Arnold Schoenberg (1874-1951)


01* The Viennese Radical20080317

Donald Macleod assesses Schoenberg's position as an outsider in turn-of-the-century Vienna, with the battle lines between the composer and the critics drawn almost from the beginning.

Erwartung (song)

Mitsuko Shirai (mezzo-soprano)

Hartmut Holl (piano)

String Quartet in D (2nd mvt)

Arditti String Quartet

Verklarte Nacht

Donald McInnes (viola)

Jonathan Pegis (cello)

LaSalle Quartet

Des Sommerwindes wilde Jagd (Melodram) (Gurrelieder)

Thomas Quasthoff (bass-baritone/sprecher)

Runkfunkchor Berlin

MDR Rundfunkchor, Leipzig

Ernst Senff Chor Berlin

Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra

Simon Rattle (conductor).

02* The Expressionist Painter20080318

Donald Macleod explores the effect on Schoenberg of his wife's affair, a personal crisis which he transformed into music as well as paintings, forming an important friendship with the artist Kandinsky.

Wenn Ich Heut Nicht Deinen Lieb Beruhre (Das Buch der Hangenden Garten, Op 15)

Sarah Connolly (mezzo-soprano)

Iain Burnside (piano)

String Quartet No 2 (3rd, 4th mvts)

Dawn Upshaw (soprano)

Arditti Quartet

Three piano pieces, Op 11

Mitsuko Uchida (piano)

Five orchestral pieces

BBC Symphony Orchestra

Pierre Boulez (conductor).

03* The Twelve-tone Teacher20080319

Donald Macleod explores Schoenberg's role as an influential teacher and musical innovator.

Having crossed the barrier of tonality in his music, he formed a new set of rules to structure his compositions, which was called the twelve-tone system.

Es gingen zwei Gespielen gut

Simon Joly Singers

Robert Craft (conductor)

Five piano pieces, Op 23

Maurizio Pollini (piano)

Cello concerto after Monn

Fred Sherry (cello)

Philharmonia Orchestra

Variations for Orchestra

BBC Symphony Orchestra

Pierre Boulez (conductor).

04The Jewish Composer20080320

Donald Macleod looks at the works Schoenberg wrote drawing on his Jewish heritage, which became increasingly important to him as anti-Semitism swelled in Europe.

Six Little Piano Pieces, Op 10 No 6

Daniel Barenboim (piano)

Dance round the Golden Calf (Erotic Orgy); Scene 4 (Moses und Aaron)

Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra

Chorus of Nederlandse Opera

Pierre Boulez (conductor)

Kol Nidre

David Wilson-Johnson (Rabbi-narrator)

Simon Joly Chorale

Philharmonia Orchestra

Robert Craft (conductor)

Concerto for String Quartet and Orchestra

Schoenberg Quartet

Arnhem Philharmonic Orchestra

Roberto Benzi (conductor)

A Survivor from Warsaw, Op 46

John Tomlinson (narrator)

Chor der Sachsischen Staatsoper Dresden

Staatskapelle Dresden

Giuseppe Sinopoli (conductor).

05 LAST* The Emigre20080321

Donald Macleod examines Schoenberg's final years, having fled from Berlin to the USA in 1933 with his family. While the composer spent his time in Hollywood, with tennis partners such as Charlie Chaplin and George Gershwin, he remained an outsider, never fully embraced by the American musical establishment.

Der Mai tritt ein mit freuden (May Arrives with Joy)

Simon Joly Singers

Chamber Symphony No 2

Deutsches Symphonie-Orchester, Berlin

John Mauceri (conductor)

Ode to Napoleon Bonaparte

Schoenberg Quartet

Sepp Grotenhuis (piano)

Michael Grandage (reciter)

Phantasy for violin and piano

Ulf Wallin (violin)

Roland Pontinen (piano).