Donald Macleod explores the life and work of the much-maligned Antonio Salieri, mainly remembered today for supposedly poisoning Mozart through jealousy of the younger composer's talent.
Donald discusses Salieri's first public competition against Mozart, initiated by the Holy Roman Emperor Joseph II.
Both composers had to write a short opera in their own language, and these would be presented side by side as part of the 1786 carnival season in Vienna.
Salieri's work Prima la Musica, Poi le Parole, won favour over Mozart's composition.
In addition to this, there was another opportunity to travel back to Paris to compose two more works, where he collaborated with the notorious Beaumarchais.
Back in Vienna, Salieri was now appointed director of music to the Imperial Chapel.
He was the most influential composer in all Europe, and with this came a change in direction from opera, to sacred music and teaching.
The Art of Trumpet, Vienna
Leonhard Leeb (director)
Naxos 8.555879 Tr 1
Non dubitar, verro (Prima la Musica, Poi le Parole - 1786)
Donna Eleonora....Roberta Alexander (soprano)
Poeta....Thomas Hampson (baritone)
Maestro....Robert Holl (bass)
Concertgebouw Orchestra, Amsterdam
Nikolaus Harnoncourt (conductor)
Teldec 8.43336 Trs 3-5
Organ Concerto (1773)
Anton Gansberger (organ)
Leonding Symphony Orchestra
Uwe Christian Harrer (conductor)
Koch Schwann 3-1288-2 Trs 3-4
Overture (Axur, Re d'Ormus - 1788)
Czecho-Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra
Michael Dittrich (conductor)
Marco Polo 8.223381 Tr 6
Sanctus (Emperor Mass in D - 1788)
St Florian Boys' Choir
Koch Schwann 3-1288-2 Tr 8
26 variations on La folia di Spagna (1815)
London Mozart Players
Matthias Bamert (director)
Chandos CHAN9877 Tr 2
This episode is available until 10.00am on 11th September as part of the Series Catch-up Trial.
Donald Macleod on how Salieri began to look more to teaching and composing sacred music.
In the fourth episode Donald Macleod discusses Salieri's first public competition against Mozart, initiated by Joseph II.
Back in Vienna, Salieri was appointed Director of Music to the Imperial Chapel.
To end the programme we hear his Twenty-six Variations on La Folia di Spagna, which could be seen as an instructive guide to orchestration for his students.
Leonhard Leeb, director
Non dubitar, verro, Scene 2 from Prima la Musica, Poi le Parole (1786)
Roberta Alexander (Donna Eleonora) - soprano
Thomas Hampson (Poeta) - baritone
Robert Holl (Maestro) - bass
Nikolaus Harnoncourt - conductor
Anton Gansberger - organ
Uwe Christian Harrer - conductor
Overture from Axur, Re d'Ormus (1788)
Michael Dittrich, conductor
Sanctus from Emperor Mass in D (1788)
Twenty-six variations on 'La folia di Spagna' (1815)
Matthias Bamert - director.