browsing using speech, might be able to aid visual impairment in a 'conversational internet'.

A team of German student researchers have developed an app that might bring relief to drivers stuck in traffic. Greenway personalises drivers' journeys in ways that seem improbable. For instance, the Greenway system allows drivers to reserve stretches of the road ahead so it's clear when they drive on through. Simon Morton speaks to Christian Brüggemann about Greenway.

Sir Tim Berners-Lee discusses monitoring the impact of the web.

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Technological and digital news from around the world.

Click is travelling North to one of the oldest cities in the country to look at some of the most groundbreaking artificial intelligence in gaming. We are visiting the Digital Creativity Labs at the University of York where they are researching creative technologies that will come to our games consoles and entertainment systems in the years to come.

Gaming for Peace in South Sudan
A mobile game called Salaam, meaning 'peace' in Arabic has been developed by a Lual Mayen, a games designer from South Sudan. But this is a game with a difference, instead of arming players with guns and ammo, the object is to destroy them and spread some peace instead. He has two big influences: Grand Theft Auto but even more significantly, the conflict in South Sudan. He was raised as a refugee but eventually managed to pursue his interest in programming by developing mobile banking applications and then gaming. Salaam featured in South Sudan’s first ever games jam earlier this year.

Calling the BBC - Ham Radio is Back!
For over half a century the BBC has had its own Ham Radio group. After several years of planning, the group’s latest home has just opened in BBC Broadcasting House in London. The Director General Tony Hall officially opening the new radio shack recently under direction from Jonathan Kempster. But in an age of Skype, FaceTime and instant messaging, is amateur radio still relevant and if so why?

(Image caption: Girl playing with lights and virtual reality simulation device © Getty Images)

Producer: Jack Meegan

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Technological and digital news from around the world.

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Analysis of a court ruling to block The Pirate Bay website

A British High Court has ruled that ISPs in the UK must block the Pirate Bay website. It follows a judgement in February that The Pirate Bay and its users violated copyright for nine record labels based in the UK. Click analyses the news.

The International Telecommunication Union recently celebrated its Girls in ICT Day. One of those taking part was sixteen year old Joanne O'Riordan from Ireland. Joanne, who was born without arms or legs, delivered the keynote address at the event. She tells Click about how technology has transformed her life.

In a disaster communication is imperative. A text based system called TERA aims to get early warning out to thousands of people instantaneously. TERA, Trilogy Emergency Response Application, aims to refine emergency responses: it is engineered to make the SMS alerts as relevant as possible, by sending the messages within defined geographical areas. It is a project of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies born out of the experience of the earthquake in Haiti. Robin Burton joins Click to discuss plans to roll TERA out around the world.

Earlier in the year Click played some electronic music in the studio that had been computer-generated using an open-source program called SuperCollider. Invented in 1996, it allows developers to take information from their environment or existing tracks and turn them into something new and beautiful. Well, just how beautiful is open to interpretation. And that is why there was a recent competition in London, judged appropriately, by computers - to discover the best music remixes produced using SuperCollider. Angela Saini reports from the SuperCollider Symposium at Queen Mary, University of London.

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Click reports plans to tackle cybercrime at an international conference in London

Cybercrime is a growing concern for governments around the world.

It has introduced a new type of criminal associate – young, geeky, good with computers and vulnerable to the lure of easy money proposed by hardened criminal gangs.

Click reports from an international conference in London on plans to tackle the huge problems posed by cybercrime.

Harry Potter fans will have to wait a little bit longer for the virtual world planned to give added value to the books and films.

The worldwide release of Pottermore has been delayed.

As its creators fine-tune its virtual world, Click invites the game theorist Tom Chatfield, due to speak at the iq2 If Conference in London on the topic at the end of November, and Rod Humble, the CEO of Linden Lab and creator of Second Life, to discuss the art of creating virtual worlds.

Next year Jamaica celebrates its fiftieth anniversary of independence from Great Britain.

To mark the occasion a group of patriots have got together to launch a documentary called One People, a reference to the country's motto: Out of many, One People.

But this will not be a straight forward historical document because the team behind the film have taken inspiration from Kevin Macdonald's Life in a Day to crowd source their film.

Justine Henzell joins Click to discuss how the film will be put together with clips sent in by punters reflecting on what Jamaica means to them.

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Calestous Juma discusses the extraordinary roll out of broadband across Africa

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When computers compose music what's left for the musicians?

Music has always evolved with technology but have the advances always been beneficial?

With news of the forthcoming release of an album entirely composed by a computer what will be left of the creative process for musicians.

Many other musicians have used the latest technology to 'push the outside of the envelope' of music, creating sounds and ways of listening previously unknown to man.

In a special edition of Click from the BBC Radio Theatre, presenter Gareth Mitchel and technology specialist Bill Thompson, focus on music and technology.

They are joined by a panel of experts, including the soundscape artist, Martyn Ware – founder member of The Human League and Heaven 17; the technophile composer Alexis Kirke, who has been called "the Philip K Dick of contemporary music"; and the experimenting pianist Sarah Nicolls, who plays on her own 'Inside-Out Piano' and triggers music via sensors on her muscles.

(Image: An mp3 music player and headphones)

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Amazon’s new tablet is the Kindle Fire.

It runs Android and it’s smaller and it’s less than half the price of the iPad.

Click discusses how much of a challenge it is to Apple.

An orthopaedic surgeon has gone to unusual lengths in his approach to learn and understand anatomy and help him prepare for operations.

He has 3D printed a model of one of his patient’s bones.

Click talks to the surgeon Mark Frame about his innovative and cheap use of technology.

People the world over need reminding about the carbon they use when we travel the globe.

But more locally, how much could we cut down our emissions by taking the bus or walking? That’s the question posed by the developers of an app called CO2GO.

Christian Sommer, a Postdoctoral Fellow at MIT talks to Jon Stewart about monitoring your own emissions.

Researchers are waking up to the potential of social networking for aiding an understanding of social science.

A recent study has shown the benefits of Twitter in this regard.

Each Twitter update might only be 140 characters but with 230 million tweets every day, that adds up to a dream data set if you’re a social scientist interested in what people all over the world are saying to each other.

Scott Golder from Cornell University joins Click to discuss how and why the researchers used Twitter to get a better understanding of our mood swings in the course of a day.

Amazon challenges the iPad with its Kindle Fire

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Amazon challenges the iPad with its Kindle Fire

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Technological and digital news from around the world.

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ADULT ENTERTAINMENT ONLINE

If you are looking for porn online, it is about to get a whole lot easier.

From this week, there is going to be an area of the internet, specially allocated to adult entertainment.

Wednesday sees the launch of the.XXX top-level domain name, which means porn sites will be able to sign up to having addresses with that suffix alongside, or instead of, the current.coms and.nets.

The company running the domain is ICM Registry and it is just about to take the first wave of applications for use of the domain name.

Stuart Lawley is the chief executive officer.

INTERNET DOMAIN NAME SYSTEM HACKED

There was a surprise over the weekend for users of websites including Vodafone, UPS and Microsoft.

Instead of going to the companies’ sites, web browsers ended up pointing to a page from a Turkish hacker group proclaiming “World Hackers Day”.

The companies themselves were not attacked; it was the firms that operate the directories that link our computers to internet addresses.

For further explanation, Click speaks to Graham Cluley, a computer security expert at Sophos Antivirus.

STEVE ROSENBAUM'S 9/11 MEMORIAL APP

Amid the tributes and memorials to 9/11 this week is a digital offering in the form of an iPad app called The 911 Memorial: Past, Present, and Future.

Its creator is author and filmmaker Steven Rosenbaum.

He also directed the documentary about 9/11, called 7 Days in September.

Sections of that movie are also included in the app.

Controversial top level domain on net launches, allocating special corner to adult content

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Controversial top level domain on net launches, allocating special corner to adult content

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A report on whether violent video games actually change brain activity.

Just how damaging are violent video games to the developing minds of adolescents and young adults, especially males? A new study from the USA using brain scans suggests that there may be significant changes to brain activity following regular playing of video games.

Tom Hummer, an assistant professor of psychiatry at Indiana University in the USA discusses the outcomes of his study.

Click is also joined by Angelica Ortiz de Gortari from Nottingham Trent University, in the UK, who is a specialist in Game Transfer Phenomena.

Pretty soon robots will be in our homes helping us with everyday domestic tasks.

That is the ambition of many of the robotocists specialising in the field of humanoid, social robots.

But before robots can be of any use to humans they are going to have to learn how to interact with us and vice versa.

Many of the world's leading robotocists have recently gathered in London's Science Museum and brought their robots with them.

Lucky visitors to the museum were able to mingle and interact with the robots.

Click's Gareth Mitchell and Jamillah Knowles joined them.

They report on the attraction and fascination of high-end robots like iCub.

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Rory Wilson discusses the tag that monitors your mood

Daily Diary

Scientists in Wales have perfected a tag called the 'Daily Diary' that measures the movements of hard-to-study animals, species who live in remote places, in the margins of man’s influence.

It can be used, for instance, for birds that are difficult to observe. The miniaturised device allows the researchers to follow their every movement and monitor their energy consumption. It can also be useful for monitoring the tiny variations in the way humans walk and in the changes in their moods. Professor Rory Wilson from Swansea University in Wales joins Click to discuss the latest plans for harnessing the power of supercomputers to extract even more information from data captured by these portable sensors.

FlashFood

FlashFood, a real time food donation and delivery platform, was one of the star attractions at the recent Imagine Cup, which aims to use the latest technology to meet the Millennium development goals, a set of objectives set way back in 2000 by the UN in an attempt to make the world a better place. The key eight goals focus on environment, health, poverty, education and gender equality. Simon Morton reports on the technology platform that aims to curb waste by sending unwanted food from the "haves" to the "have-nots".

IM Blanky

Researchers in Canada have developed a sensory blanket that will enable scientists to explore what we are doing whilst we sleep. Their starting off point was to construct a blanket containing 104 tilt sensors. The work is called "IM Blanky". Rodolphe el-Khoury, associate professor at the John H Daniels Faculty of Architecture, Landscape and Design at the University of Toronto in Canada discusses the blanket with Gareth Mitchell.

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Nicholas Roope discusses the highlights from the latest Internet Week Europe.

A European continent-wide get-together underway this week is not focussing on emergency summits to address the debt crisis but rather on the future trends that might be affecting the internet services and devices we all use.

Nicholas Roope, co-chair of Internet Week Europe, discusses some of the highlights from this year’s event.

This summer saw India's own smaller version of the Arab Spring.

After a string of government scandals, and accusations that politicians and bureaucrats have been taking bribes, thousands of people took to the streets to protest against corruption.

And given the huge role played by Twitter in the Arab Spring this year, some activists have also been asking whether the Internet and social networking could play just as much of a part in bringing greater transparency to India's democracy.

Activists are using the web to turn the Information Act into a powerful anti-corruption tool.

Angela Saini reports from New Delhi.

Peter Robinson imagines a future where your computer will be able to read your emotions, to tell whether you are bored and in need of greater stimulation, for the computer to work harder to satisfy your needs.

That world was outlined in the Festival ideas in Cambridge where researchers updated Darwin's experiments using photographs to analyse emotions.

Peter Robinson joins Click to debate the merits of the project.

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Karama!: Journeys Through the Arab Spring by Johnny West

Author Johnny West speaks to Gareth Mitchell about his experiences travelling across the Middle East and meeting hackers, activists and ordinary people and how they have been using social media to fuel events, as well as change perceptions.

Rioting in the UK

Has technology also fuelled the riots across the UK? Mike Butcher, Editor of TechCrunch Europe, joins Bill and Gareth to discuss why the Blackberry messenger system is proving popular amongst those involved.

Also how the police are now searching for looters via the internet.

Crowdsourcing Robots

Roboticists face the challenge of coaxing their creatures into performing much specialised tasks.

One way of achieving fast and flexible, human-like behaviours, may be to turn to the crowd for help in giving robots more general skills.

How so? By allowing people to pilot real or simulated robots over the internet in trial experiments, as has previously been done in other areas of artificial intelligence such as online translation systems.

Sonia Chernova is developing an approach that could lead to better human-robot interactions.

Did social media fuel the Arab Spring uprisings? Author Johnny West believes so

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Porn blocked

Some of Britain's biggest internet service providers are to allow households to block porn.

If users want to view adult websites then they will have to 'opt in'.

Click discusses these new proposals.

Metropolitan Museum website

New York's Metropolitan Museum has unveiled its new website.

It aims to put over 300,000 objects and works of art online in 400 galleries, to archive everything from 11th Century Costa Rican pendants to the largest of Vermeer's oil paintings.

Click talks to Matt Morgan and Alex Morrison about the mammoth task facing the museum.

Babbage's computer

The Victorian computer pioneer Charles Babbage dreamed of building a machine which would have been the world's first computer.

It was one of his many plans that were never completed.

Chris Vallance reports on the team who is trying to realise Babbage's dream 150 years later, working on his plans to design the actual computer.

Myndplay

Is it ever possible to change film scenes with your mind? The consensus is "no" but that hasn't stopped Myndplay.

It believes that you can use your brainwaves to interact with the movie.

Gareth Mitchell tries on the headset to determine whether it might ever be feasible or is it just fanciful?

(Image Credit: Getty)

The Metropolitan Museum in New York unveils its new website.

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The director Chris Riley, discusses First Orbit, his film of Yuri Gagarin's space flight 50 years on.

The film depicts the epic journey from Gagarin’s point of view.

NASA embraces the social media with its very own Tweetups.

Gareth Mitchell talks to Stephanie Schierholz, the social media boss at NASA, about how she gets space and social networks together online, sometimes via Twitter.

Click reports on an ambitious collaboration on both sides of the Atlantic that establishes a link-up between actors putting on a performance for three separate audiences.

The first audience is in Austin Texas, the other in London and a third is online.

This special theatrical experience is brought to life via Skype.

A discussion of First Orbit, Chris Riley's film of Yuri Gagarin's space flight 50 years on

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Gareth Mitchell reports from the South by Southwest Festival in the USA.

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Would an overall electronic system have been more reassuring to the Russian electorate?

In the fallout from the Russian elections, Click asks whether a fully electronic voting system would have been more transparent.

Ben Goldsmith from the International Foundation for Electoral Systems (IFES) discusses the pros and cons of electronic voting.

Why is it being taken up in South America and Asia yet spurned in parts of Europe and North America?

Is the internet exploiting the creative community? Many think so.

How can artists ensure that they are properly remunerated for their work? These are questions that Robert Levine has puzzled over in his new book, Free Ride: How the Internet Is Destroying the Culture Business and How the Culture Business Can Fight Back.

He joins Gareth Mitchell to discuss the contentious issue of paying for content in the digital age.

How do social activists harness the powerful medium of Hip Hop and turn it towards the common good? Rhythm of Change is an organisation that has recently combined activism and social networks to promote 'People Power', a song that has been released to coincide with the climate change discussions in South Africa.

The song is a reminder that we are all stakeholders in this debate, and is a call for greater engagement with the consequences of climate change.

Shelly Burton discusses the Rhythm of Change with Click.

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Intel celebrates the 40th anniversary of the world's first microprocessor.

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Li-Fi

Visible light communication (VLC) uses rapid pulses of light to transmit information wirelessly.

The team at Edinburgh is one of a number around the world who have used off the shelf LED's to transmit data at very high speeds.

Professor Harald Haas tells Click they have moved out of lab conditions and are able to use VLC in sun light – a major step forward.

If this proves successful could Li-Fi may be ready to compete with conventional Wi-Fi.

Arcade Gaming

It is around 40 years since the first digital arcade games came out, but in recent years the industry has suffered a huge knock because of the phenomenal rise in personal consoles like the Xbox and PlayStation.

In the US, for example, 42% of all adults have a games console at home.

But arcade gamers are not going down without a fight.

Reporter Angela Saini has been at a conference in London where manufacturers and designers have been getting together to find out how to revive our love of the arcade.

Medical shields

Most implantable medical devices, like pacemakers, defibrillators, brain stimulators and drug pumps have wireless connections, so that doctors can monitor patients' vital signs or revise treatment programs.

But this also leaves the devices vulnerable to a potential hacking attack.

Professor Dina Katabi and her team at MIT have managed to develop a system that only allows authorized users to communicate with these implants.

Could data transmission through a light-bulb replace Wi-Fi and broadband?

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Click looks at the future of books in the world of digital publishing

Coinciding with the London Book Fair, Click looks at the future of digital publishing in a special edition from the BBC's Council Chamber. Is the digital age one to fear or be embraced by the publishing world? Do electronic book reading devices sound the death knell for the physical book? Does this brave new world democratise the world of books, leading to stunning new voices or a sea of talentless self-promoters. And how will the reader find the desired author in the future? In a live edition in front of an audience, Click's Gareth Mitchell and Bill Thompson are joined by a panel of experts, including Dan Franklin, the digital publisher at Random House in London, the e-book publisher, Rosemarie Hudson, founder of HopeRoad Publishing, and the poet and host of the Book Club Boutique, Salena Godden.

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Click looks at the future of books in the world of digital publishing

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Click turns the spotlight on Blackberry’s recent black out.

Why did it happen and what does it mean for the future? Bill Thompson explores how vulnerable all mobile phone users are to such breakdowns in the system.

Karl Kathuria explains why it’s increasingly hard to foil censorship online.

It seems that authorities the world over are becoming ever more sophisticated at blocking content from international broadcasters.

Cory Arcangel is a New York-based artist who is also a self-confessed hacker.

Arcangel hacks gadgets and puts them to the service of his art.

He talks to Colin Grant about tweaking ten-pin bowling video games so that the balls always end up in the gutter, deleting the Mario brothers so that we are just left with the clouds; and sampling thousands of youtube guitar classes to re-produce a classical piece of music.

If there were Nobel Prizes for engineering, then Andrew Viterbi might be a fitting candidate.

The pioneer of mobile communications joins Gareth Mitchell in the studio to explain how mobile phones rely on an algorithm that he dreamed up in the 1960s.

A report on the fallout from Blackberry’s black out

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A report on the fallout from Blackberry’s black out

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The Iranian Revolution as a revolutionary new video game

The Iranian developer, Navid Khonsari, is used to controversy over his video games – especially when he worked on the Grand Theft Auto series, which is known for its violent content. Khonsari’s latest project however took an even stranger turn when a few years ago he was branded a U.S spy by newspapers in Iran over the development of a video game called “1979 Revolution? The game, which has just launched, centres on a young photojournalist living in Tehran during the revolution in Iran, the country from which Khonsari fled more than thirty years ago. Lauren Hutchinson reports for Click.

The Games Europe Plays

The Games Europe Plays is an interactive games exhibition in London showcasing the most exciting independent European digital games for young people. The exhibition is curated by body technologist and digital expert Ghislaine Boddington. The innovative games made in Europe have a strong emphasis on design, virtual interactivity and physical engagement. Click hears from some of the developers - Gigglebug (Finland), and Toca Boca (Sweden) – as well as children playing the games, focussing on the drive towards gender neutrality in games and the enhancement of cognitive development in children. Click is also joined by Ghislaine Boddington to discuss the new formats which encompass physical interactions and the exploration of digital representations of individuals.

Pigeon Patrol

Pigeons kitted out with tiny back-pack monitors have been released over London as an experiment into monitoring pollution. The researchers plan to collaborate with Imperial College in the near future to find human volunteers who will be walking monitors of air pollution. Click talks to the researcher, Romain Lacombe.

(Image caption: 1979 Revolution © Ink Stories)

Producer: Colin Grant

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Jenna Gorlewicz describes her App for helping the visually impaired.

Jenna Gorlewicz has developed an App to help visually impaired students with their maths lessons. She is capitalising on the use of haptics on tablet machines, providing feedback through touch. In particular the volunteer students have been able to navigate the way round the table through the vibrations which correlate to the position of fingers on the screen. Jenna Gorlewicz describes the potential benefits of the App to visually impaired people.

Cartoon Movie brings the leaders of European animation and video games industries together in the French city of Lyon. The city and the surrounding area is home to over 700 companies and more than 20 research laboratories with an image-related base. Perhaps it is no surprise as Lyon was the home of the Lumière Brothers, pioneers and founders of modern cinema. Once a year hundreds of animators and video games producers congregate in Lyon to report on their advances over the past 12 months. Click's Sylvia Smith reports from the event in Lyon.

Crowdfunding would seem to depend on huge numbers of investors in a particular project but a new adventure has highlighted the benefits of constraints and going local. It allows you to determine how long you want to hold the rights for a particular project. Sokap which aims to bring local backers and projects together has recently been launched. Gareth Mitchell talks to SoKap's founder, David Geertz.

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Technological and digital news from around the world.

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How worldwide is the World Wide Web? This week, in the latest programme in our season on openness in association with the Open University, a special edition of Click examines diversity on the internet.

In the online context, diversity can be thought of as making the web open to everyone, encouraging participation and giving people tools that they can use to express their views and take part in online culture.

It also relates to making sure that what they say is available to anyone who might be interested in it, which covers different languages, different technologies and rules for freedom of expression.

But does a diverse internet really matter? What is at stake?

Information we see online is increasingly being tailored by filtered, personalised searches on search engines, automated recommendations from online bookstores and social networks whose algorithms only tell us what is happening to those friends we care about the most.

The information society can be as diverse as it likes but each of us is already cosseted within our own familiar, safe, predictable information cocoon, so online campaigner Eli Pariser argues in his new book The Filter Bubble.

Along with Evgeny Morozov, author of The Net Delusion, Eli Pariser joins Gareth Mitchell in the Click studio to debate the pros and cons of web personalisation.

The Click team also discuss the results of a listener web personalisation experiment.

Listeners were asked to search for the same word on the same search engine, to see whether different people came up with different personalised results.

This week, the corporation that regulates internet domain names has broadened the range of possible domains; aimed largely at businesses with the desire, and the money, to buy that distinctive online identity.

It follows a similarly significant move that came into effect last year; opening up the internet to non-Latin country code Top Level Domains (or CC TLDs).

When the system went live, the familiar.be's,.fr's and.in's were joined by top level domain names expressed in Arabic characters.

Other scripts, including Thai and Tamil, were to follow.

So is the web any more diverse now that millions of users can type web addresses in their own script rather than being forced to use unfamiliar Latin characters? Egypt was an early adopter of the new fully Arabic domains.

Now a year in to the new order, George Victor of the Egyptian National Telecom Regulatory Authority tells Click what progress has been made.

How worldwide is the World Wide Web? A special programme on openness and diversity

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The EU's technology chief says copyright is not working and is thought of negatively

The EU says people have come to see copyright as a tool of punishment.

Europe's technology chief has criticized the current copyright system.

The Digital Agenda Commissioner, Neelie Kroes, believes that the creative industries should embrace rather than resist new technological ways of distributing artistic works.

Her spokesperson, Ryan Heath, joins Click to discuss how things might improve.

How do you teach computers to recognise and classify over a million different sounds, often unrecognised and unlabelled before? Click talks to Jay LeBoeuf about sonic search engines.

Instead of typing a search term in and seeing a load of returns in text, you could instead play in a sound or tune and it would find you sounds that either match it or resemble it.

Jay LeBoeuf discusses how his technology might come to the aid of musicians and filmmakers especially.

Researchers in Pittsburgh believe they have come up with a device to help obese people lose weight.

The eButton is a wearable computer with camera and sensors that you pin to your clothes.

It then photographs your activities minute by minute, day by day to build up a profile of your lifestyle to help doctors evaluate the best way of helping control your weight.

The device also contains an accelerometer and GPS.

Click talks to the man leading the eButton team, Mingui Sun, Professor of Neurosurgery and Electrical and Computer Engineering at the Swanson School of Engineering.

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Ten years ago the first technology programme, Go Digital was launched on the BBC World Service.

A few years later the world was judged to have gone digital and the programme changed its name to Digital Planet.

Earlier this year it underwent another transformation and has emerged as Click.

A decade after the first edition Gareth Mitchell and Bill Thompson are joined by guests to celebrate the world of technology and to reflect on the extraordinary and rapid changes to that world ten years on.

The panel includes the theramin playing robotocist Sarah Angliss; the science writer, Angela Saini, whose recently published Geek Nation has been critically acclaimed; the musician and broadcaster Tom Robinson; and the computer scientist and pioneer of virtual reality, Jaron Lanier.

Click charts changes to our digital world ten years after the programme's first edition

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Click reports on a conference in Tanzania on the progress of eLearning in Africa.

Shafika Isaacs, founding Executive Director of SchoolNet Africa, joined more than one thousand participants from across Africa converging on Dar es Salaam, discusses the present and hopes for the future.

Could the community approach that gave us the Firefox browser and OpenOffice help to clean up our oceans? An international team of volunteers has produced a prototype unmanned sailing boat designed to tow a boom for clearing up spilled oil and other debris from the surface of the sea.

Laura Sheeter has been to meet one of those involved behind the scheme, Protei.

Robot butlers envisaged at the latest Future Tech Expo in Hungary.

It is where the European Commission shows off what it is spending its money on.

Dan Simmons from BBC's Click TV has been hanging out with various robots.

He joins Gareth Mitchell in the studio to discuss the event’s theme of friendlier robots.

A report from Tanzania on the progress of bringing eLearning to Africa

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Amanda Boxtel, paralysed after a skiing accident, demonstrates how she can walk with a robotic exoskeleton.

She talks to Colin Grant about how the bionic technology has given her hope.

Plans are underway to make the exoskeleton available for home use by next year.

But how useful will the exoskeleton be and how costly?

SideBySide is an interactive system designed for multiplayer gaming with handheld projectors.

It has some interesting tracking technology under the hood that allows projections from completely separate devices to respond to one another.

Karl D.D.Willis talks to Gareth Mitchell about this revolutionary new technology.

Literacy Bridge is an organisation that has been trialling a talking book aimed at the billions of people around the world with limited literacy.

The talking book is a very basic computer that has already been used to help disseminate information and education about agriculture.

It is also to be used in heath education too.

Cliff Schmidt, director of Literacy Bridge, joins Click to describe how it works.

Photo: Getty Images

A paralysed skier demonstrates how she walks with a robotic exoskeleton.

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A paralysed skier demonstrates how she walks with a robotic exoskeleton.

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Erik Hersman and Nigel Snoad discuss technology's role in helping after natural disasters.

Agencies and technology experts have gathered in London for Communicating with Disaster Affected Communities (or CDAC). Gareth Mitchell joins Erik Hersman, co-founder of Ushahidi, the platform for mapping crisis information and Nigel Snoad, Product Manager, Crisis Response at Google, to discuss the lessons learnt from a number of disasters, including Haiti and Japan, about the role of technology in helping with the recovery.

Bell Bajao is a wide-ranging campaign, involving TV, radio, press, mobile video vans, and also the internet to focus attention on domestic violence in India, one of the most recurring, yet least discussed issues, not just India, but all over the world. Click’s Nivedita Pathak talks to Sonali Khan whose organisation Breakthrough is spearheading the campaign about the pivotal role of new technology in focussing attention on the under-reported violent crimes against women.

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Gamers solve a conundrum that has previously baffled scientists

Last week, the social network, Facebook, launched some of the most significant updates in recent times, including changing the newsfeed listing items according to 'relevance' rather than chronologically.

Jamillah Knowles reports on the reaction from users.

Gamers have helped scientists gain crucial new insights into how viruses like HIV work.

It is the outcome from the online game Foldit.

Gamers have used Foldit to flex and form the proteins into novel shapes.

Click is joined by one of the scientists involved, David Baker, professor of biochemistry at the University of Washington to explain this eureka moment.

Researchers at MIT in Boston are developing an in-car robot aimed at changing the way we engage with the vehicle.

Their developmental dashboard companion is called AIDA which stands for Affective Intelligent Driving Agent.

Jon Stewart went along and sat behind the wheel with Siggi Örn of the Personal Robotics Group at MIT's Media Lab to find out how it works.

Germany has some big names in IT such as Siemens but when it comes to startups, the country has become known in certain quarters as the innovation copycat – developing websites, services and products that are copies of existing ones from Silicon Valley.

But a band of startups in Berlin is trying to change that image.

Click's Abby D'Arcy reports.

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Gamers solve a conundrum that has previously baffled scientists

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A new report says that better data collection will lead to a better internet.

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Click reports on the highlights from the Mobile World Congress

Electronic giants have gathered at the Mobile World Congress. Rory Cellan-Jones joins them in Barcelona to discover the latest in smart phone gadgetry and applications.

Professor Nigel Shadbolt is one of the originators of Web Science. Last week he gave an annual talk as part if the 'Technology Visionaries Lecture Series' for the Royal Academy of Engineering in London. He joins Gareth Mitchell to discuss his work on the future of digital data and his ideas that the time has come for governments to unlock the information that your taxes have paid for.

A year ago, the New Zealand city of Christchurch suffered one of the worst earthquakes in its history. As aftershocks continue the city representatives and planners have turned to technology to help solve some of the current and future problems. Simon Morton of Radio New Zealand discusses how mobile apps, sensors and augmented reality have improved predictions of future tremors and provided key data about the nature of seismically active regions.

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Computing is damaging the planet but could Information and Communications Technologies help safeguard the environment? That is the starting point for discussion between experts at meeting at the Royal Academy of Engineering in London called: The future of computing: Indispensable or unsustainable? Professor Andy Hopper, of the University of Cambridge joins Click to discuss how we ensure that computing becomes greener.

No actor in the theatre would like to hear that a critic found their performance 'robotic' but that might be understandable if the critic was reviewing the Sayonara Android Human Theatre.

The show is on a world tour, and one of the players was indeed a robot.

At the heart of the story is the dilemma: machines are now complex enough to show feelings, but do the feel? Can they feel? Click's reporter Abby D'Arcy joined the theatre audience when the show was performed in Berlin.

One of the latest Unmanned Aerial Systems looks a bit like a hobbyist's model aircraft and has a wingspan about the width of a large pizza.

It has been designed to provide video surveillance of wildfires to aid emergency services on the ground.

What is the value of sending a flying video camera into environments that, by their very nature, are full of thick acrid smoke? Kelly Cohen, Associate Professor of Aerospace Engineering and Engineering Mechanics at the University of Cincinnati in Ohio talks to Gareth Mitchell about the project.

How to ensure that computing becomes greener and safeguard the environment

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The campaigning journalist Heather Brooke has been charting the extraordinary revelations to come out of Wikileaks long before the world had ever heard of Julian Assange.

She was also a key player in accessing the data that exposed the MPs' expenses scandal in the UK.

Heather joins Click to discuss how now, and in the future, the revolution will be digitised.

Juliana Rotich is one of the founding members of Ushahidi.

She discusses the growth of Ushahidi and crowd sourcing tools which have been used to spread revolutionary messages and also to help clean up after the recent UK riots.

Richard Taylor from Click TV reports on the fascinating technology behind light field photography.

Heather Brooke explores how rebellions have spread via digital social networking

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How do you turn information into action, in a way that doe not put you in danger? Stephanie Hankey joins Click to discuss what help her non-profit organisation, Tactical Tech, can give to activists whether they are mobilising protest amid the Arab Spring or posting videos of human rights abuses.

Can a computer ever be more human than a human? That is the question posed by the Loebner Prize, where chat bots and humans, hidden from the judges, pitch up against each other.

In 2008, the machines nearly convinced the judges they were more human than the actual humans.

In the following year the author and philosopher Brian Christian entered the contest in the quest to become "The Most Human Human".

He tells Gareth Mitchell how it led to a book with the same title, and how he did against his machine competitors.

Sony says its PlayStation network will be fully restored by the end of the week after it was forced offline when millions of its user accounts were hacked.

It has been a damaging time for the games giant.

It clearly has some enemies amid sections of the hacking community.

But what of Sony's competitors? Is their relationship with the hackers any more cordial and less confrontational? Click's Jonathan Kent has been finding out at the recent Hack in The Box conference in Amsterdam, one of Europe's leading security meetings.

Protest without persecution and some help with safer online activism

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Printing out and making a canal house in Amsterdam

3-D printed house

In a short story by Jorge Luis Borges a fastidious cartographer begins to unfold an enormous map of a region which he has drawn to the exact 1:1 dimensions of that region. Borges's story comes to mind when you stand in front of the giant 3-D printer in Amsterdam that is going to print a house. The machine will not modestly 3-D print the usual - a cup or a piece of jewellery, but an actual building. The KamerMaker 3-D printer is fashioned from the carcass of a shipping container and is six metres tall. Gareth Mitchell travels to Amsterdam to interview the DUS architects behind this project, Hedwig Heinsman and Hans Vermeulen. Mitchell hears that the plan is to have printed the façade of the building by the end of the year.

(Photo: Hans Vermeulen and Hedwig Heinsman of DUS Architects with Gareth Mitchell in front of the KamerMaker)

Virtual Singing Studio

16 April is World Voice Day and this year for the first time there are many linked events across the globe, including a global choral concert which starts in New Zealand and ends in Hawaii. The University of York is hosting World Voice Day for the UK; and is showcasing some of the most recent technologies that analyse the voice, synthesise voice and also manipulate the voice, for example in room acoustics, to show how the voice changes depending on the environment that it's in. Colin Grant travels to the audio lab at the University for a demonstration of the virtual singing studio.

Songdo Smart City

Songdo is often heralded as the shining example of what the future smart city will look like. But behind the hype just how smart and joined up is the technology that will propel this South Korean city into the future? Gareth Mitchell talks to Cisco’s Wim Elfrink about how Songdo is shaping up.

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Is 3D printing set to revolutionise manufacturing?

Imagine holding a mini version of yourself. In the near future, you will visit a 3D print equivalent of a photo booth and emerge not with a passport photo but with a plastic, chess piece-sized sculpture of yourself.

Earlier this year, Click brought that possibility to the BBC Radio Theatre where a 3D scanner was assembled and volunteers 3D printed in the course of the show. In a re-run of that edition, Gareth Mitchell and Bill Thompson are joined by a panel of experts to explore how 3D printing has evolved from gimmicky reproductions of jewellery to life-sized 3D printed houses on the canals of Amsterdam.

The panel includes: Bre Pettis, the CEO of Makerbot; the architect Hedwig Heinsman; Jonathan Meyer from EADS; the poet, Elvis McGonagall and the technical team from 3Dify.

(Photo credit: Mini self 3D image of Gareth Mitchell © Gareth Mitchell)

3d Printing Fingertip To Unlock Smartphone2016072620160727 (WS)

Unlock a smartphone with a 3D printed fingertip

Police in the USA are seeking to unlock a murder victim's phone using a 3D replica of fingertips. Click talks to the researcher behind the effort, Professor Anil Jain from Michigan State University.

Mobile 360 - Africa

Click’s Sammy Awami reports from the Mobile 360 Series Africa summit in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania on the roadmap for Africa’s increased access and use of mobile technology.

actigaze

Do you still need your mouse to click or could you just use your eyes to select a command or chose a webpage? This could be the next big thing after touch screens? Click's Roland Pease has been testing out "actigaze" software that could make eyeballing web pages more natural.

The Danger of Automated Vehicles

San Francisco is hosting the world symposium on Automated Vehicles, featuring experts involved at the cutting edge of this technology around the world. It comes at a time following the controversy over the fatal crash of a Tesla car while the driver was using its autopilot feature. Tesla is currently being investigated by Federal authorities about this case and at least one other. Some commentators are speculating that this tragedy could stall the advancement of automated vehicles. Alison van Diggelen reports from San Francisco.

(Photo caption: Two examples of 3D fingerprints with different conductive coating and one example of 2D fingerprint printed on special conductive paper © Michigan State University)

Producer: Colin Grant

A Future Route 662013043020130501 (WS)

We road test smart cars in South Korea and investigate the Netherlands' intelligent roads

At the start of a special six part series on travel and transport - real and virtual - Click takes to the road to 'road test' some of the new technologies and improved connectivity that aim to improve our lives.

We spend much of our lives on roads but they're often the least intelligent aspects of modern life, with arterial roads so clogged that at times: if an accident happens, far from sending an ambulance they might just as well have sent a hearse.

Looking to the future of transport, from smart highways to high-tech trains, Click hears from experts and tries out some of the latest technologies aimed at getting more and more of us, further and further. It's a trip that will take the programme from Sao Paolo to Venice and from the Glasgow to Nairobi.

Gareth Mitchell starts the series exploring the ideas behind a smart highway in the Netherlands and gets behind the steering wheel of a hydrogen fuel cell powered car at the R&D labs of Hyundai in South Korea.

A Route 66 Of The Future2013043020130505 (WS)

At the start of a special six part series on travel and transport - real and virtual - Click takes to the road to 'road test' some of the new technologies and improved connectivity that aim to improve our lives.

We spend much of our lives on roads but they're often the least intelligent aspects of modern life, with arterial roads so clogged that at times: if an accident happens, far from sending an ambulance they might just as well have sent a hearse.

Looking to the future of transport, from smart highways to high-tech trains, Click hears from experts and tries out some of the latest technologies aimed at getting more and more of us, further and further. It's a trip that will take the programme from Sao Paolo to Venice and from the Glasgow to Nairobi.

Gareth Mitchell starts the series exploring the ideas behind a smart highway in the Netherlands and gets behind the steering wheel of a hydrogen fuel cell powered car at the R&D labs of Hyundai in South Korea.

A Route 66 Of The Future: Digital Tourism2013070220130703 (WS)
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How have developments in mapping and Apps influenced tourism

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Have you ever sat fuming in a car that was not going anywhere, as traffic ahead of you ground to a halt? You are not alone. Think of the passengers stuck in a jam three years ago in Beijing that lasted 12 days. We spend much of our lives on roads but they are often the least intelligent aspects of modern life, with arterial roads so clogged that at times, if an accident happens, far from sending an ambulance they might just as well have sent a hearse. But what if the road was intelligent and created its own energy to light up the motorway? What if you could take your hands off the steering wheel and let the car drive you?

We are all on the move, and arguably, transport problems are even worse in cities. Each week more than a million new people move to megacities. How do you move such huge numbers of people around the city on creaking, broken infrastructures? What can ordinary citizens do with hand-held digital tools to improve the transportation systems?

Click’s Gareth Mitchell and Bill Thompson, discuss the conundrum of technology and transport with a panel of experts: Marina Bradbury of the New Cities Foundation, NASA’s Ashitey Trebi-Ollennu, the innovative designer Daan Roosegarde, and Tony Hirst from the Open University. They are given sat-nav guidance through the programme by Kathy Clugston; take the wheel of a driving simulator with Hamish Jamson; and are accompanied by Matthew Hainsby playing his song about the man who drives the most famous remote controlled car there is - the Mars Rover - Curiosity. Click joins forces with The Open University for a special edition at the BBC’s Radio Theatre, to debate on how technology can help to crack the gridlock that is too often a description of modern life.

(Photo credit: Solar Challenge car on Route 66 / Getty Images)

A Route 66 Of The Future: New Cities Summit2013061120130612 (WS)
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More than one million new people move to cities each week. It is an accelerating trend that has been going on for decades and has led to the creation of megacities. How do you move people around in such overcrowded places with creaking, overstrained transport systems? In part three of our special series, A Route 66 of the Future, Click travels to Sao Paulo in Brazil, at the start of an international New Cities Summit to hear some of the solutions proposed by technologists, architects and planners.

Gary Duffy talks to a range of specialists, including John Rossant, the founder of New Cities Foundation and the architect Daniel Libeskind. There is also a report on the new monorail planned for the city, which will reduce journey times by more than a half; and the ground-breaking Apps to improve city life that were finalists at this year's AppMyCity competition. Sao Paulo, a mega city with a population of 11 million, is known for its innovation. But it is also renowned for traffic jams that can be over 200 kilometres long. Can technology help to break the gridlock?

(Image: Gary Duffy (right) with Greg Lindsay)

A Route 66 Of The Future: Signal Failure2013061820130619 (WS)
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Have you ever sat in a car that was not going anywhere as traffic ahead of you ground to a halt? As the public announcement system on a train crackles into life, have you winced anticipating the news and apology for the expected delay that you are about to endure? Commuting affects all cities around the world, and is a common form of pain for citizens and governments both local and federal.

Sao Paulo for instance, routinely has traffic jams of 200 kilometres. Three years ago in Beijing there was a traffic jam that lasted twelve days. In London, traffic is so slow that doctors complain that in the event of a bad accident, far from sending an ambulance you might as well send a hearse.

In part four of Click's special series, A Route 66 of the Future: Signal Failure, Gareth Mitchell explores how technology might help to identify the worse problems of traffic congestion. There is also news about how App developers are using data to build features for more pleasant routes. And we look at how commuters are using technological tools to help not just themselves but also their fellow commuters.

(Image: Intersecting flyovers with huge traffic jams. Credit: AFP/Getty Images)

A Special Edition Of Click On Drones20150901

Drones, unmanned aerial vehicles, have been put to use by various military bodies around the world as silent harbingers of death and destruction. But they might also be put to use for good causes: deployed in rescue operations, for example, or accurately dropping seeds to aid reforestation.

Realistically, will they ever be used to deliver your mail? And can the danger from drones that fail and drop out of the sky ever be nullified?

Click assembles a panel of experts to discuss the future of drones. Joining Gareth Mitchell and Bill Thompson in the BBC Radio Theatre will be Dr Mirko Kovac, Director of the Aerial Robotics Laboratory at Imperial College London, Lauren Fletcher, CEO of BioCarbon Engineering, Mya Padget, a licensed commercial drone pilot, Liam Young, one of the key people behind the Barbican’s Drones Orchestra, writer and poet Salena Godden with a specially commissioned poem about drones. Click also hears from Adrien Briod, Head of Technology at Flyability and Tero Heinonen, CEO of Sharper Shape about a Finnish drones delivery service.

(Photo caption: A Novadem NX 110 drone flies during a presentation at a firefighter rescue centre in Les Pennes-Mirabeau, southern France © Bertrand Langlois/AFP/Getty Images)

Producer: Colin Grant

A Special Edition Of Click On Drones2015122920151230 (WS)

Drones, unmanned aerial vehicles, have been put to use by various military bodies around the world as silent harbingers of death and destruction. But they might also be put to use for good causes: deployed in rescue operations, for example, or accurately dropping seeds to aid reforestation.

Realistically, will they ever be used to deliver your mail? And can the danger from drones that fail and drop out of the sky ever be nullified?

Click assembles a panel of experts to discuss the future of drones. Joining Gareth Mitchell and Bill Thompson in the BBC Radio Theatre will be Dr Mirko Kovac, Director of the Aerial Robotics Laboratory at Imperial College London, Lauren Fletcher, CEO of BioCarbon Engineering, Mya Padget, a licensed commercial drone pilot, Liam Young, one of the key people behind the Barbican’s Drones Orchestra. Click also hears from Adrien Briod, Head of Technology at Flyability.

(Photo caption: A Novadem NX 110 drone flies during a presentation at a firefighter rescue centre in Les Pennes-Mirabeau, southern France © Bertrand Langlois/AFP/Getty Images)

Producer: Colin Grant

Click assembles a panel of experts in to discuss the future of drones

A Special Software Programme2016051720160518 (WS)

A special edition of Click from the Business of Software Conference in Ireland

A special edition of Click from the Business of Software Conference in Dublin, Ireland. Joining Gareth and Bill will be Joan Mulvihill, CEO of the Irish Internet Organisation and Betsy Weber, Chief Evangelist from TechSmith. They will be discussing how children are being taught how to create apps, how girls are learning coding in school, why so many women who work in the tech industry leave and how to get men together in the real world using technology.

(Photo caption: Binary code superimposed on circuit board © EyeWire, Inc)

Producer: Ania Lichtarowicz

Accessing Extremism Online2016080220160803 (WS)

A new report highlights the interaction of religion and conflict globallly

A new report highlights the ease of searching from extremist material online. Click talks to the co-author of the report, Mubaraz Ahmed from the Centre on Religion and Geopolitics about the informed analysis on the interaction of religion and conflict globally.

SoilCares

Regular testing of soil helps farmers know the condition of the soil in their farms and informs them about which type of crops to grow and how to improve their soil condition. The recent launch of a simple scanner kit in Kenya uses mobile technology to test soil. The kit of the Dutch company, SoilCares, aims to simplify matters for midscale to small scale farmers. Click’s Wairimu Gitahi reports from a farm on the outskirts of the capital, Nairobi.

Electromagnetic Field 2016

This month, more than 1,500 curious people will gather in a field outside of Guildford, southern England to learn how to use amateur satellites, live-code music, and much more at Electromagnetic Field 2016. It features hundreds of talks and workshops from the worlds of science, technology and craft. Click talks to one of the organisers, Jonty Wareing.

Immersive Storytelling Studio

The UK National Theatre’s Immersive Storytelling Studio was established to examine how Virtual Reality and 360 films can widen and enhance the National’s remit to be a pioneer of dramatic storytelling and to ‘enable an audience to stand in the shoes of somebody else’. Theatre regularly uses technology to enhance theatrical experience, or to allow creative teams to do things that might otherwise be difficult or impossible. Gareth Mitchell is given a demo of their latest experiments.

(Photo: Silhouette of a man looking at a computer screen. Credit: Jie Zhao/Corbis/Getty Images)

Producer: Colin Grant

Activity Tracker Stops Hospital Admission2016050320160504 (WS)

Doctors use a patient’s activity tracker to decide treatment and avoid hospital admission

Doctors in an ER in New Jersey in the US have used a patient’s Fitbit activity tracker to decide on treatment. The patient had Atrial Fibrillation, the condition where you have an irregular and often racing heartbeat. Emergency physician Alfred Sacchetti and his team needed to know when the problem had come on. But the patient had no idea, which was tricky because knowing when the heartbeat went awry determines whether or not the team administers an electric shock to reset the heart or if the patient needs weeks of treatment and hospital admission. Fortunately one of the nurses found the patient was wearing a Fitbit tracker and the data on his phone allowed doctors to reset his heart rhythm and send him home.

Drones and Mountain Goats

A team of Spanish vets and environmentalists are using drones to try and treat ibex – the Spanish mountain goat – from spreading a disease. The animals, which live in remote mountains, are suffering from mange. This is a potentially fatal skin disease which causes the coat of the animal to fall off. Up to three airborne cameras are used to track the animals down over large distances and even look for the invisible early signs of disease. Click reporter Sylvia Smith has been finding out more.

Nasa Hackathon

Nasa’s Annual Space Apps Challenge drew together hackers, coders and enthusiasts in 161 locations across the world. Using real Nasa data sets they designed apps and tools for the agency including an app that monitors sea level rise and a website that raises awareness of damage to coral reefs. Deborah Diaz, Nasa’s Chief Technology Officer for IT, tells Click more about this annual event.

Grand Theft Auto Self-Portraits

Young gamers have been invited to cast themselves as avatars in scenes from the game Grand Theft Auto 5 for an exhibition that opens this week at the Tyneside Cinema in north east England. The show is called FF Gaiden: Alternative and is part of a wider work called the ‘Finding Fanon’ series where ‘Fanon’ references the celebrated Martinique born intellectual Frantz Fanon. Artists Larry Achiampong and David Blandy explain more about their work.

(Photo caption: A man uses a fitness wristband and its smartphone application © Nicholas Kamm/AFP/Getty Images)

Producer: Ania Lichtarowicz

Amnesty's Video Validation2014072220140723 (WS)

Amnesty International's online tool to help validate videos showing human rights abuses

An online tool to validate videos purporting to show human rights abuses. Amnesty International has released a website that offers ways of probing archive and videos to determine their reliability. YouTube, for instance has become an archive of human rights abuses in all kinds of conflict zones. Click hears from Christoph Koettl, the Emergency Response Manager at Amnesty.

NY Bitcoin Regulation

New York’s Department of Financial Services has embarked on a process to devise proposals to regulate Bitcoins. Benjamin Lawsky, the superintendent of the financial services, and Jeremy Bonney from CoinDesk, join Click to discuss the latest development.

Inclusive Games

When video games are devised, sometimes people with disabilities are overlooked. Call of Duty maybe a huge hit with punters but if the teams are kitted out in red and green then that’s not very helpful for the colour-blind. Ian Hamilton is a designer and accessibility specialist. He discusses how video games need to be more inclusive for people with disabilities.

British Council Young Creative Entrepreneur (YCE) Award

Zuzanna Stanska is a Polish art historian, founder of Moiseum, a creative consultancy for museums and cultural institutions in Poland, and winner of the British Council Young Creative Entrepreneur (YCE) Award 2014. Click invited Zuzanna Stanska when she was recently in the UK on a tour of London’s creative businesses as part of her British Council award, and asked her about her innovations in the world of art and tech.

(Photo: Tahrir Square, Egypt, 2012 – used with the kind permission of WITNESS)

Andrew Keen’s Ideas on Fixing the Digital Future

In his new book, How to Fix the Future, Andrew Keen combines his experiences in Silicon Valley with extensive interviews and analysis to identify the strategies we need to fix the huge challenges of this digital century. Click talks to Andrew Keen about his call for governments and citizens to rein in the internet giants and tackle a crisis of historic proportions.

Scientists in Belgrade believe that they have developed a bullet-proof anti-forgery invention, Teslagram. The idea for Teslagram came from Dr Dejan Pantelic, a science consultant of the Institute for Physics and his research team. Click reports on the technology - inspired by butterfly wings, with some one hundred thousand tiny scales - which when applied to assets such as bank cards, will make them unique.

Woebot is the brainchild of a group of Stanford University psychologists and artificial intelligence experts. They have invented a texting chatbot that offers basic mental healthcare via your iPhone or Facebook app. Silicon Valley journalist, Alison van Diggelen, investigates.

(Photo caption: Woman engineer looking at various information in screen of futuristic interface – credit: Getty Images)

Producer: Colin Grant

Andrew Keen’s Ideas On Fixing The Digital Future20180306

In his new book, How to Fix the Future, Andrew Keen combines his experiences in Silicon Valley with extensive interviews and analysis to identify the strategies we need to fix the huge challenges of this digital century. Click talks to Andrew Keen about his call for governments and citizens to rein in the internet giants and tackle a crisis of historic proportions.

Scientists in Belgrade believe that they have developed a bullet-proof anti-forgery invention, Teslagram. The idea for Teslagram came from Dr Dejan Pantelic, a science consultant of the Institute for Physics and his research team. Click reports on the technology - inspired by butterfly wings, with some one hundred thousand tiny scales - which when applied to assets such as bank cards, will make them unique.

Woebot is the brainchild of a group of Stanford University psychologists and artificial intelligence experts. They have invented a texting chatbot that offers basic mental healthcare via your iPhone or Facebook app. Silicon Valley journalist, Alison van Diggelen, investigates.

(Photo caption: Woman engineer looking at various information in screen of futuristic interface – credit: Getty Images)

Producer: Colin Grant

Technological and digital news from around the world.

Anonymous Declares 'total War' On Is2015112420151125 (WS)

The online platform Telegram has suspended a number of accounts linked to IS and the online hacking collective Anonymous has declared "total war" on IS after the attacks in Paris. It is not the first time they have had IS in their sights. But what does it mean? Is the move against IS significant? Anonymous’s tactics have often been controversial, sometimes illegal, and do not always win them support. As so-called Islamic State vows to fight back, what, asks Becky Milligan, is Anonymous likely to achieve and will its strategy help or hinder the fight against extremism? Won’t those members of IS who communicate via Twitter or other social networks just open new accounts? Click reports on the imagined power of Anonymous.

100 Women

Click hears from the computer scientist and roboticist, Maja Matarić, a professor at the University of Southern California, about overcoming the limits imposed by the historically masculine world of her chosen discipline.

Playable City Lagos

Click talks to Olamide Udo-Udoma, Head of Future Lagos about Playable City Lagos. It is an initiative to collaboratively research and develop playful ideas at the intersection of art, technology, society and culture, to respond to specific social challenges and specific geographic locations in Lagos. Playable City Lagos, supported by the British Council and the arts organisation, Watershed, has just launched a call for participants with creative ideas for the scheme.

Tangerine

Tangerine is an award-winning film shot entirely on iPhones. Click interviews the director, Sean Baker, about the constraints that came with such low budget film-making on the quality of the film, and the scale and scope of the technology.

(Photo: A man wearing a mask associated with Anonymous makes a statement in this still image from a video released on November 2015 © Reuters)

The online hacking collective Anonymous has declared 'total war' on IS

Apps And Access To Phone Data2016061420160615 (WS)

Do Android apps ask for too much information from our mobile phones?

A report by the mobile security company Pentest shows that a keyboard app that had been downloaded 50 million times, was asking users permission to access their camera, GPS and can even terminate background processes? And why is it then sending this information to servers across the globe including to China? We have Andrew Pannell, security consultant and Head of Mobile at Pentest coming in to tell us what he found and why so many apps want access to so much on our phones?

Academic Certification and Blockchain

Have you ever applied for a job and then frantically tried to find your academic or professional certificates? With rising levels of academic fraud a new digital system of certificate verification has been developed by the Media Lab at MIT. It uses blockchain - the technology behind virtual currencies like bitcoin. Once a qualification is gained it is added to a ledger in the system that cannot be removed and should be almost tamper proof. Other academics can then check these qualifications online and know who created the ledger and if anyone has altered it as the ledger itself cannot be removed.

Google Autism Glasses

A student at Stanford University has developed google glasses that recognise different emotions and a clinical trial is currently underway to see if they help children with autism detect different emotions. The glasses use a machine learning system to do this. Currently the most common method of teaching children with autism about recognising emotions is to use flashcards, but this method can be applied in real time and also situations can be played back so children can learn from them, for instance why someone was angry.

T-rays and Chips

Terahertz radiation, or T-rays, can be used to scan for tumours and weapons and can even see though solid objects. And until now they did have limitations particularly with high imaging resolutions. Researchers at the University of Exeter have developed a new terahertz camera that can see at a microscopic level. This is a significant development for quality control. Electronic products can be now tested at the end of the production process to ensure there are no faults in the chips, something that is currently done at the beginning of the production process. The researchers also hope to develop cancer screening tests as T-rays can detect high levels of water in skin cancer cells much earlier than current tests can detect cancer cells in the skin.

(Photo caption: Someone using a smartphone © Justin Sullivan/Getty Images)

Producer: Ania Lichtarowicz

Artificial Intelligence’s Threat To Jobs2016120620161207 (WS)

Should we fear job losses to robots?

Digital Catapult hosts a conference which looks at the wide-ranging, social and economic impact that machine learning and artificial intelligence is likely to have on traditionally conservative human-to-human industries. Click is joined by Jeremy Silver.

100 Women Wikipedia Edit-a-thon project

The BBC 100 Women 2016 project includes the question: is the internet sexist? On 8th December, 100 Women is joining up with Wikipedia to hold a 12 hour edit-a-thon, to intervene in that story of the place of women online. Click talks to the BBC’s Fiona Crack.

Sigurlina Ingvarsdottir

Sigurlina Ingvarsdottir is one of the key producers of the Star Wars battlefront game. Click talks to her about her focus on diversity in video games – not just in the people who make the games but in the content. She also discusses her commitment to the Future Is Ours campaign.

Swachh Bharat Toilet Locator

A team in India has developed a toilet app for people to locate the nearest toilet in northern Punjab. The app is called Swachh Bharat, meaning ‘clean India’ in Hindi, and Click talks to one of the designers Vipul Ujwal.

(Photo: Prototype robot with two arms, which can move to a location, take items off shelves and put them into boxes automatically, in place of employees. For Hitachi, Japan. © Toru Yamanaka/AFP/Getty Images)

Producer: Colin Grant

Autonomous Car Dangerously Slow2015111720151118 (WS)

Why Google’s autonomous car's 24mph speed limit is a cause of concern

Google has limited the speed of its autonomous cars to 25mph – used in specified allowable areas. But one car was too slow for a traffic cop who pulled over the driverless vehicle and contacted the remote operators. What does this mean for the state of advance of driverless cars, and how does this relate to the semi-autonomous Tesla cars whom the manufacturers, worried about drivers abusing the technology, have imposed constraints, limiting the functionality. Click talks to the robotics navigation expert, John Leonard from MIT.

Utrecht Trial of a Universal Basic Income

A trial is underway discouraging compensating people with money for not working. It comes on the back of concerns that many of our jobs will be taken by robots in the future. Richard Walker reports.

MeCoDem: Media Conflict and Democratisation

At a time when radio stations are under attack in some parts of Africa, new media offers the only real alternative to the dissemination of reliable information. Click hears about a conference on media, elections and conflicts in Africa, held in Oxford in southern England and talks to two of the organisers, Marie-Soleil Frère and Nicole Stremlau.

Sound Improvement

Researchers in the UK have just finished a project to correcting problems when recording audio from devices such as mobile phones (Eg wind noise and distortion) to alert people in advance of pressing the record button about wind noise or other distortions. Behind the App are psychoacoustic experiments to work out when recording errors are audible and what features of the wind noise degrade quality. Click talks to the key researcher, professor Trevor Cox.

(Photo: A California police officer pulls over a self-driving car specially designed by Google © AP)

Blocking Video Access2013102220131023 (WS)

Should access to videos on the internet be free and open or encrypted and tied to a cost?

A row is brewing over plans to restrict access to video content. To what degree should access be free and open or encrypted and tied to a cost? It centres on HTML5, the technology that will drive our browsers in the future and how freely it will deliver content. Critics argue the changes will only benefit the likes of Hollywood, enabling them to lock down their content at the expense of temporarily taking over the control of your computer. Click discusses the proposed changes with Danny O’Brien from the international director of the Electronic Frontier Foundation.

PopularScience: Comments Closure

The prominent science news website, PopularScience.com, has recently decided to close down its comments section. The decision was taken following a deluge of potentially damaging misinformation loaded onto the comments page, which the website does not have the staff to properly police. Click hears from the editor-in-chief of PopularScience about why such a radical measure was taken.

Fairphone Demo

The makers of the Fairphone argue that it is one of the fairest phones in the world. The materials that go into the phone are ethically sourced. The makers also are at pains to ensure that the workers who put the phone together are not exploited, and that the phone will have a long life - with people being able to change batteries and fix components when things go wrong. Karien Stroucken gives a demonstration of the Fairphone.

(Photo: A man and a woman in a cafe using their laptops © AFP/Getty Images)

Booktech Awards2015120120151202 (WS)

take on e-readers and Amazon

Booksellers and publishers seem continually under assault whether from disruptive new technologies like e-readers or from the latest manoeuvres of Amazon. Often accused of being conservative and resistant to change, the books’ industry is trying to change that mind-set and to embrace tech and innovation. A clear example of that is the inaugural BookTech Awards which will be handed out on Friday at this year’s FutureBook Week. Click hears from one of the organisers, Molly Flatt and one of the finalists, Michel Lafrance from the Owl Field.

Smart Scooters in Taiwan

For many people in Taiwan the scooter is the main mode of transportation, with 14 million scooters. But the vehicles emit greenhouse gas and other pollution. In recent years, Taiwan’s government has tried to get people to replace traditional petrol driven scooters with environmentally-friendly ones. The launch of an unusual Taiwanese smart battery-operated scooter, the Gogoro, may help. Click’s correspondent Cindy Sui reports from Taipei.

TechCrunch – Startup Battlefield

Disrupt London next week is TechCrunch’s European technology conference. TechCrunch’s journalists have sifted through the entries for Startup Battlefield, the event that brings early stage startups together, to compete for the coveted Disrupt Cup for a £30,000 cheque. Past winners include names such as Dropbox and Yammer. Click talks to Mike Butcher about how to pitch your tech idea.

Roadie

Roadie is a smart automatic tuning device for guitars and other string instruments. Roadie was the winner of the audience choice at TechCrunch last year in the Disrupt NY Battlefield. The co-founder Hassane Slaibi demonstrates his Roadie on Click’s Gareth Mitchell.

(Photo: Someone using a tablet device at the newly opened Amazon Books store in Seattle, Washington. © Getty Images)

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Is your information safe? Professor Matthew Green explains the weaknesses in encryption

How safe is your encrypted information? Researchers have decided to test reliability – starting with the open source software TrueCrypt. They have raised $50,000 to conduct an audit of the TrueCrypt software to make sure it has no NSA back doors. After TrueCrypt they will move onto others. Professor Matthew Green from Johns Hopkins University discusses the need for such a test.

Robo Cockroaches

The company, Backyard Brains, have put together a controversial tool kit to help students better understand neuroscience. The company provides kits that will allow school children to implant sensors into cockroaches after drilling a tiny hole in their backs. The sensors can then allow the cockroaches’ movement to be remote controlled. Click talks to Greg Gage about the practicalities and ethics of devising a system to remote control insects.

Ultra Haptics

Researchers at the University of Bristol in the UK have devised a system to make touch screens more sensitive, using ultrasound waves to produce haptic feedback. With this technology you do not even need to touch the screen. Project supervisor Sriram Subramanian, explains how digital devices can be controlled by letting your hands hover over the virtual knobs.

(Photo credit: Racks of assembled network points © AFP/Getty Images)

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Taiwan spamgate

Maybe you should think twice before clicking on that unsolicited email that drops into your inbox at work. Employees in Taiwan, in the New Taipei City government offices most probably think so after they were sent fake messages offering to access, for example, sex photos. One in six of the thousands of employees were tempted to open the fake emails. Cindy Sui reports on the fall-out from this government entrapment and what employers and employees have learnt.

Brian Eno: Scape

Brian Eno is a music impresario who has been experimenting with computers and generative music for more than twenty-five years. He became internationally known for his pioneering work on ambient music in the late 1970s. In recent years Brian Eno has tweaked his creativity with the latest digital tools that offer his work a new digital platform. In 2008, he developed the Bloom app with Peter Chilvers. Their latest collaboration is Scape, an app devised for the iPad that allows users both to play music composed by Eno for the app and also, through deep access to music elements, to compose for themselves. Colin Grant visited Brian Eno in his studio and spoke to him and Peter Chilvers about the very many creative possibilities realised by Scape.

MIT: Mapping danger zones

Every day firefighters enter dangerous building not knowing precisely what they will be confronted with. Their task would be made much easier if they and their colleagues on the outside were able to map that dangerous space. GPS is not specific enough for this kind of work which is why a team at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology has combined laser rangefinders, a camera, accelerometers, gyroscopes and a stripped down Kinect games controller into a box of tricks that promises to help such rescuers. Maurice Fallon of MIT’s Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory joins Click to discuss the new system.

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The near future is imagined at the Brighton Digital Festival

Gareth Mitchell and Bill Thompson travel to the south of England for the Brighton Digital Festival. In a special report, they talk to digital archaeologists about excavating the digital world 50 years from now. Gareth takes the remote controls of Carduino – a 3D-printed toy car hacked with an Arduino. Colin Grant talks to the innovative artist, Holly Herndon, who demonstrates how she composes using her lap top as a musical instrument. And, the Click team are invited to a near future world of caring robots that break down social barriers to embrace you.

(Photo: People play the laser light synth at Brighton Digital Festival 2014 © photographed by Oleg Pulemjotov)

Capturing Space2015122220151223 (WS)

In 1968 when Stanley Kubrick was filming 2001: A Space Odyssey he asked scientists to help him imagine the future. Among the scientists' proposals was a kind of phone that allowed you to see the person you were calling on a television monitor and sliding doors that only opened once they recognised your voice. Science has always influenced the depiction of space but is it equally true that science fiction writers, film-makers and artists have also influenced scientists in the design of space suits, space craft and even space stations? In a special edition of Click, a panel of experts explore the connections between the world of space exploration and art.

Joining Gareth Mitchell and LJ Rich in the BBC Radio Theatre will be professor Sanjeev Gupta who remotely controls the Mars Rover from the computer at his desk, Catherine Allen on the transformative technology of virtual reality in capturing space, Robert Alexander who is helping Nasa make new discoveries by turning raw data into music, ESA's Mark McCaughrean who reflects on the impact of films such as Gravity and The Martian on our understanding of the challenges of space exploration, musician and animator Matthew Robins who brings his harmonium and shadow puppetry to the Radio Theatre to perform space songs. And, Click’s regular tech expert, Bill Thompson, will also proxy into the show from Italy.

(Photo caption: Looking Up at Mars Rover Curiosity in 'Buckskin' Selfie © NASA/JPL-Caltech/MSSS)

Producer: Colin Grant

A panel of experts to discuss the relationship between art and space

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Highlights from CEATEC include the glasses that can translate foreign menus

The CEATEC electronics show in Tokyo is one of the key events of the technology calendar. Among the highlights this year was a tool that might help travellers who struggle with the foreign language of their destination. Click’s LJ Rich tries on a set of Intelligent Glasses that could translate a restaurant menu in a foreign language before your very eyes.

EmotionScan

Would you let someone take control of your webcam to see how you felt about money? The Bank of New Zealand is using the latest facial imaging software to try and get their customers to face up to their finances. Rather than making an appointment to see the bank manager, today banks want access to your web cam, via a website to discover how you feel about your finances. The aim is to sell more financial services. It is the first time facial imaging software has been used to gauge how people feel about their finances - so far nearly 5,000 have had a go. Simon Morton spoke to Tim Llewellyn from nViso - a Swiss-based company that specialise in mapping emotional responses from consumers using 3D facial mapping software - it's called EmotionScan.

Noise Reduction in Hearing Aids

There are millions of users of hearing aids around the world. But one big problem with hearing aids is that they do not work so well when the person is in a place with a noisy background. A team of researchers in the UK are exploring ways to cut out the background noise that will enable hearing aids to be more efficient in public places. Richard Turner joins Click to discuss the latest developments.

(Photo credit: LJ Rich puts some translation glasses to the test reading a Japanese menu © BBC Mehrnaz Farahmand)

LJ Rich tries on translation glasses from CEATEC in Tokyo

Chatperf: Smelling Your Phone2013100820131009 (WS)

The new app and widget that lets you send smells with a text message

You can touch your screen on your PC or mobile phone and interact with it but can you smell it? It may sound fanciful but Professor Adrian Cheok believes tasting and smelling via computers and mobiles will be possible in the near future. He has been working on a device that will allow users to smell the person they are talking to on the phone. He joins Click to demonstrate ChatPerf and talk about the ability to smell and taste via our technology.

Technobiophilia

Why does your screen saver resemble your fishpond or the beach you dream of one day visiting? Why have technologists defaulted to nature when devising a lexicography of the web or the net? Why do we ‘surf’ the net? It all comes down to Technobiophilia says Sue Thomas. She joins Click to discuss the interaction between nature and cyberspace.

Wireless Fall Detector

For people over 65 years old, falling down is a major cause of injury. Often when the elderly take a tumble they are on their own and find it difficult to call for assistance. To rectify that problem a team of researchers from Utah, in the US, has developed a system that relies on special sensors to detect people falling down. Brad Mager from the University of Utah explains how it works.

(Photo credit: Demonstration of the Electric Taste Machine at the TEDxBarcelona)

Click € Identity Day2016041920160420 (WS)

The film Avatar suggested a future where someone who was disabled could move around in the body of a proxy, an avatar. But just how futuristic is such an idea, and if it is realisable is it desirable? Without the ability to recall the past would not any proxy just be an empty shell? Virtual reality offers the myth of presence; technology can only reward with vicarious pleasure. If your identity is tied up with memory, what happens to that idea when memories disappear, and can tech that enables life-logging at least arrest if not reverse this loss? The idea of being able to store your voice, to bank it, for people with throat cancers or other degenerative voice conditions has informed researchers into the latest voice synthesisers, but if you lost your voice what impact would a restored synthesised version have your sense of your identity. Many people walk around with their mobile phones as if they were an extension of themselves; the loss of these devices creates anxiety because memories, pictures, correspondence and contacts have been transferred to phones as if they were a portable hind brain - their timelines are disrupted; their sense of who they are is undermined.

Click is joined by an expert panel in the Media Café at Broadcasting House in London, to discuss how technology is increasingly shaping our identities: Neil Harbisson, a composer who was born colour-blind and who has an electronic eye implanted in his brain that allows him to hear colours; Cathal Gurrin has been wearing a life-logging camera for the last 10 years recording his every action; Phillipa Rewaj and Rupal Patel are research Speech and Language experts who have looked into collecting people’s voices for regeneration via synthesisers once their voices are lost.

(Photo caption: Click – Identity Day © BBC Henry Iddon)

Producer: Colin Grant

How our identities are increasingly shaped by technology

Click € Identity Goundhog Day2016122720161228 (WS)

Virtual reality offers the myth of presence; technology can only reward with vicarious pleasure. If your identity is tied up with memory, what happens to that idea when memories disappear, and can tech that enables life-logging at least arrest if not reverse this loss? The idea of being able to store your voice, to bank it, for people with degenerative voice conditions, has informed researchers into the latest voice synthesisers, but if you lost your voice what impact would a restored synthesised version have on your sense of your identity?

Click is joined by an expert panel in the Media Café at Broadcasting House in London, to discuss how technology is increasingly shaping our identities: Neil Harbisson, a composer who was born colour-blind and who has an electronic eye implanted in his brain that allows him to hear colours; Cathal Gurrin has been wearing a life-logging camera for the last 10 years recording his every action; Phillipa Rewaj and Rupal Patel are research Speech and Language experts who have looked into collecting people’s voices for regeneration via synthesisers.

(Photo caption: Click – Identity Day © BBC Henry Iddon)

Producer: Colin Grant

How our identities are increasingly shaped by technology

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Click discusses gene sequencing at the Francis Crick Institute in London

We visit the recently opened Francis Crick Institute in London. It is a biomedical research centre with gene sequencing machines and computer systems that crunch petabytes of data. As part of a special series of programmes from the Institute, Gareth Mitchell and Bill Thompson explore the hope that the data collected and analysed will lead to personalised medicines. They talk to researchers including the Institute’s Greg Elgar about the developments in reading the human genome.

(Photo: A general view inside the new Francis Crick Institute at King's Cross, 25 August 2016 © Dan Kitwood/Getty Images)

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How Virtual Reality will enhance and transform lives

Did you ever imagine yourself as an astronaut and dream of boarding a mission to the moon? Forget the spectacularly unaffordable cost or the danger; now all you will need to do is put on a pair of virtual reality goggles. A number of companies are vying to sell you these headsets that offer gateways to whole new worlds. Clunky, expensive and likely to induce nausea just a few years ago, these latest goggles have now benefited from the advances in technology developed for mobile phones. But if you are concerned by the alienating effect of your coach or trainload of fellow commuters plugged in with headphones into their mobile handsets, how uncomfortable are you going to feel when you look up and the whole carriage is full of people wearing virtual reality goggles? Rather than enhancing or augmenting reality, will virtual reality push us ever further from what is real - and break connections rather than forge bonds between human beings?

Virtual reality and 360 degree immersive film technology heralds the next revolution visual communication, potentially as dramatic a change into how we view the world as that which came about with the introduction of cinema. But if we have been here before with virtual reality, this time it looks set to stay.

In the Radio Theatre, Click is joined by experts, including VR film-makers, performers and philosophers to debate the transformative power of virtual reality - to put you in other people’s shoes; to inform and entertain you with experiences that might even seem out of body.

(Photo: Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg walking past an auditorium full of people wearing virtual reality headsets at MWC 2016 © Facebook)

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A report from CES on 4K high definition TVs and wearable gadgets

CES 2013

The International Consumer Electronics Show (CES) in Las Vegas is the world's largest consumer technology tradeshow and with tens of thousands of products launched over a few days. Competition between the technology giants is fierce.

Spencer Kelly is in Las Vegas and he reports on the highlights at CES including 4K TVs with even higher definition pictures, though there's no content just yet. There's news also on shrinking tablets, growing phones, and folding or detachable keyboards.

Photo credit: AFP/Getty Images

Cyber begging

It’s now ten years since the internet witnessed the birth of a new phenomenon: Cyber begging. A decade ago a US TV producer, Karyn Bosnak, launched a controversial site to help pay off a huge debt she had built up with her credit card. Since then the floodgates of cyber begging have opened. Such sites have mushroomed with people openly asking total strangers online for money to help with their needs – for food, medical bills, school fees, facelifts, and even Caribbean cruises. With the global economic downturn, more and more people are hiding their identity and shame of begging behind their screens. Begging for a coin in the street is being reinvented through the advantages offered by the internet. But who is responsible and how is it regulated? Snezana Curcic reports.

From MP3s to Vinyl

Do you have a longing for the sound your old vinyl records made before the days of CDs? Are you saddened by the realisation that you have traded in all of your long playing records for digital audio on MP3s? Well, all may not be lost. A researcher in California has come up with a unique plan to convert MP3s into vinyl records. All you need is an extremely powerful 3D printer with top of the range resolution. But how practical is it; and how clean and attractive a sound will be emerging from a 3D printed Vinyl record? Amanda Ghassaei demonstrates on Click.

Def Con: A Hacker’s Paradise2016080920160810 (WS)

Def Con Las Vegas security conference is currently under way. After Russian hackers were revealed to have breached the Democratic National Committee last month, many attendees are keen to reveal that they are benign “white hat? hackers. Click talks to Andrew Pannell about the highlights.

Dementia Citizens Project

The charity Nesta has a new initiative to connect those with dementia, and carers, with researchers. It is piloting two new apps - Book of You and Playlist for Life - as part of its Dementia Citizens project. Through the apps, people with dementia and their carers can enjoy shared activities such as listening to music or creating a digital photo story book while also completing well-being surveys. Specialist researchers can then use the everyday data produced to spot patterns and produce evidence-based recommendations. Click talks with Nesta’s John Loder.

Little Cab

A number of companies in Kenya have launched services to rival Uber. They include Little Cab, a taxi hailing app that claims it will be cheaper and more reliable than the global tech giant. Little Cabs will have free in-car Wi-Fi courtesy, and has the option of a female-only service. Another startup, Sendy, which has made its name as an e-courier service, also entered the ride-hailing market this month. Michael Kaloki reports from Nairobi.

The Lost Palace

A team of digital designers have been working with the Historic Royal Palaces on an interactive experience to find a way to bring back to life Whitehall Palace which burnt to the ground some 300 years ago. They have developed an innovative interactive, audio and tactile experience called The Lost Palace. Click tries out the experience and talks to the designers Matthew Rosier and Jonathan Chomko from design studio Chomko and Rosier.

(Photo caption: Someone attempting a hacking challenge © Thomas Samson/AFP/Getty Images)

Producer: Colin Grant

Def Con hackers aim to protect USA democracy

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Technology experts club together to defeat cyber criminals

Defeating the cyber criminals

Cyber criminals beware; Technology experts have gathered in Dublin to work out plans that will undermine the criminals who roam cyberspace. The technology experts who work at the 'coal-face' of cyber crime discuss how much they know about their adversaries, how they plan to monitor their nefarious activities and infiltrate the gangs. Gareth Mitchell hears from Fred Wright and Andrew Howard from the Georgia Tech Research Institute about harvesting and neutralising malware.

Biometric tunnel

Biometric apps using voice or facial recognition are increasingly being employed at security checks. A team of researchers at the University of Southampton in southern England have gone a step further by devising a biometric tunnel that will also scan your ears to help 'fix' your identity. Zoe Kleinman walked the tunnel for Click and talked to the scientists behind the technology.

Take the hype out of cyber warfare

Cyber warfare is all hype. That’s the belief of a number of critics. But it is also the aim of technology experts active in the field of cyber security to take the hype out of so-called cyber warfare. Gareth Mitchell talks to the former US air force lieutenant general, Robert J.Elder, who was responsible for helping device the forces response to cyberspace.

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Digital discrimination – does the colour of your skin affect your online activity?

Are we seeing digital discrimination in the sharing economy? A study from Harvard Business School in the US has found that the colour of your skin might affect the rents you can receive when you share your property on Airbnb. Benjamin Edelman, Associate Professor at Harvard Business School explains his findings. Airbnb told Click that they are dedicated to this topic, and they are carrying out a full review with experts to find out the best way to address these challenges.

Journal of Interrupted Studies

A new academic journal is being published this week, but it is one where the research may not necessarily be complete. Oxford Undergraduate Paul Ostwald is the editor in chief of the Journal for Interrupted Studies. It is designed for academics who have found themselves as refugees in Europe and are not able to publish their work through the usual channels.

End of Life Technology

Two people are having a video phone chat through their tablet or phone but under some very specific circumstances - one of those in the conversation will soon die. Researchers in the Netherlands have been evaluating video chat, to link those at the end of life with doctors and palliative care experts. Researchers in the Netherlands are testing to see if this kind of communication is effective and doesn’t compromise patient care. Julia Lorke reports for Click.

Map of Africa

A satellite image of the whole of the continent of Africa, showing forested areas, coastlines and deserts has been produced by the European Space Agency. ESA’s Sentinel-2A spacecraft is taking images across numerous passes of the continent and then stitching them together into a mosaic. This image took five months to produce as it does not have any cloud cover. The project will last a year to capture the changing seasons as Dr Mark Doherty, the Head of ESA’s Earth Observation Exploitation Development Division, explains.

(Photo caption: An apartment for rent © Justin Sullivan/Getty Images)

Producer: Ania Lichtarowicz

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Patrick Meier, from WeRobotics, on the drones being developed for the good of humanity

is an annual competition to find and reward developers who use drones (unmanned aerial vehicles) for the good of humanity. Colin Grant talks to Patrick Meier, from WeRobotics and one of the judges of the Drones for Good finalists.

Video Game to Combat Domestic Abuse

An interactive, role-playing computer game is being designed to help people who suffer domestic abuse in Grenada and Barbados. It is often claimed that computer games encourage violence. But now a major project is being launched in the Eastern Caribbean aimed at achieving the opposite, by helping to reduce levels of domestic violence. Click talks to professor Adele Jones about the forthcoming evidence-based research and how the project will evolve.

The Deeper They Bury Me: A Call for Herman Wallace

The Deeper They Bury Me is an award-winning interactive documentary that tells the story of a man who spent 40 years in solitary confinement in a jail in the USA. Click talks to the director, Angad Bhalla. The documentary film is based on telephone interviews that Bhalla conducted with Herman Wallace. In the interaction, the user appear to be making and receiving the phone calls.

Electronic Superhighway (Part Two)

Lauren Hutchinson talks to Manfred Mohr, often hailed as the godfather of digital art, about his pioneering work displayed at the Electronic Superhighway exhibition at London’s Whitechapel gallery and at a solo show, Artificiata II at London's Carroll-Fletcher gallery.

(Photo: WeRobotics demonstrating a UAV to children © WeRobotics)

Producer: Colin Grant

Drones For Good: Loon Copter2016021620160217 (WS)

Loon Copter: the flying drone that can submerge and operate underwater

Loon Copter is an unusual drone that operates both in the air and underwater; it was also the recent winner of the international section of the Drones for Good competition. Click talks to Professor Osamah Rawashdeh, one of the team behind Loon Copter.

The Risk to Smart Grids

Smart grids are a fundamental component of the European critical infrastructure; rooted on communication networks that have become essential elements allowing the leveraging of the “smart? features of power grids. Smart grids provide real-time information on the grid including customer consumption information. On the downside, smart grids however, also allow for increased opportunities of attack for criminals. Click talks to Rossella Mattioli from ENISA about what can be done to protect networks and devices from cyber threats.

Bosch VR: The Garden of Earthly Delights

Bosch VR is a 360° virtual reality app immersing viewers in the surreal and mystical landscape of Hieronymus Bosch’s iconic masterpiece, The Garden of Earthly Delights. The app created by the agency BDH, forms part of the 500th anniversary celebrations of Hieronymus Bosch in 2016, held in the artist’s home town of 's-Hertogenbosch, Holland. Click talks to John Durrant of BDH.

Digital Historians

In the digital age what will the archive of the future look like and how will historians access it? With so much political activity conducted online what now is to be stored and who will be responsible for its future access? Lauren Hutchinson reports from a conference at Britain’s Foreign and Commonwealth Office – a gathering of historians, policy makers, and archivists – on the shift towards digitalisation of history.

(Photo caption: The Loon Copter tips forward to "fly" underwater © Oakland University)

Producer: Colin Grant

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Easter Rising: the centenary of the Irish rebellion told through VR

Anglo-Irish history is being taken on by the powers of virtual reality spatial storytelling. At its heart is a remarkable eye-witness account from the centre of the Easter Rising, as those on both sides of the Irish Sea mark the rebellion’s 100th anniversary. Click talks to the VR producer, Catherine Allen on the eve of the launch of Easter Rising: Voice of a Rebel.

iDoc Festival

Lauren Hutchinson reports from the i-Docs symposium in Bristol on the latest developments in interactive films.

From personalisation to VR and experiential storytelling and evolving practices – where are i-Docs going now?

Kenya: Riziki Source

Riziki Source is an organization that provides a platform for people with disabilities to find work. Applicants send their CVs to Riziki who upload them on a database. They plan to open digital hubs across the country where people with disabilities can work 'remotely' once hired. Michael Kaloki reports from Nairobi.

Faster Detection of Landmines Using Radar

There are more than 100 million landmines and unexploded devices littering the planet and putting people’s lives at risk. Clearing areas contaminated with landmines is a slow and dangerous process. German researchers have now developed a way of much faster widespread detection of landmines with equipment loaded onto a truck which is able to scan large areas using radar. Click talks to Dr. Markus Peichl, German Aerospace Center (DLR), in Munich.

(Photo: The aftermath of the Easter Uprising, April 1916, with the ruins of a car which has been used as a barricade. © Topical Press Agency/Getty Images)

Egypt’s Anti-terrorism Laws Deconstructed2015081820150819 (WS)

Will Egypt’s new anti-terrorism laws curb freedom of expression?

Click talks to Amnesty International’s Mohamed Elmessiry about whether the new anti-terrorism laws will curb freedom of expression. What will be the impact on news channels, bloggers and others who host websites for the dissemination of information which may be deemed by the authorities as providing a platform for terrorists?

uk Thirty Years On and Turing

This year marks the 30th anniversary of the launch of.uk, the place where Britain, by and large, has gone online. Why did Great Britain end up with.uk and not.gb? The story is part of the bigger story of the internet, from a time before Tim Berners-Lee’s invention of the World Wide Web - a time when the protocols, the language, the rules, and the very wires the whole thing runs on were being designed and built. Eleanor Bradley, the CEO of Nominet reflects on those thirty years and also discusses Turing – the new tool for decoding Domain Names Systems data.

Tech to Rescue Greece

The collapse of the Greek economy in the last five years has caused havoc in the country and left many out of work. Youth unemployment is a huge problem. But the crisis has also led to innovation. Snežana Ćur?ić reports from Athens on the vibrant tech start-up community that emerged in the epicentre of one of the worst economic crisis of modern times.

Time for Rights

Young people around the world have been challenged to make six second videos about the human rights most important to them for a project called Time for Rights. The videos, mostly shot on mobile phone cameras, simultaneously appeared on Instagram on the United Nations' International Youth Day last week. The creative technologist, Tim Kindberg, joins Click to discuss the project and the app he launched through which the videos can be uploaded.

Producer: Colin Grant

(Photo: Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, President of Egypt. Credit: Zacharias Abubeker/AFP/Getty Images)

Electronic Voting Machines In The Us Election20161108

How safe are the electronic voting machines in the US election? A leading expert in the field, Professor Alex Halderman, discusses the potential vulnerabilities.

MozFest

Kate Arkless Gray reports from Mozilla’s annual festival which brings together digital technologists and thinkers to explore how to bring the values and opportunities of the internet to the next one billion users in the developing world. Kate reports on the launch of a $250,000 competition encouraging innovators and entrepreneurs from around the world to submit ideas to give everyone the same opportunities when it comes to the internet.

Digital Life

Digital Life is an ambitious project that aims to create 3D models of all the creatures on earth. Click talks to Professor Duncan Irschick and the photographer, Christine Shepard.

Horus

Horus is a new wearable device that helps blind people navigate – providing an audio commentary about people and objects; it recognises and remembers faces and reads texts and street signs. Click talks to Saverio Murgia.

(Photo caption: A voter casts an electronic ballot © Brendan Smialowski/AFP/Getty Images)

Producer: Colin Grant

European Copyright Reform2016100420161005 (WS)

Planning European Copyright Reform

A ruling by the European Court has drawn some critics to suggest that free Wi-Fi might fall foul of copyright laws. Click talks to the MEP, Julia Reda.

Online Map Charting Food Loss/Waste

A non-profit organisation in Singapore has launched a plan for an online map to show innovation and curb loss in the food chain. Click hears from Gwyneth Fries from Forum for the Future.

Zipline to the Rescue

Zip is a small robot airplane designed for a high level of safety, using many of the same approaches as commercial airliners. Keller Rinaudo from Zipline explains how the Zip drone planes will be used to carry vaccines, medicine, or blood in Rwanda.

Playable City

The fourth international Playable City Award has just unveiled its shortlist. The producer, Hilary O'Shaughnessy discusses how to make cities smarter and more playful.

(Photo caption: A festival goer walks past a plastic cow provided by a mobile telecoms company enabling free Wi-Fi for festival goers at Glastonbury © Leon Neal/AFP/Getty Images)

Producer: Colin Grant

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How virtual patients help medical students with their bedside manners

It has been said amongst medics that a good bedside manner is a vital skill. But many medical students have not lived enough to acquire those social skills. Their unease is especially evident when it comes to intimate examinations. And the medical student’s unease only magnifies the patient’s discomfort. Might a virtual patient help? Click hears from Dr Benjamin Lok about how technology, virtual patients and the simulation of intimate examinations can encourage empathy from the students and improve their bedside manners.

3D Printed Dinosaur

What do get when you put together a radiologist, a 3D scanning expert and a palaeontologist? The answer: a dinosaur skeleton realised from a fossil. One of the team, Dr Ahi Sema Issever, joins Click to discuss how a call from Museum für Naturkunde, a major natural history museum in Berlin, led to this innovative collaboration and the possibility of re-assembling a dinosaur skeleton whose fossilised remains were damaged during bombing in World War II.

Digital World of Fashion

The London College of Fashion is paving the way in weaving technology into traditional ways that clothes are designed, developed, made and worn. From body scanners that measure your dimensions within 2mm accuracy, to the 'magic mirror' that lets you try clothes on without actually trying them on; to the ‘haptic arm’ allowing art students who are more familiar with traditional drawing and sculpting methods to work on an object in an electronic space. Rich Preston reports on the digital revolution underway in the world of fashion.

(Caption: A nurse practices identifying patient safety issues with a virtual anesthesiologist and virtual surgeon © Virtual Patients Research Group)

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A report on the outrage over Facebook research into mood manipulation

Does the news feed that you receive affect your mood? The answer is "yes" according to researchers who looked at several hundred thousand accounts on Facebook. The idea of possible steering your mood negatively or positively on a social networking site has prompted outrage. Click talks to the tech specialist, Mary Hamilton and looks at the science of emotional manipulation.

Amnesty's Panic Button

You are a human rights activist, and you find yourself working alone in a dangerous environment when suddenly it looks like you are under threat. What will you do? Press the panic button, suggests Amnesty International. The panic button is a new app aimed at alerting people of your danger and providing help. Amnesty's Tanya O'Carroll joins Click to explain how it works.

Im-Able

Fifteen million people a year suffer from stroke worldwide and of these, five million are left permanently disabled. A New Zealand company has developed a video gaming system that helps rehabilitate victims of stroke. It is using traditional gaming technology to restore movement in stroke victims. The ableX system is presently under trial in Australia at The Royal Melbourne Hospital. Simon Morton reports on one family's embrace of the new scheme.

Rebooting Explorer 3

A sleepy spacecraft more or less forgotten by NASA has prompted a group of volunteers to try to awaken it – with NASA's permission. Click hears from Dennis Wingo, one of the team of space cowboys aiming to reboot the explorer, ISEE–3.

(Photo: A Facebook patron looking at her page at an internet shop. Credit: Getty Images)

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Jepchumba unpacks Facebook’s Internet.org ambitions to expand into Africa

Facebook brings its Internet.org Innovation Challenge to Africa. It presents a chance for African developers who are working to deliver apps, websites and services for learning/education and economic empowerment; $US 150,000 will be awarded for winners in two categories. Click talks to the digital artist and digital ambassador, Jepchumba, about the opportunities and pitfalls that accompany such competitions.

Startup Battlefield

Julia Lorke visits TechCrunch to report on the finalists of the Disrupt London Startup Battlefield competition. She talks to finalists, judges and the eventual winners about the benefits of competing in such events.

Packing a Virtual Reality Punch

Researchers in Germany have developed technology for augmenting virtual reality through touch and muscular stimulation. Click talks to Patrick Baudisch about the next phase in making virtual reality more real.

Closure

Every day we are invited to sign up, to subscribe to new digital technologies, but it does not seem to be so easy to unsubscribe. Even when you get round to it, there seem to be myriad hurdles. Why is this so? Why are so many companies brilliant at signing you up but useless at letting you go? Colin Grant talks to the interactive designer and tech innovator, Joe McLeod about closure experiences.

(Photo caption: Jepchumba)

Producer: Colin Grant

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Fairphone is honoured at this year’s Lovie Awards in the Emerging Entrepreneurs category. Fairphone tries to source all its component minerals from ethical mines and its handsets are also modular, so you can take them apart and replace components if they break.

BlindSquare

Blindsquare is an innovative smart app that helps blind people to navigate indoors and outdoors. Click’s Simon Morton reports on its use in New Zealand.

Smartphone to Detect Cancer Biomarkers

The smartphone acting as a portable medical lab - researchers in the USA have developed a way of using a smartphone to detect cancer biomarkers. Click talks to the lead researcher, Professor Lei Li from Washington State University.

Kenya Digital Art Festival

A new and challenging exhibition in Nairobi has explores our interaction and reliance on modern technologies. Michael Kaloki reports from Nairobi, Kenya.

(Photo caption: Fairphone assembly © Fairphone)

Producer: Colin Grant

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What is the fallout from Facebook Free Basics service suspension in Egypt?

Facebook’s free internet service, Free Basics, has been suspended in Egypt. Click talks to Sahar Mohamed Khamis, professor of Communication at the University Maryland and an expert on Arab media, about what this tells us about the digital landscape in Egypt and what the fallout has been.

Strawberry Benches

London’s Canary Wharf recently set up a high profile competition initiative Cognicity Challenge and invited start-up companies around the world with cutting-edge technology solutions for cities. The winning projects are being embedded into the existing landscape but also in its future buildings. One of them is Serbia’s Strawberry Bench, the outdoors smart bench with solar panels that provide free battery charging for smart devices. Click’s Snežana Ćur?ić reports.

MSF Takes a Punt on 360 Degree Videos

360 degree films have been used by concerned individuals and relief organisations over the last year to demonstrate the difficulties for instance that people have faced in the aftermath of Ebola in Sierra Leone and also following the earthquake in Kathmandu. And now a team from Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) has recently conducted an experiment into the logistics and use of such films. They produced a short film focussing on one of their programs at Shamwana, in Katanga, Democratic Republic of Congo. Click hears more from MSF’s Olga Victorie.

Video Game Music: The Young People’s Soundtrack

Click talks to the composer, Grant Kirkhope, one of the leading composers of music for video games, about how and why such music is often more sophisticated than the music produced for films scores for Hollywood blockbusters.

(Photo: An Egyptian man holding up a sign, joins others in Cairo's Tahrir Square © Khaled Desouki/AFP/Getty Images)

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Honouring activists at the Freedom of Expression Awards

Each year Index on Censorship honours activists who have been at the forefront of tackling censorship globally. The awards for digital advocacy are presented at a ceremony in London on 13 April. Click hears from Jodie Ginsberg from Index on Censorship.

Bolo Bhi

Bolo Bhi is one of the nominees of the Freedom of Expression Awards. Bolo Bhi, from Pakistan, is a women-lead digital rights campaign group who have orchestrated an impressive effort to turn back the Pakistan government’s draconian attempt to censor the internet. Colin Grant talks to Farieha Aziz from Bolo Bhi.

Tribeca Film Festival – Storyscapes

The Tribeca Film Festival is at the cutting edge of virtual reality film making. This year’s festival includes Storyscapes, a number of innovative projects using tech and VR to tell stories. They include the Argus Project – the story behind a wearable exo-suit with dozens of surveillance cameras embedded in it so that it acts as a citizens’ version of the police body camera. Lauren Hutchinson reports from the Tribeca Film Festival in New York.

Online Language Learning

The internet has hugely influenced language learning - online has shifted the boundaries of the traditional classroom and tutoring with countless apps, YouTube tutorials, free online calls, video conferencing, dictionaries, translation platforms - making language learning more accessible and affordable. In Snežana Ćur?ić’s report she hears from an International Relations student Millie Radovic from London, connecting with her tutor in Russia; from the CEO of italki, as well as a linguist and a critic of online language learning.

(Photo: From left to right: Rafael Marques de Morais (Journalism), Safa Al Ahmad (Journalism), Amran Abdundi (Campaigning), Mouad “El Haqed? Belghouat (Arts) and Tamas Bodokuy (Digital Activism)

Friendly Online Security Tools2014092320140924 (WS)

The online security initiative making security software more user-friendly

How do we make security software easy to use? There is software available to punters online to build up security but it is often difficult for the lay person to implement. Simply Secure is a new initiative, supported by a number of tech companies to work with open source developers and designers to provide more user-friendly tools. Click hears from Sara Sinclair Brody, the Director of Simply Secure.

Emotion Recognition

Scientists in Germany have adapted emotion recognition technology for use with Google Glass. Jens-Uwe Garbas, from the Fraunhofer Institute for Integrated Circuits, joins Click to discuss the pros and cons of technology that will enable the wearer to determine the emotional state of the person they are looking at.

Satellite Surveys in Kenya

In 2009, scientists at the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), based in Kenya, launched a new approach to insurance policies, using data from satellites. The project found it was possible to piggy-back on existing high-resolution satellite images that clearly show the state of forage availability on the ground. Since drought-related livestock mortality was the target, the ILRI team made use of the relationship between the amount of forage available for the livestock to eat, and their likelihood of death. Clare Kemp reports from Nairobi.

Flow Machines

Can computers make us more creative? Researchers at Sony have developed software that analyses the "style" of composers and musicians that will enable you to adapt them to your own style in music composition. The software "flow machines" will act as your musical companion/partner. Move over Lennon-McCartney, here come Lennon-Flow Machines. Click hears from the designers about this latest disruptive technology which could revolutionise the way we listen to music.

(Photo: Sara "Scout" Sinclair Brody ©Simply Secure)

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Manchester envisages 2018 at the FutureEverything Festival

The FutureEverything Festival propels visitors into 2018, imagining the future to inspire innovation. Gareth Mitchell and Bill Thompson travel to Manchester to a pop-up future city where museums house objects not of the past but of the future. The recent revelations by Edward Snowden have highlighted the battle over privacy and data. Some artists at FutureEverything explore that dilemma in works that reveal the machine-like processing of soldiers' dispatches from the conflict in Afghanistan. Yet other artists take an ironic but critical approach to privacy by offering an anti-surveillance make-over. Click explores other risks to the cities of the future that might have streets lined by lampposts that monitor your every move and disorientating, chirping electronic bugs that lurk in alleyways and hang like bats overhead.

(Photo caption: Gareth Mitchell and producer Colin Grant in front of an exhibition called Endless War at FutureEverything in Manchester © Bill Thompson)

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Project Ukko shows how best to use wind to generate power

Project Ukko presents a novel way to visualize seasonal wind predictions, which could play a big role in wind energy production in the future. It shows how fascinating things can happen when cutting-edge research and design come together. A key challenge has been how to deal with the uncertainty of wind predictions. Developed using climate forecast data from Barcelona Supercomputing Centre, Project Ukko’s “ray casting? model is a fresh approach. On the eve of this year’s FutureEverything festival, Click talks to artist and founder of the festival Drew Hemment and to Carlo Buontempo from Project Ukko.

Social Entrepreneurship

What makes a social innovator? Empathy, according to the award-winning innovator Ken Banks, is the key to successful social innovation. “If any solution is to have a chance of success, and there really are no short cuts. It takes time and effort? Click talks to Ken Banks about outliers of digital innovation around the world, as revealed in his ground-breaking new book, Social Entrepreneurship and Innovation.

We Care Solar

We Care Solar is one of the projects Ken Banks highlights in his book. It was started by the physician Laura Stachel to try to solve the problem of the hundreds of thousands of women dying in childbirth each year – huge numbers partly as a consequence of a lack of electricity in the maternity clinics and wards. Click’s Colin Grant talks to Laura Stachel.

(Photo: Waves break on a jetty holding wind turbines in the Channel port of Boulogne-sur-mer, France © Philippe Huguen/AFP/Getty Images)

Futurefest Special20160914

FutureFest, hosted by the UK's innovation foundation Nesta, confronts how the world we know is changing. Technology is transforming the way we live and love; work is being automated; politics is being reset; and old certainties are disappearing. Through live performances, presentations and immersive experiences FutureFest explores the future in themes central to all our lives, including love, play, and work.

As we look ahead to the first ever Bionic Games 'Cybathlon' on 8 October, Click looks at the future of sports. What can we really expect from the emerging era of human enhancement? As the physical and virtual worlds blend thanks to the commercialisation of immersive VR and AR technologies, will our future love-lives increasingly take place in 3D virtual real-time environments? With personalised avatars that allow us to be and find the lover (or lovers) of our choice, how will this affect our social abilities in the real world in the future? Gareth Mitchell and Bill Thompson are joined by a panel of experts including Professor Andy Miah, Chair in Science Communication and Future Media, at the University of Salford, Manchester, body technologist and Reader at University of Greenwich, Ghislaine Boddington who is also one of the curators of FutureFest and Marie Horner, a Broadcast and Digital Programme Producer.

(Photo: Meeting The Blind Robot © Louis-Philippe Demers)

FutureFest will confront how the world we know is changing with technology

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FutureScapes: What will the digital world look like in 2025?

What will the digital world look like in 2025 and should we be afraid? Click looks into the future from the BBC Radio Theatre - not necessarily a world of flying cars, space elevators and personalised 3D printing – but one where everyone is connected and benefits from the tools of digital technology without being overwhelmed by them. That’s the starting idea behind FutureScapes, a project that examines how we will interact with technology in just over a decade from now. Gareth Mitchell and Bill Thompson are joined by a panel of experts –Anab Jain, who is working on the Internet of Things Academy; Rodrigo Bautista, from Engage by Design, a research studio that specialises in sustainability in design; and Esther Maughan Mclachlan from Sony Europe - to discuss the brave new world of technology.

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A Harvard professor alleges bias in Google Ads

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How farmers in remote parts of New Zealand gain wi-fi connectivity via hot air balloons

Project Loon is Google's experiment to provide internet access to the world from balloons floating 20 kilometres up in the sky. The concept has just been tested in New Zealand. The balloons are 15 metres in diameter, about the length of a small light aircraft and made from a very tough plastic. They have solar panels on board, computers, antennas and a control system.

The balloons can be inflated to change their height, which is key as the project plan is to launch hundreds of balloons into the stratosphere and have them circling the world providing internet access in places where there's poor connectivity. Simon Morton travelled to rural Canterbury to meet farmer Charles Nimmo. Charles was the first person to access the internet from one of Google’s balloons.

To be useful, autonomous robots need to move. But how do robots navigate their way over terrains and around obstacles? Two robots, Dora and Bridget have recently demonstrated just how at a convention in southern England. Dora is a self-guiding, human-sized robot on wheels, learning to navigate around indoor environments and Bridget is the prototype for the next Mars rover for ESA. Jennifer Whyntie reports on robots on the move.

'Hell is other people' wrote the philosopher, Jean Paul Sartre. It's a view held by the technologist, Scott Garner who has developed an app to help him avoid people. Garner talks to Click about the app that enables him to avoid friends and enemies as he walks around New York, enjoying an aimless uninterrupted wander.

(Photo: The Project Loon team prepares solar panels, electronics and balloon envelopes for launch as the sun rises in New Zealand © Project Loon Google)

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The new device that lets mobile phones get connected when there is no connectivity

So you are in a tunnel or up a mountain or even just in an area where there is poor connectivity. Perhaps you climb down the mountain or simply wait till you emerge from the tunnel and hope that connectivity will be re-established. A new device, goTenna, purports to offer a way of circumventing the problem. Click hears from CEO Daniela Perdomo, about testing the prototype for future with rescue services before manufacturing it for sale.

Google's Cardboard Kit

You would like to be exposed to virtual reality but balk at the cost of expensive devices such as the Oculus Rift. Google has the answer for you. A piece of cardboard, a pair of scissors, some sticky tape and a mobile - voila! You can now have a virtual reality experience. Google's Marie Tanguy explains how.

EasyJet's Drones

Repairing and maintaining a fleet of aircraft is costly and time consuming. A budget airline, EasyJet, thinks it may have a solution to make it cheaper and faster using unmanned aerial vehicles. Anand Jagatia visits Luton airport in the south of England to report on EasyJet's future use of drones and augmented reality in aircraft maintenance.

Cory Arcangel: Working On My Novel

Cory Arcangel is one of the world’s leading digital artists. He is also fascinated by the possibilities of hacking technology for art and for putting mischief at the centre of his work. All of those elements seem to have been combined in his latest art offering, Working On My Novel, a novel based on tweets about the procrastination of getting down to writing that elusive novel. Cory Arcangel joins Click to explore how he has managed to write a novel about not writing a novel.

(Photo: Daniela Perdomo, co-founder and CEO of GoTenna © GoTenna)

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How sound is a character in films like Gravity

Kenya’s Disaster Tool

Following the disaster at Kenya’s Westgate Shopping Mall where many people were killed and injured, technologists have been inspired to come up with a texting tool to let friends and family know you’re safe in the aftermath of a disaster. Ping is a simple and quick way of sending the alert. It has been devised by the non-profit company Ushahidi. Erik Hersman from Ushahidi joins Click to describe how it works.

Gravity

The Hollywood film, Gravity, has already met with glowing reviews about how it conjures the beauty and dangers of space. As well as the outstanding performances of Sandra Bullock and George Clooney, the soundtrack is the star. It reflects decades of advances in technology that unifies music, sound effects and speech. Click hears from Steven Price, the composer of Gravity’s soundtrack and from the critic and composer Neil Brand about how sound is increasingly a character in film.

Ada Lovelace Day

Ada Lovelace was an early pioneer of computer programming. Working in the 19th century she conjured an algorithm for Charles Babbage’s Analytical Engine and in so doing lay down the foundation for the workings of computers now at the heart of our civilisations. But for many years, Ada Lovelace, like many female pioneers, was written out of history. Click is joined by Suw Charman-Anderson to commemorate Ada Lovelace on the day now devoted to her.

(Photo credit: used with the kind permission of Warner Bros)

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Seoul hackers rescuing the good name of hacker culture

Seoul Hackers

Seoul may be a technological hub and home to key industry players in the digital sphere but the concept of hacker/maker culture is relatively untried. It might have something to do with the name “hacking? which can carry negative connotations. Gareth Mitchell visits Seoul and the founders of the first Hackspace in the city where hackers dispense with shiny gadgets and embrace soldering irons, 3D printers and even biotechnology.

(Photo: Gareth Mitchell)

Minesweeper: Egypt.

Egypt is riddled with huge numbers of unexploded landmines. For many years the perilous task of clearing the mines has been undertaken by human beings. The risks are very real with very many fatalities recorded in the last two decades. A new competition launched in Cairo aims to use robots to provide a much safer way of defusing the robots and reclaiming previously uninhabitable land. Dr Alaa Khamis talks to Click’s Colin Grant about the minesweeping competition “towards a landmine free Egypt?

GEEK 2013

A formerly run-down seaside town in England is to become a hub for computer game lovers this week. Margate’s GEEK festival of gaming and creativity aims to rekindle our love of play, whilst also highlighting the financial as well as recreational benefits of gaming. Click talks to one of the organisers, Kate Neale, and also the developer, Adam Sawkins who is unveiling a unique multiplayer game to be played by hundreds of gamers simultaneously via their mobile phones.

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How the Quipu project is helping to reveal the involuntary sterilisation campaign in Peru

An innovative interactive documentary provides a platform for people who underwent involuntary sterilisation in a campaign devised by the then Peruvian President Fujimori in the 1990s. Click talks to one of the key people behind the project, Rosemarie Lerner. The launch of the project coincides with International Human Rights Day.

Virtual Reality Video Sharing

A New Zealand start-up 8i has caught the attention of investors including Samsung for their virtual reality project. So far we have mainly seen VR in the film and gaming industries - but 8i is building software that lets people make and share 3D virtual reality videos. Simon Morton met up with the co-founder of 8i Eugene d'Eon in Wellington, New Zealand.

CardioDiagnostics

Researchers at CardioDiagnostics have developed wearable sensors attached to the skin around heart that links to a mobile phone in your pocket. It then sends data (electrocardiogram data) to a remote hub that relays the information automatically to the medical team. Ziad Sankari, the founder of CardioDiagnostics, a Lebanese tech start-up, came to London as part of the UK Lebanon Tech Hub's Accelerator programme. He joins Click to discuss the technology behind the project.

Wi-FM – Using FM to Get Better Wi-Fi Connectivity

If you have ever had a problem with poor wi-fi connectivity then that might be down to too many neighbours trying to get on the internet at the same time. Click talks to professor Aleksandar Kuzmanovic about a clever means of delaying/sharing connectivity through FM broadband width.

(Photo: Contributors to Quipu Project can record and listen to themselves and others, through an interactive phone line © Alejandra Velez)

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An innovative interactive documentary series charts the fear and thrill of high-rise life

High-rise Life

An innovative series of interactive documentaries currently in production aims to chart the fear and thrill of high-rise life. The New York Times is collaborating with film makers from Canada who aim to show how modern life has been shaped by high-rise accommodation. The New York Times has opened its photographic archives to the project, and readers of that paper are also being encouraged to submit their personal photos. Click hears from the New York Times's Jason Spingarn-Koff and the director of the Highrise project, Katerina Cizek.

(Photo credit: Rochdale Village in Queens, New York City, from the New York Times’ photo archive – taken by staff photographer, Sam Falk in 1966)

Flickr and your data

Flickr plans to put your digital data to use in enhancing the photographic experience. But other than encouraging greater sharing, what use does Flickr have in mind; and with the garnering of this additional information does it raise concerns about privacy? Gareth Mitchell talks to Markus Spiering from Flickr.

Robots on Tour

At a former factory space in Zurich’s industrial park robot watchers began queuing around the block earlier this month to meet the electrical friends we might soon introduce to our daily lives. Jamillah Knowles visits the Robots on Tour exhibition where some of the world’s finest robot creators gathered for a symposium and to share their work with the public. Apart from the odd robotic vacuum cleaner, robots tend to be machines that are found doing heavy lifting in factories. They are seen as big and sometimes dangerous, but this exhibition is working to change our perception and to let us know that robots are our friends.

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How to combat the criminals holding the Internet to ransom

Each week brings new threats to our online lives, threatening to exploit our contacts and bank accounts. It is a pressing matter that many companies have to address. Caleb Barlow, IBM’s VP global cybersecurity discusses the latest threats to internet security and what can be done about it.

Refugees Welcome: Airbnb for Refugees

Abdul, an asylum seeker in Germany, has moved from a camp after finding new accommodation through a website called Refugees Welcome Project. The project was started by three students in Germany a year ago. Since then other organisations have been founded in countries including Austria, Greece, Portugal and Spain. Julia Lorke reports on the project that has been described as Airbnb for refugees.

Here Active Listening

Doppler Labs have developed earbuds that simulate the effect of ‘turning up’ the conversation and ‘tuning out’ the crying baby. Here Active Listening gives users the ability to “live mix their environment? with effects such as reverb and bass. Click talks to Noah Kraft, CEO and Co-founder of Doppler Labs.

David Eagleman: The Brain

The brain is often described as a kind of a computer. But what use can brains be put to in the modelling of computers and digital technologies of the future? Click talks to the neuroscientist, David Eagleman about human computer interaction and his research into a sensory vest to help deaf people hear.

(Photo caption: padlock on a computer keyboard © Esther Barry / BBC)

Producer: Colin Grant

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Why hostile drones pose a real danger to airplanes

Aviation authorities are becoming increasingly worried about the incursion of drones into their airspace and getting close to planes. But if the near misses are unintentional, what are the threats posed by the intentional incursions? Civilian drones can potentially be used by terrorists. A new report by the think tank Open Briefing for the Oxford Research Group suggests stricter regulation and countermeasures are needed. Click talks to the author of the report, Chris Abbott.

Self-Regulating Batteries

The danger of batteries causing fires when they get too hot has been a constant cause of concern. But researchers at Stanford University may have come up with a solution – a battery that shuts off when it gets too hot and starts back up when it cools down. Click talks to the leading researcher, Professor Zhenan Bao.

Electronic Superhighway (Part One)

The world of art has incrementally embraced digital technologies over the last 50 years. A spectacular new exhibition at the Whitechapel Gallery in London charts the inexorable rise of digital art. In the first of two reports, Lauren Hutchinson talks to the curator Omar Kholeif and the author and designer Douglas Coupland about how artists have exploited technological advances in their work.

Fabulous Beasts

Alex Fleetwood’s Fabulous Beasts has already been hailed as a pioneering game. It was nurtured through the REACT Play Sandbox scheme and funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council. The game has already picked up a best new tech award along the way to its recent kickstarter campaign - 3D printing, Arduino, and Autodesk have all been employed in bringing a game to life that ultimately aims to make the digital world physical. Alex Fleetwood demonstrates his game on Click.

(Photo: A drone flies at the International Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas © Jae C. Hong/AP)

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Techfugees is a social enterprise co-ordinating the international tech industry’s response to the needs of refugees. It focusses on improving life for refugees by developing technologies in five areas: infrastructure, education, identity, health and inclusion. The Techfugees global network of volunteers creates non-profit conferences, hackathons, and meet ups across the world, working predominantly with the business and tech sectors, in partnership with NGOs and government institutions. It has just launched an online platform, Basefugees, which connects NGOs with tech solutions. Basefugees enables NGOs to find technical support for their projects, and for refugee related tech projects to be endorsed and deployed by NGOs.

Games for Change

While some may see video games as being male dominated and violent, an organisation in New York has been working for the past 12 years showcasing what else can be done with games. They held a festival last week called Games for Change and Click's Lauren Hutchinson was in New York to find out more.

Do Robots Think?

Do robots think? Do robots hear? Can robots fall in love? These are just some of the questions that school children and teenagers are debating at the University of Reading in the UK. As technology advances young people will have to deal with very different robots from the ones we have today and how they deal with some of the issues that arise will be key to their grown up world.

Ceramic Archive

Losing digital data is nothing new – from photos to files it is easy to either delete them or lose them because of technology failure. So how can we secure our archives for future civilisations? One idea, the Memory of Mankind, is to store some of our data on ceramic tiles in a salt mine in Austria. Marnie Chesterton has been investigating how viable this might be.

(Photo: A migrant checks his mobile phone in a makeshift camp of refugees and migrants. Credit: Joel Saget/AFP)

Producer: Ania Lichtarowicz

Basefugees - a new platform to help develop apps for refugees

How Technology Is Transforming Healthcare2016081620160817 (WS)

From monitoring ear infections with a mobile phone to remote wound stitching

Disabling hearing loss affects 360 million people around the world – impacting on their education, career prospects and social life. It can be caused by infections, exposure to loud noise or the use of particular drugs – as well as simply getting older. In some parts of the world it’s difficult for people to see a doctor about this “invisible? problem. The British company Cupris has developed a small attachment for a smartphone which means you can take pictures and videos of the ear canal. These can be shared with experts all over the world, to screen for common ear problems. The device has already been trialled in Nepal – and now a larger study is underway in the south of England.

Air Pollution in New Delhi

More than 80% of people who live in urban areas which monitor air pollution are exposed to air quality levels which beat WHO limits – and low low-income cities are worst hit. One such city is Delhi – where the lungs of half of all children are damaged by minute particles – created mainly by emissions from motor vehicles. A public health doctor who is based in the city, Nitish Dogra, decided to use WhatsApp to send out ultra-local readings from a pollution sensor to subscribers wanting to avoid the worst effects of the fumes.

Soberlink

A remote breathalyser could transform the lives of recovering alcoholics in the United States, where 88,000 people die every year from alcohol-related causes. The device – which has been given premarket clearance by the Food and Drug Administration for medical use – avoids the need for costly and time-consuming lab tests. The user blows into the device which then takes a photo to verify their identity and sends the result to their doctor via a secure server. Any positive results, which might occur because of the use of mouthwash containing alcohol, trigger an alert to re-test.

“Smart? Surgical Stitches

Surgical thread used in operations which can send a text message to medical staff that an infection is brewing could revolutionise healthcare. Researchers at Tufts University in Boston have coated threads with nano-scale sensors to detect temperature, pH changes and whether stitches are under strain inside a wound. They say that the technology could also be used for surgical implants, “smart? bandages and even hip replacements. So far the threads have been tested in animals, but the researchers are now looking for volunteers to trial the stitching at skin level.

(Photo caption: The Cupris otoscope is used to capture and share images of a patient’s eardrum to get a remote diagnosis from a doctor © Cupris Ltd )

Producer: Paula McGrath

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ICANN's plans for the future of domain names and policing the internet

Internet governance figures prominently at the big conference ICANN 50. The internet pioneer and Chair of the Board of ICANN, Steve Crocker, joins Click to discuss the future of top level Domain names and how the organisation aims to ensure that businesses in the developing world can harness the power of the internet.

DIY Digital Spies

We have been hearing a lot about technology and spying over the last few months, but as well as the involvement of big companies and government agencies, should we also be worried about the DIY spies? The idea of freelance digital James Bonds may sound fanciful but perhaps they are already out there. Click’s Jonathan Kent visited the Hack in the Box hackers conference in Amsterdam recently and found that there are a whole range of gizmos and security loopholes the tech-savvy can exploit.

NextDrop

The Smart City Summit in Dallas, Texas has witnessed a number of potentially revolutionary ideas over the last week. Sometimes the simplest ideas have the biggest impact. That might just be the case with NextDrop - a platform that informs citizens about water supplies, to promote and ensure fairer and cheaper water distribution. Click hears from Pronita Saxena of NextDrop.

LiFi Takes on Wi-Fi

LiFi offers the possibility of wireless connectivity but it is not to be confused with wi-fi. The technology has been around for over 10 years and allows you to connect to the Internet by using light. The intensity of an LED light can be varied extremely quickly – too fast for the human eye to notice. Data can be encoded in to these changes at one end, and a photo detector at the other end detects these changes and decodes them back in to usable information. LiFi, as Click’s Rich Preston reports, is starting to become commercially available.

(Photo: Fadi Chehadé, president and CEO of ICANN at the recent ICANN 50 Conference in London © ICANN)

In The Realm Of Robots2016031520160316 (WS)

The risks and benefits of AI in collaboration with the Cambridge Science Festival

Like all change, Artificial Intelligence brings with it dangers and opportunities. But does the increasing capacity of computers to approximate human thinking mark a possibly catastrophic change too far? Stephen Hawking is very worried. He has said that Artificial Intelligence could spell the end of the human race. It may sound far off and fanciful, but before we reach that terminal point might AI more immediately herald the end of work, and even social care?

In the work of translation, for instance, the benefits of machine learning in computers are myriad (Microsoft claims its computer translating programmes for a particular language ‘learn’ from the previous experience of translating another language); but this advance also signals a future disruption to the livelihoods of professional translators. And in the world of care work, therapeutic robots such as PARO suggest that interactions that seemed beyond the realm of robots and computers are now within their reach; its champions point out that robots, unlike humans, will never suffer compassion fatigue - or will they?

In collaboration with the Cambridge Science Festival, Click’s Gareth Mitchell and Bill Thompson bring together a panel of experts including Professor Barbara Sahakian, the entrepreneur Azeem Azhar and the Astronomer Royal, Professor Martin Rees to discuss the risks and benefits of AI: if we are not yet in the realm of robots, are we dangerously in their thrall?

(Photo caption: Music playing robots play trumpets, a tuba and a trombone © Yoshikazu Tsuno/AFP/Getty Images)

Producer: Colin Grant

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Does the future lie in The Internet of Things - where all our devices are connected?

The next technological revolution is coming with The Internet of Things. The promise is that all aspects of modern life will be connected through the internet. In the future your mobile phone will be increasingly your gateway to life – allowing you to connect, turn on/off and adjust gadgets remotely. Imagine a world where you’ll be able to put on the cooker from your place of work, so that you meal is ready for you when you get home. Welcome to The Internet of Things. But how will all of our devices be connected and talk to each other? A number of companies are working on that conundrum. Adam Dunkels from Thingsquare joins Click to discuss his vision of The Internet of Things.

Fair Electronics: Fairphone

If you go to your local supermarket, you may find fairtrade coffee, fairtrade bananas, or fairtrade honey. There are even fairtrade sports balls, cotton, and gold. But what about fair electronics? In the Netherlands, a company is claiming to be producing the world’s first 'fair' phone. Cíntia Taylor reports from Amsterdam on how it doesn’t stop here - several initiatives are gearing up towards stocking up shelves in the future with, at least, fairer electronic goods.

Phoneblok

Are you fed up with the thought of throwing away your mobile phone, adding to a landfill site after only two years of use? Don’t you wish the screen was bigger or smaller on your phone, or the touch pad brighter or more discreet? Would you like to be able to get a tool-kit to repair your phone when it went wrong, or to customise it so that it had a longer lasting battery? That is the dream of the designer behind a new concept called Phoneblok. Dave Hakkens tells Click how he hopes to turn the idea into a reality.

(Photo credit: Internet of things evaluation kit ©Thingsquare)

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Five year old children in South Korea are building and programming their own robots. A computer literate population will live and work in an increasingly technology friend environment. That appears to be the aim as Gareth Mitchell visits South Korea which plans to put several thousand robot helps in kindergartens this year.

(Photo: Gareth Mitchell with Gary Donohue: technology integration specialist for the 'Village' School at Chadwick International School in Songdo IBD, South Korea - © Gareth Mitchell)

Berlin's Female Hackathon

There is still a division of the sexes when it comes to jobs in technology – developers and programmers are largely men. Environments that are heavily male can be unwelcoming and off-putting. But that is increasingly changing with the rise of geekettes. Abby D'Arcy reports from Berlin on a weekend of coding that is for women only.

Hacker's Guide to the galaxy

And Click hears about the hacker's guide to the galaxy. Citizen scientist are increasingly putting their digital tools and time to good use in the pursuit of science, especially so in space exploration. Ariel Waldman discusses how space exploration is changing with their intervention, providing a low-cost alternative to what has been up until now a multi-million dollar pursuit.

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New technologies allow us to archive and record myriad aspects of our lives that were hitherto unexplored and unexamined. Part of the human make-up is that we want to 'leave our footsteps in the sand': to have some trace of our presence on earth that is carried over to our ancestors. But given all the tools available to us, are there too many choices, and what about the importance of filtering of throwing things away? Are we in danger of being overwhelmed by our existing digital footprints, whether it be digital photos, Twitter, texts, Facebook postings or emails? To discuss what's worth keeping and what perhaps should be consigned to the recycling bin, Click is joined by Tim Regan and Cathal Gurrin. And Click's Lorna Stewart talks to a patient who lost her memory after developing encephalitis about how, SenseCam, a tiny digital camera that records photos every thirty seconds of her life, is helping to trigger memories from her recent past.

(Photo: SenseCam / Microsoft Research)

How would you like to be remembered when it comes to your digital life?

Making Music With Blockchain2016070520160706 (WS)

The technology behind the virtual currency bitcoin is being used to make music

Blockchain is known as the basis for the virtual currency bitcoin. We have also reported on its use as an academic certification system, but now a new report by Middlesex University London shows it can also be used by the creative industry, it can even be used to create music.

AI Abstract Thinking

Is artificial intelligence capable of abstract thinking? Can it decide when something is different or the same? According to new research by Dr Peter Bentley from University College London, it can. He has “taught? an AI how to not only distinguish different static images but also differences in videos.

CAMERA

Motion capture is a staple of the movie industry, but now it is moving into the academic world. At the University of Bath, they have just launched a £4 million project called the Centre for the Analysis of Motion, Entertainment Research and Applications or CAMERA in short. It is a collaboration of academics backed by commercial sponsors. The idea is to push the limits of what the technology can do, and to move out of the arts and into any field of activity where motion capture could help - like sports performance. Our reporter Roland Pease went to try it out.

African City Data

As individuals we are bombarded with so much data we do not know how to use or interpret most of it, so imagine how a city planner might feel with so much data – can it be put to good use and improve the cities we live in? The Future Cities Africa project is a new initiative which aims to make sense of some of this data and help future proof cities and make them more resilient.

(Photo caption: A mixing desk © Terry Wyatt/Getty Images for Academy of Country Music)

Producer: Ania Lichtarowicz

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The Mother of all slingshots propels India’s orbiter to Mars

India's mission to Mars has embarked on its year-long journey to the Red Planet.

The renowned science communicator, Pallava Bagla, talks about the significance of what Indians are calling a technology demonstrator of the $100 million mission to Mars. The Indian Space Research Organisation Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) compliments NASA’s mission to Mars, “Maven? but it comes at a fraction of the cost. NASA is spending $700 million on its mission. Even so at $100 million is it money worth spent? What benefit to the country is this high tech adventure when many of its citizens are still without clean water and electricity?

One of Our Probes is Missing

What do you do (other than panic) when your Messenger probe is lost in space. The probe, Messenger, has been designed to travel to Mercury. It is made out of Lego-like blocks connected by myriad cables. The robust and rigorous preparations can, though, sometimes go awry; and back on earth engineers heart flutter when Messenger goes off message and seems to disappear from their monitoring screens. Click Interviews with Chris Krupiarz who works on spacecraft flight software at Johns Hopkins University.

TeenTech

The science broadcaster Maggie Philbin is the brains behind TeenTech, a scheme to get teenagers involved in technology and brushing up on the coding and programming skills. Philbin talks to Click about TeenTech. There is also a report including some of the children who have taken part in constructing mobile Lego-like robots on the day of the TeenTech event, as well as the programmers who have volunteered as demonstrators.

(Photo credit: Indian scientists and engineers of Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) monitor the Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) at the tracking centre, ISTRAC (ISRO Telemetry, Tracking and Command Network) which controls the Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) in Bangalore on November 27, 2013 © AFP/Getty Images)

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At the Mobile World Congress in Barcelona, one of the world’s biggest annual mobile get-togethers, the makers of the Firefox browser have unveiled their new operating system for the handset. Who is going to use it and how will it compete with other systems. Rory Cellan Jones reports on the highlights from the Barcelona event.(Photo by David Ramos/Getty Images)

Three years on from the Chilean earthquake, Click hears from Feliks Vainik about the early warning system that aims to save lives in the event of another quake. And Camila Ruz reports on how ordinary citizens might help to monitor tremors.

The last presidential election in Kenya was marred by violence. In the forthcoming election what role might technology play in curbing the violence; and how have politicians embraced social networking to get their messages across. Michael Kaloki reports from the capital, Nairobi.

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The wristband that traces your GPS direction on your skin

Moment is a wristband that traces your GPS direction on your skin. Instead of having to rely on your smartphone for navigation, it suggests the direction to take via a signal on your wrist. Click talks to the key researcher of the gadget, Shantanu Bala.

African Smartphone Use

Smartphone use in Africa has doubled. The big driver is the huge drop in the price for smartphones which are even cheaper of course when second-hand. Michael Kaloki reports from Nairobi.

Plantsss: One of the Greenest Apps Around

Plantsss was created by the Chilean garden designer Max Delporte with the aim of democratising gardening. Using your GPS location this app – a recent winner at Latin America’s Green Awards in Ecuador - gives you information about the best kind of plants to use in your area. Click’s Jane Chambers went to Mahuida Park on the outskirts of Santiago to meet the two founders Max Delporte and Santiago Lyon for a demonstration of Plantsss.

Eataly

Carlo Ratti has a plan to reconnect you with the simple pleasure of growing your own organic food. But the catch is you will do so digitally. Click talks to Ratti about his plans for a new kind of farming that will be unveiled in Bologna, Italy.

(Photo: Moment wristband © Somatic Labs)

Monitoring Online Hate Speech In Ethiopia2016053120160601 (WS)

Is online hate speech in Ethiopia as problematic as the government says?

Click talks to Iginio Gagliardone, the author of a new paper on online debates in Ethiopia from hate speech to engagement in social media. Claims that social media are increasingly being used to disseminate hate speech and incite violence often fail to build on comprehensive and publicly accessible empirical evidence. This makes it difficult to place the most extreme forms of expression into context, understand how pervasive they are, and determine how they spread.

The Argus Project

A wearable exo-suit with dozens of surveillance cameras embedded to act as a citizens’ version of the police body camera is The Argus Project's response to police brutality in the USA. The project poses the question - what happens when the watched becomes the watcher? Lauren Hutchinson reports from New York on the project designed to empower citizens to exercise their right to bear witness.

Hack in the Box Amsterdam

Click’s Jonathan Kent reports from the annual Hack in the Box conference in Amsterdam, and hears from hackers who are developing tools to prevent your car being hacked.

Algorithms to Live By

Click talks to Brian Christian and Tom Griffiths, authors of a new book which explores the idea of human algorithm design - searching for better solutions to the challenges people encounter every day. The book, Algorithms to Live By applies the lens of computer science to everyday life.

(Photo: Men sitting at a computer terminals. Released under Creative Common Licence)

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On Friday 15 July Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) launches its first mobile phone app, ‘MapSwipe’ in which people across the globe can locate communities in remote parts of the world affected by national disasters, disease outbreaks or conflicts. Users choose a crisis affected part of the world they want to help then swipe through satellite images of the region and tap the screen whenever they spot a feature they are looking for – such as houses or roads. This information is fed back to ‘mappers’ who turn the information into a map. Click talks to MSF’s Pete Masters.

New Bitcoin

Researchers have come up with a way of reducing the amount of energy used by blockchain technology upon which the virtual currency bitcoin is based. Click hears from an IT expert at Ruhr University, Bochum in Germany, that though revolutionary it is actually quite simple.

Wimbledon’s Digital Data Obsession

Digital technology has completely changed the way viewers appreciate tennis. On the credit side, huge amounts of data are now made available to enhance the fans enjoyment, and to aid players in their strategy for future games. Wimbledon, as Colin Grant reports, has been at the forefront of this development.

ViolinScool.org: World’s First Online Violin School

Last month saw the launch of the world’s first online violin school. This innovative and unprecedented education initiative is the brainchild of the internationally renowned violin virtuoso Simon Hewitt Jones and a team including David Worswick, a first violinist in the London Symphony Orchestra. ViolinSchool.org aims to build the world's most comprehensive digital hub for learning and playing the violin. Simon Hewitt Jones joins Click to give Gareth Mitchell a lesson.

(Photo caption: MSF volunteers doing some mapping © Adam Scott Hinchliff/HOT)

Producer: Colin Grant

How MSF plans to locate homes “off the map? in the event of a crisis

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Nesta investigates collaborative platforms for social good for digital technologies

ShareLab is an event to better understand how public services, civil society and the private sector can develop and use collaborative platforms for digital technologies. Click talks to Helen Goulden from Nesta and Dr Mark Wilson from GoodSAM.

NoShow Photo Project

NoShow is a photographic research into fake Facebook postings. The photographer, Eric Pickersgill, has been documenting them and asking what they tell us about truth and reliability in our digital age.

NextEV

NextEV, a self-driving, electric car company, founded two years ago in China by William Li, an Internet entrepreneur, has opened its Silicon Valley facility. Alison van Diggelen went along to talk to William Li, the former cattle-herder turned electric car developer about his innovative supercar.

Crossrail 360: The Musical

London’s ambitious Crossrail project has been documented in an unusual collaboration between 360 degree filmmakers and an artist and musician, Matthew Robins. Click talks to Zillah Watson about the film, Crossrail 360: The Musical.

(Photo caption: Leaf ants © Press Association)

Producer: Colin Grant

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The impact of government legislation on Pakistan’s online privacy

A conference on online privacy in Pakistan looks at the impact of recent legislation. Nighat Dad of the Digital Rights Foundation discusses criticisms that the new laws threaten freedom of speech.

Airway-on-a-Chip

Researchers have developed an airway-on-a-microchip that supports living small-airway-lining cells from normal or diseased human lungs and a robotic instrument that "breathes" cigarette smoke in and out over these chips. Click talks to Professor Donald Ingber from the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University.

Fusing Robotics With Textiles

Make:Shift is a conference by the UK’s Craft Council that has featured pioneering makers, scientists and technologists presenting how the distinctive characteristics of craft are enabling innovation in a number of industries. Click talks to Annie Warburton, Creative Director of Crafts Council and the artist Karina Thompson about fusing robotics and textiles.

FarmCrowdy

FarmCrowdy is Nigeria’s first online platform to unite investors with millions of small farmers in the country and to release the potential of millions of acres on unutilised arable land. Click talks to the CEO Onyeka Akumah.

(Photo caption: Two Pakistani women walks past as an announcement of 'No Internet' pasted on a wall outside an internet café in Islamabad © Jewel Samad/AFP/Getty Images)

Producer: Colin Grant

Paperless Finance Takes Off In Kenya2015081120150812 (WS)

So far one app, M-Pesa, has moved an entire third of the Kenyan GDP among its 20 million users. With the recent launch of Equitel there is now a competitor on the market for mobile money transfer. Equitel uses ultra-thin SIM technology: a 0.1mm thin film which is placed directly on existing SIM card. This enables users to access more than one network and access mobile money services. Michael Kaloki reports from Nairobi.

SokoText

SokoText is a smart solution with a big idea: to make food affordable for everyone. We use the power of text messaging to aggregate demand for food and unlock wholesale prices for small entrepreneurs in urban slums. Gareth Mitchell talks to the co-founder, Suraj Gudka.

The Future of Raspberry Pi

Philip Colligan is the new Chief Executive Officer of Raspberry Pi Foundation. He joins Click to discuss his global vision for the future of Raspberry Pi. He has a background when working for Nesta of helping young people get involved in digital making. Examples of current projects include the Astro Pi – a competition for kids to run experiments on a Raspberry Pi that will be on the International Space Station (ISS).

New Zealand PAWS

New Zealand is heavily reliant on agricultural exports so the introduction of an invasive pest or disease could be devastating for the local economy. Pests have already caused havoc with native flora and fauna and many species are now under threat, including the flightless bird, the kiwi. But a new system called PAWS, which stands for print acquisition and wildlife surveillance can monitor pests remotely, and even be used to alert border protection agencies to threats in real time. Simon Morton reports from the outskirts of Christchurch.

(Photo caption: Mobile telephone banking. Credit: Alexander Joe/AFP/Getty Images)

Producer: Colin Grant

Competition in Kenya's mobile money space.

Phones Mapping Ebola2014111820141119 (WS)

A radical use of cell phone positioning data to map the spread of Ebola

A team from SGI, GIS Federal and The University of Minnesota have created a tool using cell phone positioning data which could be used to map the spread of Ebola. The tool contains data on people movement, allows flagging one or more people as infected, backtracking where those people have been, and shows other people who may have been infected by having been in contact with infected people. Dr Andres Perez joins Click to describe how it might work.

Philippines Disaster Mapping

A collaborative project to create a free editable map of the world has been used in various useful ways following humanitarian disasters in recent years. In Haiti it was used to locate survivors in the aftermath of the 2010 earthquake. One year on from Typhoon Haiyan in which 6,000 people died in the Philippines, humanitarian volunteers are working with the Filipino government to roll out OSM training in disaster-prone areas. It is hoped that it will help communities prepare better for future disasters. Vishva Samani attended one of the workshops in the Bohol region of the country.

Playable Smart Cities

At a New Cities Foundation Paris conference, Gareth Mitchell recently met a number of inspiring entrepreneurs who have their sights set on the future of cities. He talked to the founders of organisations such as WikiHouse, Play the City and Makerversity about their ideas to make smart cities even smarter.

Hooked: Nir Eyal

We are all hooked on new technology believes the writer Nir Eyal. But it need not be all bad. In his book, Hooked: How to Build Habit-Forming Products, Eyal offers tips to companies who want to tap into the idea of consumer loyalty. But he also has tips on how to wean yourself off technology when and if it becomes too overwhelming. He joins Click to discuss Hooked.

(Photo: A Liberian burial team wearing protective clothing loads the body of an Ebola victim © John Moore/Getty Images)

Privatising The Iss20180213

The Trump administration is reportedly devising plans to privatise the International Space Station. If this goes ahead what might it mean for the international collaboration on the exploration of space? Click talks with Kate Arkless Gray.

Scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems have invented a magnetically controlled soft robot only four millimetres in size that can walk, crawl or roll through uneven terrain, carry cargo, climb onto the water surface, and even swim in it. Click talks to Professor Metin Sitti, Director of the Physical Intelligence Department at the Max Planck Institute, about the future use of millirobots in medicine – in delivering drugs and targeting cancerous cells.

HoloLens is aiding surgeons in theatres as they carry out operations on legs. Click talks to Philip Pratt about how augmented reality helps surgeons “see through” tissue to reconnect blood vessels.

Click hears from the musician Bioni Samp about his technology that enables him to mimic and amplify the sound of bees. Bioni Samp translates bee behaviours and sounds into electronic music to help raise awareness of the ecological issues threatening them.

(Photo caption: This digital still (2008) camera's wide shot affords a panoramic view of STS-122's final leg of work on the International Space Station – Credit: Nasa)

Producer: Colin Grant

Raising A Bump On Flat Screens2016090620160907 (WS)

How to virtual change the shape of a flat screen device

Computer scientist Matt Jones looks into the future of screen technology. He and his team have been exploring displays that mutate to create virtual 3D controls.

Greek Lawspot

The unprecedented and ongoing Greek economic crisis has left many ordinary Greek citizens deeply affected - without a job, livelihood or home. Laws and crucial pieces of regulations are changing almost on a weekly basis and are making people’s lives even more difficult and uncertain. A new start-up initiative Lawspot has established itself as Greece’s first open online platform to provide its citizens with free and direct access to the law and help them follow and understand what exactly is going on. Snezana Curcic reports from Athens.

The Cyber Effect

Mary Aiken is a pioneering cyber-psychologist who attempts to explain how human behaviour changes online. She discusses our online lives in her new book, The Cyber Effect.

Brighton Digital Festival

Bill Thompson reports from the opening of the Brighton Digital Festival. The highlights include an interview with a “cyborg? who is connected with hardware and software to help her manage her chronic pain.

(Photo: A group of people sitting down using their smartphones © Nicolas Asfouri/AFP/Getty Images)

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Aaron Swartz remembered

Last Friday, the computing entrepreneur and activist, Aaron Swartz, died at the age of twenty-six. Swartz who was founder of the social news website Reddit committed suicide. He was due to take the stand on trial for hacking charges. Aaron Swartz's death has shocked the world of technology. Click reflects on his life and work.

Mobile phones and the safety of Indian women

Following the rape and subsequent death of a young woman in India and other recent violent incidents that have highlighted the vulnerability of women, some technologists have begun to ask whether technology may help with their safety. Prateek Panda, the managing editor of the technology news site The TechPanda, has suggested a number of Apps may be useful in preventing women from being attacked, and also to alert friends and authorities when women find themselves in danger. Prateek Panda talks to Colin Grant about the Apps. And the Click reporter Nivedita Pathak, discusses whether the Apps will be useful.

Rebuilding EDSAC

How do you build a computer from scratch? How do you build a computer with no transistors nor any modern components at all? In short, how do you build a computer, like they would have done in 1948? A team of volunteers in the UK have been working for a year now on a project to build a replica of one of the world's first programmable computers: Cambridge University's "EDSAC" (Electronic Delay Storage Automatic Calculator), which in its day is said to have done the work to win three Nobel Prizes. Today's replica team have no blueprints, just a few notes, some photographs, and a few rusting parts. Click's Alex Mansfield has been following their progress.

(Photo credit: EDSAC I, W. Renwick, M. Wilkes - © Computer Laboratory, University of Cambridge - reproduced by permission)

A report on the work to rebuild the pioneering 1940s computer, EDSAC

Restoring A Lost Web Domain2015091520150916 (WS)

Restoring the former Yugoslavia's web domain which disappeared from the internet in 2010

In March 2010 every webpage with the domain address ending in.yu disappeared from the internet – the largest ever to be removed. This meant that the internet history of the former Yugoslavia was no longer available online. Dr Anat Ben-David, from the Open University in Israel, has managed to rebuild about half of the lost pages – pages that document the Kosovo Wars, which have been called "the first internet war?

Digital Renaissance

Is technology leading to a renaissance in the arts? Just like the invention of oil paint spurred the Renaissance in painting could digital tools be doing the same in today’s art world? Tracey Logan visits the Saatchi Gallery in London to see emerging digital art from Asia and asks could exhibits like Flutter of Butterflies Beyond Borders be changing our cultural experiences forever?

Eyes in the Sky

Instant analysis of thousands of satellite images is allowing engineers to use these images as measurements. From calculating the levels of global oil reserves and the rates of construction in China to even working out how much money we are spending in shops, major advances in machine learning are allowing investors, businesses and governments to make better informed decisions about ventures and policies. James Crawford, CEO of Orbital Insight, a company based in California explains how they do this. As part of BBC’s AI week, Azeem Azhar, technology entrepreneur and Click’s Bill Thompson discuss the advances in AI and what they mean to us.

(Photo: A Kosovo Gorani man enters an internet cafe next to a mosque in the village of Globocica, 2009 © AFP/Getty Images)

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Is Rio de Janeiro's high-tech Operations Centre in danger of invading people's privacy?

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In the World Service "What if" season Click imagines a time when robots replace human

At the start of the World Service's "What if" season Click invites robots and roboticists to the BBC's Radio Theatre to imagine a world in which robots and humans sat down together.

(Photo: Rossum's Universal Robots: 1938 © BBC)

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Crowd-sourced Roboy, the boy robot gets his arms, legs and head; Developing the braille smart phone; The future of bendy, flexible phones

Russia Bots: Truth, Trust and Technology

With news of Russian bots’ attempts to damage US institutions, is our faith in the transparency and honesty of news disseminated via the internet being undermined? Professor Charlie Beckett joins the programme to discuss the growing public discontent about the role of tech giants in policing abuse and disinformation.

The None in Three project launched in Barbados and Grenada two years ago, included the development of a computer game as an educational tool for raising awareness and changing attitudes towards violence. The project’s new prosocial computer game is JESSE. Click talks to the project’s researchers Adele Jones and Daniel Boduszek.

Yto Barrada is a photographer and filmmaker whose latest work at the Barbican in London focuses on the Moroccan city of Agadir and the 1960 earthquake which killed a third of the population. Colin Grant talks to Barrada about her attempts to weave together personal narratives and political ideals to create a complex portrait of a city.

The New Analog is Damon Krukowski’s new book, reflecting on the evolution of music from the analogue to the digital age – and back again. He joins Click to talk about the relationship between digital and analogue music.

(Image caption: Illustration of fake news on a smartphone © Getty Images)

Producer: Colin Grant

Russia Bots: Truth, Trust And Technology20180220

With news of Russian bots’ attempts to damage US institutions, is our faith in the transparency and honesty of news disseminated via the internet being undermined? Professor Charlie Beckett joins the programme to discuss the growing public discontent about the role of tech giants in policing abuse and disinformation.

The None in Three project launched in Barbados and Grenada two years ago, included the development of a computer game as an educational tool for raising awareness and changing attitudes towards violence. The project’s new prosocial computer game is JESSE. Click talks to the project’s researchers Adele Jones and Daniel Boduszek.

Yto Barrada is a photographer and filmmaker whose latest work at the Barbican in London focuses on the Moroccan city of Agadir and the 1960 earthquake which killed a third of the population. Colin Grant talks to Barrada about her attempts to weave together personal narratives and political ideals to create a complex portrait of a city.

The New Analog is Damon Krukowski’s new book, reflecting on the evolution of music from the analogue to the digital age – and back again. He joins Click to talk about the relationship between digital and analogue music.

(Image caption: Illustration of fake news on a smartphone © Getty Images)

Producer: Colin Grant

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How safe is your identity online? Technologists propose a new system of authentication.

How safe is your password? Are passwords about to expire permanently? Some experts in the tech industry think there must be a better and safer way to log on, especially when monetary transactions are to be made. They've formed an alliance called FIDO or Fast Identity Online to develop better forms of authentication, like face and voice recognition. Click talks to Nok Nok Lab’s Phillip Dunkelberger, one of the founder members of the consortium, to find out how a much more secure system would work.

Are the big tech companies taking the profits whilst we take risk? Do we enter a digital trade off because some companies appear to offer free facilities in return? Who stands to gain when you log on to Google’s translation tool? Will the actual translators be the beneficiaries? In the short term perhaps but not in the future argues the philosopher and digital pioneer, Jaron Lanier. Click’s Colin Grant talks to Jaron Lanier about the sometimes bleak digital prognosis for the future as set out in his book, Who Owns the Future. (Above image of Jaron by Jonathan Sprague)

You’ve managed to assemble all of the personnel, finance and acting talent to create your first ever feature film. Do you dream of launching it in a prestigious festival or in a multi-screen cinema? Well neither if you have teamed up with the South African start up, Cinemo. Rather you will be launching your film on Africa’s largest social network, Mxit. Click hears from Mxit’s Marlon Parker and Shane Vermooten from Cinemo about the first ever feature film launched on a social network accessed in Africa on millions of mobile phones.

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New research shows that some antivirus software could be making computers less safe

Is the antivirus program running on your computer making your computers safer to use or could it be safer not to have it installed? New research from Concordia University in Montreal suggests that antivirus programmes and parental control programmes could be making our machines less safe.

FinTech Success and Failures

The UK Government Parliamentary Office for Science and Technology (POST) has published a new report about financial technology. One of the report’s authors will discuss why some financial technologies have taken off in some countries and not in others. Could cultural attitudes to money determine if technology will be successful or not?

Sci-fi and Africa

Lauren Hutchinson reports from New York from the The Iyapo Repository - an exhibition in Brooklyn which focuses on the absence of Africans in sci-fi and uses interactive workshops to re-imagine Afro-centric technical futures.

Hearing Tests on Tablets

The World Hearing Foundation is training technicians to use a new app to test people’s hearing, which they hope will not only identify people with hearing loss but also lead to them getting help. Globally there are over half a billion people with hearing loss, and about half of that hearing loss is disabling, but lack of audiologists and availability of cheap hearing aids means most people in developing countries will not get help. We discuss this latest app and how technology has transformed hearing aids.

(Photo caption: Customers use their laptop computers at a wireless café © Frederic J. Brown/AFP/Getty Images)

Producer: Ania Lichtarowicz

Serbia’s Tech Future

In the last two decades, following years of conflict, hundreds of thousands of young highly educated people have left Serbia looking for a brighter future elsewhere. But that trend has slowed with the mushrooming of digital technologies and innovation start-ups in Belgrade. Serbia’s innovative programmers specialise in quirky solutions, taking ‘less digital roads travelled’.

Click’s special programme from Belgrade, co-produced with Snežana Ćurčić, starts by looking at the innovations that came out of the radical radio station, B92’s internet streaming during the war.

The programme focuses on the Silicon Valley-esque Science Technology Park (STP). Located in the peaceful forest of Zvezdara, the Science Technology Park was built during Milošević’s times, and remained a white elephant until recently. Today STP is home to more than sixty innovative high-tech development companies.

Click also hears about the continued centrality of the inventor, Nikola Tesla to Serbia’s culture. Gareth Mitchell is joined by Tamara Vučenović from Radio Belgrade to explore how tech is transforming the capital and the country.

(Photo caption: Workers and visitors at the Science Technology Park, Belgrade - credit: STP)

Producer: Colin Grant

Serbia’s Tech Future20180227

In the last two decades, following years of conflict, hundreds of thousands of young highly educated people have left Serbia looking for a brighter future elsewhere. But that trend has slowed with the mushrooming of digital technologies and innovation start-ups in Belgrade. Serbia’s innovative programmers specialise in quirky solutions, taking ‘less digital roads travelled’.

Click’s special programme from Belgrade, co-produced with Snežana Ćurčić, starts by looking at the innovations that came out of the radical radio station, B92’s internet streaming during the war.

The programme focuses on the Silicon Valley-esque Science Technology Park (STP). Located in the peaceful forest of Zvezdara, the Science Technology Park was built during Milošević’s times, and remained a white elephant until recently. Today STP is home to more than sixty innovative high-tech development companies.

Click also hears about the continued centrality of the inventor, Nikola Tesla to Serbia’s culture. Gareth Mitchell is joined by Tamara Vučenović from Radio Belgrade to explore how tech is transforming the capital and the country.

(Photo caption: Workers and visitors at the Science Technology Park, Belgrade - credit: STP)

Producer: Colin Grant

Sheldon County computer-generated fictional worlds

Sheldon County is the latest step in a life-long quest to build computers that generate fictional worlds. Sheldon County is a podcast that will never sound the same twice. Every time someone listens to it, they’ll begin by typing a random number into a website. This “seed” will set in motion a Rube Goldberg machine of calculation that will create characters, relationships, jealousies, betrayals, and maybe even a murder or two. Click reports on the unique version of Sheldon County’s story that will create a podcast made just for you.

In the week after International Women’s Day, Click talks to Dr Anne-Marie Imafidon, the Head of Stemette, about her work empowering girls and young women in science and tech.

One percent of the world’s population are currently in high-risk landslide areas. Researchers in New Zealand have come up with a revolutionary way of monitoring landslides, developed at a fraction of the cost of traditional surveying equipment. It’s now being trialled in areas where landslides have occurred, and could help with the prediction of future landslides. Click’s Simon Morton reports.

Facebook's collection of data makes it one of the most influential organisations in the world. Share Lab wanted to look "under the bonnet" at the tech giant's algorithms and connections to better understand the social structure and power relations within the company.

Producer: Colin Grant

(Photo caption: Woman with headphones. Photo by Mario Tama / Getty Images)

Sms Code Of Conduct2013122420131225 (WS)
20131229 (WS)

A code of conduct for digital volunteers in the aftermath following disasters

Mobile phones have helped to save lives and locate the injured trapped under rubble in the aftermath of typhoons and earthquakes. The work of organisations such as Frontline SMS and Ushahidi has demonstrated the potential for simple tools like mobile phones, SMS and mobile phone platforms to help in the aftermath of a disaster. But since the Haiti earthquake the number of digital volunteers has grown enormously. Digital humanitarians are increasingly entering a crowded arena, and it has been suggested that these well-meaning volunteers, sometimes monitoring and sending texts or tweets for example, complicate the work of established emergency and relief agencies. In a special edition of the technology programme, Click examines the evolution of the digital disaster response. Do digital volunteers help or hinder relief efforts after a disaster, and is there a need for a code of conduct?

(Caption: Residents clear debris near the shoreline on 23 November, 2013 in Tacloban, Leyte, Philippines, Credit: Getty Images)

Social Media Tackles Online Extremism2015100620151007 (WS)

How to enlist social media users to tackle online extremism

A new report by the Centre for the Analysis of Social Media (CASM) at Demos, supported by Facebook, maps the alarming scale of hate speech in populist, right-wing social media groups in Europe - and explores the potential for counter-speech to diffuse their messages from within. Click talks to Alex Krasodomski-Jones co-author of this report.

Fighting IS Online

Islamic State group is an Internet phenomenon as much as a military one. Counteracting it will require better tactics on the battlefield of social media. The Institute for Strategic Dialogue organisations has pioneered peer-to-peer online engagement. Click hears from Zahed Amanullah, senior programme manager, Institute for Strategic Dialogue.

Using a Bot for Activism

A major tech corporation’s research wing has teamed up with a group of Mexican communist revolutionaries to make bots that fight government corruption. Recently a Microsoft researcher worked with computer scientists from West Virginia University and UC Santa Barbara to create a Twitter platform called Botivist, which acts as a tool for activists to recruit volunteers on social media for campaigns. Click is joined by Dr Saiph Savage of the University of West Virginia.

Building Digital Art in Africa

Jepchumba has been listed by Forbes as one of the 20 Youngest Power Women in Africa 2012. A cultural ambassador, Jepchumba is the founder and creative director of African Digital Art. She appeared last month at the British Council programme of arts and tech events called Innovation ZA in Braamfontein in Johannesburg. The event was run in collaboration with the Fak’ugesi African Digital Innovation Festival, to explore the convergence of the arts across disciplines. Click talks to Jepchumba about digital creativity in Africa.

(Photo: A woman using a laptop computer © PA)

Sonic Tractor Beams2015102720151028 (WS)

How the world’s first sonic tractor beam lifts and move objects using sound

A team of researchers in the UK have built the world’s first sonic tractor beam that can lift and move objects using sound waves. The researchers used high-amplitude sound waves to generate an acoustic hologram which can pick up and move small objects. It might yield interesting applications such as a sonic production line to transport delicate objects and assemble them, all without physical contact. Click talks one of the team, professor Bruce Drinkwater.

Cities on the Move

How will the design of cities and public transportation change when networked multi-modal systems are the norm? How will the streetscapes and mobility patterns change? Gareth Mitchell talks to Greg Lindsay at the Cities on the Move conference.

Digital Matatus - Part Two

Michael Kaloki reports from the streets of Nairobi on board a matatu bus trying out the Digital Matatus app. The app now benefits from a collaboration with Google Maps and aims to help commuters navigate the hundreds of matatu minibus routes.

Removed

Click interviews the photographer Eric Pickersgill who has a fascinating series of photos of people using the tech gadgets for example mobile phones and tablets. Pickersgill has staged a number of portraits of people interacting with their gadgets, but the gadgets have been removed. Pickersgill joins Click to discuss our obsession with gadgets as explored in his series, Removed.

(Photo: Holograms are three-dimensional light-fields that can be projected from a two-dimensional surface. Researchers have created acoustic holograms with shapes such as tweezers, twisters and cages that exert forces on particles to levitate and manipulate them. Image courtesy of Asier Marzo, Bruce Drinkwater and Sriram Subramanian © 2015)

South By Southwest2013031220130317 (WS)

North Korean tweets and gesture control at your fingertips at the SXSW Festival.

A special edition of Click focuses on the South by Southwest Interactive Festival in Austin, Texas, USA. Gareth Mitchell and LJ Rich report on the limits of tweeting from North Korea; leaping into motion with a fine gesture controller sensitive to your fingers; how to building a travel App within 48 hours; why crisis managers might welcome your photos of evolving disasters but not necessarily want you to use tweets as a way to call out the emergency services; and finally Click reports of the latest trends to emerge from one of the world’s premiere digital festivals.

Technology And Car Emissions2015092220150923 (WS)

The car manufacturer VW has admitted that more than eleven million diesel cars could be affected by the company rigging car emission tests in the US. Calls for testing of VW diesel cars outside the US are growing, with Italy, France and South Korea opening investigations. But can current technology accurately test real world driving emissions? Professor Chris Brace from the University of Bath explains what can be done now.

Blockchain Money Transfer

Could Bitcoin blockchain technology be moving into mainstream banking, making money transfers faster and more secure? Gareth Mitchell speaks to David Rutter, CEO of R3, a financial innovation company that will be working with nine major banks to develop blockchain technology for tracking real life financial transactions. The technology works by making a chain of all transactions and sending this updated chain to everyone who has ever made a transaction. But will this method lead to faster more secure and cheaper transactions?

Getting Online for the First Time

A new project is about to be launched in the Philippines to help people who have never used a computer get online. It is an extension of the work currently being done by the Tinder Foundation, a ‘not for profit’ in the UK that helps a quarter of a million people use the internet every year. The Philippines, like the UK, is increasingly moving to an online system where many government services will soon only be accessible through the internet. Helen Milner, CEO of the Tinder Foundation, spoke to Click just before she set off.

Future of Cities

The Vision of Cambridge report 2065 has just been published with leading scientists and entrepreneurs contributing to predictions as to how the city will develop. Much of this predicted expansion will be possible because of smart technology; big data, the internet of things, driverless cars, online teaching. Dr David Cleevely (founding Chairman of the Cambridge Science Centre and Founding Director of the Centre for Science and Policy, University of Cambridge), who contributed to the report, tells us if other cities around the world can benefit from these advances and which one’s already are.

(Photo caption: A vehicle being tested at the Centre for Low Emission Vehicle Research. Credit: University of Bath)

Producer: Ania Lichtarowicz

Measuring real world car emissions, can this be done in the lab?

The Artificial Intelligence And Satellites Fighting Wildfires2016051020160511 (WS)

The wildfire in Alberta, Canada, seems to be diminishing and residents should be able to return to the city of Fort McMurray over the next two weeks. The fire had appeared to be out of control just a few days ago but thanks to favourable weather conditions appears under control. The weather has played a huge part, but what about technology? AI, drones and satellites have all been used. Dr Guillermo Rein, from Imperial College, London and Editor-in-Chief of the journal Fire Technology explains how tech is now incorporated in fire management.

Water Access via Mobile

Almost a third of the world’s population has no access to decent sanitation and more than 660 million people lack access to clean water. Yet something as basic as a mobile phone in people’s hands could help turn the situation around for many. Information and Communication Technologies have been one focus of a report into water and sanitation just published by POST – the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology in England. One of the authors of that parliamentary briefing is Chandy Nath, Deputy Director of POST and she joins Gareth and LJ in the studio.

Malaria Diagnosis App

A technology that we reported on back in 2014 is now being used in the field by Médecins Sans Frontières to fight malaria. Peek Vision is a technology that converts a smartphone into an inexpensive eye-examination kit using a plastic attachment, the phone’s inbuilt torch and an app, allowing technicians to diagnose cerebral malaria in children by looking into the eye. The application is one of the items on the agenda next week at a two-day scientific meeting of the worldwide medical movement Médecins Sans Frontières. Estrella Lasry, tropical medicines Advisor at MSF, has been involved in the organisation’s work in developing Peek to help diagnose malaria among children in Mali and explains why the app is so useful.

Natural 3D Images

Researchers at the University of St Andrews in Scotland may have developed a solution to one of the longstanding limitations of photography. They have managed to create 3D images where you can choose which part of the image you focus on. Michael Mauderer from the team is working on a system called Gazer where the camera records not just a 2D version of the scene but also data about how far away everything is from the camera. He explains that when you look at the image, eye-tracking software works out where you are looking so that you can focus where you choose.

(Photo caption: Flames engulf trees along a highway near Fort McMurray, Alberta, on May 6, 2016 © Cole Burston/AFP/Getty Images)

Producer: Ania Lichtarowicz

AI, drones and satellites all used in fighting the Canadian wildfire

The Brave New World Of Generation Open2015110320151104 (WS)

Generation Open heralds a brave new world of open data

Are you a part of Generation Open? Do you yearn for open source and for sharing data? Then you just might be part of the new digital generation – not bound by age. Click talks to Martha Lane Fox, one of the key speakers at the Open Data Institute Summit in London, about the advances in the openness of data and what it means to be Generation Open.

Dublin Platform 2015 at Front Line Defenders

Front Line Defenders is hosting a gathering of over a hundred Human Rights Defenders in Dublin. They all have one thing in common: they are all at risk because of their human rights work. What are the digital risks to this activism and how might they be helped to limit the risks? Click talks to the Information Security Consultant, Wojtek Bogusz, about strategies for security and what might be found in an IT tool kit.

Helping Blind People Keep Fit with Tech

Blind people often have difficulty keeping fit and safe. How do you freely jog or run if you are blind? Click hears from researchers who are using drones that will fly ahead of blind runners as they take to the track.

Sensors for American Footballers

Wearable technologies are increasingly being used in sports. A recent American football game at London’s Wembley Stadium has showcased how data capture technology is being used at the game to track, analyse and measure player and team performance. The technology is being deployed by the NFL throughout the USA as well as in other stadiums for the International Series Games. Colin Grant reports from Wembley.

(Photo: Martha Lane Fox and colleagues at the ODI summit, courtesy of ODI)

The End Of Traffic Lights20160323

Cars are becoming increasingly wirelessly connected, with the ability to communicate with each other and the infrastructure around them. So much so, say a team of researchers at MIT in the USA that traffic lights may become an unnecessary impediment in getting through road junctions. Click talks to MIT’s Carlo Ratti.

Human Brain Project Platforms

The Human Brain Project is developing six information and communications technology platforms to enable large-scale collaboration, data sharing, and reconstruction of the brain at different biological scales. SpiNNaker (Spiking Neural Network Architecture) is intimately involved with the project as it attempts to build a new kind of computer that directly mimics the workings of the human brain. Click talks to its key designer Professor Steve Furber.

Extending China’s School Days Well into the Night

Since WeChat launched in 2011, the app has pervaded Chinese life. It has hundreds of millions of active monthly users. In a society that places paramount importance on academic success, WeChat has quickly become intertwined with education. Click talks to Yiting Sun about how some worry that the use of WeChat is perpetuating round-the-clock pressure.

BBC’s micro:bit Launch

BBC micro:bit is a small hand held personal computer which is being given free to every 11-year-old student in the UK. The teachers already have them and the roll-out of one million into schools is underway. Click reports on an ambitious project that will provide pupils with a unique tool for coding.

(Photo: A traffic light controls the flow of vehicles and pedestrians in Chicago, Illinois © Scott Olson/Getty Images)

A future where there are no traffic lights

The Future Of Drones2015090120150902 (WS)

Experts discuss the future of drones and how they might be used for good causes

Drones, unmanned aerial vehicles, have been put to use by various military bodies around the world as silent harbingers of death and destruction. But they might also be put to use for good causes: deployed in rescue operations, for example, or accurately dropping seeds to aid reforestation.

Realistically, will they ever be used to deliver your mail? And can the danger from drones that fail and drop out of the sky ever be nullified?

Click assembles a panel of experts to discuss the future of drones. Joining Gareth Mitchell and Bill Thompson in the BBC Radio Theatre will be Dr Mirko Kovac, director of the Aerial Robotics Laboratory at Imperial College London, Lauren Fletcher, CEO of BioCarbon Engineering, Mya Padget, a licensed commercial drone pilot, Liam Young, one of the key people behind the Barbican’s Drones Orchestra, writer and poet Salena Godden with a specially commissioned poem about drones. Click also hears from Adrien Briod, Head of Technology at Flyability and Tero Heinonen, CEO of Sharper Shape about a Finnish drones delivery service.

(Photo: A Novadem NX 110 drone flies during a presentation at a firefighter rescue centre in Les Pennes-Mirabeau, France © AFP/Getty Images)

Producer: Colin Grant

The Future Of The Internet2016062120160622 (WS)
20160625 (WS)

is at risk if we do not act now, according to a new report

is at risk if we do not act now says experts from the Global Commission on Internet Governance. Their report entitled One Internet contains recommendations to ensure secure, accessible and affordable online freedom for years to come. The two-year project by the Centre for International Governance Innovation and Chatham House has brought together almost 70 advisers from around the world to develop this strategy for internet governance.

Wonderlab at the Science Museum

A new interactive permanent gallery is soon to open at London’s Science Museum. Its aim is to make visitors, and particularly young people, think like a scientists. LJ Rich has been for a sneak preview at the technology on show.

Silicon Valley Oscars

Talk of revolution was in the air in Silicon Valley last week at SVForum’s Visionary Awards. With past recipients like Bill Gates, Elon Musk, and Esther Dyson, these awards have earned a reputation as the Oscars of SV. Reporter Alison van Diggelen speaks to some of the winners and how they see their innovations impacting on people’s lives – for the good.

VR Conservation

A new virtual reality film called Valen’s Reef has been launched this week at the Cannes Lions International Festival of Creativity. The title comes from eight-year-old Valen, the son of a west Papuan fisherman who has become a coral reef scientist. The film shows you the variety of life on the reef and then the colourful thriving reef gives way to an underwater wasteland of bleached, dead coral. The team behind the work hope it will highlight the risks corals in the region are facing.

(Photo: Students using laptops © Jeff Pachoud/AFP/Getty Images)

Producer: Ania Lichtarowicz

The Information Age2014102820141029 (WS)

Click explores 200 years of communication technology at London’s Science Museum

In a world of total news, where our online presence is continually monitored and our digital footprints are stored in perpetuity, humans are connected in ways our forebears could never have imagined. And yet our ancestors did just that. They were romancers and dreamers who conjured a world that would put an end to ignorance, isolation and life lived in fragments. Information and its dissemination was the answer.

Information Age, is an exciting new gallery in London's Science Museum, that opened on 25 October. In a special edition, Click reports on the ambition to explore how our modern connected world was created through six networks, the electric telegraph, the telephone exchange, radio and television broadcasting, satellite communications, computer networks and mobile communications.

Tilly Blyth, Lead Curator of the Information Age gallery, and James Gleick, the award winning writer and historian of science and author of The Information join Click to reflect on 200 years of innovation. They also hear from the harmonium playing artist and musician Matthew Robins who has created a Victorian puppet theatre for the gallery to bring to life stories from the history of telegraphy.

(Image: The aerial tuning coil from Rugby Radio Station. © Cable and Wireless Communications 2014 by kind permission of the Telegraph Museum Porthcurno.)

The People's Operator2014012120140122 (WS)

Wikipedia founder Jimmy Wales on a new ethical mobile phone operator

Wikipedia's Jimmy Wales has taken on a new role at a company that aims to be an ethical mobile phone network provider. He has just become the co-chair of The People's Operator – a company that has been in existence for over a year and is in need of a lot more customers. Wales believes they will sign up to an organisation that has at its core the intention of ploughing some of its profits into charity. Jimmy Wales talks to Click about the challenges of The People’s Operator.

Drones to Protect Rhinos

With the underground market in the illicit trade of rhino and elephant tusks booming, the number of poachers has also swelled. Conservationists in Kenya have turned to technology to help combat the poachers. The Ol Pejeta Conservancy has collaborated with a company called Airware to develop a drone that will be able to scan the terrain and deter criminals. Click hears from Richard Vigne, the chief executive at the conservancy.

Bespoke Electronic Tailoring

A growing number of people are shopping for their clothes online. But an absence of virtual fitting rooms means that often many off-the-peg items do not fit the customers when they eventually get to try them on. It has been said that almost a quarter of all garments that are bought online are returned. The majority are returned because they do not fit. A number of companies have taken note and with new technologies are designing virtual fitting rooms and bespoke tailoring for their online customers. Rich Preston reports on this growing trend.

(Photo caption: People show their smartphones ©AFP/Getty Images)

Tim O’reilly’s Vision Of The Future20171024

Tim O’Reilly imagines the digital future

Tim O’Reilly made his name spotting technologies with world-shaking potential - from proselytising about the World Wide Web to popularising terms like 'Web 2.0' and 'Open Source' over the last decade. He joins Click to discuss his new book WTF? What's the Future and Why It's Up to Us. O’Reilly is fundamentally optimistic saying that robots are not going to take our jobs, arguing they will "only if that's what we ask them to do!"

TechCrunch and Facebook hosted Startup Battlefield Africa in Nairobi, Kenya recently. The Startup Battlefield pitch-off competition featured startups from all over Africa in three categories. Top notch investors and founders served as judges to pick the winners in each category as well as an overall winner. Click talks to one of the speakers at the event, Rebecca Enonchong and Francis Obirikorang CEO and Co-founder AgroCenta.

John Akomfrah, a founder of the experimental film group Black Audio Film Collective, has just produced a beguiling immersive experience at the Barbican in London. The video installation projected on six screens marries images of the earth’s squandered natural resources, Akomfrah’s own new footage and a wealth of archival material, to reflect subtly the damage humanity has wrought to the biosphere. Click talks to Akomfrah about Purple.

(Photo caption: Robot control forklift truck © Getty Images)

Producer: Colin Grant

Transform Africa2013110520131106 (WS)
20131110 (WS)

A from report Kigali on how technology is transforming Africa

African leaders and technologists recently gathered at Kigali in Rwanda to take the temperature of the IT industry and internet penetration on the continent. Nisha Ligon reports from the Transform Africa summit to hear how delegates are setting a new agenda for Africa to leapfrog development challenges through the use and uptake of broadband and related services.

Startup Battlefield

Silicon Valley was the birthplace of the startup and has pretty much had the monopoly on talent and money. But other cities are starting to put up stiff competition. Last week TechCrunch Disrupt - probably the most important tech event in the calendar - came to Europe for the first time. From Berlin, a select group of young European startups were sent to a panel of big US and international investors to battle it out for cash and the disrupt cup.

xHumed

They may be dead for more than a hundred years but that does not stop inspiring figures from taking to the floor at the xHumed event in the English city of Birmingham. Click hears how technologies such as Twitter and digital projection mapping is bringing the likes of H.G. Wells back to life for dead good thinking.

(Photo credit: Young people browsing the Internet in a cybercafe in Africa © AFP/Getty Images)

Turkey's Attempted Coup And Social Media2016071920160720 (WS)
20160723 (WS)

Social media was briefly blacked out during the failed coup in Turkey. In past years the president has denounced social media but in the last week he has gone on Twitter and FaceTime to encourage his supporters to come out onto the streets to back him. Click talks to Arzu Geybullayeva from Global Voices.

Network Mapping in Istanbul

In each human brain, there are about 86 billion neurons interacting with each other. Visualising such complex networks, with their incredibly high number of elements and the various different forms of interaction between them, seems like quite a challenge. Some artists, however, find it stimulating and inspiring. The New York and Istanbul based artist and technologist Burak Arikan is tackling this challenge with his platform graph commons. Julia Lorke visited Burak in Istanbul to hear more about the interactive mapping tool and how the tense political climate in Turkey inspired him to discover new applications for this tool.

Will Apple's New Patent Push Delete on Ability to Record Police?

Apple has patented a tool which may be able to use a laser to block smart phones from recording footage. Might this be used by police forces in the future to stop citizens from recording overzealous policemen carrying out arrests and using force beyond that which is reasonably required? Click hears from Nicole Ozer from the American Civil Liberties Union.

GPS: Pinpoint

Click looks at the history of GPS (the Global Positioning System). This space-based navigation system uses satellites to provide location information anywhere on Earth, where there is an unobstructed line of sight to the relevant satellites. So how ubiquitous has the use of GPS become in everyday navigation? It has been almost impossible to get lost - since the first iPhone equipped with GPS tracking and mapping was released in 2008. Click talks to Greg Milner, the author of a new book called Pinpoint, to find out more.

(Photo credit: Adem Altan/AFP/Getty Images)

Producer: Colin Grant

Giving voice to dissent via social media after Turkey's attempted coup

Twitter For Social Good In India20161011

In a week which saw reports of Twitter being bought come and go, its Head of Public Policy in India, Mahima Kaul tells Click about efforts to use Twitter to promote social justice, such as empowering women, encouraging citizenship for youngsters and even helping in emergencies.

Sovereign Internet Identity

Who are you? How do I know you are you and not some other you? Is there someone I ask? Doc Searls has been thinking in the field of Internet Identity for many years. Ahead of this month’s Internet Identity Workshop in the US, he talks to Click about the current trends and dangers.

WILD App for Conservation

In Kenya a new app is available to help conservation agencies and scientists track real world animals and wildlife. The BBC’s Michael Kaloki spoke to Tirus Kamau, of @iLab, Strathmore University, about the hopes and dangers.

A Naked Mole-Rat Eutopia

At an exhibition in London’s Somerset House, a new piece by Julie Freeman uses data from a live naked mole-rat colony to ask questions about a possible future of human society to ask possible questions about human society. Julie joins Click to explain more.

(Photo caption: Indian women check their mobile telephones © Indranil Mukherjee/AFP/Getty Images)

Producer: Alex Mansfield

Uk Internet Minister On The Fight Against Online Extremists2016012620160127 (WS)

Britain’s Baroness Shields on the tools to counter extremist groups online

Baroness Joanna Shields believes the internet is under siege and under threat and that there needs to be greater international governmental co-operation to see off the threats of groups such as so-called Islamic State. The UK Minister for Internet Safety and Security joins Click to discuss some of her ideas about making the world a safer place online and offline.

Data Mining and Counter-Terrorism

The White House asked internet companies during a recent counter terrorism summit to consider using their technology to help “detect and measure radicalisation.? Click talks to Bruce Schneier, the cryptologist, and fellow at Harvard’s Berkman Center for Internet and Society about why it might be an improbable solution.

Freedom of Speech on Fifth Anniversary of Egyptian Revolution

The fifth anniversary of the Egyptian Revolution was marked by a clampdown on activists. The internet and social media in the hands of digital natives played a significant role in bringing about political change five years ago but what lasting freedoms, in terms of the dissemination of information, have been wrought by the revolution. Click talks to a leading professor of communication, Sahar Khamis.

Selfies on Mars

At a recent hack day at an astronomy conference in the USA, delegates, in the course of just a few hours, developed a number of serious and not so serious projects including working out how to take selfies on Mars. Jonathan Webb reports.

(Photo caption: Baroness Joanna Shields © Rebecca Reid)

Us Government Fingerprints Hacked2015092920150930 (WS)

US government personnel data records have been hacked and over five million fingerprint records stolen. Biometrics cannot be copied as easily as a number or password but any security breach is much more serious as fingerprints and retinas cannot be reset. Dr Carol Buttle a cybersecurity and biometrics expert explains more.

Medical Devices Vulnerable to Hackers

MRI scanners and other medical devices are also being targeted by hackers. Why are they connected to the internet at all? BBC technology writer Jane Wakefield tells of recent research from the US with a fake MRI aimed to monitor hacking efforts.

Project Isizwe

In South Africa, mobile phones may be common but data is expensive. And yet it is important for education. Project Isizwe co-founder James Devine talks to Click about spreading free wi-fi in South Africa.

what3words

Around 75% of the world’s countries and four billion people have no address. No address means fewer rights. Company what3words have given each 9m2 section of the world an address, consisting of three words. CEO Chris Sheldrick explains how the system works in multiple languages and some of its less obvious uses.

(Photo caption: A scanned finger print © Getty Images)

Biometric data, including 5m fingerprints stolen from US government personnel files

Ushahidi's Brck Released2014080520140806 (WS)

BRCK, a router which copes with variable signals and intermittent electricity,is released

Staying online in some parts of Africa can be frustrating with variable signals and intermittent electricity supply. Ushahidi's new brick-like WiFi and 3G router aims to overcome many of the challenges. Co-founders Juliana Rotich and Philip Walton discuss BRCK's capabilities and keeping Africa connected.

Global Impact Challenge Winners

Google announces the winners of its competition to support UK charities using technology to tackle problems and transform lives. The winners talk about their projects and judge, Helen Goulden of Nesta, joins Click to discuss the importance of technology for charities.

Spanish 'Google Tax'

Spanish congress has passed a law nicknamed 'tasa Google' or 'Google Tax'. If it is ratified newspaper publishers will have the right to claim payment from any site that links to their content. Google managed to get round a similar law in Germany but the Spanish one will be much harder to dodge. As yet there is confusion about exactly who will have to pay, how much, and how it will be enforced. BBC Mundo tech blogger David Cuen explains the new law and its possible impact.

Drones to the Rescue

How easy is it to pinpoint someone who has gone missing? These days many of us have mobile phones in our pockets. Masters student Jonathan Cheseaux in Lausanne, Switzerland, has designed a drone to locate survivors using the signals mobile phones send out. Jonathan explains his idea to Click.

(Photo: the BRCK was designed to work in more harsh environments, where the infrastructure is not robust – used with the kind permission of BRCK)

Producer: Lorna Stewart

Virtual Reality Films To Combat Compassion Fatigue2015082520150826 (WS)

Waves of Grace and Clouds Over Sidra are two virtual reality films aimed at combatting compassion fatigue. Waves of Grace was created to call attention to the formidable obstacles that Ebola survivors in Liberia still face. Clouds Over Sidra was unveiled at Davos at the beginning of the year and is currently being used all over the world to raise money by the UN. Click talks to Aaron Koblin from Vrse.works, one of the key people behind the films.

Virtual Reality Bus Driving

Bus drivers in New Zealand are using a virtual reality driving simulator to prepare them for using the new Christchurch Bus Interchange. Wearing a virtual reality headset provides drivers with a full peripheral view as if they were actually within the interchange. With the addition of a steering wheel and pedals, the virtual reality driving simulator allows bus drivers to control and practise how to manoeuvre. Simon Morton reports from Christchurch.

Cyberphobia

Cyberphobia is new and controversial book by Edward Lucas which looks at the future of the internet. Click talks to Lucas about the ideas in his book which highlights that ‘our dependence on computers is growing faster than our ability to forestall attackers’ and argues that hacking will become increasingly common.

Exploding Batteries

Is it safe to carry batteries on aeroplanes? A full report on an incident that occurred at Heathrow Airport July 2013, when a battery in the Emergency Locator Transmitter device failed on a parked Boeing 787 has recently been published. China has just implemented new standards for lithium-ion batteries. And Boeing and Airbus have announced that lithium batteries will not be carried in passenger aircraft as cargo. Yasmin Ali reports.

(Photo caption: Virtual reality at TED – used with the kind permission of Vrse.works)

Producer: Colin Grant

Waves of Grace and Clouds Over Sidra - virtual reality films to combat compassion fatigue

Virtual Reality Gets Real In 20162016010520160106 (WS)

We look at the future of technology to determine what the innovation landscape might look like in 2016 from the British Museum’s REMIX event - one of a series of summits around the world on culture, technology and entrepreneurship.

We are joined by three experts, to discuss the relationship between disruption, collaboration and innovation in the tech world. Our guests are

Steve Vranakis, executive creative director, Creative Lab, Google; Nicole Yershon, director of Ogilvy Labs, within Ogilvy one of the largest marketing companies in the world; and Lawrence Crumpton, Developer Platform Evangelist at Microsoft. The discussion includes the evolution of virtual reality and machine learning for translation.

(Photo: Google Cardboard © Justin Sullivan/Getty Images)

How virtual reality and machine learning translation will shape the future of technology

Water Use And Data Downloads2015090820150909 (WS)

How much water do we use when we download or upload data?

Downloading 1GB of data may use as much as two hundred litres of water according to new research from Imperial College London. Scientists at the Centre for Environmental Policy have been estimating how much freshwater has been evaporated, used or polluted by data centres. Bora Ristic from the team behind the work tells us more.

Virtual Reality – Where Now?

Deep in the heart of London’s cyber sector, a production company have come up with a new way of looking at the world. 360˚ video sits on a fine line between film and virtual reality. Offering an immersive new type of experience, audiences of the future will be able to look around and perhaps even explore their favourite scenes. Gareth visits the company East City Films to discuss their latest work, a documentary about 7/7, shot using a rig of GoPro cameras and edited to work in 3D virtual reality. The film will soon be shown at the Kaleidoscope VR Film Festival.

The Demise of Flash

Do you use Flash – is it still churning away on a laptop that’s a few years old – or are you someone who will refuse to use it because of the many security issues? Like it or loathe it, it looks as though the video playing programme may have had its day. Gareth Mitchell, Bill Thompson and the Guardian’s technology reporter Samuel Gibbs discuss.

(Photo caption: Server room of BalticServers © BalticServers.com)

Producer: Ania Lichtarowicz

What Is The Point Of Posting On Social Media?2016030120160302 (WS)

Why do we post selfies in England and footies (photos of their feet) in Chile? How does our nationality impact on social media activity? Such themes are explored in Why We Post - a global social media research project carried out by a team of UCL anthropologists. Click talks to two of the researchers - Jolynna Sinanan worked in Trinidad and Tom McDonald worked in China.

5D Data Storage: Ultra-fast Laser Writing on Glass

Scientists have made a major step forward in the development of digital data storage that is capable of surviving for billions of years. Using nanostructured glass, scientists from the University of Southampton’s Optoelectronics Research Centre (ORC) have developed the recording and retrieval processes of five dimensional (5D) digital data by femtosecond laser writing. Click has a clip of lead researcher, professor Peter Kazansky and interview with PHD student Aabid Patel.

3D Mapping in Lesotho

Although more than 90% of people in Lesotho are literate, a large number of people have difficulty reading and understanding maps. This is important when it comes to the dissemination of information about town/village planning and mapping danger zones. Click talks to Seitebatso Mohlahatsa, the planner who has a project to use 3D printers to map villages.

Ex Machina’s Special FX Triumph at the Oscars

Click hears from the special FX technicians who were responsible for creating the humanoid robot Ava for the Oscar-winning film Ex Machina. Simon Robinson from the Foundry discusses how specialist software underpinned the effects behind the film’s visualisation of artificial intelligence.

(Photo caption: Feet selfie © Bill Thompson)

How does our nationality impact on social media activity?

What Value Is Sms In Sos Situations?2016011920160120 (WS)

Social media and SMS platforms are often promoted as tools to collect feedback from disaster affected populations and to increase accountability and transparency. But does it actually work? The Humanitarian Technologies research Project, has just published a report on the use of digital communication technologies following Typhoon Haiyan in 2013. Click discusses digital humanitarianism with Ushahidi’s Juliana Rotich and Ken Banks of kiwanja.net.

GyroGlove

The GyroGlove developed by medics offers potential benefit to patients suffering from Parkinson’s disease. The doctors have developed a prototype glove that use gyroscopes to instantaneously and proportionally resist a person’s hand movement, thereby dampening any tremors in the wearer’s hand. The developer, Faii Ong, from Imperial College London, demonstrates the glove.

Ambulance Chasers and Social Networks

A US politician wants to introduce a bill to fine people who take out their phones at the site of an accident and then post pictures of the scene up on social network sites. John Carney has said he really wants to start a debate about the morality of amateurs taking and posting such photos. Click talks to Tiger Robinson, a first responder to emergencies in Arkansaw and also hears from James Temperton from Wired.

The Europeana Sounds Project

The Europeana Sounds project gathers sound files (speech, radio programmes, environmental sounds) to make them more widely available. One way of doing this is to release them under Creative Commons licenses, uploading them to Wikimedia and holding editathons where participants learn how to add these audio files to Wikipedia pages. Click’s Julia Lorke reports.

(Photo: Residents walk through debris and toppled power lines in Tacloban City, Philippines, three days after devastating Typhoon Haiyan © Ted Aljibe/AFP/Getty Images)

Does SMS really help in the aftermath of a disaster?

What’s Behind #censusfail In Australia?2016082320160824 (WS)

When Australia’s national census website crashed on its launch day, as millions of people tried to enter their details, it was labelled #CensusFail by many people. Government officials described the events of 9 August as a “confluence of events? – but others have coined less polite names for Australia’s first attempt to conduct its census online. The site is now back up and running and there is an option to fill in the census on paper. Journalist Josh Taylor from the website Crikey!, explains the complex reasons behind Australia’s negative reaction to the census.

In a statement the company behind the online census, IBM, said they genuinely regretted any inconvenience and that “continuing to maintain the privacy and security of personal information is paramount.?

Wire-Wire Cybercrime

In the United States the FBI says that cybercrime where hackers divert money from legitimate business deals to their own bank accounts has cost businesses $1 billion since 2013. The so-called wire-wire cybercrime involves intercepting computers across the internet and changing the payment details. Tracking down these cybercriminals is the job of Joe Stewart, director of malware research at information security firm SecureWorks in the United States. He explains how one of these criminals based in Nigeria, had so little understanding of cybersecurity, he actually infected his own computer leaving himself open to detection.

Machine Learning Systems Can Help Match Jobseekers to Jobs

Artificial intelligence computing is being used to help women find jobs in Afghanistan. Although there are jobs there, matching them with the “unstructured data? in the CVs of women seeking work is a laborious and time-consuming job. And those details may be in one of three different languages – Pashtu, Dari or English. John DeRiggi is senior Geospatial Products Developer for DAI – a global development company which works with USAID, the US Agency for International Development. He says that machine learning systems can help match jobseekers to jobs.

Purps the Penguin’s 3D-printed Boot

3D printing has been rebooted - to help create bespoke footwear for a penguin in the United States. Purps the Penguin lives in the Mystic Aquarium in Connecticut. She injured a tendon in her ankle, fighting with another bird. The plastic boot which has helped her to walk up until now was heavy and bulky. So some children from Mystic Middle School, who had recently acquired a 3D printer to help with their studies, designed and printed a new, better fitting, more comfortable boot for Purps – with the help and guidance of Nicholas Gondek, the director of Additive Manufacturing at ACT group, a firm specialising in 3D printing services.

(Photo: The web page of the Australian Bureau of Statistics shows that it is unavailable. © Rick Rycroft/AP Photo)

Did hackers bring down the Australian census website?

Whatsapp With The Tanzanian Election2015101320151014 (WS)

Why WhatsApp is dominating the stage in the build up to elections in Tanzania

In the build up to elections in Tanzania, one platform seems to dominate the stage - WhatsApp. Critics say the social network platform is not being used for reasoned debate but for abuse and heavy-handed political campaigns. Click hears more from the political blogger Maxence Melo Mubyazi.

FutureEverything Goes to Singapore

The Art Science Museum in Singapore is collaborating with FutureEverything on Signals of Tomorrow conference focusing on the notion of a smart citizen and nation. Click talks to the director of the museum, Honor Harger, and to the tech expert and educator Ayesha Khanna about how technology is being used to make Singapore even smarter.

Why Norwegian Doctors Hang onto Floppy Disks

In Norway a large number of doctors are still using floppy disks, and they are clinging to older MS DOS-based electronic journals. The resulting system that employs floppy disks works very well, is cheap and efficient. But the Norwegian government plans to shut down the floppy disk option next year. Click hears from Finn Espen Gundersen why some of the old guard are unhappy.

The Musical Potential of Mogees

Mogees transforms almost any surface into a musical instrument, giving you an entire world of new creative possibilities. When stuck to an object, the Mogees sensor captures every vibration you create as you play the object. Through its recognition technology, you specify how you want to play your instrument by recording your own gestures, such as hitting, scratching or striking it in different ways. Click is joined by its co-creator, Bruno Zamborlin, for a demonstration of its musical notes.

(Photo: Tanzanian villagers wait in a line for voting in a general election at a polling station © AFP/Getty Images)

X-rays For Robots2014081220140813 (WS)

Robots use WiFi technology to see through brick walls

Scientists in the USA have developed x-ray vision for robots. In recent years Yasamin Mostofi of UC Santa Barbara has fine-tuned her research using WiFi to see through solid structures such as walls. She plans to enable robots with this technology. The benefits could be far-reaching for example in efforts to locate people trapped by rubble after an earthquake. Professor Mostofi describes the latest developments.

Open Knowledge

Elizabeth Marincola, the CEO of PLOS, has been a pioneer of the free and open transmission of scholarly research. At a recent festival of Wikipedia she expanded on her altruistic ideas for publishing. She joins Click to discuss the huge potential of openly shared online information.

Editing Wikipedia and the Law

One of the perils of editing Wikipedia has been shown in a number of copyright law suits. But what are the laws that govern the free exchange of information? What is the international reach of copyright law? How far does it stretch and what are the consequences of breaching such laws? Tobias Lutzi offers a guide to Wikipedia's conflict-of-law issues.

3D-Printed Saxophone

The world's first 3D-printed saxophone has been made by a professor at Lund University in Sweden. Olaf Diegel developed the prototype in just six months. The saxophone, printed in nylon from dozens of components, is much lighter than a real saxophone. Professor Diegel is already planning another version, which will be more technically accomplished and aesthetically pleasing. He joins Click for a demonstration.

(Photo: Two unmanned vehicles are interested in seeing through these walls with only WiFi © Peter Allen from UCSB COE)

Zone 9 Bloggers Freed2015102020151021 (WS)

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Most of the young Ethiopian bloggers known as the Zone 9 Bloggers have been acquitted, after many months of online campaigns by their supporters. Click interviews the co-founder, Endalk Chala and with the Ethiopian writer, Maaza Mengitse

Digital Matatus part 1

Click reports on the collaboration with Digital Matatus, Google maps and matatus bus drivers in Nairobi that is creating more reliable and robust digital maps to help with travel in the city. Click hears from two members of the team, Sarah Williams and Jackie Klopp

Migration Watch

Migration Watch is a data visualisation and mapped artwork which tracks migrants’ journeys to Europe in ‘real time’ over 10 days. The scheme recently won the Dutch Architect, Alison Killing a Wired/ the Space Creative Innovation fellowship. Clear talks to Alison Killing

India in a Day

Google is teaming up with filmmakers Ridley Scott and Richie Mehta to capture India in a day. People in India are being encouraged to send in short films that give a flavour of their lives. These thousands of films will then be edited into a feature film to be released next year. Click is joined by the director, Richie Mehta.

Producer: Colin Grant

(Photo: Members of Zone9 before the arrests. Credit: Endalk Chala)

Most of the young Ethiopian bloggers known as the Zone 9 Bloggers have been acquitted.