Many poets and musicians loved - or tried to love - the revolution.
But even for them, relations with the regime were not easy.
Vladimir Mayakovsky, whose verses were the soundtrack of the revolution, took his own life, as did the peasant genius Sergei Yesenin.
Others did the regime's bidding.
As head of the Writers' Union, Aleksandr Fadeyev signed the death warrants of his colleagues.
And the head of the Composers' Union, Tikhon Khrennikov, publicly humiliated and repressed all Russia's finest composers - Prokofiev, Khachaturian and, above all, Shostakovich.
Khrennikov and Shostakovich's widow, Irina, share their accounts of the turbulent post-war years.